Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 111,273 100.0 100,872 100.0 16,122 100.0 532
Single modes 92,792 83.4 98,524 97.7 15,679 97.3 212
Truck 73,237 65.8 79,060 78.4 11,189 69.4 126
For-hire truck 41,312 37.1 39,790 39.4 9,004 55.8 535
Private truck 31,862 28.6 39,224 38.9 2,125 13.2 38
Rail 2,208 2.0 13,812 13.7 2,748 17.0 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17,221 15.5 140 0.1 S S 1,821
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,448 14.8 436 0.4 319 2.0 1,128
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,091 14.5 225 0.2 192 1.2 1,128
Truck and rail S S S S 108 0.7 S
Truck and water S S 6 19 0.1 3,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,033 1.8 S S 124 0.8 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,748
Single modes 102 25.1 S S S S 1,989
Truck 65 16.2 S S S S 1,658
For-hire truck 65 16.0 S S S S 1,655
Private truck S S S S S S 1,725
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 9.0 0.6 0.8 2,334
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.1 1 2.1 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.1 1 2.1 1,668
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,615
Single modes 7 78.7 80.9 86.9 3,683
Truck S S S S S S 1,789
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,789
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,249
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,657
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,657
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49,047 100.0 80,328 100.0 4,144 100.0 34
Single modes 45,545 92.9 78,375 97.6 4,103 99.0 27
Truck 44,662 91.1 66,232 82.5 2,804 67.7 28
For-hire truck 16,275 33.2 28,952 36.0 1,492 36.0 59
Private truck 28,385 57.9 37,276 46.4 1,312 31.7 24
Rail 703 1.4 12,142 15.1 1,299 31.3 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,524 5.1 122 0.2 S S 93
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,459 5.0 89 0.1 8 0.2 93
Truck and rail S S S S S S 137
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 978 2.0 S S S S 16

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,312
Single modes S S S S S S 1,301
Truck S S S S S S 1,301
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,296
Private truck S S S S S S 1,398
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 10.3 1,315
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 10.3 1,315
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,203

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,916 100.0 4,014 100.0 2,000 100.0 587
Single modes 11,568 77.6 3,933 98.0 1,951 97.6 752
Truck 7,394 49.6 3,425 85.3 1,606 80.3 477
For-hire truck 6,345 42.5 2,991 74.5 1,440 72.0 481
Private truck 1,048 7.0 433 10.8 166 8.3 448
Rail 89 0.6 492 12.2 S S 681
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,086 27.4 S S 12 0.6 1,387
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,844 19.1 38 1.0 20 1.0 536
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,844 19.1 38 1.0 20 1.0 536
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 43 1.1 29 1.5 611

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,074 100.0 533 100.0 387 100.0 845
Single modes 845 78.6 526 98.7 381 98.5 952
Truck 543 50.5 448 84.0 308 79.8 817
For-hire truck 409 38.0 263 49.2 215 55.7 884
Private truck 110 10.3 S S S S 627
Rail 24 2.3 78 14.6 72 18.5 899
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.2 1,391
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 228 21.2 6 1.2 5 1.3 802
Parcel, USPS or courier 228 21.2 6 1.2 5 1.3 802
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 837

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 414 100.0 S S S S 2,531
Single modes 204 49.2 S S S S 2,565
Truck 35 8.6 S S S S 2,512
For-hire truck 34 8.2 S S S S 2,512
Private truck S S S S S S 2,500
Rail S S S S S S 2,614
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,601
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 11.0 5 10.7 2,519
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 11.0 5 10.7 2,519
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,597

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,386
Single modes S S S S S S 2,406
Truck S S S S S S 2,413
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,413
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,323
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,343
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,343
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,335

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,049
Single modes S S S S S S 1,990
Truck S S S S S S 2,287
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,287
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,146
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,530 100.0 43 100.0 96 100.0 2,242
Single modes 1,003 65.6 37 84.4 81 84.5 2,476
Truck 505 33.0 36 82.7 79 82.4 2,241
For-hire truck 505 33.0 36 82.6 79 82.4 2,244
Private truck S S S S S S 1,736
Rail S S S S S S 2,546
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1.7 2 2.1 2,858
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 521 34.0 4 9.9 10 10.0 2,201
Parcel, USPS or courier 521 34.0 4 9.9 10 10.0 2,201
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,156

