Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 91,967 100.0 120,127 100.0 37,916 100.0 393
Single modes 83,462 90.8 114,466 95.3 34,394 90.7 305
Truck 78,165 85.0 93,587 77.9 24,384 64.3 286
For-hire truck 53,609 58.3 52,800 44.0 18,890 49.8 621
Private truck 24,192 26.3 40,550 33.8 5,466 14.4 78
Rail 3,044 3.3 15,801 13.2 7,386 19.5 817
Water S S 4,993 4.2 2,587 6.8 580
Shallow draft S S 4,993 4.2 2,587 6.8 580
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 34 36 1,597
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,433 5.9 2,095 1.7 2,326 6.1 521
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,798 4.1 260 0.2 151 0.4 521
Truck and rail 1,418 1.5 1,098 0.9 1,187 3.1 1,323
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,453
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,072 3.3 S S S S 98

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,582 100.0 1,414 100.0 621 100.0 483
Single modes 1,442 91.1 1,403 99.2 615 99.2 415
Truck 1,388 87.7 1,149 81.2 487 78.5 413
For-hire truck 1,013 64.0 1,014 71.7 432 69.7 413
Private truck 349 22.0 128 9.1 52 8.3 413
Rail 52 3.3 254 18.0 128 20.7 506
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 589
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 413

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,117
Single modes S S S S S S 2,329
Truck S S S S S S 1,624
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,614
Private truck S S S S S S 1,786
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,910
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,887
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 S S S S 1,277
Single modes 468 84.6 S S S S 1,283
Truck 454 82.2 S S S S 1,267
For-hire truck 379 68.7 S S S S 1,323
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail S S S S S S 1,432
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,935
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,268
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,267
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,275

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,089 100.0 59,033 100.0 3,604 100.0 63
Single modes 20,080 90.9 57,437 97.3 3,564 98.9 37
Truck 19,812 89.7 53,157 90.0 3,028 84.0 37
For-hire truck 8,489 38.4 20,779 35.2 1,246 34.6 74
Private truck 11,131 50.4 32,233 54.6 1,770 49.1 32
Rail 255 1.2 2,931 5.0 291 8.1 69
Water S S S S S S 232
Shallow draft S S S S S S 232
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,170
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 572 2.6 S S S S 112
Parcel, USPS or courier 567 2.6 S S S S 112
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 74
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes 1,437 6.5 S S 28 0.8 20

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,917 100.0 2,277 100.0 4,224 100.0 1,808
Single modes 4,023 81.8 1,960 86.1 3,627 85.9 1,812
Truck S S 1,237 54.3 2,107 49.9 1,746
For-hire truck S S 1,187 52.1 2,021 47.9 1,744
Private truck S S 51 2.2 85 2.0 1,782
Rail 358 7.3 723 31.7 1,519 36.0 2,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,545
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 723 14.7 271 11.9 526 12.4 1,808
Parcel, USPS or courier 210 4.3 12 0.5 22 0.5 1,804
Truck and rail 512 10.4 259 11.4 503 11.9 1,938
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,553

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,505 100.0 515 100.0 507 100.0 894
Single modes 1,400 93.0 496 96.2 483 95.3 901
Truck 1,348 89.6 420 81.4 392 77.3 895
For-hire truck 1,311 87.1 368 71.4 347 68.4 895
Private truck S S S S S S 872
Rail S S S S S S 1,255
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 20 3.8 24 4.7 881
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 880
Truck and rail 11 0.7 S S S S 1,325
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 415 100.0 229 100.0 320 100.0 1,363
Single modes 346 83.4 222 97.1 311 96.9 1,375
Truck 313 75.5 162 70.7 220 68.8 1,385
For-hire truck 273 65.8 S S S S 1,383
Private truck S S S S S S 1,426
Rail S S S S S S 1,494
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,272
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 12.8 S S S S 1,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 10.6 S S S S 1,360
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,373

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 S S S S 1,125
Single modes 30 94.3 S S S S 1,156
Truck 29 91.9 S S S S 1,220
For-hire truck 29 91.9 S S S S 1,220
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,111
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,125
Single modes S S S S S S 1,126
Truck S S S S S S 1,126
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,126
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,125
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,125
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,730 100.0 S S S S 1,044
Single modes 2,408 88.2 S S S S 1,088
Truck 1,958 71.7 S S S S 960
For-hire truck 1,784 65.3 S S S S 993
Private truck 174 6.4 96 5.0 90 5.1 678
Rail S S 120 6.2 156 8.8 1,325
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,712
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 315 11.5 S S S S 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier 257 9.4 8 0.4 8 0.5 1,021
Truck and rail 48 1.8 22 1.2 23 1.3 1,042
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,277
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 876

