Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 104,508 100.0 134,356 100.0 39,711 100.0 765
Single modes 83,684 80.1 131,470 97.9 38,574 97.1 299
Truck 77,197 73.9 105,506 78.5 24,759 62.3 230
For-hire truck 46,174 44.2 47,819 35.6 19,996 50.4 711
Private truck 30,791 29.5 55,350 41.2 4,647 11.7 79
Rail 3,220 3.1 23,883 17.8 13,408 33.8 914
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,836 2.7 34 67 0.2 1,771
Pipeline3 431 0.4 2,047 1.5 S S S
Multiple modes 17,332 16.6 861 0.6 800 2.0 1,160
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,770 15.1 457 0.3 412 1.0 1,162
Truck and Rail 1,557 1.5 347 0.3 387 1.0 1,279
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,269
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 3,493 3.3 2,025 1.5 337 0.8 96

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,502 100.0 213 100.0 293 100.0 1,420
Single modes 1,424 94.8 211 99.1 290 99.1 1,382
Truck 1,347 89.6 156 73.4 210 71.9 1,361
For-hire truck 1,324 88.1 143 67.2 191 65.2 1,366
Private truck 23 1.5 S S S S 1,352
Rail S S 55 25.7 80 27.2 1,440
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,023
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,426
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,625

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 S S S S 1,599
Single modes S S S S S S 2,552
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,552
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 5.2 1,398
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 5.2 1,398
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,074 100.0 533 100.0 387 100.0 845
Single modes 845 78.6 526 98.7 381 98.5 952
Truck 543 50.5 448 84.0 308 79.8 817
For-hire truck 409 38.0 263 49.2 215 55.7 884
Private truck 110 10.3 S S S S 627
Rail 24 2.3 78 14.6 72 18.5 899
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.2 1,391
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 228 21.2 6 1.2 5 1.3 802
Parcel, USPS or courier 228 21.2 6 1.2 5 1.3 802
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 837

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,505 100.0 515 100.0 507 100.0 894
Single modes 1,400 93.0 496 96.2 483 95.3 901
Truck 1,348 89.6 420 81.4 392 77.3 895
For-hire truck 1,311 87.1 368 71.4 347 68.4 895
Private truck S S S S S S 872
Rail S S S S S S 1,255
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 20 3.8 24 4.7 881
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 880
Truck and Rail 11 0.7 S S S S 1,325
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,297 100.0 1,936 100.0 2,198 100.0 1,118
Single modes 5,837 70.4 1,837 94.9 2,084 94.8 1,374
Truck 5,215 62.9 1,694 87.5 1,882 85.6 1,096
For-hire truck 3,530 42.5 1,489 76.9 1,661 75.6 1,093
Private truck 1,668 20.1 201 10.4 217 9.9 1,108
Rail S S 136 7.0 182 8.3 1,360
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 492 5.9 S S S S 2,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,335 28.1 73 3.8 86 3.9 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,314 27.9 49 2.5 52 2.4 1,066
Truck and Rail 21 0.3 24 1.3 34 1.5 1,378
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 26 1.4 28 1.3 1,056

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,796 100.0 89,814 100.0 4,556 100.0 46
Single modes 36,737 85.8 87,906 97.9 4,442 97.5 37
Truck 35,778 83.6 79,547 88.6 2,768 60.7 35
For-hire truck 12,186 28.5 27,678 30.8 1,188 26.1 66
Private truck 23,461 54.8 49,560 55.2 1,499 32.9 31
Rail 705 1.6 7,029 7.8 1,571 34.5 169
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,294
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,713 8.7 S S S S 91
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,708 8.7 78 S S 92
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,346 5.5 1,773 2.0 S S 26

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 24 100.0 44 100.0 1,830
Single modes 315 52.8 13 56.9 26 57.7 1,957
Truck 206 34.6 13 55.9 25 56.5 1,919
For-hire truck 194 32.5 13 53.9 24 54.5 1,919
Private truck S S S S S S 1,924
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 281 47.0 10 42.4 18 41.7 1,829
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 47.0 10 42.4 18 41.7 1,829
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,939