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 818 100.0 44 100.0 86 100.0 1,919
Single modes 696 85.0 42 96.1 83 96.2 2,050
Truck S S 30 68.4 55 64.3 1,863
For-hire truck S S 29 67.0 54 63.1 1,863
Private truck S S S S S S 1,833
Rail S S S S S S 2,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.9 1 1.0 2,405
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 122 14.9 2 3.9 3 3.7 1,881
Parcel, USPS or courier 122 14.9 2 3.9 3 3.7 1,881
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,920

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 45 100.0 S S S S 3,122
Single modes S S S S S S 4,747
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,747
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 83.5 7 53.2 20 52.5 3,102
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 25.4 1.9 1 2.0 3,082
Truck and rail
Truck and water 26 58.2 6 51.2 19 50.5 3,163
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,095

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 62 100.0 54 100.0 1,018
Single modes 69 40.8 61 98.6 54 98.5 954
Truck 64 37.8 61 98.6 54 98.5 894
For-hire truck 43 25.2 S S S S 883
Private truck S S S S S S 910
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,001
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,078
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,078
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 839

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,291 100.0 173 100.0 295 100.0 1,746
Single modes 773 59.9 134 77.5 228 77.2 1,879
Truck 553 42.9 67 38.6 117 39.6 1,779
For-hire truck 551 42.7 65 37.2 113 38.2 1,781
Private truck S S S S S S 1,669
Rail S S S S S S 1,875
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 517 40.1 38 22.1 66 22.3 1,736
Parcel, USPS or courier 460 35.6 8 4.6 14 4.6 1,736
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,872
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,671

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,031 100.0 37 100.0 66 100.0 1,803
Single modes 1,640 80.8 35 94.8 63 94.8 1,917
Truck S S S S S S 1,822
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,822
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,756
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.8 1 1.0 1,965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 391 19.2 2 5.2 3 5.2 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier 391 19.2 2 5.2 3 5.2 1,783
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 57 100.0 97 100.0 1,618
Single modes S S S S S S 1,659
Truck S S S S S S 1,643
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,644
Private truck S S S S S S 1,606
Rail S S S S S S 1,688
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 26.1 S S S S 1,602
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 25.5 S S S S 1,602
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,154
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 679 100.0 43 100.0 56 100.0 1,456
Single modes S S 41 96.9 54 97.1 1,802
Truck 205 30.2 23 54.0 28 50.1 1,204
For-hire truck 97 14.2 16 36.4 19 34.6 1,160
Private truck S S S S S S 1,259
Rail S S S S S S 1,407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1.1 S S 2,420
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,206
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 21 100.0 38 100.0 1,697
Single modes S S 20 95.3 36 95.5 1,668
Truck S S 16 76.8 29 78.1 1,804
For-hire truck S S 16 76.8 29 78.1 1,804
Private truck S S S S S S 1,726
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,646
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 4.7 2 4.5 1,723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 4.7 2 4.5 1,723
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 199 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0 1,415
Single modes 50 25.1 9 82.0 12 82.2 1,442
Truck 50 25.1 9 82.0 12 82.2 1,438
For-hire truck 50 25.0 S S S S 1,439
Private truck S S S S S S 1,278
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,414
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 2,730
Single modes S S 71.0 1 72.3 2,649
Truck S S S S S S 3,005
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,005
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,635
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 38.5 29.0 27.7 2,851
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 38.5 29.0 27.7 2,851
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 325 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,285
Single modes 188 57.9 4 66.5 8 66.5 2,285
Truck S S S S S S 2,278
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,278
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,300
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 42.1 2 33.5 4 33.5 2,285
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 42.1 2 33.5 4 33.5 2,285
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 788 100.0 S S S S 2,608
Single modes 332 42.1 S S S S 2,483
Truck S S S S S S 2,670
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,670
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,641
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,641
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,685

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,207 100.0 86 100.0 174 100.0 2,018
Single modes 914 75.8 84 97.2 169 97.3 2,085
Truck 734 60.8 77 89.3 153 88.1 1,989
For-hire truck 734 60.8 77 89.1 153 87.9 1,990
Private truck S S S S S S 1,989
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 180 14.9 S S S S 2,232
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 286 23.7 2 1.7 3 1.7 1,997
Parcel, USPS or courier 286 23.7 2 1.7 3 1.7 1,997
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,950

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 340 100.0 46 100.0 85 100.0 1,883
Single modes S S 43 94.6 81 94.9 2,031
Truck S S S S S S 1,799
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,799
Private truck S S S S S S 1,798
Rail S S S S S S 2,039
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 6.5 0.4 0.5 2,294
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 46.4 S S S S 1,816
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 46.4 S S S S 1,816
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,787

