Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 4.0 9.6 5.8 8.4
Single modes 4.8 1.7 9.9 0.7 4.9 2.4 23.5
Truck 4.9 1.6 12.4 2.7 6.7 3.3 22.6
For-hire truck 9.2 2.3 16.5 2.9 6.0 3.6 9.2
Private truck 6.2 2.0 13.9 3.6 20.5 2.7 29.5
Rail 23.6 0.2 23.1 0.7 14.0 1.8 8.7
Water 43.0 39.2 0.4 S S 13.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 48.8 0.4 S S 14.4
Air (including truck and air) 15.0 0.8 41.4 23.2 0.2 5.7
Pipeline 18.8 0.4 18.4 2.1 S S S
Multiple modes 7.6 1.4 18.5 0.2 24.6 2.4 5.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 7.5 1.4 9.8 13.5 0.3 5.6
Truck and rail 21.2 28.5 0.2 31.5 1.1 6.5
Truck and water 37.7 S S S S 1.9
Rail and water S S S S S S 30.0
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.2
Other and unknown modes 11.2 0.4 29.8 0.7 12.8 0.3 18.0

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 47.9 25.1
Single modes S S S S 42.2 11.6 31.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.2
For-hire truck S S S S 48.5 28.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.8 10.3 41.9 10.6 42.0 11.5 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.5 35.5 S S S
Single modes 32.8 7.9 36.6 9.4 S S S
Truck 46.6 15.1 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S 42.5 15.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 24.2
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48.3

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.8 27.6 29.1 S
Single modes 26.6 2.1 27.8 0.7 29.4 2.2 S
Truck 26.5 2.3 28.2 2.0 32.1 5.9 S
For-hire truck 33.4 8.6 32.4 8.5 27.5 6.2 15.6
Private truck 39.7 9.3 37.6 9.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 16.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.7 0.5 48.0 0.2 S S 7.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.7 0.8 47.0 0.8 S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.6
Truck and rail 30.7 0.4 34.8 0.5 39.3 1.5 4.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.9
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.4 2.1 S S 36.5 0.9 38.5

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 17.8
Single modes S S S S S S 18.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 17.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 39.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.8 32.3 36.9 S
Single modes 30.2 0.5 32.5 0.6 37.7 2.0 S
Truck 30.5 1.9 33.2 2.4 38.4 2.3 S
For-hire truck 40.8 6.7 30.3 5.6 35.5 8.5 27.9
Private truck 35.5 6.7 38.3 6.8 S S 23.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.9 0.2 43.6 0.1 S S 27.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 41.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water 41.2 0.1 46.7 0.1 S S 18.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.8 0.4 S S 47.5 1.5 S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 37.2 22.4 45.6
Single modes 28.7 0.4 37.4 0.4 22.7 1.0 47.7
Truck 28.8 0.6 38.6 3.1 26.5 5.5 47.9
For-hire truck 42.7 9.0 29.8 10.3 30.3 7.0 19.8
Private truck 46.7 8.9 S S S S 21.1
Rail 39.1 0.5 37.5 3.0 39.9 5.0 21.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.3 0.4 21.8 0.3 23.2 0.9 38.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.1
Truck and rail 38.0 0.3 32.8 0.2 32.1 0.6 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 23.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.5 15.1 20.7 22.5
Single modes 15.5 1.7 15.8 2.2 20.8 5.0 24.3
Truck 16.0 1.7 16.3 2.3 24.0 6.1 24.3
For-hire truck 12.3 4.9 11.5 5.1 25.5 5.7 15.6
Private truck 26.4 5.1 27.6 5.6 27.9 3.3 19.5
Rail 21.7 0.6 26.4 0.8 29.2 4.1 12.6
Water S S S S S S 28.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 1.8 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 7.5
Truck and water 26.5 36.5 36.4 0.5 0.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.0 10.5 16.1 22.9
Single modes 12.8 1.1 11.0 1.1 17.9 3.6 34.2
Truck 14.6 3.7 13.6 4.7 21.3 9.1 34.9
For-hire truck 20.7 6.1 20.0 5.6 23.5 8.8 S
Private truck 21.2 6.3 20.5 6.6 18.0 1.9 37.6
Rail S S S S S S 23.2
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 26.0 1.1 26.0 1.2 27.0 3.3 35.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.6
Truck and rail 24.9 1.0 30.5 1.2 31.3 3.5 12.1
Truck and water 27.2 36.0 35.5 0.6 1.5
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.8