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,727 100.0 1,587 100.0 1,045 100.0 631
Single modes 1,623 94.0 1,539 97.0 1,013 97.0 621
Truck 1,463 84.7 1,118 70.5 695 66.5 599
For-hire truck 1,368 79.2 1,027 64.7 637 61.0 590
Private truck 95 5.5 91 5.7 58 5.5 664
Rail 158 9.1 419 26.4 315 30.1 747
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,215
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 5.2 S S 23 2.2 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 2.4 2 0.1 1 0.1 639
Truck and rail S S S S S S 695
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 614

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,197
Single modes S S S S S S 4,439
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,439
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,191
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,188
Truck and rail S S S S S S 4,368
Truck and water S S 9.9 S S 5,089
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,285

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 29 100.0 49 100.0 1,821
Single modes S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
Truck S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
For-hire truck S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,896
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,896
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,610

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,983 100.0 1,834 100.0 1,105 100.0 573
Single modes 2,641 88.6 1,722 93.9 1,034 93.5 590
Truck 2,398 80.4 1,146 62.5 627 56.7 578
For-hire truck 1,941 65.1 946 51.6 532 48.1 583
Private truck 457 15.3 201 10.9 95 8.6 500
Rail 172 5.8 524 28.6 372 33.7 689
Water S S S S S S 659
Shallow draft S S S S S S 659
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,087
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 285 9.5 104 5.7 66 6.0 554
Parcel, USPS or courier 184 6.2 7 0.4 4 0.4 552
Truck and rail 98 3.3 95 5.2 60 5.5 665
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,061
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 658

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,673 100.0 886 100.0 548 100.0 616
Single modes 1,577 94.2 856 96.6 527 96.1 618
Truck 1,551 92.7 811 91.6 496 90.5 613
For-hire truck 1,244 74.3 686 77.5 416 75.8 614
Private truck 308 18.4 S S S S 612
Rail 24 1.4 45 5.1 30 5.5 672
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 973
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.8 S S S S 615
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 4.4 5 0.6 3 0.6 615
Truck and rail S S S S S S 778
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 589

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 510 100.0 345 100.0 233 100.0 532
Single modes 469 91.9 331 95.9 218 93.7 600
Truck 442 86.7 261 75.7 159 68.1 594
For-hire truck 275 54.0 189 54.8 119 51.2 598
Private truck 163 31.9 70 20.3 38 16.5 572
Rail S S S S S S 853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,414
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 4.3 S S S S 513
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 4.1 3 0.9 2 0.7 511
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 435

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,446 100.0 714 100.0 292 100.0 325
Single modes 1,357 93.9 710 99.5 291 99.7 366
Truck 1,295 89.6 596 83.5 225 77.1 342
For-hire truck S S 437 61.2 176 60.5 412
Private truck 463 32.0 159 22.3 48 16.6 206
Rail 60 4.2 115 16.1 66 22.6 578
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,341
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 0.3 302
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 0.3 302
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 439

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,239 100.0 770 100.0 403 100.0 555
Single modes 1,156 93.4 711 92.4 386 95.8 536
Truck 1,033 83.4 467 60.7 224 55.6 526
For-hire truck 595 48.1 327 42.5 172 42.7 544
Private truck 433 35.0 137 17.8 51 12.6 407
Rail 96 7.8 207 26.9 148 36.8 730
Water S S S S S S 362
Shallow draft S S S S S S 362
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 720
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 3.3 S S S S 565
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 2.7 2 0.3 1 0.3 565
Truck and rail S S S S S S 533
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,419 100.0 9,439 100.0 2,616 100.0 309
Single modes 2,235 92.4 9,329 98.8 2,579 98.6 249
Truck 2,148 88.8 S S 943 36.0 245
For-hire truck 1,673 69.2 S S 814 31.1 244
Private truck 474 19.6 577 6.1 129 4.9 246
Rail S S S S 208 8.0 331
Water S S 2,014 21.3 1,427 54.5 669
Shallow draft S S 2,014 21.3 1,427 54.5 669
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,116
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 145 6.0 S S S S 425
Parcel, USPS or courier 119 4.9 7 3 0.1 425
Truck and rail S S S S S S 490
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 253