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 S S S S 1,486
Single modes S S S S S S 1,532
Truck S S S S S S 1,490
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,490
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,520
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,479
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 449 100.0 S S 74 100.0 1,418
Single modes 368 81.9 S S S S 1,588
Truck 307 68.4 S S S S 1,371
For-hire truck 307 68.3 S S S S 1,373
Private truck S S S S S S 1,341
Rail S S S S S S 1,488
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,164
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 17.6 1 1.9 S S 1,391
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 17.6 1 1.9 S S 1,391
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,370

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 117 100.0 S S S S 1,301
Single modes 58 49.2 S S S S 1,321
Truck 58 49.1 S S S S 1,323
For-hire truck 58 49.1 S S S S 1,323
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,266
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,300
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,300
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,294
Single modes S S S S S S 1,455
Truck 20 10.6 S S S S 1,355
For-hire truck 20 10.5 S S S S 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,410
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,152
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9.2 S S 1,266
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9.2 S S 1,266
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,900 100.0 7,978 100.0 2,214 100.0 333
Single modes 4,813 98.2 7,974 100.0 2,213 100.0 315
Truck S S S S S S 313
For-hire truck S S S S S S 309
Private truck 566 11.6 217 2.7 60 2.7 296
Rail S S S S S S 709
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 882 18.0 2 1 320
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 82 1.7 2 1 366
Parcel, USPS or courier 82 1.7 2 1 366
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 201

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,701
Single modes S S S S S S 2,659
Truck S S S S S S 2,728
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,728
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,346
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 52.8 14.4 1 14.2 2,709
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 52.8 14.4 1 14.2 2,709
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 927 100.0 52 100.0 125 100.0 2,463
Single modes 593 64.0 S S S S 2,692
Truck 86 9.3 S S S S 2,428
For-hire truck 86 9.3 S S S S 2,428
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 507 54.6 1 1.1 1 1.1 2,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 334 36.0 5 10.6 13 10.5 2,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 334 36.0 5 10.6 13 10.5 2,417
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,394

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,940 100.0 2,979 100.0 S S 436
Single modes 3,832 97.3 2,976 99.9 S S 443
Truck 3,731 94.7 2,965 99.5 S S 441
For-hire truck S S S S S S 471
Private truck 1,155 29.3 836 28.1 328 25.6 403
Rail S S S S S S 295
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 671
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 106 2.7 S S S S 422
Parcel, USPS or courier 106 2.7 S S S S 422
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 550

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,576 100.0 S S S S 2,425
Single modes S S S S S S 2,523
Truck S S S S S S 2,434
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,434
Private truck S S S S S S 2,184
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 2.1 5 2.2 2,595
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 440 12.3 7 7.6 17 7.5 2,414
Parcel, USPS or courier 440 12.3 7 7.6 17 7.5 2,414
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,317

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 885 100.0 S S S S 2,145
Single modes 716 80.9 S S S S 2,135
Truck S S S S S S 2,169
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,180
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,049
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 156 17.6 2 1.2 4 1.2 2,151
Parcel, USPS or courier 156 17.6 2 1.2 4 1.2 2,151
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,091

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,227
Single modes S S S S S S 1,771
Truck S S S S S S 1,771
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,771
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,427
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,427
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,413 100.0 65 100.0 125 100.0 1,946
Single modes 1,034 42.9 62 94.1 117 93.9 1,949
Truck 370 15.3 58 88.3 111 88.7 1,961
For-hire truck 370 15.3 58 88.3 111 88.7 1,961
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 664 27.5 S S S S 1,942
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 5.9 8 6.0 1,944
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 5.9 8 6.0 1,944
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,939

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 326 100.0 S S S S 1,136
Single modes 182 55.7 S S S S 1,426
Truck 137 42.2 S S S S 964
For-hire truck 134 41.1 S S S S 1,014
Private truck S S S S S S 900
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,413
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,065
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,065
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,143

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,644 100.0 256 100.0 341 100.0 1,335
Single modes 940 57.2 248 96.9 332 97.2 1,566
Truck 370 22.5 226 88.1 294 86.2 1,351
For-hire truck 366 22.3 225 87.8 293 85.9 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,352
Rail S S S S S S 1,656
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 696 42.3 3 1.1 3 1.0 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier 696 42.3 3 1.1 3 1.0 1,270
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,329

