Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118,892 100.0 131,719 100.0 49,613 100.0 826
Single modes 96,424 81.1 127,928 97.1 47,211 95.2 435
Truck 87,895 73.9 90,221 68.5 24,354 49.1 211
For-hire truck 53,028 44.6 45,191 34.3 18,012 36.3 754
Private truck 34,764 29.2 44,945 34.1 6,253 12.6 70
Rail 3,327 2.8 36,287 27.5 21,987 44.3 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,911 4.1 29 70 0.1 3,152
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19,876 16.7 1,461 1.1 1,757 3.5 1,278
Parcel, USPS or courier 18,510 15.6 487 0.4 508 1.0 1,278
Truck and Rail 1,359 1.1 972 0.7 1,243 2.5 1,492
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,140
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,591 2.2 S S 645 1.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 362 100.0 107 100.0 186 100.0 1,732
Single modes 288 79.6 106 99.2 184 99.3 1,794
Truck 269 74.3 90 84.2 153 82.3 1,693
For-hire truck 266 73.5 89 83.8 152 81.9 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,691
Rail S S S S S S 1,979
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,667
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 1 0.4 1,709
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 1 0.4 1,709
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,687

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,831
Single modes S S S S S S 4,779
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,779
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,813
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,813
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49,047 100.0 80,328 100.0 4,144 100.0 34
Single modes 45,545 92.9 78,375 97.6 4,103 99.0 27
Truck 44,662 91.1 66,232 82.5 2,804 67.7 28
For-hire truck 16,275 33.2 28,952 36.0 1,492 36.0 59
Private truck 28,385 57.9 37,276 46.4 1,312 31.7 24
Rail 703 1.4 12,142 15.1 1,299 31.3 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,524 5.1 122 0.2 S S 93
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,459 5.0 89 0.1 8 0.2 93
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 137
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 978 2.0 S S S S 16

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 S S S S 1,277
Single modes 468 84.6 S S S S 1,283
Truck 454 82.2 S S S S 1,267
For-hire truck 379 68.7 S S S S 1,323
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail S S S S S S 1,432
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,935
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,268
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,267
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,275

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,392 100.0 8,820 100.0 3,881 100.0 978
Single modes 13,437 73.1 8,139 92.3 3,516 90.6 1,786
Truck 12,704 69.1 7,656 86.8 3,264 84.1 419
For-hire truck 9,269 50.4 5,080 57.6 2,194 56.5 440
Private truck 3,427 18.6 2,547 28.9 1,060 27.3 396
Rail 128 0.7 334 3.8 188 4.8 587
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 578 3.1 5 17 0.4 3,630
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,356 23.7 545 6.2 299 7.7 543
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,312 23.4 151 1.7 67 1.7 543
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 599
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 136 1.5 65 1.7 451

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,645 100.0 11,708 100.0 9,430 100.0 835
Single modes 1,181 71.8 11,632 99.4 9,358 99.2 888
Truck 968 58.9 552 4.7 448 4.8 833
For-hire truck 859 52.2 443 3.8 362 3.8 841
Private truck S S S S S S 775
Rail 204 12.4 11,080 94.6 8,909 94.5 1,007
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.6 S S S S 1,691
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 437 26.5 S S S S 831
Parcel, USPS or courier 432 26.3 6 5 830
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,167
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 892

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 533 100.0 28 100.0 72 100.0 2,538
Single modes 298 56.0 20 71.6 51 71.4 2,501
Truck 268 50.3 20 70.9 51 70.7 2,536
For-hire truck 264 49.6 20 69.9 50 69.7 2,536
Private truck S S S S S S 2,535
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,493
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 233 43.7 6 20.0 14 19.9 2,546
Parcel, USPS or courier 233 43.7 6 20.0 14 19.9 2,546
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 S S S S 2,566

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 17 100.0 42 100.0 2,393
Single modes 58 50.3 14 84.5 35 83.2 2,381
Truck 50 43.6 14 83.9 35 82.7 2,404
For-hire truck S S 7 40.6 16 38.6 2,392
Private truck 3 3.0 7 43.3 18 44.1 2,508
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,355
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,393
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,392
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,722
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,285
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,285
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,285
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,059 100.0 175 100.0 375 100.0 2,204
Single modes 568 53.6 126 71.9 269 71.5 2,449
Truck 415 39.2 125 71.4 266 70.8 2,247
For-hire truck 393 37.1 102 58.2 215 57.3 2,242
Private truck S S S S S S 2,311
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 153 14.5 S S S S 2,821
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 335 31.6 9 4.9 20 5.3 2,157
Parcel, USPS or courier 330 31.2 5 2.8 11 2.8 2,157
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,469
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,278