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.4 S S S S 27.1
Single modes 40.4 S S S S 27.1
Truck 40.4 S S S S 27.1
For-hire truck
Private truck 40.4 S S S S 27.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.1
Truck S S S S 48.4 15.2 27.7
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S 48.4 15.2 27.7
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.4 41.2 47.0 10.8
Single modes 37.4 0.4 41.3 0.4 47.0 10.7
Truck 37.4 0.4 41.3 0.4 47.0 10.7
For-hire truck 41.6 7.2 S S 48.6 8.0 11.3
Private truck 39.8 7.2 23.3 9.3 48.7 7.9 18.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42.6

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.8 22.5 25.7 49.2
Single modes 15.1 3.0 23.4 2.9 26.4 2.7 20.0
Truck 16.5 3.7 25.1 3.9 24.2 10.8 18.7
For-hire truck 27.4 7.9 33.9 8.9 30.4 7.7 33.6
Private truck 21.1 8.2 31.0 9.2 34.4 11.9 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 27.2
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.1 33.1 33.2 S
Single modes 29.1 5.0 33.7 8.5 32.5 10.0 S
Truck 34.7 10.6 45.9 12.3 27.5 13.5 S
For-hire truck 44.8 10.7 47.5 10.6 S S 34.3
Private truck 26.3 12.4 S S 34.5 14.2 S
Rail 46.8 10.2 48.1 10.2 42.4 14.4 26.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.4 1.6 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 49.3 49.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 26.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34.6

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 36.6 36.8 23.3
Single modes 32.9 4.1 36.6 0.3 36.9 5.7 S
Truck 32.9 4.1 36.6 0.3 36.9 5.7 S
For-hire truck 36.3 9.7 36.7 10.5 37.3 10.4 S
Private truck S S S S S S 30.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.8 4.1 34.0 0.3 37.6 5.7 24.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 4.1 34.0 0.3 37.6 5.7 24.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.6 10.2 22.0 47.8
Single modes 11.8 0.9 10.5 0.8 22.3 2.6 47.8
Truck 11.0 5.1 11.3 5.2 19.5 9.4 49.5
For-hire truck 19.1 3.3 17.8 3.0 24.1 6.0 20.7
Private truck 15.0 4.4 16.2 4.8 28.2 6.2 28.6
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 20.2 5.1 18.9 5.5 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 20.2 37.8 S
Single modes 20.5 2.2 20.8 2.0 38.1 0.8 S
Truck 23.5 7.1 24.8 7.1 29.8 11.8 S
For-hire truck 19.4 5.5 19.8 4.8 36.3 9.8 20.6
Private truck 36.6 5.5 37.0 5.3 40.8 8.6 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 29.9 8.7 30.9 9.3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 24.1 28.4 S
Single modes 25.8 5.4 23.9 2.8 25.3 5.0 S
Truck 27.9 7.8 23.6 7.1 38.6 8.1 S
For-hire truck 40.1 7.3 31.5 8.9 S S S
Private truck 28.1 10.7 32.9 12.2 31.1 9.2 14.0
Rail S S S S 33.1 9.5 30.0
Water S S S S S S 30.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.4 21.1 32.6 29.9
Single modes 21.8 4.3 21.3 0.9 33.1 4.6 S
Truck 21.8 4.2 22.3 4.8 30.4 10.7 S
For-hire truck 39.4 9.6 33.1 10.5 S S 22.1
Private truck 28.1 10.2 27.5 10.6 41.9 10.6 S
Rail 43.0 1.2 S S S S 26.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.2
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 45.2 0.7 S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.3 17.2 20.7 10.3
Single modes 17.7 8.1 20.3 6.2 21.9 4.2 21.7
Truck 17.3 6.3 20.5 6.4 23.2 4.9 31.0
For-hire truck 22.8 5.9 17.9 5.8 24.5 4.9 39.8
Private truck 22.4 1.9 39.0 5.2 32.8 2.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.8 5.0 23.2 0.6 22.0 1.4 5.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.5 7.8 20.0 5.9 33.8 4.1 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.5 7.8 20.2 6.0 34.4 4.2 11.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 38.5 S
Single modes S S S S 38.6 1.4 S
Truck S S S S 32.2 9.0 S
For-hire truck 49.9 12.9 S S 49.5 12.7 39.9
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 26.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 18.3 33.4 26.1
Single modes 16.4 3.5 18.6 0.8 35.8 4.6 S
Truck 16.8 4.4 19.5 2.7 42.3 8.7 S
For-hire truck 24.9 7.8 45.1 9.2 S S 19.2
Private truck 22.9 8.2 27.5 9.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34.5 S S S S 20.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 3.2 32.4 0.5 40.7 2.4 14.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.4 3.0 29.2 0.3 47.6 0.6 14.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 24.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47.8 0.7 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 33.6 42.8 12.6
Single modes 19.5 3.4 32.6 2.8 38.9 4.6 16.7
Truck 20.1 3.7 24.9 6.2 29.3 8.0 22.3
For-hire truck 28.6 5.3 24.6 6.3 30.6 7.6 15.5
Private truck 19.8 3.7 30.7 5.2 28.0 2.2 21.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 1.6 S S S S 10.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 15.0 3.2 21.4 1.7 28.4 4.9 14.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.8 3.1 15.4 1.4 29.8 4.5 14.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 18.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 30.8 1.7 S S S S 31.7