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 2 100.0 4 100.0 1,712
Single modes 4 34.4 S S S S 1,769
Truck 4 33.9 S S S S 1,734
For-hire truck 4 33.9 S S S S 1,734
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,941
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,712
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,712
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,670
Single modes S S S S S S 1,691
Truck S S S S S S 1,691
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,691
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,669
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,669
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 701 100.0 135 100.0 271 100.0 1,964
Single modes 357 51.0 121 89.9 245 90.5 2,055
Truck 228 32.5 88 64.9 168 61.9 2,043
For-hire truck 210 30.0 67 49.8 126 46.6 2,046
Private truck 16 2.2 19 14.3 S S 1,800
Rail S S S S S S 2,291
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,222
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 338 48.3 7 5.3 14 5.2 1,951
Parcel, USPS or courier 338 48.3 7 5.3 14 5.2 1,951
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,011

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 953 100.0 385 100.0 554 100.0 1,531
Single modes 767 80.5 378 98.3 545 98.3 1,469
Truck 747 78.4 354 92.2 502 90.6 1,443
For-hire truck 676 70.9 306 79.6 433 78.1 1,429
Private truck S S S S S S 1,477
Rail S S S S S S 1,727
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 1,744
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 182 19.1 6 1.4 8 1.5 1,543
Parcel, USPS or courier 182 19.1 6 1.4 8 1.5 1,543
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,444

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 100.0 100.0 3,792
Single modes S S S S S S 4,114
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,114
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,688
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,688
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 761 100.0 855 100.0 789 100.0 822
Single modes 712 93.6 853 99.7 787 99.8 850
Truck S S S S S S 803
For-hire truck 404 53.1 213 24.9 172 21.8 794
Private truck S S S S S S 829
Rail S S 353 41.3 376 47.7 1,100
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.1 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.1 806
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 644

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,319 100.0 979 100.0 986 100.0 1,034
Single modes 2,550 76.8 921 94.0 912 92.5 1,090
Truck 2,338 70.4 799 81.6 783 79.4 999
For-hire truck 1,533 46.2 723 73.8 712 72.2 1,004
Private truck 805 24.3 76 7.7 71 7.2 984
Rail 126 3.8 120 12.2 126 12.8 1,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 0.2 S S 1,627
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 759 22.9 50 5.2 S S 1,005
Parcel, USPS or courier 707 21.3 18 1.8 18 1.8 1,004
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,478
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 0.8 1,000

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,643 100.0 401 100.0 445 100.0 1,096
Single modes 1,301 79.2 385 95.9 426 95.7 1,177
Truck 1,249 76.0 375 93.5 415 93.3 1,119
For-hire truck 1,069 65.1 318 79.4 352 79.1 1,119
Private truck S S S S S S 1,127
Rail S S S S S S 1,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,915
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 286 17.4 S S S S 1,091
Parcel, USPS or courier 195 11.9 5 1.3 6 1.3 1,091
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,319
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,103

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,137 100.0 1,079 100.0 880 100.0 800
Single modes 1,071 94.2 1,075 99.6 877 99.6 825
Truck 958 84.3 586 54.3 450 51.1 760
For-hire truck 708 62.3 367 34.0 297 33.8 762
Private truck 250 22.0 S S S S 758
Rail 106 9.3 S S S S 872
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,168
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 5.7 4 0.3 3 0.3 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 5.7 4 0.3 3 0.3 794
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 750

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,301 100.0 1,891 100.0 550 100.0 592
Single modes 1,099 84.5 1,856 98.1 532 96.7 614
Truck 1,034 79.5 1,678 88.7 416 75.6 405
For-hire truck 796 61.2 1,456 77.0 350 63.6 398
Private truck 238 18.3 222 11.7 66 12.0 418
Rail 50 3.9 S S S S 657
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 5.5 2 0.1 1 0.2 589
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 5.5 2 0.1 1 0.2 589
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 471

