Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 93,184 100.0 150,476 100.0 60,908 100.0 658
Single modes 74,147 79.6 143,624 95.4 53,747 88.2 230
Truck3 64,155 68.8 106,093 70.5 18,159 29.8 144
For-hire Truck 34,701 37.2 43,651 29.0 12,796 21.0 498
Private Truck 29,259 31.4 60,090 39.9 5,265 8.6 54
Rail 2,775 3.0 36,148 24.0 35,385 58.1 976
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6,965 7.5 43 S S 1,809
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 15,557 16.7 4,641 3.1 6,770 11.1 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,242 16.4 290 0.2 261 0.4 1,059
Truck and rail 225 0.2 S S 735 1.2 1,358
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,619
Rail and water 51 3,536 2.3 5,610 9.2 1,585
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 3,480 3.7 2,212 1.5 390 0.6 107

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 599 100.0 6,350 100.0 1,584 100.0 203
Single modes 598 99.7 6,335 99.8 1,560 98.5 199
Truck3 502 83.8 5,544 87.3 S S 173
For-hire Truck S S S S 451 28.4 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 338
Rail S S S S S S 935
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,649
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,649
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 93 100.0 S S 60
Single modes S S 89 95.1 S S 60
Truck3 S S 89 95.1 S S 60
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 201
Private Truck S S S S S S 57
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 954 100.0 2,486 100.0 1,301 100.0 S
Single modes 762 79.9 1,949 78.4 1,094 84.0 444
Truck3 697 73.0 1,657 66.7 747 57.4 426
For-hire Truck 516 54.1 795 32.0 589 45.3 800
Private Truck 181 18.9 S S S S 127
Rail S S S S S S 1,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 959
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 791
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,477
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 142

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,490 100.0 1,415 100.0 1,395 100.0 396
Single modes 4,489 100.0 1,414 100.0 1,395 100.0 392
Truck3 4,489 100.0 1,414 100.0 1,395 100.0 392
For-hire Truck 3,893 86.7 1,189 84.1 1,345 96.4 1,031
Private Truck 559 12.5 215 15.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,341
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,341
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 225

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 158
Truck3 S S S S S S 153
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 378
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,391
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,168
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,268
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,155
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,290 100.0 3,415 100.0 851 100.0 S
Single modes 3,254 98.9 3,392 99.3 828 97.3 S
Truck3 3,223 98.0 3,292 96.4 720 84.6 S
For-hire Truck 1,263 38.4 995 29.1 637 74.8 713
Private Truck 1,927 58.6 2,285 66.9 77 9.0 46
Rail S S S S S S 1,086
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 958

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,769 100.0 4,013 100.0 S S 77
Single modes 3,738 99.2 3,969 98.9 S S 74
Truck3 3,084 81.8 3,097 77.2 S S 63
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 575
Private Truck 1,682 44.6 1,234 30.7 S S 44
Rail S S S S S S 1,231
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,617
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,617
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 16
Single modes S S S S S S 16
Truck3 S S S S S S 16
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 46
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 7 52.2 S S S S S
Truck3 7 52.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 467
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 152 100.0 18,714 100.0 763 100.0 S
Single modes 150 98.5 18,398 98.3 737 96.7 S
Truck3 150 98.5 18,398 98.3 737 96.7 S
For-hire Truck 66 43.2 9,794 52.3 S S S
Private Truck S S S S 166 21.7 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 369
Single modes S S S S S S 313
Truck3 S S S S S S 259
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 189
Private Truck S S S S S S 326
Rail S S S S S S 1,276
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,584

