Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 93,184 100.0 150,476 100.0 60,908 100.0 658
Single modes 74,147 79.6 143,624 95.4 53,747 88.2 230
Truck 64,155 68.8 106,093 70.5 18,159 29.8 144
For-hire truck 34,701 37.2 43,651 29.0 12,796 21.0 498
Private truck 29,259 31.4 60,090 39.9 5,265 8.6 54
Rail 2,775 3.0 36,148 24.0 35,385 58.1 976
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6,965 7.5 43 S S 1,809
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 15,557 16.7 4,641 3.1 6,770 11.1 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,242 16.4 290 0.2 261 0.4 1,059
Truck and rail 225 0.2 S S 735 1.2 1,358
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,619
Rail and water 51 3,536 2.3 5,610 9.2 1,585
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 3,480 3.7 2,212 1.5 390 0.6 107

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 4,023 100.0 6,316 100.0 1,444
Single modes 309 56.1 4,020 99.9 6,312 99.9 1,430
Truck 180 32.6 S S S S 1,377
For-hire truck 151 27.4 S S S S 1,379
Private truck S S S S S S 1,357
Rail 125 22.7 S S S S 1,473
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.8 S S S S 1,792
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1 1,449
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,449
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,317

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,993
Single modes S S S S S S 1,782
Truck S S S S S S 1,311
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,311
Private truck S S S S S S 989
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,909
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,018
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,691
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,645 100.0 11,708 100.0 9,430 100.0 835
Single modes 1,181 71.8 11,632 99.4 9,358 99.2 888
Truck 968 58.9 552 4.7 448 4.8 833
For-hire truck 859 52.2 443 3.8 362 3.8 841
Private truck S S S S S S 775
Rail 204 12.4 11,080 94.6 8,909 94.5 1,007
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.6 S S S S 1,691
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 437 26.5 S S S S 831
Parcel, USPS or courier 432 26.3 6 5 830
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,167
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 892

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 232 100.0 S S S S 942
Single modes 161 69.3 S S S S 935
Truck 145 62.4 S S S S 921
For-hire truck 115 49.6 S S S S 918
Private truck 30 12.8 17 1.7 15 1.5 933
Rail 16 6.8 385 39.3 496 48.5 1,117
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,584
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 23.4 S S S S 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 19.8 2 0.2 2 0.2 940
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,702 100.0 2,726 100.0 3,225 100.0 1,268
Single modes 7,177 74.0 2,598 95.3 3,062 95.0 1,661
Truck 3,270 33.7 1,410 51.7 1,527 47.4 1,087
For-hire truck 3,128 32.2 1,379 50.6 1,492 46.3 1,088
Private truck 142 1.5 31 1.1 35 1.1 1,069
Rail S S 1,168 42.9 1,478 45.8 1,312
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,077
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,312 23.8 S S S S 1,184
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,252 23.2 29 1.1 33 1.0 1,184
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,390
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 212 2.2 S S S S 1,150

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,796 100.0 89,814 100.0 4,556 100.0 46
Single modes 36,737 85.8 87,906 97.9 4,442 97.5 37
Truck 35,778 83.6 79,547 88.6 2,768 60.7 35
For-hire truck 12,186 28.5 27,678 30.8 1,188 26.1 66
Private truck 23,461 54.8 49,560 55.2 1,499 32.9 31
Rail 705 1.6 7,029 7.8 1,571 34.5 169
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,294
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,713 8.7 S S S S 91
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,708 8.7 78 S S 92
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,346 5.5 1,773 2.0 S S 26

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 21 100.0 39 100.0 1,898
Single modes 66 15.4 S S S S 2,038
Truck 34 8.1 S S S S 1,876
For-hire truck 29 6.9 S S S S 1,876
Private truck S S S S S S 1,889
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 31 7.4 1.2 1 1.4 2,175
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 26.0 1 5.6 2 5.8 1,889
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 26.0 1 5.6 2 5.8 1,889
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,883

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 1,731
Single modes S S S S S S 1,720
Truck S S S S S S 1,720
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,720
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,743
Single modes S S S S S S 1,906
Truck S S S S S S 1,675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,675
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,005
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 27.2 S S S S 1,731
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 27.2 S S S S 1,731
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,231 100.0 176 100.0 329 100.0 1,956
Single modes 789 64.1 165 93.7 307 93.2 2,066
Truck 581 47.2 117 66.5 221 67.1 1,878
For-hire truck 550 44.7 99 56.1 187 56.8 1,876
Private truck 31 2.5 18 10.4 34 10.3 1,977
Rail S S S S S S 1,747
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 206 16.7 S S S S 2,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 428 34.8 10 5.5 20 5.9 1,945
Parcel, USPS or courier 428 34.8 10 5.5 20 5.9 1,945
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,891