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 205 100.0 390 100.0 1,864
Single modes S S 199 97.0 378 97.0 1,925
Truck 522 27.3 189 92.2 357 91.4 1,879
For-hire truck 514 26.9 187 91.2 353 90.4 1,878
Private truck S S S S S S 1,881
Rail S S S S S S 2,136
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 183 9.6 6 2.9 11 2.9 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier 183 9.6 6 2.9 11 2.9 1,856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,851

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5 100.0 S S S S 3,169
Single modes S S S S S S 4,422
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,422
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 87.6 S S S S 3,049
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 84.9 S S S S 3,050
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,993
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 497 100.0 582 100.0 1,111
Single modes 462 89.2 490 98.7 572 98.3 1,255
Truck 221 42.8 321 64.6 305 52.4 990
For-hire truck 192 37.2 269 54.2 263 45.3 990
Private truck 29 5.6 52 10.4 42 7.1 991
Rail 62 12.0 169 34.1 267 45.8 1,580
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,465
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 10.4 S S S S 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 9.5 1 0.3 1 0.2 1,031
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,912
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 888

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,447 100.0 784 100.0 1,406 100.0 1,760
Single modes 1,685 68.9 504 64.3 873 62.1 1,813
Truck 1,471 60.1 464 59.2 798 56.8 1,768
For-hire truck 1,429 58.4 418 53.3 727 51.7 1,770
Private truck S S S S S S 1,533
Rail S S S S S S 1,872
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2,090
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 759 31.0 S S S S 1,751
Parcel, USPS or courier 602 24.6 28 3.5 49 3.5 1,751
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,967
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,394
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,501

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,186 100.0 342 100.0 631 100.0 1,675
Single modes S S 314 91.9 578 91.7 1,771
Truck S S 218 63.6 395 62.6 1,744
For-hire truck S S 209 61.2 380 60.2 1,743
Private truck S S S S S S 1,754
Rail 16 1.4 S S S S 1,831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 356 30.0 23 6.9 45 7.1 1,672
Parcel, USPS or courier 209 17.6 7 2.1 13 2.0 1,671
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,982
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 1.2 8 1.2 1,790

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,069 100.0 1,779 100.0 2,955 100.0 1,595
Single modes 995 93.1 1,777 99.9 2,952 99.9 1,639
Truck 584 54.6 S S S S 1,576
For-hire truck 577 54.0 S S S S 1,577
Private truck S S S S S S 1,509
Rail 251 23.5 1,387 78.0 2,338 79.1 1,652
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 6.9 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,574
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 6.9 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,574
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,563

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,680 100.0 520 100.0 616 100.0 1,434
Single modes 1,544 91.9 507 97.4 600 97.5 1,391
Truck S S 293 56.3 329 53.5 1,178
For-hire truck S S 287 55.2 323 52.4 1,163
Private truck 39 2.3 6 1.1 7 1.1 1,256
Rail 147 8.8 S S S S 1,281
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 2,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.8 3 0.6 4 0.7 1,443
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 4.8 3 0.6 4 0.7 1,443
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,111

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 625 100.0 174 100.0 298 100.0 1,845
Single modes 446 71.4 170 97.8 292 97.7 1,794
Truck 435 69.6 169 97.3 290 97.1 1,751
For-hire truck 412 66.0 165 95.1 283 94.8 1,747
Private truck S S S S S S 1,805
Rail S S S S S S 2,040
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 178 28.6 4 2.2 7 2.3 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 28.6 4 2.2 7 2.3 1,856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,843

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 441 100.0 677 100.0 955 100.0 1,470
Single modes 395 89.5 611 90.2 849 88.9 1,631
Truck 242 54.9 206 30.4 288 30.2 1,366
For-hire truck 232 52.5 160 23.7 218 22.8 1,358
Private truck 10 2.4 S S S S 1,418
Rail 150 33.9 405 59.8 561 58.7 1,446
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 10.5 S S S S 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 5.7 1 0.1 S S 1,427
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,606
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 67 100.0 S S S S 2,756
Single modes 32 47.4 S S S S 2,767
Truck 31 45.6 S S S S 2,826
For-hire truck 31 45.6 S S S S 2,826
Private truck S S S S S S 2,780
Rail S S S S S S 2,693
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,498
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 52.6 S S S S 2,753
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 52.6 S S S S 2,753
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 377 100.0 20 100.0 46 100.0 2,307
Single modes 263 70.0 14 71.5 33 72.1 2,328
Truck 221 58.7 14 68.4 32 69.3 2,324
For-hire truck 221 58.7 14 68.4 32 69.3 2,324
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,357
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,306
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,306
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,084 100.0 S S S S 2,648
Single modes S S S S S S 2,633
Truck S S S S S S 2,659
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,656
Private truck S S S S S S 2,696
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,470
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 347 32.0 6 6.8 16 6.8 2,649
Parcel, USPS or courier 347 32.0 6 6.8 16 6.8 2,649
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,675