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 936 100.0 54 100.0 121 100.0 2,262
Single modes S S 47 87.0 105 86.7 2,261
Truck 300 32.0 45 83.9 101 83.9 2,294
For-hire truck 300 32.0 45 83.9 101 83.9 2,294
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 210 22.5 S S S S 2,262
Parcel, USPS or courier 210 22.5 S S S S 2,262
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,296

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,788
Single modes S S S S S S 3,017
Truck S S S S S S 2,639
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,639
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,606
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,606
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,613

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 20 100.0 41 100.0 2,121
Single modes S S 19 97.0 40 97.0 2,150
Truck 50 25.7 19 96.0 39 95.8 2,052
For-hire truck 50 25.7 19 96.0 39 95.8 2,052
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,351
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,263
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 16.1 2.2 1 2.2 2,108
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 16.1 2.2 1 2.2 2,108
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,246

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,499
Single modes S S S S S S 1,905
Truck S S S S S S 1,499
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,499
Private truck S S S S S S 1,479
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,433
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 797 100.0 S S S S 1,781
Single modes S S S S S S 2,067
Truck 98 12.3 S S S S 1,670
For-hire truck 98 12.3 S S S S 1,670
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,391
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,231
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 70 8.8 1 1.4 3 1.2 1,721
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 8.8 1 1.4 3 1.2 1,721
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,711

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,241 100.0 2,021 100.0 1,501 100.0 1,039
Single modes 6,348 77.0 1,876 92.8 1,460 97.3 1,165
Truck 3,271 39.7 999 49.4 772 51.5 747
For-hire truck 2,857 34.7 805 39.8 678 45.2 801
Private truck 407 4.9 194 9.6 95 6.3 572
Rail 1,184 14.4 875 43.3 681 45.4 994
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,893 23.0 3 0.1 6 0.4 2,141
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,885 22.9 S S 40 2.6 967
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,679 20.4 9 0.5 9 0.6 968
Truck and rail S S S S S S 230
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,085

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 678 100.0 234 100.0 151 100.0 597
Single modes 321 47.4 228 97.6 148 97.7 660
Truck 316 46.6 225 96.1 143 94.3 658
For-hire truck 275 40.5 170 72.6 113 74.5 694
Private truck 37 5.4 S S S S 492
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,005
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.2 572
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.2 572
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 661

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 S S S S 2,591
Single modes S S S S S S 2,559
Truck S S S S S S 2,566
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,509
Private truck S S S S S S 2,624
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,461
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 74.8 S S S S 2,595
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 74.8 S S S S 2,595
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 493 100.0 16 100.0 36 100.0 2,245
Single modes 177 35.8 11 69.6 25 68.8 2,173
Truck 135 27.3 11 68.8 25 68.0 2,149
For-hire truck 135 27.3 11 68.8 25 68.0 2,149
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.8 2,249
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 9.5 3 9.5 2,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 9.5 3 9.5 2,256
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,317

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,559 100.0 137 100.0 208 100.0 1,529
Single modes 1,327 85.1 134 97.8 204 97.8 1,583
Truck 891 57.1 108 78.7 158 75.9 1,459
For-hire truck 884 56.7 104 75.8 153 73.5 1,485
Private truck S S S S S S 1,387
Rail S S S S S S 1,748
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 436 27.9 S S S S 1,857
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 232 14.9 3 2.2 4 2.1 1,510
Parcel, USPS or courier 232 14.9 3 2.1 4 2.1 1,510
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,795
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,721

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,094
Single modes S S S S S S 2,120
Truck S S S S S S 2,091
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,091
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,194
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,087
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,067

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 385 100.0 94 100.0 175 100.0 1,892
Single modes 264 68.6 93 98.8 172 98.8 1,965
Truck 243 63.0 93 98.6 172 98.5 1,861
For-hire truck 242 62.9 93 98.5 172 98.4 1,862
Private truck S S S S S S 1,796
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 119 30.9 1 1.1 2 1.1 1,885
Parcel, USPS or courier 119 30.9 1 1.1 2 1.1 1,885
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,901

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 5 100.0 4 100.0 1,020
Single modes S S 5 96.7 4 96.3 956
Truck S S 5 96.7 4 96.3 956
For-hire truck S S S S S S 948
Private truck S S S S S S 982
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 67.5 3.3 3.7 1,042
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 67.5 3.3 3.7 1,042
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.