Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 78,105 100.0 127,587 100.0 43,646 100.0 442
Single modes 69,498 89.0 124,695 97.7 42,856 98.2 253
Truck 65,549 83.9 93,013 72.9 18,552 42.5 212
For-hire truck 43,398 55.6 46,123 36.2 12,905 29.6 505
Private truck 21,838 28.0 46,706 36.6 5,610 12.9 98
Rail 2,751 3.5 23,687 18.6 18,779 43.0 857
Water S S S S S S 650
Shallow draft S S S S S S 650
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 741 0.9 7 8 1,322
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,351 8.1 1,041 0.8 588 1.3 619
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,976 7.7 272 0.2 146 0.3 620
Truck and Rail S S 429 0.3 219 0.5 852
Truck and water S S 200 0.2 S S 1,290
Rail and water S S S S S S 836
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,256 2.9 1,851 1.5 201 0.5 245

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,204 100.0 1,036 100.0 489 100.0 496
Single modes 1,146 95.2 1,029 99.4 486 99.3 485
Truck 1,076 89.4 789 76.2 357 72.9 443
For-hire truck 762 63.3 669 64.6 305 62.4 446
Private truck S S 120 11.6 52 10.5 427
Rail 63 5.2 240 23.2 129 26.4 532
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,204
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 4.1 4 0.4 2 0.4 504
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 4.1 4 0.4 2 0.4 504
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 558

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,518
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,518
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,518
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,312
Single modes S S S S S S 1,301
Truck S S S S S S 1,301
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,296
Private truck S S S S S S 1,398
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 10.3 1,315
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 10.3 1,315
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,203

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,089 100.0 59,033 100.0 3,604 100.0 63
Single modes 20,080 90.9 57,437 97.3 3,564 98.9 37
Truck 19,812 89.7 53,157 90.0 3,028 84.0 37
For-hire truck 8,489 38.4 20,779 35.2 1,246 34.6 74
Private truck 11,131 50.4 32,233 54.6 1,770 49.1 32
Rail 255 1.2 2,931 5.0 291 8.1 69
Water S S S S S S 232
Shallow draft S S S S S S 232
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,170
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 572 2.6 S S S S 112
Parcel, USPS or courier 567 2.6 S S S S 112
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 74
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes 1,437 6.5 S S 28 0.8 20

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 408 100.0 683 100.0 1,738
Single modes S S S S 644 94.3 1,840
Truck S S S S S S 1,678
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,674
Private truck S S S S S S 1,703
Rail S S S S S S 1,894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,580
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 338 9.7 18 4.5 36 5.2 1,718
Parcel, USPS or courier 326 9.4 11 2.7 19 2.8 1,718
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,321
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,663

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 232 100.0 S S S S 942
Single modes 161 69.3 S S S S 935
Truck 145 62.4 S S S S 921
For-hire truck 115 49.6 S S S S 918
Private truck 30 12.8 17 1.7 15 1.5 933
Rail 16 6.8 385 39.3 496 48.5 1,117
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,584
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 23.4 S S S S 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 19.8 2 0.2 2 0.2 940
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 19 100.0 25 100.0 1,381
Single modes 303 60.8 13 67.8 18 70.0 1,403
Truck S S 13 67.5 18 69.7 1,402
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,407
Private truck S S S S S S 1,365
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,488
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 6.1 1 4.1 1 4.2 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 6.1 1 4.1 1 4.2 1,380
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,305

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82 100.0 8 100.0 10 100.0 1,212
Single modes S S S S S S 1,226
Truck S S S S S S 1,178
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,178
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,384
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,212
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,210
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,387
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,040
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,040
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,099 100.0 942 100.0 S S 1,034
Single modes 890 81.0 S S S S 1,374
Truck 688 62.6 S S S S 1,112
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,123
Private truck 39 3.5 24 2.5 S S 940
Rail S S S S S S 1,492
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,713
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 208 18.9 8 0.9 8 0.8 982
Parcel, USPS or courier 205 18.7 6 0.6 6 0.6 982
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,049
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 868