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.2
Single modes S S S S S S 29.1
Truck S S S S S S 29.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 33.8
Private truck S S S S S S 28.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.1 14.0 13.9 27.1
Single modes 13.3 3.9 14.0 0.5 13.7 1.7 25.7
Truck 13.5 4.2 14.1 0.8 17.5 3.9 26.4
For-hire truck 20.9 6.1 20.6 6.8 24.4 6.3 15.4
Private truck 22.9 6.5 25.8 6.7 34.9 5.0 12.3
Rail 20.1 0.4 20.6 0.7 16.0 3.5 48.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 31.4 0.3 29.4 1.6 14.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 16.0
Truck and rail 46.5 0.3 40.0 0.2 44.9 1.4 21.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 22.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.8 0.9 41.2 0.4 42.3 0.5 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.7 28.4 30.5 19.7
Single modes 26.7 3.0 29.0 4.9 29.5 8.2 22.4
Truck 27.0 3.3 25.0 5.1 29.1 8.8 22.9
For-hire truck 36.8 6.6 29.8 7.3 30.9 9.3 18.8
Private truck 24.9 6.7 28.3 5.0 31.3 1.7 12.1
Rail S S S S S S 32.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 35.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 44.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.3 46.9 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 38.9 5.0 39.9 7.9 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 15.7 27.3 40.6
Single modes 20.6 5.0 16.1 1.9 29.3 5.0 30.4
Truck 20.7 5.0 16.1 1.9 30.2 4.9 23.6
For-hire truck 30.2 6.8 21.8 5.8 33.7 5.9 34.2
Private truck 19.9 6.3 21.8 5.8 19.7 3.8 31.9
Rail 40.8 0.1 43.3 0.1 S S 28.6
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) 40.2 0.1 41.5 39.0 19.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.6 0.3 36.1 1.8 17.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.3 0.1 S S 17.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water 41.5 0.2 43.7 0.1 43.8 1.4 21.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39.6 1.7 S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 26.5 22.9 12.4
Single modes 13.1 5.2 29.4 2.5 19.2 5.8 19.6
Truck 13.7 5.2 30.2 2.9 18.8 7.4 30.3
For-hire truck 11.9 4.7 17.1 4.5 20.7 5.6 15.9
Private truck 22.4 6.1 46.4 6.6 41.0 3.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water S S S S S S 28.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.6
Air (including truck and air) 40.5 0.3 43.3 0.2 41.2 1.3 10.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.3 5.8 48.0 2.3 S S 14.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 5.4 38.4 1.7 38.0 2.4 14.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 23.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27.0 1.3 24.6 1.0 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.3 14.6 19.3 5.5
Single modes 28.2 6.3 16.7 2.8 21.6 3.5 10.5
Truck 28.4 6.4 16.7 2.9 21.6 3.6 11.1
For-hire truck 33.2 7.3 18.1 5.4 23.2 5.1 6.2
Private truck 31.0 4.9 32.3 5.5 S S 24.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 35.9 0.3 37.5 0.1 33.7 0.1 6.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.6 6.3 14.0 2.1 15.4 3.8 6.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.0 6.3 14.6 2.1 16.1 3.7 6.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water 41.9 0.1 38.3 42.7 0.2 17.2
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 30.1 2.5 40.6 2.5 46.6 1.5 30.5

