Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 91,967 100.0 120,127 100.0 37,916 100.0 393
Less than 50 lbs 3,299 3.6 193 0.2 73 0.2 395
50 to 99 lbs 1,189 1.3 85 44 0.1 511
100 to 499 lbs 7,370 8.0 609 0.5 228 0.6 366
500 to 749 lbs 2,992 3.3 371 0.3 155 0.4 423
750 to 999 lbs 1,665 1.8 248 0.2 94 0.2 375
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,401 20.0 4,675 3.9 1,991 5.3 439
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 50,641 55.1 59,616 49.6 19,504 51.4 333
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,406 2.6 22,088 18.4 2,691 7.1 119
100,000 lbs or more 4,004 4.4 32,242 26.8 13,135 34.6 587

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 83,462 100.0 114,466 100.0 34,394 100.0 305
Less than 50 lbs 955 1.1 36 8 193
50 to 99 lbs 549 0.7 40 16 382
100 to 499 lbs 6,189 7.4 500 0.4 182 0.5 356
500 to 749 lbs 2,881 3.5 351 0.3 142 0.4 406
750 to 999 lbs 1,610 1.9 238 0.2 91 0.3 379
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,738 21.3 4,478 3.9 1,945 5.7 452
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 47,670 57.1 56,265 49.2 17,643 51.3 320
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,293 2.7 21,578 18.9 2,549 7.4 117
100,000 lbs or more 3,577 4.3 30,981 27.1 11,818 34.4 578

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 78,165 100.0 93,587 100.0 24,384 100.0 286
Less than 50 lbs 900 1.2 36 8 152
50 to 99 lbs 524 0.7 39 14 339
100 to 499 lbs 6,142 7.9 498 0.5 179 0.7 352
500 to 749 lbs 2,875 3.7 350 0.4 141 0.6 405
750 to 999 lbs 1,605 2.1 237 0.3 91 0.4 378
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,320 22.2 4,453 4.8 1,916 7.9 450
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 45,621 58.4 55,732 59.6 17,074 70.0 312
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,230 2.9 21,389 22.9 2,437 10.0 114
100,000 lbs or more 949 1.2 10,853 11.6 2,524 10.4 378

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 53,609 100.0 52,800 100.0 18,890 100.0 621
Less than 50 lbs 231 0.4 7 6 846
50 to 99 lbs 251 0.5 12 S S 1,015
100 to 499 lbs S S 240 0.5 155 0.8 677
500 to 749 lbs 2,277 4.2 185 0.4 124 0.7 675
750 to 999 lbs 1,267 2.4 108 0.2 72 0.4 666
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,926 24.1 2,362 4.5 1,558 8.2 693
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,625 55.3 30,469 57.7 13,415 71.0 454
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,526 2.8 16,995 32.2 1,670 8.8 98
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 870

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 24,192 100.0 40,550 100.0 5,466 100.0 78
Less than 50 lbs 669 2.8 28 1 30
50 to 99 lbs 273 1.1 26 1 49
100 to 499 lbs 1,440 6.0 257 0.6 23 0.4 83
500 to 749 lbs 598 2.5 165 0.4 17 0.3 105
750 to 999 lbs 337 1.4 129 0.3 18 0.3 139
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,386 18.1 2,087 5.1 356 6.5 175
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15,665 64.8 25,102 61.9 3,638 66.6 150
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 704 2.9 4,395 10.8 S S 179
100,000 lbs or more 120 0.5 8,362 20.6 642 11.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,044 100.0 15,801 100.0 7,386 100.0 817
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,035
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,274
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 742
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,416
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 358 2.3 448 6.1 1,251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 47 1.5 125 0.8 82 1.1 638
100,000 lbs or more 2,339 76.8 15,302 96.8 6,834 92.5 694

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 4,993 100.0 2,587 100.0 580
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 18
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 659
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 624
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 667
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 951
100,000 lbs or more S S 4,814 96.4 2,460 95.1 453

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 4,993 100.0 2,587 100.0 580
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 18
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 659
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 624
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 667
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 951
100,000 lbs or more S S 4,814 96.4 2,460 95.1 453

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 34 100.0 36 100.0 1,597
Less than 50 lbs 55 2.8 1 1.6 1 2.5 1,625
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,742
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,181
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,188
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,398
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,001
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 24 68.7 25 70.3 980
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,433 100.0 2,095 100.0 2,326 100.0 521
Less than 50 lbs 2,133 39.3 150 7.2 65 2.8 501
50 to 99 lbs 566 10.4 41 1.9 28 1.2 671
100 to 499 lbs 987 18.2 59 2.8 44 1.9 692
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,800
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 918
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 913
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,085 20.0 619 29.6 857 36.9 1,385
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 259
100,000 lbs or more 370 6.8 S S S S 800

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,798 100.0 260 100.0 151 100.0 521
Less than 50 lbs 2,128 56.0 150 57.7 65 42.8 503
50 to 99 lbs 566 14.9 41 15.6 28 18.3 671
100 to 499 lbs 985 25.9 58 22.4 44 29.1 694
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,801
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 846
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 139
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,418 100.0 1,098 100.0 1,187 100.0 1,323
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 606
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,119
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,355
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,078 76.0 580 52.8 829 69.8 1,438
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 259
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 326 27.5 697

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,453
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 792
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,261
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,225
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,150
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,483
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,271

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 11
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 9
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,277

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,072 100.0 S S S S 98
Less than 50 lbs 211 6.9 6 0.2 S S 88
50 to 99 lbs 73 2.4 5 0.1 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 194 6.3 S S 2 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs 27 0.9 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 24 0.8 8 0.2 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 497 16.2 S S 15 1.2 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,886 61.4 S S S S 386
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 86 2.4 36 3.0 606

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.