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,515 100.0 768 100.0 530 100.0 617
Single modes 1,332 88.0 753 98.0 520 98.1 631
Truck 1,311 86.6 677 88.1 451 85.1 605
For-hire truck 1,046 69.0 553 72.0 362 68.4 608
Private truck 195 12.9 99 12.9 70 13.2 580
Rail S S S S S S 811
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,177
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 175 11.6 4 0.5 2 0.4 612
Parcel, USPS or courier 175 11.6 4 0.5 2 0.4 612
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 704

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,322
Single modes S S S S S S 5,148
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,148
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,287
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,287
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,274

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 24 100.0 39 100.0 2,299
Single modes 20 85.9 24 99.6 38 99.6 2,350
Truck 17 72.8 22 90.7 34 87.5 1,565
For-hire truck 12 51.2 19 78.7 30 77.3 1,603
Private truck S S S S S S 1,468
Rail S S S S S S 2,208
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,397
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,748
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,748
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,995 100.0 1,171 100.0 556 100.0 628
Single modes 1,777 89.1 1,154 98.5 545 98.1 640
Truck 1,733 86.9 991 84.6 471 84.8 616
For-hire truck 1,419 71.1 848 72.4 423 76.1 619
Private truck 312 15.7 S S S S 616
Rail 41 2.1 162 13.9 74 13.3 475
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 10.3 11 0.9 7 1.3 621
Parcel, USPS or courier 206 10.3 11 0.9 7 1.3 621
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,679 100.0 1,746 100.0 1,018 100.0 665
Single modes 1,339 79.8 1,701 97.4 987 96.9 620
Truck 1,128 67.2 887 50.8 492 48.3 591
For-hire truck 971 57.8 580 33.2 338 33.2 603
Private truck S S S S S S 509
Rail S S S S S S 610
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,007
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 674
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 5.4 4 0.2 2 0.2 673
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 848
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 684

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,009 100.0 1,112 100.0 770 100.0 590
Single modes 959 95.0 1,106 99.5 766 99.5 652
Truck 833 82.6 233 20.9 140 18.1 625
For-hire truck 783 77.6 221 19.9 132 17.1 619
Private truck S S 11 1.0 7 0.9 658
Rail 122 12.1 873 78.5 627 81.4 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,007
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 4.9 5 0.4 3 0.4 581
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 4.9 5 0.4 3 0.4 581
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 862 100.0 1,910 100.0 596 100.0 421
Single modes 785 91.1 1,869 97.9 585 98.2 452
Truck 697 80.9 1,538 80.5 388 65.0 296
For-hire truck 548 63.6 S S S S 321
Private truck 149 17.3 S S 73 12.3 244
Rail 65 7.6 S S S S 596
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,020
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 3.3 1 1 374
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 3.3 1 1 374
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 396

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,300 100.0 505
Single modes S S S S S S 494
Truck S S S S S S 480
For-hire truck S S S S S S 574
Private truck 275 6.4 148 4.6 64 4.9 448
Rail S S S S S S 467
Water S S S S S S 291
Shallow draft S S S S S S 291
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 819
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 217 5.0 276 8.6 S S 516
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.2 3 0.2 516
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 379
Rail and water S S S S S S 836
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 673

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,604 100.0 3,710 100.0 1,365 100.0 350
Single modes 1,478 92.1 3,641 98.1 1,342 98.4 335
Truck 1,294 80.7 2,683 72.3 869 63.7 278
For-hire truck 871 54.3 1,292 34.8 450 33.0 270
Private truck S S S S S S 294
Rail 153 9.6 670 18.1 267 19.5 395
Water S S S S S S 716
Shallow draft S S S S S S 716
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,375
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 7.3 S S S S 363
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 4.1 5 0.1 2 0.1 362
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 645
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 241

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,576
Single modes S S S S S S 1,588
Truck S S S S S S 1,585
For-hire truck S S 16 23.9 25 23.3 1,570
Private truck S S S S S S 1,620
Rail S S S S S S 1,669
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.5 0.1 0.1 1,515
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.5 0.1 0.1 1,515
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,666

