Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 91,967 100.0 120,127 100.0 37,916 100.0 393
Single modes 83,462 90.8 114,466 95.3 34,394 90.7 305
Truck3 78,165 85.0 93,587 77.9 24,384 64.3 286
For-hire Truck 53,609 58.3 52,800 44.0 18,890 49.8 621
Private Truck 24,192 26.3 40,550 33.8 5,466 14.4 78
Rail 3,044 3.3 15,801 13.2 7,386 19.5 817
Water S S 4,993 4.2 2,587 6.8 580
Shallow draft S S 4,993 4.2 2,587 6.8 580
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 34 36 1,597
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,433 5.9 2,095 1.7 2,326 6.1 521
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,798 4.1 260 0.2 151 0.4 521
Truck and rail 1,418 1.5 1,098 0.9 1,187 3.1 1,323
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,453
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,072 3.3 S S S S 98

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 214
Single modes S S S S S S 214
Truck3 S S S S S S 40
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 30
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail S S S S S S 2,344
Water S S S S S S 640
Shallow draft S S S S S S 640
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 103
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 103
Rail
Water S S S S S S 620
Shallow draft S S S S S S 620
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 143
Single modes S S S S S S 143
Truck3 S S S S S S 141
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 203
Private Truck S S S S S S 60
Rail S S S S S S 292
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,323 100.0 4,669 100.0 2,756 100.0 318
Single modes 9,279 99.5 4,633 99.2 2,756 100.0 467
Truck3 9,279 99.5 4,633 99.2 2,756 100.0 466
For-hire Truck 6,226 66.8 3,380 72.4 2,149 78.0 657
Private Truck 2,699 29.0 1,040 22.3 585 21.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,677
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 532
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 532
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 351 100.0 S S 305
Single modes S S S S S S 236
Truck3 S S S S S S 219
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 745
Private Truck S S S S 33 18.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,553
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 311
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,604
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 84

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,583 100.0 4,536 100.0 2,013 100.0 286
Single modes 3,110 86.8 4,216 92.9 1,534 76.2 264
Truck3 2,971 82.9 4,152 91.5 1,446 71.8 262
For-hire Truck 1,750 48.9 1,708 37.6 S S 611
Private Truck 1,221 34.1 2,444 53.9 406 20.2 167
Rail S S S S S S 1,349
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 463
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,482
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,762

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 761 100.0 477 100.0 55 100.0 36
Single modes 680 89.4 462 97.0 30 53.5 34
Truck3 680 89.4 462 97.0 30 53.5 34
For-hire Truck 102 13.4 21 4.5 18 32.3 874
Private Truck 578 76.0 441 92.5 S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 80 10.6 14 2.9 26 46.5 1,842
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 80 10.6 14 2.9 26 46.5 1,842
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 191
Single modes S S S S S S 191
Truck3 S S S S S S 191
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 191
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 8,912 100.0 907 100.0 S
Single modes 56 97.2 8,787 98.6 841 92.7 S
Truck3 S S 7,304 82.0 507 55.9 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 300 33.1 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 55
Rail 12 20.2 1,483 16.6 334 36.8 362
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 2.5 96 1.1 66 7.3 685
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 1 2.5 96 1.1 66 7.3 685
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 198 100.0 32,521 100.0 3,334 100.0 28
Single modes 197 99.6 32,433 99.7 3,333 100.0 28
Truck3 159 80.6 23,151 71.2 906 27.2 27
For-hire Truck 27 13.5 4,168 12.8 231 6.9 50
Private Truck 133 67.1 18,967 58.3 673 20.2 22
Rail 23 11.8 5,979 18.4 832 24.9 134
Water 14 7.2 3,303 10.2 1,594 47.8 452
Shallow draft 14 7.2 3,303 10.2 1,594 47.8 452
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 290
Single modes S S S S S S 290
Truck3 S S 186 26.7 S S 212
For-hire Truck S S 185 26.6 S S 278
Private Truck S S S S S S 30
Rail S S S S S S 452
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 295
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 295
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 520
Single modes S S S S S S 503
Truck3 S S S S S S 490
For-hire Truck S S 66 23.4 S S 496
Private Truck S S S S S S 487
Rail S S S S S S 1,001
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 879

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3
Single modes S S S S S S 3
Truck3 S S S S S S 3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,491 100.0 8,028 100.0 S S 225
Single modes 1,621 65.1 S S S S 182
Truck3 1,621 65.1 S S S S 182
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 210
Private Truck 397 15.9 1,094 13.6 55 3.0 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 334