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,831 100.0 267 100.0 549 100.0 1,956
Single modes 1,009 55.1 208 78.1 425 77.3 1,951
Truck 726 39.6 150 56.4 300 54.7 2,013
For-hire truck 689 37.6 134 50.4 267 48.7 2,014
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail 241 13.2 57 21.4 122 22.3 2,148
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42 2.3 S S S S 1,913
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 821 44.8 58 21.8 124 22.6 1,958
Parcel, USPS or courier 180 9.8 4 1.3 7 1.3 1,952
Truck and Rail 641 35.0 55 20.4 117 21.3 2,145
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,120

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,096 100.0 S S S S 1,765
Single modes 693 63.2 S S S S 1,836
Truck 567 51.8 S S S S 1,732
For-hire truck 508 46.4 S S S S 1,739
Private truck 17 1.6 4 0.5 7 0.5 1,726
Rail 21 1.9 137 15.5 294 18.8 2,072
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 105 9.5 1 0.1 3 0.2 2,351
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 368 33.6 11 1.3 20 1.3 1,756
Parcel, USPS or courier 368 33.6 11 1.3 20 1.3 1,756
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,741

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 391 100.0 213 100.0 343 100.0 1,501
Single modes 385 98.4 212 99.7 342 99.7 1,524
Truck 313 80.2 128 60.2 195 56.9 1,515
For-hire truck 303 77.6 118 55.3 179 52.3 1,518
Private truck S S S S S S 1,467
Rail S S S S S S 1,744
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,991
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,489
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,489
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,601

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,173 100.0 863 100.0 1,168 100.0 1,437
Single modes 1,767 81.3 850 98.5 1,150 98.5 1,508
Truck 1,618 74.4 616 71.4 818 70.1 1,394
For-hire truck 1,483 68.3 532 61.7 706 60.4 1,396
Private truck 126 5.8 S S S S 1,385
Rail S S S S S S 1,440
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,185
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 332 15.3 8 1.0 11 1.0 1,408
Parcel, USPS or courier 332 15.3 8 1.0 11 1.0 1,408
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,318

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 353 100.0 636 100.0 1,286
Single modes 64 86.0 352 99.9 636 99.9 1,603
Truck 13 18.0 28 7.9 33 5.2 1,174
For-hire truck 10 13.7 24 6.7 27 4.3 1,164
Private truck S S S S S S 1,370
Rail 50 67.7 324 92.0 602 94.7 1,851
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,792
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 14.0 1,211
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 14.0 1,211
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 382 100.0 S S S S 1,137
Single modes 346 90.5 S S S S 1,343
Truck 263 68.9 152 37.4 S S 1,329
For-hire truck 253 66.2 150 37.0 S S 1,329
Private truck S S S S S S 1,369
Rail S S S S S S 1,502
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 8.9 2 0.5 2 0.4 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 8.9 2 0.5 2 0.4 1,095
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,389

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,765 100.0 1,892 100.0 593 100.0 687
Single modes 1,019 57.7 1,882 99.4 586 98.8 465
Truck 1,003 56.8 1,760 93.0 487 82.1 433
For-hire truck 752 42.6 S S 233 39.2 495
Private truck S S S S S S 405
Rail S S S S S S 707
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.4 S S S S 876
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 0.6 7 1.2 735
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 0.6 7 1.2 735
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 370

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 371 100.0 13 100.0 35 100.0 2,673
Single modes 198 53.6 9 71.1 25 70.0 2,633
Truck S S 9 70.8 24 69.7 2,643
For-hire truck S S 8 65.5 23 64.4 2,641
Private truck S S S S S S 2,708
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,518
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 172 46.3 4 28.5 10 29.6 2,677
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 45.7 1 9.8 3 9.6 2,676
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,887
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,596

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,595 100.0 S S S S 2,450
Single modes S S S S S S 2,509
Truck S S S S S S 2,425
For-hire truck S S 220 50.3 538 50.4 2,424
Private truck S S S S S S 2,459
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 98 3.8 S S S S 2,732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,152 44.4 21 4.8 51 4.8 2,445
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,152 44.4 21 4.8 51 4.8 2,445
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,410