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 28 100.0 30 100.0 1,080
Single modes S S 26 94.8 28 94.8 1,118
Truck S S 26 94.8 28 94.8 1,084
For-hire truck S S 26 93.5 28 93.5 1,080
Private truck S S S S S S 1,123
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,246
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.2 2 5.2 1,076
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.2 2 5.2 1,076
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 27 100.0 39 100.0 1,471
Single modes S S 23 86.6 34 86.4 1,471
Truck S S 23 86.6 34 86.4 1,473
For-hire truck S S 23 85.0 33 84.7 1,464
Private truck S S S S S S 1,496
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 20.0 2 7.1 3 7.2 1,456
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 20.0 2 7.1 3 7.2 1,456
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,537

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,590 100.0 1,003 100.0 893 100.0 829
Single modes 1,483 93.3 999 99.7 891 99.7 857
Truck 1,380 86.8 966 96.3 S S 836
For-hire truck 1,364 85.8 947 94.5 S S 836
Private truck 16 1.0 19 1.9 15 1.7 841
Rail 89 5.6 33 3.2 33 3.6 869
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 882
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 107 6.7 3 0.3 3 0.3 819
Parcel, USPS or courier 107 6.7 3 0.3 3 0.3 819
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 794

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 481 100.0 375 100.0 311 100.0 847
Single modes 360 74.8 369 98.5 306 98.5 1,088
Truck 321 66.8 161 43.0 131 42.3 817
For-hire truck 282 58.7 144 38.5 118 37.9 831
Private truck S S S S S S 728
Rail S S S S S S 898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,548
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 25.2 S S S S 820
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 25.2 S S S S 820
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,300 100.0 2,382 100.0 605 100.0 111
Single modes 2,211 96.1 2,335 98.0 595 98.4 98
Truck 2,140 93.0 2,083 87.4 518 85.7 97
For-hire truck 1,224 53.2 1,270 53.3 362 59.8 262
Private truck 916 39.8 812 34.1 157 25.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 327
Water S S S S S S 294
Shallow draft S S S S S S 294
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 226
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 312
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 273

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,559 100.0 12,237 100.0 3,787 100.0 225
Single modes 5,262 94.7 12,044 98.4 3,716 98.1 197
Truck 4,758 85.6 8,863 72.4 2,414 63.7 181
For-hire truck 2,820 50.7 5,153 42.1 1,493 39.4 262
Private truck 1,934 34.8 3,705 30.3 920 24.3 148
Rail S S 3,046 24.9 1,246 32.9 418
Water S S S S S S 419
Shallow draft S S S S S S 419
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 821
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 258 4.6 S S S S 287
Parcel, USPS or courier 229 4.1 12 0.1 4 0.1 287
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 383
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 225

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 35 100.0 63 100.0 1,691
Single modes 14 42.4 24 70.0 44 70.4 1,718
Truck 8 25.0 S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck 8 24.4 S S S S 1,719
Private truck S S S S S S 1,578
Rail 6 17.4 S S S S 2,031
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 25.7 1.1 1 1.0 1,687
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 25.7 1.1 1 1.0 1,687
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,771

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 S S S S 653
Single modes 189 89.8 S S S S 654
Truck 148 70.3 S S S S 655
For-hire truck 136 64.6 S S S S 669
Private truck S S S S S S 529
Rail S S S S S S 570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 10.2 1 0.1 0.1 653
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 10.2 1 0.1 0.1 653
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 S S S S 1,775
Single modes S S S S S S 2,029
Truck 3 4.7 0.9 0.8 1,820
For-hire truck 3 4.2 S S S S 1,817
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,534
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 74.0 S S S S 1,761
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 74.0 S S S S 1,761
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 S S S S 1,520
Single modes 54 60.2 S S S S 1,491
Truck 48 54.0 S S S S 1,489
For-hire truck 44 49.1 S S S S 1,489
Private truck S S S S S S 1,504
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,581
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 38.1 1 3.5 1 3.3 1,529
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 38.1 1 3.5 1 3.3 1,529
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,599

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 894 100.0 136 100.0 167 100.0 1,235
Single modes 674 75.3 131 96.4 161 96.3 1,227
Truck 648 72.4 123 90.2 149 89.3 1,230
For-hire truck 577 64.5 114 83.3 139 83.0 1,237
Private truck S S S S S S 1,172
Rail S S S S S S 1,356
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 23.9 4 3.0 5 3.2 1,237
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 23.9 4 3.0 5 3.2 1,237
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,254