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 855 100.0 S S S S 1,489
Single modes 572 66.9 S S S S 1,561
Truck 434 50.8 S S S S 1,513
For-hire truck 381 44.5 100 24.8 151 23.9 1,473
Private truck 54 6.3 S S S S 1,575
Rail S S S S S S 1,707
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,889
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 280 32.7 4 0.9 6 0.9 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier 280 32.7 4 0.9 6 0.9 1,482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,516

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 S S S S 3,794
Single modes S S S S S S 4,498
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,498
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 96.1 S S S S 3,784
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 46.0 S S S S 3,809
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,619
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 565 100.0 283 100.0 199 100.0 822
Single modes 492 87.0 278 98.3 195 98.2 782
Truck 477 84.3 257 90.8 180 90.4 800
For-hire truck S S 209 73.9 151 76.1 823
Private truck S S S S 29 14.3 740
Rail S S S S S S 735
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 750
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 839
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 839
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 679

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,772 100.0 3,515 100.0 4,898 100.0 1,086
Single modes 2,185 78.8 1,405 40.0 1,682 34.3 1,163
Truck 1,716 61.9 308 8.8 314 6.4 1,012
For-hire truck 1,561 56.3 281 8.0 286 5.8 1,017
Private truck 152 5.5 25 0.7 25 0.5 979
Rail 78 2.8 1,094 31.1 1,364 27.9 997
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 391 14.1 3 4 1,556
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 564 20.3 2,107 60.0 3,213 65.6 1,077
Parcel, USPS or courier 532 19.2 10 0.3 10 0.2 1,077
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,050
Truck and water
Rail and water 29 1.1 2,095 59.6 3,200 65.3 1,527
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 23 0.8 S S S S 1,183

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 192 100.0 223 100.0 1,113
Single modes 428 76.9 184 95.8 214 95.8 1,217
Truck 397 71.3 135 70.4 152 68.4 1,102
For-hire truck 390 70.2 125 65.1 140 62.8 1,101
Private truck S S S S S S 1,198
Rail S S 48 25.2 61 27.2 1,253
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 3.6 0.2 1,865
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 129 23.1 8 4.2 9 4.2 1,098
Parcel, USPS or courier 123 22.2 4 2.1 5 2.0 1,098
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,222
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 301 100.0 151 100.0 115 100.0 811
Single modes 244 81.0 146 97.0 S S 805
Truck 221 73.5 127 84.6 94 81.9 727
For-hire truck 205 67.9 108 72.0 80 69.5 729
Private truck S S S S S S 720
Rail S S S S S S 898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 18.7 S S S S 812
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 17.7 2 1.1 1 1.1 812
Truck and rail S S S S S S 902
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 788

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,424 100.0 2,192 100.0 807 100.0 440
Single modes 1,197 84.1 2,185 99.7 804 99.7 431
Truck 1,145 80.4 1,804 82.3 602 74.6 411
For-hire truck 837 58.8 1,643 75.0 534 66.1 395
Private truck 308 21.7 161 7.3 69 8.5 456
Rail S S S S S S 462
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,098
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 15.0 3 0.1 1 0.2 442
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 15.0 3 0.1 1 0.2 442
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 589

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 338 100.0 2,641 100.0 4,175 100.0 1,225
Single modes 206 61.1 S S S S 1,239
Truck 146 43.2 36 1.4 44 1.1 1,186
For-hire truck 129 38.2 29 1.1 36 0.9 1,203
Private truck S S S S S S 1,148
Rail S S S S S S 1,511
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34 10.0 S S S S 1,434
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 32.2 1,044 39.5 1,681 40.3 1,224
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 27.3 S S S S 1,223
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 17 4.9 1,043 39.5 1,679 40.2 1,610
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,129

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 244 100.0 S S S S 1,173
Single modes 152 62.3 S S S S 1,418
Truck S S S S S S 1,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,281
Private truck S S S S S S 1,367
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,887
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 37.7 S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 37.7 S S S S 1,166
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,095

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75 100.0 S S S S 2,231
Single modes S S S S S S 2,160
Truck S S S S S S 2,153
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,153
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,563
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 68.7 S S S S 2,233
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 68.7 S S S S 2,233
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,536