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 37 100.0 60 100.0 1,582
Single modes S S 37 99.9 60 99.9 1,567
Truck S S 35 93.0 56 93.2 1,567
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,566
Private truck S S S S S S 1,600
Rail S S S S S S 1,555
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,629
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,629
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 574 100.0 131 100.0 149 100.0 1,067
Single modes 444 77.3 115 88.1 130 87.6 1,080
Truck 385 67.2 109 83.0 123 82.5 1,077
For-hire truck 296 51.6 90 68.7 102 68.4 1,078
Private truck S S S S S S 1,061
Rail S S S S S S 1,147
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,057
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 3.6 S S S S 1,053
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,040

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 396 100.0 183 100.0 283 100.0 1,465
Single modes 346 87.2 179 97.7 276 97.5 1,469
Truck 318 80.2 96 52.6 142 50.4 1,467
For-hire truck 177 44.8 67 36.5 99 34.9 1,466
Private truck S S S S S S 1,479
Rail S S S S S S 1,609
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,502
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 11.9 4 2.0 6 2.3 1,464
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 8.4 S S S S 1,464
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,860
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,424

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,288 100.0 699 100.0 608 100.0 851
Single modes 1,189 92.3 695 99.4 604 99.4 835
Truck 1,017 79.0 490 70.1 404 66.6 825
For-hire truck 946 73.5 456 65.2 375 61.7 827
Private truck 71 5.5 34 4.9 30 4.9 804
Rail S S 205 29.3 200 32.9 1,012
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,094
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 862
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 889

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 432 100.0 368 100.0 765
Single modes S S 427 98.8 363 98.7 805
Truck S S 311 72.0 238 64.7 800
For-hire truck S S 283 65.5 219 59.4 801
Private truck 21 1.6 S S S S 742
Rail S S 60 13.9 72 19.5 1,178
Water S S S S S S 1,077
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,077
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 39 2.9 2 0.4 1 0.4 743
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 2.9 2 0.4 1 0.4 743
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 853

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,881 100.0 3,639 100.0 1,135 100.0 320
Single modes 3,612 93.1 3,325 91.4 1,029 90.7 289
Truck 3,472 89.5 2,485 68.3 699 61.6 287
For-hire truck 2,188 56.4 1,667 45.8 474 41.8 312
Private truck 1,285 33.1 818 22.5 225 19.8 259
Rail S S S S S S 407
Water S S S S S S 401
Shallow draft S S S S S S 401
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 913
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 1.1 2 1 387
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 1.1 2 1 387
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 335

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,766 100.0 4,448 100.0 1,475 100.0 228
Single modes 4,441 93.2 3,851 86.6 1,143 77.5 235
Truck 4,324 90.7 3,348 75.3 908 61.6 233
For-hire truck 2,718 57.0 2,461 55.3 713 48.4 304
Private truck 1,487 31.2 840 18.9 190 12.9 133
Rail 112 2.3 470 10.6 212 14.4 477
Water S S S S S S 700
Shallow draft S S S S S S 700
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 715
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 144 3.0 S S S S 201
Parcel, USPS or courier 108 2.3 S S S S 201
Truck and rail S S S S S S 562
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 399

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 37 100.0 66 100.0 1,459
Single modes 57 35.6 32 86.2 57 86.8 1,791
Truck 52 32.7 21 56.6 36 54.9 1,783
For-hire truck 48 30.3 15 41.3 25 38.6 1,783
Private truck S S S S S S 1,792
Rail S S S S S S 1,900
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,970
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,445
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,445
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 587 100.0 S S S S 533
Single modes 500 85.2 S S S S 614
Truck 495 84.4 S S S S 613
For-hire truck 384 65.5 202 35.5 112 29.3 573
Private truck S S S S S S 706
Rail S S S S S S 782
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 505
Truck and rail S S S S S S 960
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 566

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 102 100.0 171 100.0 1,735
Single modes 237 82.5 89 87.9 149 87.1 1,525
Truck 191 66.3 65 64.0 101 59.1 1,506
For-hire truck 182 63.3 64 62.6 99 57.8 1,506
Private truck S S S S S S 1,524
Rail S S S S S S 1,977
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,359
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,870
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,870
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,762

