Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 91,967 69,075 33.1 120,127 138,664 −13.4 37,916 31,223 21.4 393 254 54.7
Single modes 83,462 64,490 29.4 114,466 135,067 −15.3 34,394 30,163 14 305 165 84.6
Truck 78,165 57,589 35.7 93,587 114,547 −18.3 24,384 19,285 26.4 286 154 86.1
Rail 3,044 5,334 −42.9 15,801 17,110 −7.7 7,386 8,858 −16.6 817 728 12.2
Water S 795 S 4,993 3,356 48.8 2,587 1,996 29.6 580 293 98
Air (including truck and air) S 754 S 34 17 103.5 36 24 48.5 1,597 1,204 32.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,433 2,755 97.2 2,095 906 131.3 2,326 592 293 521 604 −13.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,798 2,233 70.1 260 102 154.6 151 63 138.1 521 604 −13.7
Truck and Rail 1,418 415 241.6 1,098 200 449.4 1,187 315 276.8 1,323 1,481 −10.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,072 1,831 67.8 S 2,691 S S 468 S 98 48 106.3

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,182 9,781 4.1 8,866 20,043 −55.8 3,828 4,269 −10.3 270 119 128.1
Single modes 10,138 9,567 6 8,830 19,578 −54.9 3,827 4,173 −8.3 353 127 178.8
Truck 10,054 9,146 9.9 8,210 17,854 −54 3,212 3,041 5.6 348 125 179.2
Rail S 244 S S 703 S S 518 S 1,310 907 44.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 630 591 6.7
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,677
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 532 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 532 268 98.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,966
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 145 S S S S S 63 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,153 8,662 −40.5 5,363 7,835 −31.6 2,249 2,792 −19.5 232 91 156.1
Single modes 4,422 8,585 −48.5 4,988 7,720 −35.4 1,716 2,714 −36.8 132 89 48.2
Truck 4,168 7,778 −46.4 4,911 6,495 −24.4 1,608 1,669 −3.7 128 86 49.5
Rail S 660 S 77 775 −90.1 108 819 −86.8 1,500 1,268 18.3
Water S S S S S S 504
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 711 42 S 365 S S 515 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 307 290 5.9
Truck and Rail 648 S S 337 S S 508 S S 1,516 1,265 19.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 35 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 603 553 9.1 42,424 46,439 −8.6 4,684 3,042 54 S S S
Single modes 592 530 11.7 42,201 45,639 −7.5 4,607 2,894 59.2 S S S
Truck S 457 S 30,899 40,323 −23.4 1,592 1,863 −14.6 38 S S
Rail 88 72 21.2 7,999 5,315 50.5 1,420 1,031 37.8 379 S S
Water 14 3,303 1,594 452
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,458
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 S S 116 S S 66 S S 236 882 −73.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 3 S S S S S 295 879 −66.4
Truck and Rail 1 S S 96 S S 66 S S 685 1,462 −53.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 95 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,678 3,466 −22.8 8,468 14,628 −42.1 S 1,063 S 160 56 187.1
Single modes 1,807 3,400 −46.9 6,030 14,400 −58.1 S 1,058 S 124 60 106.5
Truck 1,806 3,318 −45.6 6,030 14,247 −57.7 S 970 S 116 60 94.8
Rail S S 109 S S 793
Water S S S S S S 5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,932 2,597 −25.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 16
Other and unknown modes S 8 S S 21 S S S S 330 6 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,918 6,591 −10.2 4,927 6,294 −21.7 2,460 2,527 −2.6 168 224 −24.8
Single modes 5,217 5,916 −11.8 4,472 5,718 −21.8 2,043 2,299 −11.1 180 156 15.2
Truck 4,886 5,444 −10.2 3,544 4,557 −22.2 1,347 1,605 −16.1 174 150 15.6
Rail 273 401 −31.8 662 647 2.4 501 461 8.6 913 869 5.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 756 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 6 S S S S S 1,337 1,315 1.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 551 419 31.4 354 141 151.9 365 185 97.5 S 554 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 282 S S 13 S S 6 S S 549 S