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 39 100.0 S S 794
Single modes 39 97.3 S S S S 737
Truck 37 91.8 S S S S 731
For-hire truck 37 91.8 S S S S 731
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,081
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 2.7 S S 0.1 875
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 2.7 S S 0.1 875
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,278 100.0 207 100.0 252 100.0 1,241
Single modes 974 76.2 200 96.6 239 94.8 1,239
Truck 941 73.6 182 87.9 216 85.7 1,227
For-hire truck 867 67.8 160 77.5 191 75.8 1,232
Private truck S S S S S S 1,165
Rail S S S S S S 1,271
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 0.9 S S S S 1,333
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 300 23.5 S S S S 1,243
Parcel, USPS or courier 294 23.0 2 1.2 3 1.2 1,243
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,375
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,139

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,166 100.0 479 100.0 432 100.0 847
Single modes 934 80.1 468 97.6 420 97.3 874
Truck 892 76.5 363 75.7 308 71.2 872
For-hire truck 833 71.5 322 67.1 276 63.8 862
Private truck 58 5.0 41 8.6 32 7.4 936
Rail S S S S S S 1,088
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,105
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 216 18.5 S S S S 827
Parcel, USPS or courier 171 14.6 4 0.7 3 0.7 826
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,130
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,023

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 S S S S 922
Single modes S S S S S S 1,108
Truck S S 4 15.3 4 14.9 1,111
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,122
Private truck S S S S S S 1,033
Rail S S S S S S 1,054
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 912
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 912
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,029

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,696 100.0 820 100.0 662 100.0 793
Single modes 1,389 81.9 793 96.8 641 96.9 741
Truck 1,197 70.6 552 67.4 418 63.2 731
For-hire truck 1,143 67.4 510 62.3 387 58.5 732
Private truck 54 3.2 S S S S 719
Rail S S S S S S 897
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.3 984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 302 17.8 14 1.8 12 1.9 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 301 17.8 14 1.7 12 1.8 808
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 890
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 696

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,733 100.0 4,294 100.0 924 100.0 218
Single modes 2,545 93.1 4,083 95.1 855 92.5 176
Truck 2,170 79.4 3,196 74.4 551 59.6 173
For-hire truck S S 866 20.2 209 22.6 224
Private truck 849 31.1 2,330 54.3 342 37.0 160
Rail 330 12.1 670 15.6 268 29.0 345
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 147 5.4 S S 65 7.0 281
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 5.2 4 1 0.1 281
Truck and Rail S S S S 63 6.8 313
Truck and water S S S S S S 157
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 141

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 S S S S 2,179
Single modes 92 69.9 S S S S 2,176
Truck 86 64.9 S S S S 2,175
For-hire truck 86 64.9 S S S S 2,175
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 28.8 S S S S 2,188
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 28.8 S S S S 2,188
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,992

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 992 100.0 S S S S 1,076
Single modes 784 79.0 S S S S 1,023
Truck 458 46.1 S S S S 1,016
For-hire truck 424 42.7 S S S S 1,012
Private truck S S 12 0.3 13 0.3 1,100
Rail S S S S S S 1,204
Water S S S S S S 1,144
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,144
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 19.9 S S S S 1,080
Parcel, USPS or courier 171 17.3 5 0.1 5 0.1 1,079
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,461
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,164

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 5 100.0 7 100.0 1,374
Single modes 24 54.6 4 85.1 6 85.6 1,438
Truck 24 54.4 4 85.0 6 85.5 1,444
For-hire truck 24 54.4 4 85.0 6 85.5 1,444
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,372
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 45.4 1 14.9 1 14.4 1,371
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 45.4 1 14.9 1 14.4 1,371
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 447 100.0 209 100.0 181 100.0 787
Single modes 417 93.2 208 99.2 179 99.2 777
Truck 397 88.8 190 90.6 161 89.2 775
For-hire truck 297 66.4 168 80.4 144 79.6 775
Private truck 100 22.4 21 10.3 17 9.6 773
Rail S S S S S S 1,018
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 6.8 2 0.8 1 0.8 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 6.8 2 0.8 1 0.8 794
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 S S S S 873
Single modes S S S S S S 815
Truck S S 14 43.6 13 38.0 802
For-hire truck S S 14 41.4 S S 832
Private truck S S S S S S 726
Rail S S S S S S 1,192
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 806
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.2 906
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.2 906
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 811