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 983 100.0 149 100.0 173 100.0 1,219
Single modes 690 70.2 144 97.0 167 96.9 1,249
Truck 687 69.9 144 97.0 167 96.9 1,232
For-hire truck 532 54.1 125 83.8 142 82.4 1,176
Private truck S S 20 13.2 25 14.5 1,249
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 293 29.8 3 2.3 4 2.3 1,208
Parcel, USPS or courier 293 29.8 3 2.3 4 2.3 1,208
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,132

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 242 100.0 244 100.0 298 100.0 1,294
Single modes 147 60.8 207 84.6 250 84.0 1,366
Truck 118 48.9 129 53.0 158 52.9 1,318
For-hire truck 110 45.5 114 46.5 139 46.7 1,323
Private truck S S S S S S 1,147
Rail 28 11.8 77 31.6 93 31.1 1,200
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,879
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,277
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,277
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,301

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,238
Single modes S S S S S S 2,067
Truck 28 11.6 3 1.2 6 1.6 2,141
For-hire truck 26 11.0 3 1.1 6 1.6 2,170
Private truck S S S S S S 2,106
Rail S S S S S S 1,524
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,341
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,279
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,279
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,286

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 206 100.0 23 100.0 38 100.0 1,721
Single modes 170 82.6 22 94.7 36 94.5 1,751
Truck 109 52.8 22 94.1 36 93.8 1,693
For-hire truck 108 52.5 22 94.0 36 93.7 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,685
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.5 0.7 1,996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 17.4 1 5.3 2 5.5 1,717
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 17.4 1 5.3 2 5.5 1,717
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 492 100.0 43 100.0 86 100.0 2,024
Single modes 220 44.6 29 67.8 58 67.9 1,991
Truck 173 35.2 29 67.2 58 67.3 1,996
For-hire truck 173 35.2 29 66.0 57 66.1 1,996
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 235 47.8 5 12.0 11 12.4 2,028
Parcel, USPS or courier 235 47.8 5 12.0 11 12.4 2,028
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,931

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,936 100.0 450 100.0 564 100.0 1,311
Single modes 853 44.1 360 80.0 443 78.6 1,332
Truck 827 42.7 356 79.1 438 77.6 1,250
For-hire truck 405 20.9 171 38.0 212 37.6 1,289
Private truck S S S S S S 1,228
Rail S S S S S S 1,298
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.4 1,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,077 55.6 85 18.9 115 20.4 1,298
Parcel, USPS or courier 76 3.9 3 0.6 3 0.6 1,295
Truck and Rail 1,001 51.7 82 18.3 112 19.9 1,356
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,148

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,379 100.0 681 100.0 644 100.0 945
Single modes 952 69.0 661 97.2 626 97.2 931
Truck 887 64.3 432 63.5 380 58.9 908
For-hire truck 847 61.5 420 61.7 369 57.2 912
Private truck 38 2.7 12 1.8 11 1.7 894
Rail 31 2.2 229 33.6 246 38.2 1,083
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,625
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 399 28.9 18 2.6 17 2.6 948
Parcel, USPS or courier 399 28.9 18 2.6 17 2.6 948
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 926

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 359 100.0 76 100.0 92 100.0 1,270
Single modes 353 98.5 75 99.1 91 99.2 1,314
Truck 350 97.6 75 99.1 91 99.1 1,251
For-hire truck 341 95.1 71 93.7 86 93.7 1,253
Private truck S S S S S S 1,183
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 1.5 S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 1.5 S S S S 1,166
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,455 100.0 1,187 100.0 854 100.0 752
Single modes 2,052 83.6 1,151 97.0 827 96.8 701
Truck 1,852 75.4 1,027 86.5 721 84.5 653
For-hire truck 1,474 60.0 875 73.7 596 69.8 642
Private truck 378 15.4 152 12.8 126 14.7 821
Rail S S S S S S 844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 371 15.1 28 2.4 22 2.6 767
Parcel, USPS or courier 371 15.1 28 2.4 22 2.6 767
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 5 0.6 808