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 24.6 45.4 28.7
Single modes 23.6 3.8 25.4 2.5 46.3 2.7 35.4
Truck 23.7 3.9 25.3 2.5 47.2 3.6 35.6
For-hire truck 37.4 6.9 49.1 8.0 31.1 9.9 40.7
Private truck 32.9 7.9 28.9 9.5 S S 36.6
Rail 47.9 0.5 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 3.5 34.8 32.5 0.9 7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 3.5 44.0 45.8 0.9 7.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S 38.3 38.4 0.2 18.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31.3 2.1 36.7 2.5 39.7 2.7 26.0

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.1 22.5 30.0 28.6
Single modes 21.7 2.9 21.6 2.1 28.9 3.7 36.1
Truck 21.3 3.1 19.8 3.8 27.4 5.6 38.0
For-hire truck 22.6 2.0 18.5 3.8 31.5 4.9 26.5
Private truck 22.7 3.4 22.3 3.4 24.4 3.0 S
Rail 48.4 0.6 S S S S 30.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 36.9 0.3 S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43.9 1.4 S S S S 27.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.0 1.5 S S 49.6 0.6 27.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and water S S 44.6 45.2 0.4 23.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.7 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.3 16.4 21.4 14.4
Single modes 14.0 4.8 16.9 1.8 23.3 6.5 21.4
Truck 14.9 5.2 17.4 4.0 27.5 8.4 23.5
For-hire truck 19.6 5.4 16.4 4.4 28.6 7.5 15.0
Private truck 19.6 5.2 24.7 5.7 36.3 5.4 36.6
Rail 35.5 2.3 44.2 4.2 40.9 7.8 29.7
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 27.9
Air (including truck and air) 44.4 0.5 S S S S 19.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21.5 4.8 28.9 0.6 41.3 1.8 15.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.5 4.8 21.8 0.6 29.3 1.8 15.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 21.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 28.3 0.9 28.3 1.5 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.2 19.3 33.3 21.6
Single modes 15.2 2.9 18.9 2.4 33.9 4.6 37.7
Truck 14.5 3.5 19.1 2.8 32.2 4.5 39.6
For-hire truck 23.2 4.7 19.9 7.1 33.4 4.8 17.2
Private truck 17.2 5.8 29.3 7.8 34.6 4.5 S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 8.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 2.2 38.4 2.2 43.9 4.8 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 2.0 38.5 2.1 40.9 4.4 11.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 23.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 40.7 1.0 39.6 0.8 44.4 0.6 48.1

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.9 24.5 10.7 12.5
Single modes 18.3 4.6 28.1 4.6 14.3 5.0 35.8
Truck 21.7 4.9 28.9 5.0 14.7 4.9 37.2
For-hire truck 29.9 5.0 21.3 5.4 16.1 4.4 13.3
Private truck 17.4 2.4 45.5 8.2 35.6 2.9 S
Rail 48.8 0.3 S S S S 26.4
Water S S S S S S 31.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.7
Air (including truck and air) 29.1 3.4 28.5 0.6 34.3 2.2 5.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 15.1 4.8 23.1 4.1 23.8 4.5 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.1 4.7 23.6 4.0 24.6 4.4 8.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 21.2
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25.8 1.0 37.5 1.8 30.1 1.6 26.7