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,485 100.0 7,033 100.0 1,137 100.0 216
Single modes 5,151 93.9 6,986 99.3 1,131 99.4 188
Truck 5,046 92.0 6,583 93.6 1,005 88.3 160
For-hire truck 3,315 60.4 4,397 62.5 716 63.0 179
Private truck 1,729 31.5 2,185 31.1 288 25.4 145
Rail S S S S S S 314
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 56 1.0 S S S S 892
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 299 5.4 10 0.1 3 0.3 264
Parcel, USPS or courier 299 5.4 10 0.1 3 0.3 264
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,206 100.0 6,133 100.0 2,312 100.0 399
Single modes 5,042 81.2 6,033 98.4 2,270 98.2 405
Truck 4,712 75.9 4,530 73.9 1,467 63.5 299
For-hire truck 2,522 40.6 2,057 33.5 735 31.8 361
Private truck 2,187 35.2 2,470 40.3 732 31.6 256
Rail 259 4.2 1,148 18.7 520 22.5 477
Water S S S S S S 796
Shallow draft S S S S S S 796
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,271
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,060 17.1 21 0.3 9 0.4 394
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,060 17.1 21 0.3 9 0.4 394
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 104 1.7 79 1.3 33 1.4 380

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 146 100.0 50 100.0 76 100.0 1,483
Single modes 88 60.1 48 96.0 73 96.2 1,571
Truck 87 59.6 37 75.1 55 72.1 1,447
For-hire truck 86 58.7 37 73.7 54 70.9 1,455
Private truck S S S S S S 1,289
Rail S S S S S S 1,756
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 39.9 2 4.0 3 3.8 1,481
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 39.9 2 4.0 3 3.8 1,481
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 8 100.0 12 100.0 1,438
Single modes S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
Truck S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
For-hire truck S S 8 98.1 12 98.1 1,430
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 3.3 1.9 1.9 1,438
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 3.3 1.9 1.9 1,438
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 916 100.0 131 100.0 129 100.0 992
Single modes 790 86.2 126 96.1 124 96.2 1,044
Truck S S 125 95.8 123 95.9 953
For-hire truck S S 117 89.4 115 89.3 954
Private truck S S S S S S 940
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,164
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 13.8 5 3.9 5 3.8 983
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 13.8 5 3.9 5 3.8 983
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 522 100.0 182 100.0 396 100.0 2,251
Single modes 450 86.2 S S S S 2,212
Truck 421 80.7 S S S S 2,101
For-hire truck 291 55.7 S S 160 40.5 2,107
Private truck S S S S S S 2,071
Rail S S S S S S 2,582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,823
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,259
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,257
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,573
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,142

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 845
Single modes S S S S S S 737
Truck S S S S S S 735
For-hire truck S S S S S S 734
Private truck S S S S S S 871
Rail S S S S S S 1,158
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 1.4 S S S S 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 1.4 S S S S 897
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 682 100.0 204 100.0 155 100.0 757
Single modes 575 84.3 198 97.2 151 97.0 779
Truck 572 84.0 175 85.6 128 82.5 770
For-hire truck 466 68.4 153 75.0 113 72.5 751
Private truck 106 15.6 22 10.6 15 10.0 806
Rail S S S S S S 953
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 14.7 3 1.4 2 1.5 755
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 14.7 3 1.4 2 1.5 755
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 1.4 S S 829

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 9,891 100.0 12,048 100.0 1,069
Single modes 94 95.1 9,887 100.0 12,041 99.9 1,110
Truck 12 12.6 25 0.2 28 0.2 1,094
For-hire truck 8 7.6 S S 21 0.2 1,183
Private truck S S S S S S 1,062
Rail 82 82.6 9,862 99.7 12,014 99.7 1,212
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,051
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,515
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,124

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.