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 303 100.0 280 100.0 841
Single modes 150 85.0 302 99.7 279 99.7 796
Truck 117 66.0 175 57.9 151 53.9 765
For-hire truck 78 44.1 158 52.2 138 49.5 776
Private truck S S 17 5.6 12 4.4 711
Rail 34 19.0 127 41.8 S S 1,022
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,833
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 13.2 1 0.3 1 0.3 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 13.2 1 0.3 1 0.3 857
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 695

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,453 100.0 1,112 100.0 507 100.0 617
Single modes 1,388 95.6 1,100 99.0 501 98.9 882
Truck 1,267 87.2 809 72.7 337 66.4 397
For-hire truck 1,001 68.9 705 63.4 297 58.5 430
Private truck S S 104 9.3 40 7.9 351
Rail S S S S S S 565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 4.1 S S S S 383
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 4.1 S S S S 383
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 0.3 S S S S 506

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,071 100.0 S S S S 1,188
Single modes S S S S S S 1,746
Truck S S S S S S 998
For-hire truck S S S S S S 999
Private truck S S S S S S 786
Rail S S S S S S 938
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,261
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 383 35.8 5 0.8 5 0.8 1,022
Parcel, USPS or courier 383 35.8 5 0.8 5 0.8 1,022
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 148 100.0 14 100.0 27 100.0 2,010
Single modes 79 53.7 12 87.4 24 87.5 1,993
Truck 73 49.3 12 87.3 24 87.3 1,979
For-hire truck S S 11 78.9 21 78.7 1,977
Private truck 4 2.6 1 8.4 2 8.6 2,009
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 2,322
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 41.7 1 7.4 2 7.5 2,011
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 41.7 1 7.4 2 7.5 2,011
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,171

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 967 100.0 S S S S 1,823
Single modes 401 41.5 S S S S 1,878
Truck 326 33.8 S S S S 1,809
For-hire truck 311 32.2 S S S S 1,810
Private truck S S S S S S 1,805
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 74 7.7 S S S S 2,190
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 5.1 10 5.3 1,813
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 5.1 10 5.3 1,813
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,775

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 333 100.0 643 100.0 247 100.0 339
Single modes 291 87.4 636 98.8 245 99.1 319
Truck 286 85.9 559 87.0 190 77.1 264
For-hire truck 127 38.3 315 49.0 118 47.7 333
Private truck 158 47.6 244 38.0 72 29.3 206
Rail S S S S S S 613
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,933
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 12.0 3 0.4 1 0.4 359
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 12.0 3 0.4 1 0.4 359
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 289

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,998 100.0 188 100.0 328 100.0 1,831
Single modes 1,305 65.3 178 94.7 310 94.4 1,852
Truck 1,269 63.5 176 93.5 306 93.0 1,773
For-hire truck 1,221 61.1 168 89.3 292 89.1 1,777
Private truck S S S S S S 1,743
Rail S S S S S S 1,987
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34 1.7 S S S S 2,167
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 636 31.8 10 5.2 18 5.5 1,827
Parcel, USPS or courier 636 31.8 10 5.2 18 5.5 1,827
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,762

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 949 100.0 204 100.0 341 100.0 1,624
Single modes 781 82.4 199 97.6 333 97.8 1,641
Truck 760 80.1 167 82.0 271 79.4 1,617
For-hire truck 718 75.7 156 76.8 254 74.6 1,617
Private truck S S S S S S 1,596
Rail S S S S S S 1,976
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,035
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 166 17.5 5 2.3 7 2.2 1,620
Parcel, USPS or courier 166 17.5 5 2.3 7 2.2 1,620
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,598

