Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 93,184 100.0 150,476 100.0 60,908 100.0 658
Less than 50 lbs 14,997 16.1 258 0.2 154 0.3 838
50 to 99 lbs 3,999 4.3 185 0.1 62 0.1 323
100 to 499 lbs 14,484 15.5 1,273 0.8 295 0.5 244
500 to 749 lbs 3,926 4.2 663 0.4 133 0.2 200
750 to 999 lbs 3,031 3.3 585 0.4 99 0.2 169
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,416 19.8 7,492 5.0 1,364 2.2 176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 28,109 30.2 54,336 36.1 13,159 21.6 222
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,973 3.2 33,080 22.0 3,795 6.2 112
100,000 lbs or more 3,249 3.5 52,605 35.0 41,848 68.7 559

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 74,147 100.0 143,624 100.0 53,747 100.0 230
Less than 50 lbs 3,703 5.0 98 22 292
50 to 99 lbs 1,804 2.4 111 21 177
100 to 499 lbs 11,388 15.4 1,061 0.7 214 0.4 204
500 to 749 lbs 3,647 4.9 626 0.4 123 0.2 196
750 to 999 lbs 2,850 3.8 562 0.4 84 0.2 150
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,482 23.6 7,144 5.0 1,304 2.4 176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,218 36.7 53,196 37.0 12,525 23.3 217
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,875 3.9 32,549 22.7 3,685 6.9 111
100,000 lbs or more 3,181 4.3 48,277 33.6 35,771 66.6 558

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 64,155 100.0 106,093 100.0 18,159 100.0 144
Less than 50 lbs 2,618 4.1 91 12 90
50 to 99 lbs 1,373 2.1 109 0.1 15 137
100 to 499 lbs 7,486 11.7 1,050 1.0 194 1.1 185
500 to 749 lbs 3,425 5.3 624 0.6 118 0.7 190
750 to 999 lbs 2,760 4.3 562 0.5 83 0.5 148
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,964 24.9 7,128 6.7 1,279 7.0 173
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,074 42.2 52,999 50.0 12,329 67.9 213
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,652 4.1 32,197 30.3 S S 101
100,000 lbs or more 803 1.3 11,335 10.7 884 4.9 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 34,701 100.0 43,651 100.0 12,796 100.0 498
Less than 50 lbs 630 1.8 15 8 440
50 to 99 lbs 478 1.4 25 11 447
100 to 499 lbs 3,490 10.1 256 0.6 147 1.2 592
500 to 749 lbs 1,850 5.3 134 0.3 91 0.7 679
750 to 999 lbs 1,356 3.9 115 0.3 55 0.4 473
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,889 22.7 1,519 3.5 926 7.2 640
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,927 48.8 20,430 46.8 9,800 76.6 484
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,497 4.3 15,337 35.1 1,005 7.8 65
100,000 lbs or more 583 1.7 5,822 13.3 754 5.9 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 29,259 100.0 60,090 100.0 5,265 100.0 54
Less than 50 lbs 1,988 6.8 77 0.1 4 43
50 to 99 lbs 895 3.1 83 0.1 4 47
100 to 499 lbs 3,988 13.6 793 1.3 46 0.9 55
500 to 749 lbs 1,571 5.4 489 0.8 28 0.5 56
750 to 999 lbs 1,398 4.8 445 0.7 28 0.5 63
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,041 27.5 5,588 9.3 352 6.7 64
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 10,015 34.2 32,230 53.6 2,495 47.4 72
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,143 3.9 15,078 25.1 S S 144
100,000 lbs or more 220 0.8 5,306 8.8 123 2.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,775 100.0 36,148 100.0 35,385 100.0 976
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,727
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,072
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,122
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 338 0.9 S S 1,196
100,000 lbs or more 2,125 76.6 35,602 98.5 34,783 98.3 887

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,965 100.0 43 100.0 S S 1,809
Less than 50 lbs 1,084 15.6 6 14.4 10 10.3 1,795
50 to 99 lbs 431 6.2 3 5.9 5 5.5 2,156
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,853
500 to 749 lbs 222 3.2 2 5.6 4 4.3 1,797
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,887
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 6 13.2 12 11.8 1,778
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,223
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 15,557 100.0 4,641 100.0 6,770 100.0 1,058
Less than 50 lbs 10,676 68.6 138 3.0 128 1.9 1,067
50 to 99 lbs 2,051 13.2 49 1.1 41 0.6 810
100 to 499 lbs 2,210 14.2 79 1.7 71 1.0 911
500 to 749 lbs 135 0.9 10 0.2 9 0.1 930
750 to 999 lbs 168 1.1 17 0.4 14 0.2 831
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,358
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 223 1.4 209 4.5 384 5.7 1,851
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 631
100,000 lbs or more 67 0.4 4,033 86.9 S S 1,147

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 15,242 100.0 290 100.0 261 100.0 1,059
Less than 50 lbs 10,673 70.0 138 47.5 128 48.9 1,069
50 to 99 lbs 2,051 13.5 49 16.9 40 15.3 797
100 to 499 lbs 2,209 14.5 77 26.5 71 27.0 930
500 to 749 lbs 133 0.9 10 3.3 9 3.3 886
750 to 999 lbs 167 1.1 16 5.7 14 5.3 828
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,665
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 225 100.0 S S 735 100.0 1,358
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,692
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,690
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 193 85.8 S S S S 1,401
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,155
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 820

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,619
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,616
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 3,616
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,690
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,683
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,617
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51 100.0 3,536 100.0 5,610 100.0 1,585
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 51 100.0 3,536 100.0 5,610 100.0 1,585

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 10
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 10
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,480 100.0 2,212 100.0 390 100.0 107
Less than 50 lbs 618 17.8 22 1.0 S S 131
50 to 99 lbs 144 4.1 S S 1 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 886 25.4 S S 10 2.6 S
500 to 749 lbs 143 4.1 27 1.2 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 6 0.3 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 924 26.6 347 15.7 58 14.9 178
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 668 19.2 S S S S 256
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.