Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 923,669 790,384 16.9 903,954 763,957 18.3 166,862 131,211 27.2 782 682 14.6
Single modes 709,161 607,007 16.8 873,245 728,181 19.9 143,025 104,853 36.4 457 315 45
Truck 625,530 535,879 16.7 767,680 630,070 21.8 114,225 81,982 39.3 237 234 1.5
Rail 9,718 7,059 37.7 21,358 14,041 52.1 22,836 15,860 44 1,730 1,702 1.6
Water 1,789 S S 8,673 S S S S S 2,383 1,740 37
Air (including truck and air) 51,996 46,658 11.4 636 1,099 −42.2 933 1,952 −52.2 2,826 1,954 44.7
Pipeline 20,129 14,127 42.5 74,898 62,990 18.9 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 181,123 137,347 31.9 11,567 5,994 93 19,804 11,012 79.8 1,152 1,189 −3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 175,036 130,338 34.3 2,891 2,573 12.4 3,220 3,032 6.2 1,151 1,187 −3
Truck and Rail 3,946 5,361 −26.4 5,261 2,540 107.1 7,508 5,452 37.7 1,895 2,237 −15.3
Other multiple modes 2,141 1,648 29.9 3,414 880 287.8 9,076 2,528 259 2,568 2,408 6.7
Other and unknown modes 33,385 46,030 −27.5 19,142 29,782 −35.7 4,033 15,346 −73.7 272 319 −14.9

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 55,024 41,694 32 61,725 43,753 41.1 32,660 15,174 115.2 245 182 34.5
Single modes 53,072 38,637 37.4 57,957 41,188 40.7 23,345 12,930 80.6 S 132 S
Truck 51,791 37,618 37.7 55,873 40,440 38.2 18,695 11,511 62.4 S 97 S
Rail S 306 S S 479 S S 977 S 2,434 1,950 24.8
Water S 64 S S S S S S S 2,796 1,491 87.5
Air (including truck and air) 206 650 −68.3 47 178 −73.4 S 356 S 2,760 2,059 34.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,383 1,281 8 3,490 602 480.1 9,178 1,409 551.3 1,801 1,606 12.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S 358 S S S S S S S 1,731 1,572 10.1
Truck and Rail 581 644 −9.8 552 416 32.8 1,360 999 36.1 2,688 2,342 14.8
Other multiple modes 496 278 78.3 S 134 S S 341 S 2,586 2,548 1.5
Other and unknown modes 569 1,776 −67.9 277 1,963 −85.9 137 835 −83.5 S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 69,938 62,619 11.7 61,706 64,593 −4.5 30,926 26,012 18.9 160 131 22
Single modes 66,164 59,424 11.3 59,426 62,080 −4.3 26,359 21,727 21.3 125 97 29.5
Truck 64,068 56,438 13.5 56,943 58,810 −3.2 21,399 14,714 45.4 123 72 69.6
Rail 1,923 2,866 −32.9 2,237 3,197 −30 4,821 6,918 −30.3 1,897 2,214 −14.3
Water 44 S S 67 S S 128 S S 2,080 1,998 4.1
Air (including truck and air) 10 85 −88.2 1 19 −94.2 S 49 S 2,869 2,819 1.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,987 2,092 42.8 S 1,595 S S 3,874 S 629 934 −32.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 333 S S 62 S S S S 550 866 −36.4
Truck and Rail 2,148 1,592 35 S 1,300 S S 3,239 S 2,141 2,483 −13.8
Other multiple modes 114 167 −31.6 84 233 −63.8 218 606 −64.1 2,617 1,852 41.3
Other and unknown modes 787 1,103 −28.7 S 918 S 562 412 36.6 886 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,871 3,040 −5.6 228,413 202,735 12.7 12,737 7,740 64.6 S 47 S
Single modes 2,762 2,792 −1.1 221,695 196,043 13.1 12,356 6,617 86.7 34 33 0.4
Truck 2,359 2,760 −14.5 214,145 193,485 10.7 7,662 6,155 24.5 30 33 −8.4
Rail 388 32 S S S S 4,641 463 902.7 1,212 748 61.9
Water S S S S S S 27
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,598 2,627 −1.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 47 S S S 54 S S 123 S 818 706 15.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 806 636 26.8
Truck and Rail S 18 S S 45 S S 120 S 1,455 2,691 −45.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,678
Other and unknown modes S 172 S S 6,639 S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 56,669 50,240 12.8 222,115 208,315 6.6 15,628 12,759 22.5 S 44 S
Single modes 55,696 48,656 14.5 216,811 203,696 6.4 14,466 11,805 22.5 S 42 S
Truck 32,924 31,454 4.7 131,698 120,203 9.6 8,140 6,203 31.2 S 39 S
Rail S 196 S S 877 S 1,609 742 116.9 702 733 −4.3
Water 1,562 S S 6,798 S S S S S 1,137 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,784 2,365 17.7
Pipeline 19,941 14,125 41.2 74,102 62,891 17.8 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 96 S 2,409 S S 1,121 103 991.2 1,422 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 20 S S 4 S S 1 S 1,689 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 289 S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,637 1,763 49.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 76,390 64,167 19 56,526 29,526 91.4 13,360 8,760 52.5 718 528 35.9
Single modes 52,485 47,072 11.5 55,444 27,859 99 12,276 7,945 54.5 277 207 33.7
Truck 47,708 44,090 8.2 52,685 26,687 97.4 9,128 6,369 43.3 181 162 12.2
Rail 929 1,064 −12.7 S 1,024 S S 1,470 S 1,454 1,812 −19.7
Water S S S S S S S S S 2,597 2,889 −10.1
Air (including truck and air) 3,846 1,901 102.3 12 38 −67.2 31 77 −59.4 2,516 1,914 31.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21,983 13,165 67 334 508 −34.2 411 626 −34.3 1,191 952 25.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,748 12,867 69 259 402 −35.6 261 355 −26.4 1,190 951 25.2
Truck and Rail 196 195 0.7 66 78 −16.3 122 198 −38.6 1,932 2,437 −20.7
Other multiple modes S 103 S 9 27 −65.1 28 72 −61.5 2,684 2,216 21.1
Other and unknown modes 1,922 3,930 −51.1 748 1,159 −35.5 S 189 S 223 372 −40

