Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 923,669 100.0 903,954 100.0 166,862 100.0 782
Single modes 709,161 76.8 873,245 96.6 143,025 85.7 457
Truck3 625,530 67.7 767,680 84.9 114,225 68.5 237
For-hire Truck 335,939 36.4 303,308 33.6 80,005 47.9 785
Private Truck 283,577 30.7 456,852 50.5 33,492 20.1 93
Rail 9,718 1.1 21,358 2.4 22,836 13.7 1,730
Water 1,789 0.2 8,673 1.0 S S 2,383
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 7,178 0.8 S S 2,938
Air (including truck and air) 51,996 5.6 636 933 0.6 2,826
Pipeline4 20,129 2.2 74,898 8.3 S S S
Multiple modes 181,123 19.6 11,567 1.3 19,804 11.9 1,152
Parcel, USPS or courier 175,036 19.0 2,891 0.3 3,220 1.9 1,151
Truck and rail 3,946 0.4 5,261 0.6 7,508 4.5 1,895
Truck and water 1,958 0.2 S S S S 2,572
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,475
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 14
Other and unknown modes 33,385 3.6 19,142 2.1 4,033 2.4 272

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 7 100.0 1,735
Single modes S S S S 4 51.2 1,057
Truck3 S S S S S S 26
For-hire Truck S S S S 8
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 23 26.5 1 24.4 4 50.6 2,477
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,752
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,752
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 758 100.0 5,878 100.0 S S S
Single modes 589 77.7 4,173 71.0 S S S
Truck3 441 58.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S 252 3.3 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,037
Water S S S S S S 2,567
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,567
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,735
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,255
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,034
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,478
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 185

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31,339 100.0 24,456 100.0 18,364 100.0 S
Single modes 29,998 95.7 23,533 96.2 16,353 89.0 S
Truck3 28,984 92.5 22,763 93.1 14,301 77.9 S
For-hire Truck 16,108 51.4 12,630 51.6 11,778 64.1 1,041
Private Truck 12,876 41.1 10,133 41.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,648
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 180 0.6 46 0.2 S S 2,767
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 885 2.8 726 3.0 S S 1,909
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,736
Truck and rail 565 1.8 543 2.2 1,356 7.4 2,697
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,556
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,643
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 456 1.5 S S 108 0.6 602

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 145
Single modes S S S S S S 87
Truck3 S S S S S S 87
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 109
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,621
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,900
Truck and rail S S S S S S 171
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,626
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,478
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,350 100.0 7,389 100.0 2,430 100.0 S
Single modes 18,184 99.1 7,345 99.4 2,380 97.9 S
Truck3 18,088 98.6 7,247 98.1 2,301 94.7 S
For-hire Truck 4,211 22.9 1,385 18.7 1,294 53.3 825
Private Truck 13,877 75.6 5,861 79.3 S S 48
Rail S S S S S S 781
Water S S S S S S 2,826
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,826
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,553
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 66 0.4 17 0.2 S S 1,437
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,071
Truck and rail
Truck and water 53 0.3 16 0.2 S S 2,555
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 100 0.5 S S 16 0.7 S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,686 100.0 9,601 100.0 4,193 100.0 218
Single modes 11,541 98.8 9,542 99.4 4,063 96.9 191
Truck3 11,464 98.1 9,224 96.1 3,486 83.1 188
For-hire Truck 6,061 51.9 4,439 46.2 3,009 71.8 816
Private Truck 5,403 46.2 S S S S 65
Rail 74 0.6 311 3.2 558 13.3 1,803
Water S S S S S S 2,504
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,504
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,508
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 127 1.1 46 0.5 107 2.6 1,003
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 925
Truck and rail 89 0.8 24 0.2 56 1.3 2,322
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,561
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39,572 100.0 40,455 100.0 20,398 100.0 166
Single modes 36,855 93.1 38,628 95.5 16,873 82.7 129
Truck3 35,724 90.3 37,230 92.0 13,960 68.4 127
For-hire Truck 18,157 45.9 15,749 38.9 11,714 57.4 824
Private Truck 17,473 44.2 21,415 52.9 2,226 10.9 85
Rail 972 2.5 1,171 2.9 2,810 13.8 2,079
Water S S S S S S 1,999
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,999
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,678
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,198 5.6 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,097
Truck and water 58 0.1 36 93 0.5 2,603
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,427 100.0 11,645 100.0 6,334 100.0 126
Single modes 17,514 95.0 11,252 96.6 5,424 85.6 94
Truck3 16,627 90.2 10,484 90.0 3,952 62.4 91
For-hire Truck 8,956 48.6 4,899 42.1 3,554 56.1 S
Private Truck 7,576 41.1 5,538 47.6 394 6.2 35
Rail S S S S S S 1,656
Water S S S S S S 2,468
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,468
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,749
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 663 3.6 326 2.8 786 12.4 1,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 956
Truck and rail 519 2.8 294 2.5 708 11.2 2,413
Truck and water 33 0.2 28 0.2 74 1.2 2,684
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,864