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 539
Single modes S S S S S S 539
Truck3 S S S S S S 539
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 539
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 882 100.0 45,799 100.0 37,687 100.0 219
Single modes 816 92.5 41,757 91.2 31,674 84.0 227
Truck3 S S S S S S 218
For-hire Truck 71 8.0 3,639 7.9 140 0.4 68
Private Truck S S S S S S 245
Rail 536 60.8 28,637 62.5 29,866 79.2 1,003
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 66 7.5 4,037 8.8 6,012 16.0 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 314
Truck and rail S S S S S S 900
Truck and water
Rail and water 51 5.8 3,536 7.7 5,610 14.9 1,585
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,466 100.0 5,470 100.0 547 100.0 S
Single modes 1,459 99.5 5,454 99.7 547 100.0 S
Truck3 895 61.1 2,670 48.8 80 14.7 21
For-hire Truck 299 20.4 1,169 21.4 36 6.5 S
Private Truck 596 40.7 1,501 27.4 S S 18
Rail 315 21.5 1,464 26.8 364 66.5 197
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,254 100.0 5,044 100.0 426 100.0 S
Single modes 1,253 99.9 5,041 99.9 426 100.0 S
Truck3 1,051 83.8 3,924 77.8 101 23.7 S
For-hire Truck 187 14.9 835 16.6 45 10.5 49
Private Truck 864 68.9 3,089 61.2 S S 14
Rail 199 15.8 1,097 21.7 324 76.0 307
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,238 100.0 3,046 100.0 1,438 100.0 S
Single modes 1,211 97.8 3,032 99.6 1,426 99.2 S
Truck3 970 78.4 S S S S 104
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 316
Private Truck 680 54.9 S S 28 1.9 35
Rail 241 19.5 1,240 40.7 S S 1,129
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,281
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 7 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 279 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 277 99.3 S
Truck3 S S S S 261 93.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 371
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,286
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,808
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,016 100.0 S S S S 839
Single modes 2,035 50.7 S S S S 904
Truck3 1,783 44.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 784 19.5 S S S S 442
Private Truck S S 10 7.0 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,040
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,977 49.2 6 4.0 4 6.9 733
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,977 49.2 6 4.0 4 6.9 733
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 194

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 353
Single modes S S S S S S 392
Truck3 S S S S S S 392
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 501
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 155 100.0 61 100.0 163
Single modes S S 147 95.1 57 93.6 118
Truck3 S S 147 94.9 56 93.0 100
For-hire Truck 301 19.5 S S S S 271
Private Truck S S 81 52.0 S S 59
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,063
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 2.3 S S 233

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,510 100.0 817 100.0 S S 490
Single modes 2,948 84.0 721 88.3 S S S
Truck3 S S 713 87.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 337
Private Truck 836 23.8 179 21.9 7 1.7 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,887
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,021
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 54 100.0 S S 229
Single modes S S 54 99.2 S S 247
Truck3 S S 54 99.2 S S 247
For-hire Truck S S 51 94.0 S S 274
Private Truck S S S S S S 76
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 879
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 879
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,916 100.0 S S S S 356
Single modes 1,833 95.6 S S S S 225
Truck3 1,810 94.4 S S S S 225
For-hire Truck 779 40.7 S S S S 540
Private Truck 1,030 53.8 1,274 21.1 168 5.1 94
Rail S S S S S S 2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,416
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,416
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 61 3.2 54 0.9 S S 71

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 343
Private Truck S S S S S S 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 166
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 166
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 410 100.0 164 100.0 31 100.0 S
Single modes 254 61.9 120 73.3 30 94.9 101
Truck3 254 61.9 120 73.3 30 94.9 101
For-hire Truck 123 30.0 61 37.0 24 76.7 277
Private Truck 131 31.9 59 36.3 S S 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 540
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 540
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,683 100.0 197 100.0 131 100.0 984
Single modes 884 52.6 164 83.5 117 89.9 S
Truck3 883 52.5 164 83.4 117 89.6 S
For-hire Truck 323 19.2 127 64.4 S S 514
Private Truck 560 33.3 37 19.0 1 0.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,619
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 378 22.5 15 7.4 12 9.4 1,152
Parcel, USPS or courier 376 22.3 12 6.2 12 9.4 1,170
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 420 25.0 18 9.1 1 0.7 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,739 100.0 157 100.0 62 100.0 1,040
Single modes S S 106 67.4 S S S
Truck3 S S 106 67.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 790
Private Truck 165 6.0 S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,865
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,243 45.4 40 25.3 39 62.3 1,110
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,243 45.4 40 25.3 39 62.3 1,110
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 1.3 453

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,123 100.0 25,287 100.0 2,063 100.0 276
Single modes 1,967 92.7 24,926 98.6 1,998 96.9 S
Truck3 1,907 89.8 24,409 96.5 1,551 75.1 S
For-hire Truck 554 26.1 2,862 11.3 S S 599
Private Truck 1,350 63.6 21,486 85.0 967 46.9 41
Rail S S S S S S 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,908
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,230
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,230
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,649
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,780 100.0 1,625 100.0 421 100.0 725
Single modes 1,612 90.5 1,580 97.2 409 97.1 S
Truck3 1,594 89.5 1,526 93.9 356 84.5 S
For-hire Truck 605 34.0 607 37.4 269 63.8 669
Private Truck 987 55.5 916 56.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,012
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,096
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 0.4 7 1.7 1,506
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,506
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,169
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 106 5.9 38 2.4 S S 36