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 105 100.0 378 100.0 S S 112
Single modes 105 100.0 378 100.0 S S 112
Truck3 105 100.0 378 100.0 S S 112
For-hire Truck 62 59.0 228 60.1 S S 51
Private Truck 43 41.0 S S S S 171
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 61 100.0 S S S
Single modes 80 98.2 61 99.6 S S S
Truck3 80 98.2 61 99.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 774
Private Truck S S S S S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,932
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 982 100.0 861 100.0 588 100.0 S
Single modes 670 68.2 632 73.5 374 63.6 S
Truck3 559 56.9 494 57.4 272 46.3 S
For-hire Truck 519 52.8 448 52.0 254 43.2 617
Private Truck S S 46 5.4 S S S
Rail S S 138 16.1 102 17.3 736
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 296 30.2 199 23.1 189 32.1 1,006
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 658
Truck and rail 296 30.2 199 23.1 189 32.1 1,034
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 16 1.6 30 3.4 26 4.4 860

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 546
Truck3 S S S S S S 546
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 728
Private Truck 1 1.1 S S S S 186
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 1,721 100.0 669 100.0 S
Single modes 256 93.8 1,610 93.5 580 86.6 S
Truck3 159 58.1 1,042 60.5 125 18.7 S
For-hire Truck 140 51.3 933 54.2 123 18.4 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 59 21.6 355 20.6 263 39.4 742
Water S S S S S S 756
Shallow draft S S S S S S 756
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,429 100.0 1,040 100.0 332 100.0 161
Single modes 1,306 91.4 1,007 96.8 300 90.5 S
Truck3 1,248 87.3 808 77.6 205 61.9 S
For-hire Truck 558 39.1 498 47.9 168 50.6 542
Private Truck S S S S 37 11.3 S
Rail 50 3.5 148 14.2 92 27.8 826
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,123
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19 1.4 17 1.6 21 6.3 619
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 399
Truck and rail 18 1.3 17 1.6 21 6.2 1,254
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 103 7.2 16 1.6 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,096 100.0 1,276 100.0 866 100.0 204
Single modes 2,976 96.1 1,223 95.8 789 91.0 193
Truck3 2,912 94.0 1,200 94.0 744 85.9 189
For-hire Truck 2,192 70.8 1,012 79.3 701 80.9 722
Private Truck 720 23.3 188 14.7 43 5.0 70
Rail S S 21 1.7 43 5.0 1,982
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,355
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 98 3.2 47 3.7 71 8.2 391
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 0.3 1 0.1 1 364
Truck and rail 79 2.5 43 3.4 67 7.7 1,622
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,149
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes 22 0.7 7 0.5 S S 61

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 46
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 66
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,138
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,143 100.0 19,066 100.0 5,910 100.0 336
Single modes 3,023 96.2 18,613 97.6 5,663 95.8 336
Truck3 2,390 76.0 S S 4,070 68.9 326
For-hire Truck 1,479 47.1 S S 3,351 56.7 377
Private Truck 911 29.0 2,427 12.7 S S 252
Rail 631 20.1 S S 1,591 26.9 534
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,765
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 633
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 628
Truck and rail S S S S S S 633
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 270

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,365 100.0 2,052 100.0 1,743 100.0 527
Single modes 1,345 98.6 2,025 98.7 1,723 98.8 591
Truck3 1,048 76.8 1,501 73.2 1,194 68.5 536
For-hire Truck 1,004 73.6 1,447 70.5 1,175 67.4 765
Private Truck 44 3.2 54 2.6 S S S
Rail 295 21.7 521 25.4 526 30.2 1,126
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,234
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 359
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 359
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 300

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,119 100.0 2,848 100.0 1,203 100.0 S
Single modes 2,853 91.5 2,691 94.5 1,080 89.8 305
Truck3 2,669 85.6 2,410 84.6 867 72.0 293
For-hire Truck 2,271 72.8 2,092 73.5 808 67.1 391
Private Truck 398 12.8 318 11.2 S S 202
Rail S S S S S S 948
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,276
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,420
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 191

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 392 100.0 284 100.0 859
Single modes S S 326 83.3 233 82.1 797
Truck3 S S 321 81.9 224 79.0 539
For-hire Truck S S 300 76.6 217 76.2 678
Private Truck S S 18 4.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,540
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,690
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 885
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 885
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,144
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 120