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 253 100.0 S S S S 58
Single modes 253 100.0 S S S S 58
Truck3 253 100.0 S S S S 58
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 253 100.0 S S S S 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 17
Single modes S S S S S S 17
Truck3 S S S S 2 17.1 17
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S 2 17.1 17
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 334 100.0 35,666 100.0 1,169 100.0 28
Single modes 334 99.9 35,619 99.9 1,169 100.0 28
Truck3 334 99.9 35,619 99.9 1,169 100.0 28
For-hire Truck 126 37.8 S S 520 44.5 24
Private Truck 208 62.1 15,172 42.5 649 55.5 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,439 100.0 187,086 100.0 9,765 100.0 28
Single modes 1,379 95.9 180,494 96.5 9,521 97.5 27
Truck3 1,335 92.8 174,291 93.2 5,932 60.7 26
For-hire Truck 558 38.8 74,123 39.6 3,678 37.7 35
Private Truck 777 54.0 100,141 53.5 2,254 23.1 20
Rail S S S S S S 696
Water S S S S S S 27
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 27
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 895 100.0 5,044 100.0 1,754 100.0 S
Single modes 849 94.9 4,963 98.4 1,618 92.2 S
Truck3 493 55.0 3,877 76.9 520 29.6 S
For-hire Truck 311 34.7 494 9.8 S S 542
Private Truck 182 20.3 S S 236 13.4 S
Rail 356 39.8 1,084 21.5 1,091 62.2 1,466
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,598
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 45 5.0 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 671
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,455
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,678
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 764

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 143 100.0 218 100.0 40 100.0 1,255
Single modes 141 98.6 218 100.0 40 99.8 S
Truck3 141 98.6 218 100.0 40 99.8 S
For-hire Truck 119 82.9 217 99.7 39 98.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 740
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 1.4 0.2 2,421
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 1.4 0.2 2,421
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39,234 100.0 120,743 100.0 7,667 100.0 54
Single modes 38,931 99.2 119,894 99.3 7,381 96.3 54
Truck3 24,137 61.5 71,036 58.8 4,440 57.9 53
For-hire Truck 7,492 19.1 21,787 18.0 1,558 20.3 77
Private Truck 14,055 35.8 42,707 35.4 2,362 30.8 34
Rail
Water S S S S S S 495
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 495
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 13,889 35.4 45,398 37.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,637
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,637
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,232 100.0 43,613 100.0 3,018 100.0 S
Single modes 10,061 98.3 43,004 98.6 2,996 99.3 S
Truck3 4,034 39.4 14,601 33.5 1,517 50.3 S
For-hire Truck 1,667 16.3 6,346 14.6 913 30.2 177
Private Truck 2,286 22.3 8,124 18.6 539 17.9 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 396
Shallow draft S S S S S S 24
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 577
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 5,619 54.9 25,841 59.3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,202 100.0 57,760 100.0 4,943 100.0 S
Single modes 6,704 93.1 53,912 93.3 4,090 82.8 S
Truck3 4,753 66.0 46,061 79.7 2,183 44.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,020 28.0 12,595 21.8 S S S
Private Truck 2,733 37.9 33,466 57.9 656 13.3 32
Rail S S S S 1,609 32.6 702
Water S S S S S S 1,603
Shallow draft S S S S S S 39
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,564
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,784
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,399
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,689
Truck and rail S S S S S S 289
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,128 100.0 13,188 100.0 3,663 100.0 465
Single modes 5,340 87.1 13,124 99.5 3,614 98.7 S
Truck3 5,163 84.3 12,054 91.4 2,100 57.3 S
For-hire Truck 2,046 33.4 1,852 14.0 S S 779
Private Truck 3,112 50.8 10,201 77.4 1,330 36.3 S
Rail 172 2.8 S S S S 1,593
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,190
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,784
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,784
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,085
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,000
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 51 0.4 S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,344 100.0 496 100.0 354 100.0 1,129
Single modes 11,124 39.2 394 79.4 274 77.6 1,127
Truck3 7,567 26.7 389 78.5 263 74.5 206
For-hire Truck 5,242 18.5 271 54.7 246 69.7 311
Private Truck 2,326 8.2 118 23.7 17 4.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3,557 12.5 5 1.0 11 3.1 2,536
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 16,968 59.9 95 19.1 76 21.4 1,132
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,965 59.9 94 19.0 75 21.2 1,132
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,680
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,555 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 1,553 99.9 S
Truck3 S S S S 1,173 75.4 S
For-hire Truck 1,128 19.0 S S 727 46.7 215
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 746
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,647 100.0 7,832 100.0 4,160 100.0 517
Single modes 15,507 87.9 7,646 97.6 3,907 93.9 S
Truck3 15,291 86.6 7,426 94.8 3,423 82.3 S
For-hire Truck 6,560 37.2 3,002 38.3 S S 740
Private Truck 8,731 49.5 4,424 56.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,206
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 14 S S S S 2,527
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,654 9.4 86 1.1 153 3.7 1,365
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,505 8.5 48 0.6 48 1.2 1,364
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,713
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,719
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 99 1.3 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,344 100.0 6,071 100.0 3,628 100.0 741
Single modes 14,632 79.8 5,413 89.2 2,927 80.7 378
Truck3 13,902 75.8 4,459 73.4 2,168 59.8 300
For-hire Truck 9,314 50.8 2,594 42.7 2,023 55.8 865
Private Truck 4,586 25.0 1,865 30.7 145 4.0 85
Rail S S S S S S 935
Water S S S S S S 2,597
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,597
Air (including truck and air) 272 1.5 S S S S 2,449
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,750 15.0 140 2.3 158 4.4 1,127
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,670 14.6 105 1.7 119 3.3 1,126
Truck and rail S S S S S S 579
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,662
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 962 5.2 S S S S 306

