Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 923,669 100.0 903,954 100.0 166,862 100.0 782
Less than 50 lbs 175,687 19.0 2,031 0.2 1,677 1.0 1,007
50 to 99 lbs 57,865 6.3 1,539 0.2 861 0.5 555
100 to 499 lbs 116,956 12.7 10,361 1.1 3,227 1.9 337
500 to 749 lbs 35,140 3.8 5,231 0.6 1,309 0.8 250
750 to 999 lbs 27,696 3.0 5,273 0.6 1,126 0.7 211
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 195,325 21.1 68,311 7.6 22,444 13.5 321
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 229,158 24.8 360,969 39.9 78,658 47.1 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 42,574 4.6 261,432 28.9 17,722 10.6 65
100,000 lbs or more 43,268 4.7 188,807 20.9 39,839 23.9 340

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 709,161 100.0 873,245 100.0 143,025 100.0 457
Less than 50 lbs 56,522 8.0 783 332 0.2 793
50 to 99 lbs 36,274 5.1 944 0.1 334 0.2 347
100 to 499 lbs 80,111 11.3 9,224 1.1 2,094 1.5 223
500 to 749 lbs 28,714 4.0 4,885 0.6 1,031 0.7 210
750 to 999 lbs 23,520 3.3 5,078 0.6 995 0.7 193
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 181,020 25.5 64,942 7.4 20,372 14.2 301
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 218,686 30.8 352,429 40.4 68,939 48.2 209
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 42,124 5.9 257,494 29.5 17,028 11.9 64
100,000 lbs or more 42,189 5.9 177,465 20.3 31,900 22.3 323

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 625,530 100.0 767,680 100.0 114,225 100.0 237
Less than 50 lbs 33,736 5.4 718 170 0.1 280
50 to 99 lbs 29,978 4.8 893 0.1 184 0.2 198
100 to 499 lbs 68,679 11.0 9,171 1.2 1,985 1.7 209
500 to 749 lbs 26,081 4.2 4,867 0.6 997 0.9 203
750 to 999 lbs 20,320 3.2 5,053 0.7 937 0.8 183
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 176,475 28.2 64,735 8.4 20,005 17.5 297
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 214,925 34.4 350,034 45.6 64,236 56.2 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 41,056 6.6 256,324 33.4 16,608 14.5 63
100,000 lbs or more 14,280 2.3 75,886 9.9 9,103 8.0 165

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 335,939 100.0 303,308 100.0 80,005 100.0 785
Less than 50 lbs 13,524 4.0 99 114 0.1 1,270
50 to 99 lbs S S 166 128 0.2 776
100 to 499 lbs 30,533 9.1 1,801 0.6 1,298 1.6 665
500 to 749 lbs 13,306 4.0 904 0.3 712 0.9 778
750 to 999 lbs 10,028 3.0 874 0.3 593 0.7 683
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 105,114 31.3 16,346 5.4 13,214 16.5 841
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 114,798 34.2 133,611 44.1 47,402 59.2 415
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17,438 5.2 124,887 41.2 10,903 13.6 83
100,000 lbs or more 9,114 2.7 24,620 8.1 5,643 7.1 318

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 283,577 100.0 456,852 100.0 33,492 100.0 93
Less than 50 lbs 20,092 7.1 617 0.1 55 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 7,640 2.7 715 0.2 56 0.2 79
100 to 499 lbs 36,777 13.0 7,281 1.6 683 2.0 89
500 to 749 lbs 12,437 4.4 3,948 0.9 285 0.9 73
750 to 999 lbs 10,283 3.6 4,177 0.9 343 1.0 80
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 70,912 25.0 48,238 10.6 6,771 20.2 127
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 98,047 34.6 212,686 46.6 16,244 48.5 84
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 22,240 7.8 128,030 28.0 5,606 16.7 44
100,000 lbs or more 5,149 1.8 51,159 11.2 3,449 10.3 113

