Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 91,967 100.0 120,127 100.0 37,916 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,697 12.7 38,206 31.8 913 2.4
50 to 99 miles 7,831 8.5 26,613 22.2 2,578 6.8
100 to 249 miles 17,464 19.0 20,190 16.8 5,276 13.9
250 to 499 miles 18,525 20.1 14,886 12.4 6,999 18.5
500 to 749 miles 15,283 16.6 10,938 9.1 9,065 23.9
750 to 999 miles 9,645 10.5 3,703 3.1 3,967 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,574 9.3 4,095 3.4 5,915 15.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,915 3.2 1,494 1.2 3,194 8.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 83,462 100.0 114,466 100.0 34,394 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,356 12.4 36,764 32.1 892 2.6
50 to 99 miles 7,291 8.7 26,477 23.1 2,564 7.5
100 to 249 miles 16,697 20.0 19,808 17.3 5,191 15.1
250 to 499 miles 17,062 20.4 13,173 11.5 6,163 17.9
500 to 749 miles 13,578 16.3 9,591 8.4 7,554 22.0
750 to 999 miles 8,862 10.6 3,469 3.0 3,669 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,152 8.6 3,799 3.3 5,407 15.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,452 2.9 1,383 1.2 2,950 8.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 78,165 100.0 93,587 100.0 24,384 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,146 13.0 35,859 38.3 860 3.5
50 to 99 miles 7,227 9.2 19,799 21.2 1,785 7.3
100 to 249 miles 16,376 21.0 13,877 14.8 3,038 12.5
250 to 499 miles 16,373 20.9 10,038 10.7 4,407 18.1
500 to 749 miles 11,827 15.1 7,468 8.0 5,681 23.3
750 to 999 miles 7,866 10.1 2,551 2.7 2,589 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,243 8.0 3,262 3.5 4,535 18.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,093 2.7 731 0.8 1,486 6.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 53,609 100.0 52,800 100.0 18,890 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,905 5.4 10,429 19.8 240 1.3
50 to 99 miles 3,201 6.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 9,587 17.9 7,656 14.5 1,620 8.6
250 to 499 miles 13,304 24.8 8,187 15.5 3,628 19.2
500 to 749 miles 10,074 18.8 6,369 12.1 4,876 25.8
750 to 999 miles 6,980 13.0 2,212 4.2 2,250 11.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,611 10.5 2,487 4.7 3,570 18.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,935 3.6 684 1.3 1,389 7.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 24,192 100.0 40,550 100.0 5,466 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,093 29.3 25,306 62.4 612 11.2
50 to 99 miles 3,850 15.9 4,940 12.2 461 8.4
100 to 249 miles 6,790 28.1 6,205 15.3 1,415 25.9
250 to 499 miles 3,034 12.5 1,841 4.5 773 14.1
500 to 749 miles 1,750 7.2 1,098 2.7 804 14.7
750 to 999 miles 884 3.7 338 0.8 338 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 633 2.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 158 0.7 47 0.1 97 1.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,044 100.0 15,801 100.0 7,386 100.0
Less than 50 miles 193 6.3 766 4.8 28 0.4
50 to 99 miles 52 1.7 6,553 41.5 769 10.4
100 to 249 miles 159 5.2 2,315 14.6 503 6.8
250 to 499 miles 606 19.9 2,311 14.6 1,201 16.3
500 to 749 miles 688 22.6 1,761 11.1 1,486 20.1
750 to 999 miles 658 21.6 913 5.8 1,073 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 333 10.9 530 3.4 862 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 355 11.7 652 4.1 1,464 19.8
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 4,993 100.0 2,587 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 3,616 72.4 1,649 63.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 4,993 100.0 2,587 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 3,616 72.4 1,649 63.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 34 100.0 36 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 10 0.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 32 1.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S 16 46.4
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 0.2 0.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,433 100.0 2,095 100.0 2,326 100.0
Less than 50 miles 141 2.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 268 4.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 539 9.9 99 4.7 22 0.9
250 to 499 miles 912 16.8 435 20.8 239 10.3
500 to 749 miles 1,326 24.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 639 11.8 190 9.1 254 10.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,137 20.9 228 10.9 405 17.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 453 8.3 98 4.7 218 9.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,798 100.0 260 100.0 151 100.0
Less than 50 miles 136 3.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 268 7.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 485 12.8 S S 9 6.2
250 to 499 miles 670 17.6 40 15.2 19 12.7
500 to 749 miles 916 24.1 39 15.0 30 19.7
750 to 999 miles 338 8.9 15 5.8 16 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 720 19.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 248 6.5 14 5.5 29 19.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,418 100.0 1,098 100.0 1,187 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 241 17.0 S S 220 18.5
500 to 749 miles 210 14.8 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 296 20.9 163 14.9 221 18.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 413 29.1 201 18.3 365 30.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 205 14.5 84 7.6 189 15.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,072 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,199 39.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 229 7.4 283 7.9 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 379 12.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 144 4.7 44 1.2 44 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 285 9.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.