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 56
Single modes S S S S S S 58
Truck3 S S S S S S 59
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 149
Private Truck S S S S S S 50
Rail S S S S S S 52
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,516 100.0 15,124 100.0 4,122 100.0 372
Single modes 10,660 92.6 14,796 97.8 3,822 92.7 95
Truck3 10,384 90.2 14,114 93.3 3,006 72.9 88
For-hire Truck 3,836 33.3 6,047 40.0 2,250 54.6 335
Private Truck 6,534 56.7 8,055 53.3 755 18.3 57
Rail 273 2.4 680 4.5 815 19.8 578
Water S S S S S S 31
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,979
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 118 0.8 230 5.6 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,175
Truck and rail 54 0.5 51 0.3 112 2.7 2,265
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,778
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 346 3.0 210 1.4 70 1.7 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,457 100.0 6,553 100.0 2,014 100.0 120
Single modes 5,224 95.7 6,252 95.4 1,757 87.3 137
Truck3 4,911 90.0 5,449 83.2 1,289 64.0 134
For-hire Truck 2,412 44.2 3,103 47.4 1,168 58.0 371
Private Truck 2,499 45.8 2,346 35.8 122 6.0 46
Rail S S S S S S 610
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 926
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 643
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 1 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,975
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,582
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 190 2.9 43 2.1 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,817 100.0 5,863 100.0 1,200 100.0 235
Single modes 8,141 92.3 5,707 97.3 1,123 93.6 101
Truck3 8,094 91.8 5,684 96.9 1,091 90.9 73
For-hire Truck 4,998 56.7 3,786 64.6 961 80.0 253
Private Truck 3,096 35.1 1,897 32.4 131 10.9 44
Rail 26 0.3 22 0.4 S S 1,492
Water S S S S S S 2,608
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,608
Air (including truck and air) 19 0.2 1 1 0.1 2,689
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 23 0.4 42 3.5 1,193
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 0.1 S S 1,191
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,826
Truck and water 22 0.3 8 0.1 20 1.7 2,630
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 133 2.3 S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,666 100.0 2,713 100.0 1,270 100.0 823
Single modes 6,708 69.4 2,410 88.8 968 76.2 397
Truck3 6,566 67.9 2,351 86.7 827 65.1 222
For-hire Truck 3,180 32.9 930 34.3 719 56.6 651
Private Truck 3,335 34.5 1,414 52.1 107 8.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,196
Water S S S S S S 2,630
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,630
Air (including truck and air) 55 0.6 6 0.2 14 1.1 3,017
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,332 24.1 202 7.5 S S 890
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,213 22.9 161 5.9 138 10.8 886
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,624
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 627 6.5 100 3.7 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61,793 100.0 3,138 100.0 3,015 100.0 1,429
Single modes 48,011 77.7 2,676 85.3 2,577 85.5 1,432
Truck3 47,498 76.9 2,659 84.7 2,540 84.2 1,403
For-hire Truck 38,178 61.8 1,806 57.6 2,089 69.3 1,793
Private Truck 9,306 15.1 851 27.1 S S 763
Rail S S S S S S 2,738
Water S S S S S S 2,597
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,597
Air (including truck and air) 452 0.7 8 0.3 16 0.5 2,607
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10,991 17.8 251 8.0 357 11.8 1,585
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,848 17.6 245 7.8 343 11.4 1,584
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,131
Truck and water 127 0.2 5 0.2 12 0.4 2,069
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,791 4.5 211 6.7 81 2.7 136