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 619 100.0 52 100.0 88 100.0 1,686
Single modes 357 57.6 44 83.9 74 84.0 1,721
Truck 315 50.9 43 83.5 73 83.6 1,673
For-hire truck 297 48.0 43 83.3 73 83.5 1,674
Private truck S S S S S S 1,645
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42 6.7 S S S S 1,735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 34.4 5 8.9 8 8.8 1,682
Parcel, USPS or courier 213 34.4 5 8.9 8 8.8 1,682
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,678

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 619 100.0 50 100.0 98 100.0 2,010
Single modes 406 65.6 48 95.0 93 95.0 2,050
Truck 206 33.3 47 93.8 92 93.6 1,984
For-hire truck 183 29.6 47 93.6 92 93.4 1,984
Private truck S S S S S S 2,007
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 34.4 2 5.0 5 5.0 2,000
Parcel, USPS or courier 213 34.4 2 5.0 5 5.0 2,000
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 954 100.0 203 100.0 295 100.0 1,287
Single modes 608 63.8 191 94.2 278 94.4 1,401
Truck 588 61.7 104 51.4 131 44.4 1,280
For-hire truck 525 55.1 95 46.9 119 40.3 1,281
Private truck S S S S S S 1,278
Rail S S S S S S 1,696
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18 1.9 0.1 0.2 1,695
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 337 35.4 10 4.8 S S 1,281
Parcel, USPS or courier 337 35.3 6 3.0 8 2.7 1,281
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,642
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,240

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 997 100.0 140 100.0 128 100.0 956
Single modes 519 52.1 134 95.7 122 95.5 1,060
Truck 495 49.7 134 95.6 122 95.3 928
For-hire truck 418 41.9 122 86.9 110 86.0 928
Private truck 77 7.7 S S S S 929
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,692
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 467 46.8 6 4.1 5 4.1 947
Parcel, USPS or courier 467 46.8 6 4.1 5 4.1 947
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 935

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 157 100.0 3,341 100.0 6,218 100.0 1,279
Single modes 100 63.7 2,941 88.0 5,483 88.2 1,447
Truck 48 30.6 S S S S 1,196
For-hire truck 38 24.0 S S S S 1,192
Private truck 10 6.5 5 0.2 7 0.1 1,213
Rail 38 24.4 2,917 87.3 5,452 87.7 1,500
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 36.2 S S S S 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,270
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,838
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,256

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 886 100.0 S S 1,257 100.0 797
Single modes 663 74.8 S S 1,249 99.3 767
Truck 624 70.4 S S S S 644
For-hire truck 354 39.9 1,041 48.9 659 52.4 694
Private truck 270 30.5 S S S S 582
Rail S S S S S S 600
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,409
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 216 24.4 6 0.3 5 0.4 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 216 24.3 5 0.2 4 0.3 804
Truck and rail S S S S S S 806
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 841

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,004 100.0 S S 299 100.0 790
Single modes 772 76.9 S S 295 98.5 812
Truck 704 70.1 S S S S 669
For-hire truck 434 43.2 S S S S 665
Private truck 270 26.9 86 18.3 50 16.6 691
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 229 22.8 5 1.1 4 1.3 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 229 22.8 5 1.1 4 1.3 781
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 570

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,478 100.0 1,438 100.0 457 100.0 403
Single modes 1,272 86.1 1,430 99.5 455 99.5 404
Truck 1,223 82.7 1,377 95.8 419 91.7 305
For-hire truck 861 58.3 1,169 81.3 351 76.7 331
Private truck 332 22.5 189 13.2 S S 275
Rail S S S S S S 645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29 2.0 1 1,560
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 13.7 4 0.2 1 0.3 404
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 13.7 4 0.2 1 0.3 404
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 252

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 527 100.0 658 100.0 541 100.0 841
Single modes 451 85.5 657 99.8 540 99.8 1,069
Truck 387 73.4 126 19.2 100 18.4 823
For-hire truck 369 70.0 119 18.0 92 16.9 820
Private truck S S S S S S 864
Rail 48 9.2 530 80.5 440 81.3 1,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 14.1 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 14.1 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,065

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 9 100.0 18 100.0 2,047
Single modes 25 27.6 5 54.6 10 52.5 2,021
Truck 14 15.0 5 54.5 10 52.3 1,980
For-hire truck S S 1 13.3 2 12.6 1,980
Private truck S S S S S S 1,980
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 72.4 S S S S 2,047
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 72.4 S S S S 2,047
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,232

