Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 93,184 100.0 150,476 100.0 60,908 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,194 32.4 72,329 48.1 1,839 3.0
50 to 99 miles 7,493 8.0 9,099 6.0 815 1.3
100 to 249 miles 7,912 8.5 20,842 13.9 4,950 8.1
250 to 499 miles 8,536 9.2 16,549 11.0 10,790 17.7
500 to 749 miles 7,775 8.3 8,522 5.7 7,312 12.0
750 to 999 miles 16,554 17.8 6,343 4.2 7,652 12.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,304 8.9 15,864 10.5 25,697 42.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,164 6.6 865 0.6 1,660 2.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 74,147 100.0 143,624 100.0 53,747 100.0
Less than 50 miles 26,062 35.1 70,501 49.1 1,484 2.8
50 to 99 miles 6,373 8.6 8,845 6.2 789 1.5
100 to 249 miles 6,702 9.0 20,408 14.2 4,760 8.9
250 to 499 miles 7,450 10.0 16,358 11.4 10,703 19.9
500 to 749 miles 5,815 7.8 8,379 5.8 7,186 13.4
750 to 999 miles 12,391 16.7 5,971 4.2 7,153 13.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,484 7.4 12,353 8.6 20,124 37.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,849 5.2 799 0.6 1,537 2.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 64,155 100.0 106,093 100.0 18,159 100.0
Less than 50 miles 25,864 40.3 68,792 64.8 1,438 7.9
50 to 99 miles 6,103 9.5 7,303 6.9 651 3.6
100 to 249 miles 6,092 9.5 14,444 13.6 S S
250 to 499 miles 7,078 11.0 5,606 5.3 2,750 15.1
500 to 749 miles 4,960 7.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 7,566 11.8 3,087 2.9 3,319 18.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,690 7.3 1,882 1.8 2,614 14.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,788 2.8 437 0.4 800 4.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 34,701 100.0 43,651 100.0 12,796 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,857 22.6 21,709 49.7 415 3.2
50 to 99 miles 2,540 7.3 3,728 8.5 334 2.6
100 to 249 miles 2,689 7.8 5,482 12.6 1,039 8.1
250 to 499 miles 4,565 13.2 3,711 8.5 1,826 14.3
500 to 749 miles 4,367 12.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 6,848 19.7 2,764 6.3 2,972 23.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,150 12.0 1,616 3.7 2,209 17.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,668 4.8 412 0.9 753 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 29,259 100.0 60,090 100.0 5,265 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,924 61.3 44,804 74.6 948 18.0
50 to 99 miles 3,547 12.1 3,572 5.9 316 6.0
100 to 249 miles 3,345 11.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 2,480 8.5 1,874 3.1 915 17.4
500 to 749 miles 593 2.0 312 0.5 237 4.5
750 to 999 miles 714 2.4 318 0.5 342 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 538 1.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 120 0.4 25 47 0.9
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,775 100.0 36,148 100.0 35,385 100.0
Less than 50 miles 193 7.0 1,680 4.6 46 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 602 21.7 5,964 16.5 1,656 4.7
250 to 499 miles 298 10.7 10,751 29.7 7,951 22.5
500 to 749 miles 399 14.4 3,842 10.6 3,708 10.5
750 to 999 miles 470 16.9 2,860 7.9 3,769 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 357 12.9 10,467 29.0 17,503 49.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S 717 2.0
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,965 100.0 43 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 75 1.1 1 3.0 1 1.1
500 to 749 miles 456 6.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 438 6.3 4 8.4 7 6.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 5 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 15,557 100.0 4,641 100.0 6,770 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,292 14.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 696 4.5 13 0.3 1
100 to 249 miles 1,094 7.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 914 5.9 41 0.9 24 0.4
500 to 749 miles 1,878 12.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 3,909 25.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,699 17.3 3,495 75.3 5,552 82.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,843 11.8 37 0.8 70 1.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 15,242 100.0 290 100.0 261 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,220 14.6 40 13.9 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 696 4.6 13 4.4 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,090 7.2 31 10.8 S S
250 to 499 miles 912 6.0 21 7.3 10 4.0
500 to 749 miles 1,869 12.3 35 12.1 29 11.1
750 to 999 miles 3,820 25.1 57 19.5 63 24.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,596 17.0 55 18.8 76 29.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,843 12.1 37 12.8 70 26.8
2,000 miles or more S S 1 0.4 3 1.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 225 100.0 S S 735 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 54 24.2 81 11.3 123 16.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51 100.0 3,536 100.0 5,610 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 49 95.2 3,360 95.0 5,353 95.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,480 100.0 2,212 100.0 390 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,840 52.9 1,377 62.2 43 11.1
50 to 99 miles 424 12.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 117 3.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 171 4.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 82 2.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 253 7.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 121 3.5 16 0.7 22 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 29 1.3 53 13.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.