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 126 100.0 109 100.0 102 100.0 962
Single modes 93 74.1 105 96.7 98 96.6 1,008
Truck 85 67.1 61 56.4 50 49.3 817
For-hire truck 65 51.5 41 37.4 34 33.3 853
Private truck S S S S S S 706
Rail S S S S S S 1,091
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,171
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 25.9 S S S S 959
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 25.9 S S S S 959
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 871

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,335 100.0 650 100.0 826 100.0 1,314
Single modes 1,861 79.7 638 98.2 811 98.1 1,358
Truck 1,831 78.4 635 97.8 807 97.6 1,312
For-hire truck 1,620 69.4 519 79.9 660 79.9 1,309
Private truck S S S S S S 1,328
Rail S S S S S S 1,377
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 1.1 S S S S 1,671
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 452 19.3 10 1.6 13 1.6 1,305
Parcel, USPS or courier 452 19.3 10 1.6 13 1.6 1,305
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,480

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,038 100.0 770 100.0 572 100.0 786
Single modes 954 91.9 641 83.3 470 82.2 761
Truck 753 72.5 363 47.2 242 42.3 700
For-hire truck 590 56.8 291 37.8 189 33.1 693
Private truck 163 15.7 73 9.4 53 9.2 720
Rail 137 13.2 277 36.0 227 39.7 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.1 1,528
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 75 7.2 S S S S 796
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 5.6 S S S S 795
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 849
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 723

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 877 100.0 748 100.0 970 100.0 1,413
Single modes 701 79.9 734 98.2 952 98.1 1,624
Truck 286 32.7 163 21.7 208 21.5 1,304
For-hire truck 272 31.0 150 20.1 194 20.0 1,306
Private truck S S S S S S 1,140
Rail S S S S 743 76.6 1,275
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 0.1 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 107 12.2 S S S S 1,311
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 12.0 3 0.4 4 0.4 1,311
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,371
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,269
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,340

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,716
Single modes S S S S S S 1,655
Truck S S S S S S 1,621
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,620
Private truck S S S S S S 1,790
Rail S S S S S S 1,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,926
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 270 9.7 8 0.2 13 0.2 1,725
Parcel, USPS or courier 270 9.7 8 0.2 13 0.2 1,725
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,617

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 6 100.0 11 100.0 1,973
Single modes 36 39.9 3 59.4 7 59.3 1,976
Truck 35 38.9 3 58.2 7 58.1 1,988
For-hire truck 34 37.2 3 55.9 6 55.8 1,988
Private truck 2 1.7 2.3 2.3 1,984
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,878
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 54.7 2 34.4 4 34.5 1,971
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 54.7 2 34.4 4 34.5 1,971
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,070

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 181 100.0 308 100.0 1,584
Single modes 555 95.0 180 99.3 305 99.3 1,577
Truck 530 90.8 S S S S 1,568
For-hire truck 496 84.8 S S S S 1,569
Private truck S S S S S S 1,530
Rail S S S S S S 1,975
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,606
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 4.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,586
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 4.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,586
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,537

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 459 100.0 198 100.0 96 100.0 830
Single modes 445 96.9 196 99.3 95 99.1 1,265
Truck 231 50.3 99 50.0 52 54.7 674
For-hire truck 157 34.1 76 38.5 40 42.0 656
Private truck S S 23 11.5 12 12.7 695
Rail S S S S S S 411
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 208 45.3 S S S S 2,145
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 2.3 0.2 0.3 644
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 2.3 0.2 0.3 644
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,900 100.0 180 100.0 222 100.0 1,217
Single modes 1,213 63.9 161 89.5 200 89.9 1,461
Truck 924 48.7 121 67.2 142 64.1 1,293
For-hire truck 901 47.4 115 63.7 135 60.8 1,302
Private truck 24 1.2 S S S S 1,193
Rail S S S S S S 1,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.7 2 0.9 1,682
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 6.3 14 6.3 1,189
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 5.3 11 5.1 1,189
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,460
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,156