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,597 100.0 1,316 100.0 640 100.0 728
Single modes 1,930 74.3 1,174 89.2 601 93.9 232
Truck3 1,648 63.5 655 49.8 237 37.1 129
For-hire Truck 956 36.8 251 19.0 123 19.2 496
Private Truck 692 26.7 404 30.7 S S 59
Rail S S S S S S 846
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2 0.2 1,521
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 532 20.5 13 1.0 13 2.1 1,162
Parcel, USPS or courier 532 20.5 13 1.0 13 2.1 1,162
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 50

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,019 100.0 630 100.0 400 100.0 367
Single modes 4,093 68.0 546 86.7 368 92.0 S
Truck3 3,961 65.8 544 86.4 364 91.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,269 37.7 259 41.0 204 51.1 434
Private Truck 1,685 28.0 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 132 2.2 2 0.4 4 0.9 1,357
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,203 20.0 30 4.8 20 5.1 611
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,203 20.0 30 4.8 20 5.1 611
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 723 12.0 53 8.5 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,465 100.0 313 100.0 189 100.0 663
Single modes 6,458 56.3 280 89.4 166 87.8 572
Truck3 4,791 41.8 273 87.3 154 81.6 426
For-hire Truck 4,031 35.2 185 59.0 S S 738
Private Truck 761 6.6 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,667 14.5 7 2.1 12 6.1 1,820
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,659 40.6 22 7.1 16 8.6 722
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,658 40.6 22 7.0 15 8.1 701
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,616
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 348 3.0 11 3.5 S S 625

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,115 100.0 235 100.0 176 100.0 589
Single modes 1,528 72.2 204 86.8 143 81.0 541
Truck3 1,488 70.4 202 86.1 140 79.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,318 62.3 151 64.6 134 76.3 477
Private Truck 169 8.0 S S S S 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40 1.9 1 0.6 2 1.4 1,652
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 296 14.0 11 4.6 S S 943
Parcel, USPS or courier 296 14.0 11 4.6 S S 943
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,039
Single modes S S S S S S 886
Truck3 458 11.8 S S S S 537
For-hire Truck 411 10.6 S S S S 535
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,040
Rail S S S S S S 247
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1,905
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 188 4.8 1,497
Parcel, USPS or courier 188 4.8 1,497
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,462 100.0 S S 128 100.0 914
Single modes 1,995 57.6 S S 110 86.3 707
Truck3 1,600 46.2 S S 105 82.3 S
For-hire Truck 1,415 40.9 S S S S 564
Private Truck 184 5.3 S S S S 104
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 395 11.4 S S 5 4.0 1,826
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,374 39.7 17 1.8 16 12.8 1,001
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,374 39.7 17 1.8 16 12.8 1,001
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,310 100.0 314 100.0 95 100.0 506
Single modes 1,102 84.1 308 97.9 90 94.8 S
Truck3 1,102 84.1 307 97.8 90 94.1 S
For-hire Truck 492 37.6 98 31.3 72 75.8 581
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,818
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 890
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 887
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,680
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,536 100.0 773 100.0 523 100.0 927
Single modes 3,791 68.5 715 92.5 455 87.0 S
Truck3 2,590 46.8 714 92.4 454 86.8 S
For-hire Truck 1,769 32.0 546 70.6 406 77.7 1,096
Private Truck S S 168 21.8 47 9.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,987
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 1 0.3 1,774
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,590 28.7 54 7.0 63 12.0 1,106
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,586 28.7 53 6.9 60 11.5 1,106
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,691
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,692
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 155 2.8 4 0.5 S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 953
Single modes S S S S S S 603
Truck3 S S S S S S 573
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 876
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail S S S S S S 644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,312
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,312
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,851 100.0 4,802 100.0 1,085 100.0 903
Single modes 14,994 94.6 4,713 98.1 1,042 96.1 180
Truck3 14,978 94.5 4,712 98.1 1,042 96.0 153
For-hire Truck 5,786 36.5 S S 386 35.6 397
Private Truck 9,093 57.4 2,890 60.2 644 59.3 106
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,888
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,166
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 235 100.0 398 100.0 S S 362
Single modes 160 68.4 S S S S S
Truck3 139 59.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 100 42.7 51 12.8 S S S
Private Truck 39 16.5 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 742
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,581
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 496
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 5.3 S S S S 600
Truck and rail S S S S S S 874
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 120

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.