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.1 S S 23.6 24.0
Single modes 46.8 9.7 S S 26.2 5.4 30.0
Truck 48.0 9.8 S S 26.8 5.5 S
For-hire truck 18.7 7.0 25.7 9.4 32.8 10.5 17.4
Private truck S S S S 32.1 8.7 46.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S 48.8 0.2 S S 14.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.8 4.8 25.6 1.4 26.7 2.6 14.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 4.7 25.8 1.3 20.7 1.3 14.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.8 39.9 49.1 10.4
Single modes 24.4 8.4 47.8 10.0 S S 12.4
Truck 30.6 6.1 50.0 10.5 S S 18.3
For-hire truck 38.9 5.7 S S S S 15.8
Private truck 43.6 4.4 S S S S 31.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29.0 5.6 31.8 3.5 36.8 6.5 7.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29.7 7.9 34.1 11.7 45.0 10.6 14.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.7 7.9 34.1 11.7 45.0 10.6 14.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 34.7 18.3 16.8
Single modes 18.6 7.6 40.9 11.4 24.5 9.0 13.1
Truck 24.1 8.7 42.8 12.9 30.3 10.8 17.2
For-hire truck 30.0 8.5 49.4 13.3 31.0 11.1 14.5
Private truck 34.4 1.1 S S S S 42.3
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 35.7 3.6 40.3 3.2 42.6 5.5 8.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.9 8.1 28.0 11.0 24.9 9.2 27.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.9 8.1 28.4 11.0 25.3 9.3 27.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27.0 0.8 41.8 1.2 S S 26.3

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 30.2 24.2 37.0
Single modes 30.9 5.8 31.3 1.7 22.1 5.2 35.9
Truck 31.0 6.2 31.3 2.0 22.8 5.4 36.7
For-hire truck 33.6 8.4 S S 27.6 6.3 19.6
Private truck 31.2 7.3 35.1 8.3 34.3 4.3 32.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 49.5 27.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.0 5.5 46.4 1.6 S S 30.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.7 5.6 34.7 1.6 44.4 0.8 30.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 23.8
Truck and water 38.0 47.3 45.4 0.2 21.4
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.0 25.8 35.5 9.8
Single modes 25.3 3.4 26.0 2.6 40.3 3.9 20.4
Truck 27.2 4.4 26.1 2.7 40.0 4.2 25.5
For-hire truck 39.5 5.8 29.0 5.0 43.6 5.3 12.9
Private truck 23.6 4.7 40.8 6.9 46.5 2.8 17.1
Rail S S S S S S 25.2
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) 30.8 2.3 S S S S 8.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13.7 2.5 21.2 1.1 18.0 2.3 8.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 13.7 2.5 21.5 1.1 18.0 2.3 8.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.8
Truck and water S S 45.0 44.2 0.1 21.2
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 26.4 1.7 S S 39.8 2.6 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.0 35.5 33.3 S
Single modes 23.1 3.9 35.7 2.3 38.0 10.5 S
Truck 27.3 10.5 35.8 8.3 40.6 15.2 S
For-hire truck 30.3 9.7 S S 48.3 15.3 S
Private truck 35.4 10.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 31.8
Water S S S S S S 36.0
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 36.0
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.0
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 24.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47.3 0.4 S S S

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.9 14.2 17.0 22.8
Single modes 14.8 1.9 14.2 0.6 18.7 2.8 33.0
Truck 14.7 2.1 14.3 1.2 12.1 5.1 38.1
For-hire truck 23.2 3.9 10.4 2.0 23.7 6.4 18.9
Private truck 17.0 4.6 17.0 2.6 14.0 6.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 1.1 19.6 0.3 24.1 2.5 24.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.0 1.0 21.5 0.2 27.5 0.5 24.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water 28.8 0.1 27.9 0.1 30.5 2.0 11.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.8 1.0 41.6 0.4 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.4 40.9 34.3 17.4
Single modes 24.4 10.4 41.9 7.1 37.5 11.1 25.8
Truck 25.3 9.2 23.0 12.6 39.9 10.5 47.6
For-hire truck 46.8 3.5 25.6 8.8 46.0 9.5 21.2
Private truck 31.3 10.9 31.4 10.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 44.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.4 1.0 S S 20.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 31.7 0.5 41.6 4.7 20.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.