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 S S S S 1,498
Single modes 55 99.1 S S S S 1,495
Truck S S S S S S 1,494
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,494
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,657
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,515
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,515
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,077 100.0 S S S S 1,252
Single modes S S S S S S 1,229
Truck 480 44.6 S S S S 1,233
For-hire truck 393 36.5 S S S S 1,232
Private truck 87 8.1 21 3.7 26 3.7 1,267
Rail S S S S S S 1,304
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,133
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,260
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,254
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,751
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,466
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 144 100.0 54 100.0 51 100.0 878
Single modes 126 87.8 52 96.1 49 96.5 1,473
Truck 116 80.8 44 81.3 40 78.1 854
For-hire truck 95 66.4 39 71.7 36 70.3 855
Private truck S S S S S S 768
Rail S S S S S S 1,121
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,928
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 682
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 682
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 858

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,744 100.0 521 100.0 637 100.0 1,272
Single modes 1,538 88.2 508 97.6 621 97.5 1,250
Truck 1,455 83.4 497 95.5 604 94.9 1,214
For-hire truck 1,407 80.6 476 91.5 580 91.1 1,211
Private truck S S 21 4.0 24 3.7 1,243
Rail S S S S S S 1,498
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,371
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 9.3 5 1.0 7 1.1 1,280
Parcel, USPS or courier 159 9.1 5 0.9 6 0.9 1,280
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,786
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45 2.6 7 1.4 9 1.5 1,245

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,481 100.0 605 100.0 543 100.0 935
Single modes 1,368 92.3 598 98.9 536 98.8 861
Truck 1,201 81.1 459 75.9 395 72.8 857
For-hire truck 1,067 72.0 395 65.2 338 62.3 860
Private truck 133 9.0 64 10.6 57 10.4 847
Rail S S S S S S 1,013
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,070
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 3.9 2 0.4 2 0.4 985
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 3.9 2 0.4 2 0.4 985
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,031

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 79 100.0 102 100.0 1,073
Single modes S S 78 99.1 102 99.2 1,187
Truck S S 35 44.7 42 41.1 1,188
For-hire truck 130 53.5 29 37.5 35 33.7 1,180
Private truck S S S S S S 1,261
Rail S S S S S S 1,313
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,101
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,031
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,030
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,560
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,335

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,973 100.0 2,322 100.0 1,945 100.0 795
Single modes 2,450 82.4 1,867 80.4 1,537 79.0 780
Truck 2,093 70.4 1,610 69.3 1,305 67.1 776
For-hire truck 1,578 53.1 1,402 60.4 1,142 58.7 776
Private truck 516 17.3 208 8.9 163 8.4 779
Rail 85 2.9 252 10.9 229 11.8 859
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 988
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 805
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 805
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,109
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 848

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,478 100.0 4,896 100.0 950 100.0 185
Single modes 3,311 95.2 4,619 94.4 849 89.4 192
Truck 3,264 93.9 2,984 60.9 572 60.2 193
For-hire truck 1,178 33.9 1,297 26.5 285 30.0 226
Private truck 2,074 59.6 1,657 33.8 284 29.9 172
Rail S S S S 277 29.2 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,357
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 168
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 168
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 85 2.4 S S S S 298

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 324 100.0 146 100.0 316 100.0 2,148
Single modes 290 89.4 131 89.6 282 89.4 2,183
Truck 254 78.4 101 69.2 214 67.8 2,165
For-hire truck 224 69.3 90 61.9 192 60.8 2,179
Private truck S S S S S S 2,087
Rail S S S S S S 2,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,938
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 10.0 10 6.9 22 7.1 2,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,132
Truck and rail 14 4.5 9 5.9 19 6.1 2,232
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,141

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,002 100.0 1,329 100.0 1,538 100.0 1,128
Single modes 1,732 86.5 1,186 89.2 1,339 87.1 1,088
Truck 1,520 75.9 650 48.9 695 45.2 1,081
For-hire truck 1,346 67.2 601 45.2 640 41.6 1,080
Private truck 174 8.7 49 3.7 55 3.5 1,095
Rail 125 6.2 267 20.1 344 22.3 1,277
Water S S S S S S 1,096
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,096
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,297
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 227 11.3 126 9.4 180 11.7 1,164
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 2.4 2 0.1 2 0.1 1,157
Truck and rail 172 8.6 112 8.4 160 10.4 1,426
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,461
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 18 1.3 19 1.3 1,101

