Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 111,273 85,923 29.5 100,872 121,346 −16.9 16,122 17,271 −6.7 532 656 −18.8
Single modes 92,792 63,890 45.2 98,524 119,973 −17.9 15,679 16,199 −3.2 212 178 19.1
Truck 73,237 48,902 49.8 79,060 95,767 −17.4 11,189 10,638 5.2 126 111 12.7
Rail 2,208 3,580 −38.3 13,812 18,843 −26.7 2,748 4,039 −32 S 695 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) 17,221 11,299 52.4 140 64 118.4 S 96 S 1,821 1,549 17.5
Pipeline S 110 S S 5,298 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,448 20,283 −18.9 436 555 −21.4 319 497 −35.7 1,128 1,266 −10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,091 20,125 −20 225 222 1.4 192 266 −27.9 1,128 1,266 −10.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 108 S S S 743 S
Other multiple modes 28 7 305.5 6 13 −49.7 19 41 −53.8 1,982 1,494 32.6
Other and unknown modes 2,033 1,750 16.2 S 819 S 124 S S S 127 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,917 3,142 −39 1,380 S S 716 S S S 237 S
Single modes 1,901 3,044 −37.5 1,371 S S 693 S S S 254 S
Truck 1,898 3,011 −37 1,361 S S 693 S S S 254 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 5 1,209 −99.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,917
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 6 S S S S S S S S 1,182 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 120 1,145 −89.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,779
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,992 3,201 −6.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,202 6,553 −5.4 7,441 8,161 −8.8 1,056 892 18.4 S 120 S
Single modes 5,971 6,518 −8.4 7,421 8,142 −8.9 1,046 884 18.4 S 63 S
Truck 5,953 6,510 −8.6 7,277 8,123 −10.4 905 883 2.5 S 62 S
Rail 18 S S S S 1,241
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,899
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 576 1,178 −51.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 576 1,177 −51.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,050
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,802 2,366 −23.8 S 47,695 S 1,969 2,160 −8.8 S 48 S
Single modes 1,496 2,360 −36.6 S 47,525 S 1,882 2,152 −12.5 S 48 S
Truck 880 1,016 −13.4 S 39,247 S S 1,808 S S 45 S
Rail S 1,344 S 1,245 8,277 −85 S 341 S S S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,066 997 107.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 827 70 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 838 90 828.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 704 49 S
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 5 S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,515 3,013 16.7 30,194 22,372 35 3,522 2,895 21.7 54 91 −41
Single modes 3,457 2,996 15.4 28,799 22,347 28.9 3,506 2,891 21.3 63 95 −34.3
Truck 3,110 2,716 14.5 12,766 9,340 36.7 948 800 18.4 62 96 −34.6
Rail 223 176 26.5 10,521 7,728 36.1 1,087 665 63.3 103 33 210.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 618
Pipeline S 104 S S 5,279 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,664 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,664 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 25 S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,656 7,034 8.8 4,240 6,791 −37.6 1,529 2,274 −32.8 788 400 96.7
Single modes 6,291 5,621 11.9 4,118 6,621 −37.8 1,465 2,092 −30 152 170 −10.5
Truck 6,212 5,343 16.3 3,526 5,381 −34.5 1,197 982 22 173 124 39.1
Rail S 215 S S 1,239 S 114 S S S 931 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 63 S S 1 S S 2 S 2,061 1,451 42
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,288 1,320 −2.4 42 S S 51 S S 1,074 754 42.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,261 1,312 −3.9 31 23 35 29 13 126.2 1,073 754 42.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,898 1,335 42.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,026 3,228 −6.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S 12 S S S S S 83 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,992 4,762 4.8 4,318 2,932 47.3 1,280 716 78.7 669 1,093 −38.8
Single modes 4,092 3,559 15 4,220 2,848 48.1 1,216 673 80.8 107 133 −19.6
Truck 3,958 3,467 14.2 3,934 2,673 47.2 995 541 83.9 87 115 −23.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 779 820 −5
Water
Air (including truck and air) 6 22 −71.5 S 1 S S S S 1,682 1,220 37.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1,036 S S 32 S S 34 S 1,308 1,523 −14.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1,036 S S 32 S S 34 S 1,307 1,523 −14.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,972
Other and unknown modes 161 167 −3.5 55 51 6.5 S S S 26 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,644 11,643 8.6 12,797 23,695 −46 2,434 3,943 −38.3 298 318 −6.2
Single modes 10,687 10,482 2 12,506 23,090 −45.8 2,362 3,424 −31 154 224 −31.2
Truck 9,275 8,402 10.4 11,588 21,925 −47.1 1,656 1,968 −15.8 S 139 S
Rail 1,136 1,685 −32.6 906 1,124 −19.5 698 1,398 −50 S 1,311 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 276 S S S 40 S 7 58 −87.7 2,153 1,560 38
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,485 650 128.5 26 21 20.6 29 16 83.7 812 619 31.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,481 638 132 18 16 18.7 13 11 11.3 816 618 32
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,154 582 270.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 3,047 S
Other and unknown modes 471 511 −7.8 266 S S S S S S 264 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 38,782 38,558 0.6 975 916 6.4 556 S S 936 882 6.1
Single modes 26,186 21,705 20.6 882 756 16.6 483 S S 738 337 119.2
Truck 9,610 11,966 −19.7 841 735 14.4 407 S S 326 132 146.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,841 447 311.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) 16,550 9,693 70.7 40 16 152.7 75 24 217.8 1,808 1,572 15
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11,476 16,141 −28.9 71 124 −42.7 66 168 −60.7 1,245 1,249 −0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 11,476 16,028 −28.4 71 116 −38.9 66 161 −59.1 1,245 1,250 −0.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,003
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,795 3 S
Other and unknown modes S 712 S 22 36 −38.7 S 9 S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 33,652 8,569 292.7 S 2,396 S S 752 S 359 592 −39.3
Single modes 32,605 7,388 341.3 S 2,335 S S 677 S 120 108 11.5
Truck 32,272 6,299 412.3 S 2,215 S S 526 S 113 93 21.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S 490 1,282 −61.8
Water S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S 1 S 2,062 1,519 35.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 939 1,038 −9.5 S 40 S 28 60 −53.3 1,194 1,335 −10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 906 1,020 −11.1 S 31 S 22 S S 1,191 1,334 −10.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 136 2,299 −94.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,207 3,052 5.1
Other and unknown modes S 142 S S 22 S S S S 760 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 110 283 −61.1 34 S S 3 S S 242 527 −54
Single modes 106 217 −51.2 33 S S 3 S S S S S
Truck 68 172 −60.3 33 S S 3 39 −92.8 66 S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,390
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,141 1,608 33.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4 S S S S S S S S 793 1,038 −23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 S S S S S S S S 793 1,038 −23.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 7 4 58.3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.