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,245 100.0 132,562 100.0 16,015 100.0 619
Single modes 16,475 90.3 128,461 96.9 15,414 96.2 411
Truck3 16,394 89.9 127,737 96.4 15,050 94.0 411
For-hire Truck 8,615 47.2 42,145 31.8 6,209 38.8 449
Private Truck 7,777 42.6 85,566 64.5 S S 382
Rail 74 0.4 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 2,686
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,686
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,441
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 998 5.5 130 0.1 238 1.5 1,565
Parcel, USPS or courier 984 5.4 92 141 0.9 1,564
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,059
Truck and water S S 33 87 0.5 2,568
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 772 4.2 3,971 3.0 364 2.3 979

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,677 100.0 14,533 100.0 5,891 100.0 254
Single modes 14,341 86.0 13,321 91.7 5,010 85.0 157
Truck3 13,914 83.4 12,296 84.6 4,114 69.8 150
For-hire Truck 6,382 38.3 6,668 45.9 3,509 59.6 562
Private Truck 7,531 45.2 5,628 38.7 605 10.3 S
Rail 354 2.1 S S S S 1,097
Water S S S S S S 2,434
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,434
Air (including truck and air) 65 0.4 S S S S 1,679
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,129 6.8 S S S S 524
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,051 6.3 S S 39 0.7 520
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,223
Truck and water S S 17 0.1 45 0.8 2,573
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,207 7.2 S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24,936 100.0 10,284 100.0 4,140 100.0 700
Single modes 18,120 72.7 9,800 95.3 3,521 85.0 248
Truck3 17,051 68.4 8,981 87.3 2,757 66.6 228
For-hire Truck 9,418 37.8 5,469 53.2 2,239 54.1 745
Private Truck 7,632 30.6 3,512 34.1 518 12.5 73
Rail 702 2.8 809 7.9 742 17.9 1,069
Water S S S S S S 2,514
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,514
Air (including truck and air) 342 1.4 S S S S 1,288
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,920 23.7 200 1.9 324 7.8 1,028
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,837 23.4 140 1.4 180 4.4 1,024
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,266
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,670
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 896 3.6 283 2.8 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39,800 100.0 2,726 100.0 1,804 100.0 584
Single modes 31,773 79.8 2,416 88.6 1,358 75.3 178
Truck3 29,440 74.0 2,388 87.6 1,296 71.8 139
For-hire Truck 16,857 42.4 983 36.1 1,074 59.5 1,130
Private Truck 12,583 31.6 1,405 51.5 222 12.3 S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,638
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,119 15.4 237 8.7 429 23.8 1,182
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,387 13.5 193 7.1 308 17.1 1,176
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,817
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,685
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,908 4.8 73 2.7 17 0.9 154

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 190,623 100.0 5,857 100.0 3,353 100.0 950
Single modes 120,470 63.2 4,915 83.9 2,472 73.7 513
Truck3 93,852 49.2 4,767 81.4 2,160 64.4 221
For-hire Truck 69,279 36.3 2,214 37.8 1,808 53.9 819
Private Truck 24,573 12.9 2,554 43.6 351 10.5 S
Rail 1,052 0.6 S S S S 1,693
Water S S S S S S 2,546
Shallow draft S S S S S S 45
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,645
Air (including truck and air) 25,553 13.4 98 1.7 238 7.1 2,744
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 62,295 32.7 695 11.9 735 21.9 1,255
Parcel, USPS or courier 62,164 32.6 684 11.7 708 21.1 1,254
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,117
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,849
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 7,858 4.1 247 4.2 146 4.4 585