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 826 100.0 S S S S 1,785
Single modes 540 65.3 S S S S 1,877
Truck 288 34.9 116 33.6 204 31.3 1,776
For-hire truck 244 29.5 108 31.3 190 29.2 1,772
Private truck S S 8 2.2 14 2.1 1,797
Rail S S S S S S 1,959
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 128 15.5 S S S S 1,951
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 255 30.9 6 1.6 10 1.5 1,777
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 30.9 6 1.6 10 1.5 1,777
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,781

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,566 100.0 1,553 100.0 579 100.0 436
Single modes 1,238 79.1 1,432 92.2 523 90.2 439
Truck 1,180 75.4 1,353 87.1 473 81.7 426
For-hire truck 925 59.1 1,169 75.2 391 67.6 432
Private truck 254 16.2 184 11.9 82 14.1 408
Rail S S S S S S 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 17.7 9 0.6 S S 431
Parcel, USPS or courier 277 17.7 6 0.4 2 0.4 431
Truck and rail S S S S S S 987
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 452

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 112 100.0 201 100.0 1,806
Single modes S S 95 84.4 170 84.6 2,124
Truck 337 15.2 77 68.1 132 65.7 1,759
For-hire truck 276 12.4 66 59.1 116 57.4 1,770
Private truck 62 2.8 S S S S 1,682
Rail S S S S S S 2,047
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 1.5 S S 2,393
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 415 18.7 7 6.2 12 6.2 1,788
Parcel, USPS or courier 415 18.7 7 6.2 12 6.2 1,788
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,738

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 569 100.0 162 100.0 285 100.0 1,590
Single modes 405 71.1 154 95.3 272 95.4 1,756
Truck 352 61.8 110 67.9 187 65.5 1,645
For-hire truck 289 50.7 96 59.2 163 57.1 1,646
Private truck S S 14 8.8 24 8.4 1,630
Rail S S S S S S 1,924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,873
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 163 28.6 4 2.4 6 2.2 1,580
Parcel, USPS or courier 163 28.6 4 2.4 6 2.2 1,580
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,594

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 S S S S 736
Single modes 82 74.7 S S S S 891
Truck 82 74.7 S S S S 888
For-hire truck 82 74.7 S S S S 888
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,367
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 725
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 725
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 853 100.0 S S S S 1,309
Single modes 478 56.0 S S S S 1,347
Truck 415 48.7 S S S S 1,299
For-hire truck 375 43.9 104 6.3 136 5.1 1,300
Private truck 41 4.8 S S S S 1,272
Rail S S S S S S 1,356
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 3.1 1,521
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 371 43.5 12 0.7 15 0.6 1,306
Parcel, USPS or courier 368 43.1 7 0.4 10 0.4 1,306
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,262
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 713 100.0 S S S S 686
Single modes 638 89.5 S S S S 778
Truck 403 56.5 S S S S 614
For-hire truck 347 48.7 S S S S 602
Private truck S S S S S S 692
Rail S S S S S S 807
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 226 31.6 1 0.1 1,755
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 9.9 2 0.1 1 0.2 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 9.9 2 0.1 1 0.2 671
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 726

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 874 100.0 S S S S 1,308
Single modes 735 84.0 S S S S 1,296
Truck 609 69.7 S S S S 1,263
For-hire truck 588 67.2 S S S S 1,266
Private truck 21 2.4 23 2.1 25 1.8 1,107
Rail 122 13.9 220 20.2 304 21.6 1,381
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.5 S S S S 1,590
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 15.6 S S S S 1,312
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 14.2 3 0.3 4 0.3 1,312
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,367
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 759 100.0 150 100.0 252 100.0 1,601
Single modes 453 59.7 117 77.8 201 79.7 1,648
Truck 400 52.7 75 50.2 120 47.8 1,592
For-hire truck 380 50.0 68 45.7 109 43.3 1,591
Private truck S S S S S S 1,605
Rail S S S S S S 1,899
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 4.7 S S S S 1,662
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 302 39.8 S S S S 1,597
Parcel, USPS or courier 297 39.1 11 7.2 17 6.8 1,597
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,462
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,687

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 1,961
Single modes S S S S S S 1,975
Truck S S S S S S 1,975
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,975
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 94.0 S S S S 1,961
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 94.0 S S S S 1,961
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 348 100.0 25 100.0 41 100.0 1,596
Single modes S S 24 97.1 40 97.2 1,678
Truck S S 24 96.7 40 96.7 1,594
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,595
Private truck S S S S S S 1,591
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 3.1 0.4 0.4 1,855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 24.5 1 2.9 1 2.8 1,584
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 24.5 1 2.9 1 2.8 1,584
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,687