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 833 100.0 7,598 100.0 2,376 100.0 395
Single modes 744 89.4 7,594 100.0 2,374 99.9 354
Truck 542 65.0 1,027 13.5 252 10.6 349
For-hire truck 309 37.1 248 3.3 89 3.8 398
Private truck 233 27.9 780 10.3 163 6.9 312
Rail 115 13.8 6,567 86.4 2,122 89.3 454
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 454
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 10.5 3 1 427
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 10.5 3 1 427
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 368

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,784 100.0 276 100.0 670 100.0 2,436
Single modes 1,034 58.0 262 94.7 633 94.5 2,391
Truck 920 51.6 261 94.6 632 94.2 2,394
For-hire truck 860 48.2 236 85.4 570 85.1 2,390
Private truck S S S S S S 2,460
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 114 6.4 S S S S 2,364
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 749 42.0 15 5.3 37 5.5 2,452
Parcel, USPS or courier 746 41.8 14 5.1 34 5.1 2,419
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,221
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,485

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,807 100.0 511 100.0 1,107 100.0 2,074
Single modes 1,637 90.6 504 98.7 1,094 98.8 2,097
Truck 1,619 89.6 S S S S 2,087
For-hire truck 1,592 88.1 S S S S 2,087
Private truck S S S S S S 1,994
Rail S S S S S S 2,702
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.2 2,223
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 164 9.1 6 1.2 13 1.1 2,064
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 8.9 6 1.2 12 1.1 2,064
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,504
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,043

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 24 100.0 46 100.0 1,775
Single modes 43 92.1 24 99.5 46 99.5 1,734
Truck 42 89.0 14 56.5 24 51.1 1,719
For-hire truck 41 86.3 12 51.2 21 46.2 1,753
Private truck S S S S S S 1,556
Rail S S S S S S 2,184
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 6.4 0.5 0.4 1,779
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 6.4 0.5 0.4 1,779
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,763

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,944 100.0 498 100.0 970 100.0 1,940
Single modes 1,401 72.1 368 74.1 720 74.1 2,007
Truck 1,244 64.0 356 71.6 692 71.3 1,992
For-hire truck 1,160 59.7 343 69.0 668 68.8 1,980
Private truck 77 4.0 S S S S 2,039
Rail S S S S S S 2,265
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 109 5.6 1 2,135
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 535 27.5 S S S S 1,929
Parcel, USPS or courier 485 24.9 15 3.0 29 3.0 1,929
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,046
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,904

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 781 100.0 412 100.0 460 100.0 1,016
Single modes 737 94.3 402 97.5 449 97.6 1,026
Truck 640 81.9 254 61.7 248 53.9 1,011
For-hire truck 514 65.8 202 49.0 198 43.2 1,020
Private truck S S S S S S 945
Rail 97 12.4 S S S S 1,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,847
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 39 5.0 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,012
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 5.0 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,012
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,353 100.0 1,060 100.0 1,507 100.0 1,303
Single modes 1,088 80.4 975 91.9 1,398 92.8 1,862
Truck 490 36.2 223 21.0 282 18.7 1,295
For-hire truck 488 36.1 221 20.9 280 18.6 1,295
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail 208 15.4 751 70.9 1,116 74.0 1,492
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 2,121
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 253 18.7 S S S S 1,208
Parcel, USPS or courier 236 17.5 7 0.7 9 0.6 1,208
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,403
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,069

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,687 100.0 106 100.0 243 100.0 2,317
Single modes 1,016 60.2 98 92.2 224 92.3 2,264
Truck 960 56.9 88 83.6 200 82.6 2,261
For-hire truck 959 56.9 88 83.3 200 82.3 2,261
Private truck S S S S S S 2,073
Rail S S S S S S 2,623
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 2,266
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 664 39.4 7 6.9 17 6.9 2,322
Parcel, USPS or courier 664 39.4 7 6.9 17 6.9 2,322
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,093

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 S S S S 2,600
Single modes 72 67.4 S S S S 2,587
Truck S S S S S S 2,595
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,595
Private truck S S S S S S 2,608
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,442
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 31.8 1 11.2 2 11.3 2,605
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 31.8 1 11.2 2 11.3 2,605
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,604

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 119 100.0 247 100.0 2,039
Single modes S S 119 99.5 246 99.5 2,056
Truck S S 118 99.0 244 99.0 2,056
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,071
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,055
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 2,033
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 2,033
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,027