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,718 100.0 21,358 100.0 22,836 100.0 1,730
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,937
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,389
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 567
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 878
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 862
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,867
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,975 30.6 1,902 8.9 4,318 18.9 2,273
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 306 3.2 330 1.5 271 1.2 710
100,000 lbs or more 5,275 54.3 19,041 89.2 18,088 79.2 1,151

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,789 100.0 8,673 100.0 S S 2,383
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,595
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,473
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 2 2,589
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,619
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,362
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 136 7.6 128 1.5 252 7.6 1,706
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 384
100,000 lbs or more 1,571 87.8 S S S S 201

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 45
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 31
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 35

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 7,178 100.0 S S 2,938
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,752
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,473
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 2 2,589
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,619
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,382
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 136 9.6 S S S S 1,706
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 483
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 266

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51,996 100.0 636 100.0 933 100.0 2,826
Less than 50 lbs 22,576 43.4 61 9.6 156 16.8 2,833
50 to 99 lbs 6,097 11.7 48 7.6 147 15.7 3,048
100 to 499 lbs 11,308 21.7 50 7.8 106 11.4 2,228
500 to 749 lbs 2,578 5.0 16 2.6 30 3.2 1,899
750 to 999 lbs 3,199 6.2 S S S S 2,315
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,891 7.5 110 17.3 192 20.6 1,670
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 50 7.8 S S 2,229
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 20,129 100.0 74,898 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 58 0.3 316 0.4 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 19,309 95.9 73,736 98.4 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 181,123 100.0 11,567 100.0 19,804 100.0 1,152
Less than 50 lbs 110,966 61.3 1,117 9.7 1,324 6.7 1,156
50 to 99 lbs 20,373 11.2 515 4.5 518 2.6 1,010
100 to 499 lbs 33,935 18.7 863 7.5 1,080 5.5 1,263
500 to 749 lbs 6,060 3.3 272 2.4 250 1.3 952
750 to 999 lbs 3,682 2.0 147 1.3 113 0.6 742
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,373
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,944 2.2 3,658 31.6 8,452 42.7 2,297
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 82 868 7.5 S S S
100,000 lbs or more 560 0.3 3,859 33.4 S S 1,203

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 175,036 100.0 2,891 100.0 3,220 100.0 1,151
Less than 50 lbs 110,952 63.4 1,116 38.6 1,323 41.1 1,155
50 to 99 lbs 20,367 11.6 515 17.8 518 16.1 1,009
100 to 499 lbs 33,835 19.3 856 29.6 1,063 33.0 1,257
500 to 749 lbs 5,964 3.4 260 9.0 224 7.0 899
750 to 999 lbs 3,633 2.1 137 4.7 90 2.8 630
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 411
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,946 100.0 5,261 100.0 7,508 100.0 1,895
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,138
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 817
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,854
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,699
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,191
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 272 6.9 S S S S 2,181
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,281 83.1 2,769 52.6 6,137 81.7 2,194
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 46 1.2 S S 125 1.7 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 962

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,958 100.0 S S S S 2,572
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,584
50 to 99 lbs 4 0.2 1 2,667
100 to 499 lbs 85 4.4 7 0.3 17 0.3 2,483
500 to 749 lbs 84 4.3 S S S S 2,214
750 to 999 lbs 20 1.0 S S S S 2,624
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 141 7.3 373 6.9 2,647
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 663 33.8 S S S S 2,606
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,644
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,051

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,475
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,475

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 14
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 14
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 33,385 100.0 19,142 100.0 4,033 100.0 272
Less than 50 lbs 8,199 24.6 131 0.7 21 0.5 272
50 to 99 lbs 1,218 3.6 80 0.4 9 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 2,911 8.7 274 1.4 53 1.3 226
500 to 749 lbs 366 1.1 73 0.4 27 0.7 353
750 to 999 lbs S S 48 0.3 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,783 38.3 3,101 16.2 1,442 35.7 519
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,528 19.6 4,881 25.5 1,267 31.4 340
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 367 1.1 3,071 16.0 288 7.1 S
100,000 lbs or more 519 1.6 S S 908 22.5 399

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.