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 97,276 86,884 12 33,463 45,808 −26.9 11,626 14,844 −21.7 949 960 −1.1
Single modes 78,771 68,381 15.2 31,909 43,127 −26 10,251 12,503 −18 683 589 15.9
Truck 77,472 65,506 18.3 30,299 41,259 −26.6 8,756 10,062 −13 642 485 32.3
Rail 732 886 −17.3 1,574 1,735 −9.3 1,412 2,283 −38.2 712 1,550 −54.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 2,581 2,472 4.4
Air (including truck and air) 529 1,953 −72.9 15 67 −77.3 31 134 −76.5 2,731 1,983 37.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14,125 14,916 −5.3 705 742 −5 1,089 1,160 −6.1 1,202 1,230 −2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,698 14,318 −4.3 461 487 −5.3 543 590 −8 1,199 1,226 −2.2
Truck and Rail 128 291 −56.1 S 165 S 339 328 3.4 2,083 1,743 19.5
Other multiple modes 299 307 −2.6 S 91 S S 242 S 2,378 2,469 −3.7
Other and unknown modes 4,380 3,587 22.1 849 1,939 −56.2 286 S S 113 205 −44.6

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 99,658 84,373 18.1 160,105 109,073 46.8 27,851 22,372 24.5 569 519 9.7
Single modes 80,709 63,955 26.2 153,999 102,681 50 25,303 15,858 59.6 265 252 5
Truck 76,798 60,191 27.6 151,402 98,653 53.5 23,218 12,806 81.3 249 205 21.6
Rail 1,132 642 76.2 2,531 3,528 −28.3 1,971 2,285 −13.8 929 1,287 −27.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 2,491 S S
Air (including truck and air) 2,745 2,988 −8.1 50 485 −89.7 S 751 S 2,066 1,774 16.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14,166 13,317 6.4 812 752 8.1 1,397 1,359 2.9 1,080 877 23.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,257 13,084 1.3 507 446 13.6 668 463 44.3 1,076 876 22.8
Truck and Rail 157 62 153.8 S 141 S S S S 2,269 1,302 74.2
Other multiple modes S 171 S 101 165 −38.5 270 S S 2,673 2,368 12.9
Other and unknown modes 4,783 7,101 −32.6 5,294 5,640 −6.1 1,151 5,155 −77.7 202 153 32.1

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 299,611 281,102 6.6 15,228 9,330 63.2 6,472 7,711 −16.1 989 871 13.6
Single modes 177,477 183,539 −3.3 13,446 7,682 75 4,938 6,202 −20.4 1,042 457 128.1
Truck 136,346 146,498 −6.9 13,236 7,349 80.1 4,489 5,688 −21.1 230 244 −5.9
Rail 1,071 759 41.1 56 S S S 129 S 1,694 2,074 −18.3
Water S 68 S S 2 S S S S 2,579 2,089 23.4
Air (including truck and air) 40,038 36,214 10.6 153 228 −32.8 359 384 −6.4 2,885 1,903 51.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 107,318 74,716 43.6 1,007 591 70.3 1,108 772 43.4 1,017 1,281 −20.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 107,065 72,319 48 981 561 75 1,042 709 47 1,017 1,281 −20.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,280 2,277 0.1
Other multiple modes S 360 S 16 16 −0.6 42 31 37.3 2,733 2,525 8.3
Other and unknown modes 14,816 22,847 −35.2 776 1,057 −26.6 S 737 S 384 452 −14.9

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 163,662 111,632 46.6 63,444 47,534 33.5 15,450 15,244 1.4 1,025 1,114 −8
Single modes 140,632 90,743 55 61,362 40,635 51 13,587 8,725 55.7 406 666 −39.1
Truck 134,749 87,872 53.3 60,692 40,044 51.6 12,607 8,000 57.6 250 599 −58.3
Rail S 272 S S 493 S S 538 S 2,378 1,170 103.3
Water S S S S S S S 6 S 1,171 1,735 −32.5
Air (including truck and air) 4,614 2,545 81.3 S 75 S 331 S S 2,615 2,063 26.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17,816 17,093 4.2 903 852 6 1,367 1,567 −12.8 1,449 1,460 −0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,222 16,395 5 608 537 13.4 655 804 −18.6 1,449 1,459 −0.7
Truck and Rail 288 466 −38.2 206 124 66.2 486 306 59 2,254 2,486 −9.4
Other multiple modes 306 232 32 89 191 −53.7 226 S S 2,619 2,492 5.1
Other and unknown modes 5,214 3,797 37.3 1,179 6,047 −80.5 496 S S 245 553 −55.7

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,572 4,632 −44.5 1,229 S S 153 594 −74.2 559 493 13.4
Single modes 1,393 3,807 −63.4 1,197 S S 144 540 −73.4 235 340 −30.8
Truck 1,316 3,452 −61.9 707 S S 132 474 −72.2 152 317 −52
Rail S S S S S S S S S 610 1,179 −48.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 5 S S S S 2,820 1,965 43.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 597 S 6 S S S 20 S 1,057 591 78.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 586 S 4 13 −72.3 4 10 −64.8 1,057 591 78.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,349 S S
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 228 S S 42 S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.