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,751 100.0 S S 2,145 100.0 728
Single modes 21,084 73.3 S S 1,801 84.0 876
Truck3 20,654 71.8 S S 1,769 82.5 S
For-hire Truck 5,794 20.2 1,015 12.9 981 45.7 566
Private Truck S S S S 784 36.5 41
Rail S S S S S S 2,277
Water S S S S S S 2,520
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,520
Air (including truck and air) S S 7 S S 2,923
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,638 9.2 96 1.2 92 4.3 699
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,561 8.9 82 1.0 57 2.7 698
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,705
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,718
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,231 100.0 86 100.0 76 100.0 1,317
Single modes 6,710 54.9 47 54.4 S S 1,568
Truck3 4,524 37.0 44 50.5 S S 871
For-hire Truck 2,600 21.3 S S S S 1,091
Private Truck 1,593 13.0 S S S S 353
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,185 17.9 3 3.8 7 8.6 2,475
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,174 42.3 9 10.5 9 11.7 1,119
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,174 42.3 9 10.5 9 11.7 1,119
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 176

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68,006 100.0 1,427 100.0 897 100.0 1,128
Single modes 29,212 43.0 1,199 84.0 601 66.9 2,425
Truck3 17,315 25.5 1,153 80.8 503 56.1 919
For-hire Truck 14,890 21.9 951 66.7 494 55.0 1,242
Private Truck 2,425 3.6 S S S S 208
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,581
Shallow draft S S S S S S 2
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3,788
Air (including truck and air) 11,889 17.5 45 3.2 97 10.8 2,923
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 37,211 54.7 207 14.5 272 30.3 895
Parcel, USPS or courier 37,166 54.7 206 14.4 268 29.8 895
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,406
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,612
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,582 2.3 21 1.5 S S 1,000

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,998 100.0 3,443 100.0 1,281 100.0 374
Single modes 15,151 94.7 3,326 96.6 1,069 83.4 297
Truck3 15,097 94.4 3,319 96.4 1,053 82.2 292
For-hire Truck 8,629 53.9 S S 853 66.6 688
Private Truck 4,601 28.8 1,120 32.5 182 14.2 108
Rail S S S S S S 2,237
Water S S S S S S 2,494
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,494
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,664
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 622 3.9 76 2.2 S S 807
Parcel, USPS or courier 476 3.0 21 0.6 21 1.7 785
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,301
Truck and water 8 1 4 0.3 2,450
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57,332 100.0 8,661 100.0 5,535 100.0 1,412
Single modes 39,627 69.1 7,447 86.0 4,578 82.7 801
Truck3 35,773 62.4 7,360 85.0 4,365 78.9 371
For-hire Truck 25,229 44.0 4,443 51.3 4,014 72.5 1,102
Private Truck 10,540 18.4 2,917 33.7 350 6.3 60
Rail S S S S S S 2,395
Water S S S S S S 2,656
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,656
Air (including truck and air) 3,809 6.6 S S S S 2,630
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14,513 25.3 455 5.3 584 10.6 1,593
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,447 25.2 444 5.1 555 10.0 1,593
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,475
Truck and water S S 6 15 0.3 2,876
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 31
Other and unknown modes 3,193 5.6 S S 373 6.7 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,805 100.0 24,301 100.0 3,495 100.0 S
Single modes 5,759 99.2 24,165 99.4 3,181 91.0 S
Truck3 5,267 90.7 24,099 99.2 3,057 87.5 S
For-hire Truck 3,147 54.2 S S 2,495 71.4 S
Private Truck 2,120 36.5 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 444
Water S S S S S S 252
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 252
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,428
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,456
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,456
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 7 S S S

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 84,526 100.0 27,039 100.0 5,139 100.0 372
Single modes 80,095 94.8 26,424 97.7 4,759 92.6 235
Truck3 78,611 93.0 25,915 95.8 4,132 80.4 194
For-hire Truck 18,702 22.1 3,831 14.2 1,791 34.9 680
Private Truck 59,220 70.1 21,640 80.0 2,258 43.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,353
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,502
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,638 3.1 244 0.9 311 6.1 704
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,300 2.7 144 0.5 79 1.5 702
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,366
Truck and water 253 0.3 81 0.3 207 4.0 2,598
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,792 2.1 371 1.4 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,572 100.0 1,229 100.0 153 100.0 559
Single modes 1,393 54.2 1,197 97.4 144 93.8 235
Truck3 1,316 51.2 707 57.6 132 86.0 152
For-hire Truck 482 18.7 178 14.5 71 46.1 673
Private Truck 834 32.4 529 43.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 610
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,820
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 0.5 S S 1,057
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.3 4 2.3 1,057
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,349
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.