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 507 100.0 S S S S 521
Single modes 479 94.5 S S S S 457
Truck 479 94.5 S S S S 454
For-hire truck 336 66.3 S S S S 458
Private truck 118 23.2 57 9.9 23 6.5 399
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,333
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 5.5 3 0.5 1 0.4 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 5.5 3 0.5 1 0.4 539
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,030

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 670 100.0 S S S S 1,331
Single modes 408 60.9 S S S S 1,463
Truck 252 37.5 S S S S 1,192
For-hire truck 193 28.9 S S S S 1,184
Private truck S S S S S S 1,204
Rail S S S S S S 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 219 32.7 4 2.4 6 2.7 1,288
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 32.5 3 1.7 4 1.8 1,288
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,412
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,256

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,080 100.0 4,733 100.0 3,806 100.0 910
Single modes 3,305 81.0 4,696 99.2 3,774 99.2 1,077
Truck 2,841 69.6 2,412 51.0 1,616 42.5 842
For-hire truck 2,611 64.0 1,728 36.5 1,281 33.7 874
Private truck 230 5.6 S S S S 712
Rail S S 2,280 48.2 2,152 56.5 873
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 233 5.7 S S S S 1,867
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 765 18.7 S S S S 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 760 18.6 14 0.3 12 0.3 880
Truck and rail S S S S S S 838
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,081 100.0 2,160 100.0 1,078 100.0 504
Single modes 2,785 90.4 1,662 76.9 638 59.2 510
Truck 2,709 87.9 932 43.2 461 42.8 510
For-hire truck 1,524 49.5 565 26.1 292 27.1 537
Private truck 1,184 38.4 368 17.0 169 15.7 457
Rail 50 1.6 S S 177 16.4 564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 503
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 219 7.1 S S S S 506
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 4.8 6 0.3 3 0.3 505
Truck and rail S S S S S S 691
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,008
Single modes S S S S S S 1,885
Truck S S S S S S 1,885
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,885
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,009
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,009
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 662 100.0 128 100.0 230 100.0 1,686
Single modes 380 57.4 125 97.7 225 97.8 1,819
Truck 275 41.6 61 47.7 101 43.8 1,638
For-hire truck 252 38.0 50 39.3 83 35.9 1,640
Private truck 23 3.5 S S S S 1,615
Rail S S S S S S 1,941
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 282 42.6 3 2.3 5 2.2 1,680
Parcel, USPS or courier 282 42.6 3 2.3 5 2.2 1,680
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,668

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 807 100.0 285 100.0 395 100.0 1,356
Single modes 543 67.3 231 80.9 310 78.6 1,630
Truck 507 62.8 197 69.2 255 64.6 1,317
For-hire truck 473 58.6 192 67.3 249 63.0 1,317
Private truck S S 5 1.9 6 1.6 1,330
Rail S S S S S S 1,618
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 3.3 0.2 1 0.2 2,102
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 262 32.4 54 19.0 84 21.4 1,331
Parcel, USPS or courier 222 27.5 6 2.1 8 2.1 1,331
Truck and rail 40 4.9 48 16.9 76 19.3 1,578
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,327

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 56 100.0 S S S S 1,434
Single modes 29 51.5 S S S S 1,519
Truck 28 50.3 S S S S 1,450
For-hire truck 28 49.8 S S S S 1,445
Private truck S S S S S S 1,467
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 48.5 1 4.8 1 4.6 1,432
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 48.5 1 4.8 1 4.6 1,432
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 574 100.0 80 100.0 83 100.0 1,092
Single modes S S 75 94.2 78 94.2 1,368
Truck S S 70 87.8 71 85.7 1,023
For-hire truck 220 38.4 65 82.3 67 80.6 1,029
Private truck S S S S S S 977
Rail S S S S S S 1,367
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,638
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 20.5 5 5.8 5 5.8 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier 118 20.5 5 5.8 5 5.8 1,058
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 954

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,403 100.0 S S S S 248
Single modes 2,013 83.8 S S S S 215
Truck 1,924 80.1 S S S S 201
For-hire truck 742 30.9 653 7.9 130 6.6 242
Private truck 1,178 49.0 S S S S 185
Rail 76 3.1 159 1.9 34 1.7 179
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 465
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 334 13.9 5 1 298
Parcel, USPS or courier 334 13.9 5 1 298
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 260

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.