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 192 100.0 12 100.0 18 100.0 1,430
Single modes S S 9 71.6 13 71.8 1,534
Truck S S 9 71.6 13 71.7 1,504
For-hire truck S S 8 69.0 12 69.0 1,504
Private truck S S S S S S 1,560
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,165
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.0 2.6 2.6 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.0 2.6 2.6 1,369
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,453

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,061 100.0 350 100.0 595 100.0 1,654
Single modes 2,566 83.8 333 95.0 564 94.7 1,909
Truck 2,287 74.7 313 89.4 530 89.0 1,658
For-hire truck 2,259 73.8 310 88.6 525 88.3 1,657
Private truck S S S S S S 1,665
Rail 9 0.3 18 5.2 30 5.0 1,654
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 270 8.8 S S S S 2,216
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 493 16.1 S S S S 1,579
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 1.5 8 1.4 1,577
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,922
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,547

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,725 100.0 4,593 100.0 3,933 100.0 1,054
Single modes 3,957 69.1 4,513 98.3 3,844 97.7 1,074
Truck 3,204 56.0 2,386 51.9 1,973 50.2 974
For-hire truck 2,254 39.4 1,748 38.1 1,285 32.7 963
Private truck S S S S S S 1,021
Rail 334 5.8 880 19.2 S S 1,243
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,335
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,584 27.7 18 0.4 17 0.4 1,046
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,584 27.7 18 0.4 17 0.4 1,046
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,088

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,504 100.0 2,209 100.0 1,295 100.0 663
Single modes 1,364 90.7 2,205 99.8 1,292 99.8 648
Truck 1,317 87.5 2,204 99.7 1,291 99.7 586
For-hire truck 986 65.5 998 45.2 520 40.2 619
Private truck 331 22.0 1,205 54.6 771 59.5 538
Rail S S S S S S 1,215
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,431
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 8.8 3 0.2 2 0.2 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 133 8.8 3 0.2 2 0.2 671
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 715

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 S S S S 2,611
Single modes 11 33.0 3 39.0 8 39.2 2,600
Truck 10 31.3 3 39.0 8 39.1 2,610
For-hire truck 10 29.2 3 36.4 7 36.4 2,605
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,556
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 63.4 S S S S 2,611
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 63.4 S S S S 2,611
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,640

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 722 100.0 66 100.0 148 100.0 2,179
Single modes 266 36.9 62 93.9 140 94.2 2,157
Truck 215 29.8 62 93.8 139 94.1 2,162
For-hire truck 198 27.4 46 70.6 104 70.5 2,156
Private truck S S S S S S 2,297
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 4.5 7 4.4 2,180
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 4.5 7 4.4 2,180
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,040

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 837 100.0 767 100.0 1,171 100.0 1,505
Single modes 610 72.9 730 95.2 1,112 94.9 1,567
Truck 425 50.8 272 35.4 388 33.1 1,415
For-hire truck 392 46.9 226 29.5 324 27.7 1,415
Private truck S S 45 5.9 64 5.5 1,434
Rail 95 11.3 455 59.4 719 61.4 1,610
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 222 26.5 37 4.8 59 5.0 1,490
Parcel, USPS or courier 197 23.5 7 0.9 10 0.8 1,490
Truck and Rail 25 3.0 30 3.9 49 4.2 1,646
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,303

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 131 100.0 69 100.0 150 100.0 2,099
Single modes 98 74.5 68 99.4 150 99.4 2,026
Truck S S S S S S 2,016
For-hire truck 46 35.0 25 35.7 49 32.4 2,045
Private truck S S S S S S 1,978
Rail S S S S S S 2,357
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,060
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.6 1 0.6 2,119
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.6 1 0.6 2,119
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,253 100.0 249 100.0 474 100.0 1,892
Single modes 664 53.0 191 76.9 368 77.7 1,912
Truck 640 51.1 175 70.1 332 70.1 1,889
For-hire truck 571 45.6 158 63.4 299 63.1 1,880
Private truck S S S S S S 1,909
Rail S S S S S S 2,132
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,205
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 377 30.1 8 3.3 16 3.3 1,892
Parcel, USPS or courier 376 30.0 8 3.3 16 3.3 1,892
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,844
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,794

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 372 100.0 348 100.0 942
Single modes 42 73.8 372 99.9 348 99.9 1,008
Truck 27 47.9 S S S S 921
For-hire truck 27 46.7 S S S S 902
Private truck S S S S S S 1,036
Rail S S S S 178 51.1 958
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 923
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 923
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 826

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.