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,556 100.0 4,271 100.0 3,478 100.0 852
Single modes 5,371 81.9 4,177 97.8 3,405 97.9 1,042
Truck 4,447 67.8 2,316 54.2 2,002 57.6 894
For-hire truck 3,648 55.6 1,784 41.8 1,568 45.1 906
Private truck 778 11.9 527 12.3 430 12.4 833
Rail S S S S S S 924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,080
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 806
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 806
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 780

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,117 100.0 3,270 100.0 1,593 100.0 442
Single modes 2,746 88.1 3,209 98.1 1,556 97.7 450
Truck 2,606 83.6 2,237 68.4 959 60.2 437
For-hire truck 2,081 66.8 1,160 35.5 488 30.7 472
Private truck 523 16.8 1,076 32.9 470 29.5 383
Rail 63 2.0 S S S S 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 348 11.2 S S S S 439
Parcel, USPS or courier 346 11.1 12 0.4 5 0.3 439
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 686
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 488

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 10 100.0 19 100.0 1,992
Single modes 15 24.2 7 70.9 13 70.5 2,028
Truck 14 22.5 7 70.7 13 70.3 2,042
For-hire truck 14 22.4 7 70.7 13 70.3 1,948
Private truck S S S S S S 2,203
Rail S S S S S S 1,456
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.2 2,186
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 72.0 2 22.8 4 23.1 1,991
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 72.0 2 22.8 4 23.1 1,991
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,975

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 52 100.0 89 100.0 1,642
Single modes 153 51.6 48 93.7 84 94.0 1,700
Truck 109 36.9 28 54.5 47 52.6 1,643
For-hire truck 109 36.8 28 54.4 47 52.5 1,644
Private truck S S S S S S 1,595
Rail S S S S S S 1,880
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,972
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 48.4 3 6.3 5 6.0 1,638
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 48.4 3 6.3 5 6.0 1,638
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 672 100.0 343 100.0 461 100.0 1,479
Single modes 379 56.4 325 94.9 437 94.7 1,901
Truck 306 45.6 206 59.9 265 57.5 1,244
For-hire truck 306 45.6 206 59.9 265 57.5 1,244
Private truck
Rail 36 5.3 119 34.8 171 37.0 1,417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37 5.5 0.1 1 0.2 2,262
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 250 37.1 16 4.7 23 5.0 1,355
Parcel, USPS or courier 242 36.1 6 1.8 8 1.8 1,355
Truck and Rail 7 1.1 S S S S 1,536
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.4 2 0.3 1,336

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 101 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes 79 77.9 S S S S 1,536
Truck 78 77.7 S S S S 1,512
For-hire truck 72 71.2 S S S S 1,508
Private truck S S S S S S 1,595
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,883
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 22.1 0.9 1 0.9 1,625
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 22.1 0.9 1 0.9 1,625
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,876 100.0 942 100.0 1,118 100.0 1,039
Single modes 947 50.5 886 94.0 1,058 94.6 1,139
Truck 922 49.1 290 30.8 311 27.8 1,117
For-hire truck 730 38.9 219 23.3 234 20.9 1,109
Private truck 192 10.2 71 7.5 77 6.9 1,156
Rail 7 0.4 595 63.1 746 66.7 1,254
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,719
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 714 38.1 S S S S 1,027
Parcel, USPS or courier 383 20.4 11 1.2 12 1.0 1,027
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,122
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 21 2.2 21 1.9 974

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 667 100.0 13,736 100.0 5,406 100.0 232
Single modes 602 90.2 13,717 99.9 5,403 99.9 208
Truck 443 66.4 4,152 30.2 902 16.7 181
For-hire truck 211 31.6 2,445 17.8 639 11.8 221
Private truck 232 34.8 1,707 12.4 263 4.9 149
Rail 157 23.5 9,553 69.5 4,500 83.2 517
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,266
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 55 8.3 1 249
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 8.3 1 249
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 263

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.