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 1,410
Single modes 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
Truck 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
For-hire truck 21 94.0 S S S S 1,414
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,384
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,384
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 748 100.0 422 100.0 346 100.0 781
Single modes 694 92.7 393 93.1 315 91.0 787
Truck 676 90.3 342 80.9 274 79.1 777
For-hire truck 560 74.8 285 67.5 228 65.8 777
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail S S S S S S 799
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 774
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.1 0.1 766
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 30 100.0 24 100.0 750
Single modes 60 98.7 30 99.8 24 99.8 954
Truck 60 98.3 30 99.8 24 99.8 947
For-hire truck 55 89.3 29 97.7 23 97.8 953
Private truck S S 1 2.1 2.0 797
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 624
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 624
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,955 100.0 6,417 100.0 1,456 100.0 379
Single modes 4,713 95.1 6,186 96.4 1,364 93.7 326
Truck 4,586 92.6 2,141 33.4 561 38.5 323
For-hire truck 3,317 66.9 1,530 23.8 423 29.1 360
Private truck 1,269 25.6 611 9.5 138 9.4 212
Rail 100 2.0 3,554 55.4 612 42.0 505
Water S S S S S S 321
Shallow draft S S S S S S 321
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 561
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 140 2.8 S S S S 473
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 1.7 4 2 0.1 471
Truck and rail S S S S S S 259
Truck and water S S S S S S 792
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 416

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,352 100.0 8,171 100.0 3,087 100.0 453
Single modes 7,801 93.4 7,695 94.2 2,827 91.6 426
Truck 6,928 82.9 6,334 77.5 2,187 70.8 417
For-hire truck 5,213 62.4 5,243 64.2 1,751 56.7 424
Private truck 1,714 20.5 1,091 13.4 436 14.1 393
Rail 321 3.8 1,333 16.3 615 19.9 505
Water S S S S S S 925
Shallow draft S S S S S S 925
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,098
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 493 5.9 287 3.5 193 6.3 480
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 3.7 16 0.2 8 0.2 480
Truck and rail 187 2.2 271 3.3 185 6.0 597
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 58 0.7 S S S S 402

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 102 100.0 140 100.0 1,417
Single modes S S 101 99.4 139 99.4 1,377
Truck S S 101 99.3 139 99.3 1,338
For-hire truck S S 98 96.6 135 96.6 1,336
Private truck 35 4.6 3 2.7 4 2.7 1,460
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,997
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,455
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,455
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,296

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,416
Single modes S S S S S S 1,388
Truck S S S S S S 1,458
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,458
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,003
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,418
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,418
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,990 100.0 S S S S 993
Single modes S S 467 45.5 460 36.7 1,003
Truck S S 383 37.3 364 29.0 1,000
For-hire truck S S 341 33.2 320 25.5 1,007
Private truck 103 5.2 42 4.1 43 3.5 960
Rail 59 3.0 S S 94 7.5 1,145
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 985
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 1.2 1 0.1 1 983
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,427
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42 2.1 S S S S 961

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 836 100.0 392 100.0 887 100.0 2,223
Single modes 720 86.1 380 97.1 861 97.1 2,255
Truck 632 75.6 302 77.0 661 74.5 2,235
For-hire truck 536 64.1 278 70.9 609 68.7 2,236
Private truck 96 11.5 24 6.1 52 5.8 2,187
Rail S S S S S S 2,479
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,007
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 110 13.2 8 2.1 20 2.2 2,206
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 10.1 3 0.8 7 0.7 2,206
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,439
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,060

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 183 100.0 118 100.0 105 100.0 860
Single modes 151 82.3 103 86.9 92 87.8 815
Truck 146 79.7 77 64.7 64 60.9 808
For-hire truck 135 73.9 73 61.6 61 58.1 814
Private truck S S S S S S 769
Rail S S S S S S 1,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 10.9 1 1.0 1 1.0 867
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 867
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,244
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 821

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,087 100.0 712 100.0 615 100.0 794
Single modes 1,040 95.6 702 98.6 608 98.7 846
Truck 956 87.9 490 68.9 402 65.3 786
For-hire truck 856 78.7 459 64.5 378 61.4 790
Private truck S S 31 4.4 24 3.8 663
Rail 83 7.7 212 29.8 206 33.5 986
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,276
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.4 2 0.3 757
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.4 2 0.3 757
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 S S S S 765

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 S S S S 1,167
Single modes S S S S S S 1,331
Truck S S S S S S 1,277
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,167
Private truck S S S S S S 1,332
Rail S S S S S S 1,214
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,137
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,137
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.