Truck and Rail 393 131 201.5 259 61 325.1 276 94 194.5 1,189 1,471 −19.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,280 S
Other and unknown modes 150 255 −41.4 101 S S 53 S S S 40 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,783 10,282 34 24,736 17,543 41 9,214 8,160 12.9 479 442 8.5
Single modes 11,929 9,744 22.4 23,856 17,291 38 8,762 8,068 8.6 484 286 69.3
Truck 10,799 8,448 27.8 20,146 14,538 38.6 6,418 5,050 27.1 398 262 52.1
Rail 1,114 1,289 −13.6 3,705 2,694 37.5 2,338 2,959 −21 710 1,148 −38.2
Water S S S S S S 1,011
Air (including truck and air) S 6 S S S S S S S 1,702 1,007 69
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 422 S 486 49 897.9 340 62 444.3 485 647 −25
Parcel, USPS or courier S 386 S S 22 S S 15 S 485 646 −25
Truck and Rail S 34 S S 27 S S 47 S 966 1,484 −34.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,144 7,687 −46.1
Other and unknown modes S 116 S S 204 S 113 30 273.3 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,498 13,582 −0.6 15,031 19,942 −24.6 8,557 7,131 20 227 274 −17.3
Single modes 12,023 12,745 −5.7 14,077 19,584 −28.1 7,519 6,947 8.2 176 201 −12.6
Truck 10,626 9,468 12.2 10,528 12,071 −12.8 4,692 3,462 35.5 165 190 −13.1
Rail 1,172 S S 2,850 S S 2,447 2,863 −14.5 941 S S
Water S S S S S S S S S 554 695 −20.3
Air (including truck and air) 10 S S 1 S S S S S 1,152 919 25.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 751 617 21.6 S 69 S S 101 S 567 585 −3
Parcel, USPS or courier 378 457 −17.3 13 21 −39.2 7 12 −37.8 585 580 0.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,479 1,527 −3.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 7,321 S
Other and unknown modes 724 220 229 S 288 S S 83 S 104 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,142 7,466 183.2 3,437 1,104 211.2 S 654 S 604 259 133.7
Single modes 19,660 6,488 203 3,307 1,049 215.3 S 639 S 463 149 210.8
Truck 17,731 6,171 187.3 S 1,046 S S 636 S 451 111 306
Rail S S S 55 S S 44 S S 936 210 346.1
Water S S S S S S 611
Air (including truck and air) S 317 S S 3 S S 3 S 1,590 1,287 23.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 943 667 41.3 48 14 251.3 49 9 480.1 908 612 48.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 931 667 39.5 45 14 230.8 46 9 439.6 908 612 48.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,308
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,826
Other and unknown modes 539 310 73.5 83 42 97.4 50 7 659.6 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,794 7,332 156.3 6,650 3,956 68.1 2,163 1,418 52.6 442 461 −4.1
Single modes 17,577 6,249 181.3 6,492 3,254 99.5 2,134 1,207 76.8 382 374 2.1
Truck 17,513 6,099 187.1 5,895 2,601 126.6 1,808 842 114.9 366 364 0.5
Rail S 52 S S 280 S S 111 S 976 1,610 −39.4
Water S S S S S S S S S 624 687 −9.2
Air (including truck and air) S 53 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,329 1,334 −0.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 451 S 18 S S 14 S S 645 599 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 404 S 18 31 −43.5 14 22 −37.1 644 598 7.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 606 1,826 −66.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 922 330 179.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 216 S S S S S 51 S S 536 199 168.8
Single modes 97 S S S S S S S S S 234 S
Truck 91 S S S S S S S S S 229 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 794 965 −17.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,345
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,437 822 74.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,441 822 75.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 682
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 278 67 315.9

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.