Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 923,669 100.0 903,954 100.0 166,862 100.0
Less than 50 miles 345,384 37.4 662,677 73.3 12,458 7.5
50 to 99 miles 83,157 9.0 66,897 7.4 5,903 3.5
100 to 249 miles 66,038 7.1 62,127 6.9 12,012 7.2
250 to 499 miles 95,336 10.3 48,848 5.4 20,233 12.1
500 to 749 miles 45,045 4.9 11,452 1.3 8,953 5.4
750 to 999 miles 27,439 3.0 9,317 1.0 10,270 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 50,041 5.4 8,546 0.9 13,844 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 89,872 9.7 18,655 2.1 41,072 24.6
2,000 miles or more 121,357 13.1 15,435 1.7 42,117 25.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 709,161 100.0 873,245 100.0 143,025 100.0
Less than 50 miles 297,949 42.0 648,009 74.2 12,142 8.5
50 to 99 miles 67,435 9.5 64,376 7.4 5,687 4.0
100 to 249 miles 54,584 7.7 60,147 6.9 11,676 8.2
250 to 499 miles 72,745 10.3 47,039 5.4 19,475 13.6
500 to 749 miles 35,602 5.0 10,718 1.2 8,379 5.9
750 to 999 miles 20,488 2.9 8,986 1.0 9,894 6.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 34,159 4.8 7,347 0.8 11,823 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 56,294 7.9 14,272 1.6 30,358 21.2
2,000 miles or more 69,904 9.9 12,350 1.4 33,590 23.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 625,530 100.0 767,680 100.0 114,225 100.0
Less than 50 miles 276,703 44.2 570,243 74.3 11,288 9.9
50 to 99 miles 65,645 10.5 63,244 8.2 5,502 4.8
100 to 249 miles 50,803 8.1 52,774 6.9 10,222 8.9
250 to 499 miles 58,467 9.3 39,289 5.1 15,676 13.7
500 to 749 miles 32,289 5.2 8,882 1.2 6,592 5.8
750 to 999 miles 18,924 3.0 7,230 0.9 7,811 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 29,013 4.6 5,620 0.7 8,692 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 44,124 7.1 10,031 1.3 20,757 18.2
2,000 miles or more 49,563 7.9 10,367 1.4 27,686 24.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 335,939 100.0 303,308 100.0 80,005 100.0
Less than 50 miles 89,143 26.5 183,597 60.5 4,015 5.0
50 to 99 miles 29,506 8.8 33,656 11.1 2,882 3.6
100 to 249 miles 29,249 8.7 30,159 9.9 6,119 7.6
250 to 499 miles 42,894 12.8 22,312 7.4 9,153 11.4
500 to 749 miles S S 6,703 2.2 4,936 6.2
750 to 999 miles 15,808 4.7 6,042 2.0 6,578 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 22,208 6.6 4,645 1.5 7,184 9.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 38,190 11.4 7,029 2.3 14,585 18.2
2,000 miles or more 42,583 12.7 9,165 3.0 24,552 30.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 283,577 100.0 456,852 100.0 33,492 100.0
Less than 50 miles 183,050 64.6 380,521 83.3 7,106 21.2
50 to 99 miles 35,386 12.5 28,959 6.3 2,561 7.6
100 to 249 miles 21,318 7.5 22,333 4.9 4,052 12.1
250 to 499 miles 15,490 5.5 16,925 3.7 6,506 19.4
500 to 749 miles 5,895 2.1 2,156 0.5 1,638 4.9
750 to 999 miles 2,929 1.0 795 0.2 850 2.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,789 2.4 970 0.2 1,500 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,905 2.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 6,816 2.4 1,201 0.3 3,134 9.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,718 100.0 21,358 100.0 22,836 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 450 4.6 880 4.1 144 0.6
100 to 249 miles 173 1.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,323 13.6 3,163 14.8 1,632 7.1
500 to 749 miles S S 628 2.9 536 2.3
750 to 999 miles 208 2.1 1,738 8.1 2,044 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 920 9.5 1,700 8.0 3,056 13.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,911 30.0 4,167 19.5 9,418 41.2
2,000 miles or more 1,555 16.0 1,677 7.8 5,094 22.3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,789 100.0 8,673 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 507 28.3 3,927 45.3 108 3.3
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 145 8.1 99 1.1 S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 7,178 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51,996 100.0 636 100.0 933 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 1,339 2.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,737 5.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 11,847 22.8 81 12.7 125 13.4
500 to 749 miles 2,609 5.0 19 3.0 47 5.1
750 to 999 miles 1,357 2.6 17 2.7 40 4.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,225 8.1 27 4.3 74 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,257 17.8 74 11.6 182 19.5
2,000 miles or more 18,626 35.8 145 22.8 388 41.6

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 20,129 100.0 74,898 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 19,037 94.6 69,935 93.4 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 181,123 100.0 11,567 100.0 19,804 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,947 16.0 845 7.3 24 0.1
50 to 99 miles 13,998 7.7 687 5.9 74 0.4
100 to 249 miles 9,931 5.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 20,037 11.1 882 7.6 412 2.1
500 to 749 miles 8,553 4.7 307 2.7 244 1.2
750 to 999 miles 6,019 3.3 195 1.7 230 1.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 13,960 7.7 981 8.5 1,682 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 30,811 17.0 3,871 33.5 9,675 48.9
2,000 miles or more 48,867 27.0 2,618 22.6 7,275 36.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 175,036 100.0 2,891 100.0 3,220 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,893 16.5 585 20.2 18 0.5
50 to 99 miles 13,907 7.9 251 8.7 24 0.7
100 to 249 miles 9,754 5.6 212 7.3 45 1.4
250 to 499 miles 19,867 11.4 404 14.0 167 5.2
500 to 749 miles 8,481 4.8 133 4.6 101 3.1
750 to 999 miles 5,877 3.4 127 4.4 139 4.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 13,391 7.7 221 7.6 341 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 28,983 16.6 314 10.8 653 20.3
2,000 miles or more 45,883 26.2 645 22.3 1,732 53.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,946 100.0 5,261 100.0 7,508 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 428 8.1 49 0.6
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 127 3.2 476 9.0 244 3.3
500 to 749 miles 69 1.8 174 3.3 141 1.9
750 to 999 miles 142 3.6 67 1.3 91 1.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S 1,337 17.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,553 39.4 1,302 24.7 2,964 39.5
2,000 miles or more 1,214 30.8 828 15.7 2,533 33.7

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,958 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,770 90.4 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 33,385 100.0 19,142 100.0 4,033 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,488 55.4 13,823 72.2 S S
50 to 99 miles 1,724 5.2 1,834 9.6 142 3.5
100 to 249 miles 1,523 4.6 798 4.2 147 3.6
250 to 499 miles 2,554 7.6 927 4.8 346 8.6
500 to 749 miles 891 2.7 427 2.2 330 8.2
750 to 999 miles 931 2.8 136 0.7 146 3.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,922 5.8 219 1.1 339 8.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,767 8.3 511 2.7 1,039 25.8
2,000 miles or more 2,585 7.7 467 2.4 1,253 31.1

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.