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 818 100.0 117 100.0 62 100.0 700
Single modes 695 85.0 108 92.5 56 90.4 736
Truck3 695 85.0 108 92.5 56 90.4 736
For-hire Truck 294 35.9 36 30.6 32 50.8 842
Private Truck 401 49.1 72 61.9 25 39.6 438
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 874
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 970 100.0 6,175 100.0 2,692 100.0 360
Single modes 968 99.9 6,167 99.9 2,681 99.6 352
Truck3 S S S S S S 333
For-hire Truck 340 35.1 1,818 29.4 600 22.3 401
Private Truck S S S S S S 315
Rail 116 12.0 834 13.5 674 25.0 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,192
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,007
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 969
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,825 100.0 6,631 100.0 4,507 100.0 140
Single modes 3,523 92.1 5,891 88.8 3,618 80.3 144
Truck3 2,608 68.2 3,307 49.9 1,624 36.0 126
For-hire Truck 1,595 41.7 2,408 36.3 1,390 30.9 459
Private Truck 1,008 26.4 895 13.5 232 5.1 S
Rail 700 18.3 1,885 28.4 1,615 35.8 816
Water S S S S S S 643
Shallow draft S S S S S S 643
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,387
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 314
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 466
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,057
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,271
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,029 100.0 1,188 100.0 598 100.0 310
Single modes 1,674 82.5 1,084 91.2 578 96.6 209
Truck3 1,633 80.5 1,009 84.9 496 82.9 199
For-hire Truck 1,323 65.2 859 72.3 480 80.2 497
Private Truck 310 15.3 150 12.6 17 2.8 64
Rail S S S S S S 1,151
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,236
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 637
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.3 2 0.4 656
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,461
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,674 100.0 1,037 100.0 759 100.0 210
Single modes 5,858 87.8 935 90.1 642 84.5 144
Truck3 5,535 82.9 879 84.7 565 74.4 139
For-hire Truck 4,016 60.2 740 71.4 514 67.6 601
Private Truck 1,519 22.8 139 13.4 S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 1,328
Water S S S S S S 18
Shallow draft S S S S S S 18
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 694
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 341 5.1 S S S S 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 2.5 8 0.8 4 0.6 529
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,454
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 475 7.1 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 639
Single modes S S S S S S 482
Truck3 S S S S S S 473
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 796
Private Truck 608 4.1 146 5.3 58 2.5 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 611
Shallow draft S S S S S S 611
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,669
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 579 3.9 39 1.4 42 1.8 956
Parcel, USPS or courier 579 3.9 39 1.4 42 1.8 956
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,826
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 51 0.3 6 0.2 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,726 100.0 568 100.0 333 100.0 246
Single modes 3,190 85.6 488 85.9 284 85.3 236
Truck3 3,188 85.6 488 85.9 284 85.2 228
For-hire Truck S S 405 71.2 255 76.5 624
Private Truck 614 16.5 83 14.7 29 8.7 77
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 1,555
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 0.3 416
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 0.3 416
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 485 13.0 77 13.5 48 14.4 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 83 100.0 68 100.0 889
Single modes S S 82 98.8 67 98.5 871
Truck3 157 8.4 8 9.2 6 8.3 874
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,404
Private Truck 152 8.1 7 8.8 5 7.8 710
Rail S S 55 66.0 44 65.5 936
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 861
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 893
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 893
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 201

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 558 100.0 35 100.0 20 100.0 927
Single modes 395 70.9 30 86.4 15 73.9 888
Truck3 370 66.3 30 86.3 15 73.7 481
For-hire Truck 358 64.3 30 86.0 15 73.7 758
Private Truck S S S S S S 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,610
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 162 29.0 5 13.5 5 25.0 932
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 931
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,308
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,353

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 547 100.0 133 100.0 104 100.0 329
Single modes 512 93.5 128 96.8 102 98.4 691
Truck3 489 89.4 128 96.6 102 98.2 677
For-hire Truck 371 67.8 107 80.9 94 90.5 813
Private Truck S S S S S S 132
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,437
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.6 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.6 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,343 100.0 1,538 100.0 800 100.0 610
Single modes 2,638 78.9 1,497 97.3 784 98.0 683
Truck3 2,615 78.2 987 64.1 528 66.0 662
For-hire Truck 2,465 73.7 916 59.6 494 61.7 791
Private Truck 150 4.5 70 4.6 34 4.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,035
Water S S S S S S 623
Shallow draft S S S S S S 623
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,288
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 800
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 799
Truck and rail S S S S S S 606
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 150 4.5 S S 6 0.8 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75 100.0 340 100.0 105 100.0 180
Single modes 74 99.6 334 98.1 105 99.9 194
Truck3 68 91.4 250 73.7 37 35.0 140
For-hire Truck 35 47.2 205 60.3 29 27.8 144
Private Truck 33 44.1 46 13.4 8 7.2 129
Rail S S S S S S 826
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,830 100.0 4,640 100.0 1,154 100.0 318
Single modes 14,352 96.8 4,533 97.7 1,142 99.0 157
Truck3 14,341 96.7 4,531 97.6 1,141 98.9 151
For-hire Truck 4,539 30.6 1,673 36.0 S S 393
Private Truck 9,801 66.1 2,857 61.6 506 43.9 101
Rail
Water S S S S S S 628
Shallow draft S S S S S S 628
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,453
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 73 0.5 3 S S 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 0.5 3 S S 835
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 74
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 216 100.0 S S 51 100.0 536
Single modes 97 45.0 S S S S S
Truck3 91 42.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 25 11.5 15 6.7 S S 779
Private Truck S S S S S S 92
Rail S S S S S S 794
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,437
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,441
Truck and rail S S S S S S 682
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 278

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.