Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 93,184 73,944 26 150,476 126,526 18.9 60,908 47,312 28.7 658 550 19.5
Single modes 74,147 57,838 28.2 143,624 121,265 18.4 53,747 42,132 27.6 230 96 140.8
Truck 64,155 51,455 24.7 106,093 90,439 17.3 18,159 14,167 28.2 144 73 97
Rail 2,775 2,794 −0.7 36,148 30,543 18.4 35,385 27,789 27.3 976 1,150 −15.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) 6,965 3,529 97.3 43 81 −46.9 S 157 S 1,809 1,420 27.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 15,557 13,295 17 4,641 S S 6,770 S S 1,058 1,073 −1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,242 12,622 20.8 290 366 −20.7 261 348 −25 1,059 1,073 −1.4
Truck and Rail 225 584 −61.5 S 916 S 735 725 1.4 1,358 862 57.6
Other multiple modes S S S 3,637 S S 5,774 S S S 2,996 S
Other and unknown modes 3,480 2,810 23.8 2,212 1,362 62.4 390 325 20 107 192 −44.1

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,110 6,751 −9.5 10,343 13,311 −22.3 4,292 4,889 −12.2 311 158 96.6
Single modes 5,915 6,241 −5.2 9,787 12,770 −23.4 4,059 4,573 −11.2 322 158 104
Truck 5,755 5,969 −3.6 8,704 11,267 −22.8 3,048 3,444 −11.5 316 153 106.9
Rail 160 244 −34.2 1,083 1,492 −27.4 1,012 1,085 −6.8 1,012 716 41.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,241
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 139 S S S S S S S 1,085 1,176 −7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1 S S S S S 953 972 −1.9
Truck and Rail S 139 S S S S S S S 1,520 1,423 6.8
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,057 7,157 12.6 8,990 12,922 −30.4 3,931 9,265 −57.6 74 S S
Single modes 7,977 6,731 18.5 8,865 12,632 −29.8 3,682 9,099 −59.5 71 S S
Truck 7,272 5,509 32 7,819 8,303 −5.8 2,326 2,269 2.5 65 S S
Rail S 1,211 S S 4,328 S S 6,828 S 1,229 1,518 −19
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,223
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,300 1,026 124.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,268 1,025 23.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,155 1,167 −1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,617
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 958 41 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 320 423 −24.3 22,729 19,489 16.6 1,375 979 40.4 S 41 S
Single modes 311 327 −4.8 22,032 19,200 14.8 1,305 861 51.6 S 39 S
Truck 307 322 −4.7 21,894 19,083 14.7 1,128 703 60.6 S 37 S
Rail S 5 S S S S S S S 1,276 1,345 −5.2
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 54 S S 77 S 1,430 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,430 S S
Truck and Rail S S 53 77 1,309
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,840 3,314 46 59,359 50,538 17.5 40,098 25,752 55.7 90 S S
Single modes 4,738 3,258 45.4 55,284 47,792 15.7 34,073 21,930 55.4 90 S S
Truck 3,196 2,563 24.7 21,506 24,933 −13.7 S S S 82 S S
Rail 1,290 660 95.4 32,439 22,664 43.1 31,836 18,159 75.3 778 699 11.3
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 86 S S 4,047 S S 6,024 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 286 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,228
Other multiple modes 52 S S 3,590 S S 5,611 S S S 1,438 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 139 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,908 8,757 13.1 3,818 1,853 106.1 838 682 23 447 600 −25.5
Single modes 6,981 6,534 6.8 S 1,700 S 808 596 35.5 299 141 112.3
Truck 6,515 6,063 7.5 S 1,622 S 773 524 47.5 S 97 S
Rail S S S S 69 S S 68 S 1,286 893 44
Water
Air (including truck and air) 465 S S S 2 S S 2 S 2,002 1,502 33.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,689 2,027 32.7 42 96 −56.4 22 67 −67.8 754 874 −13.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,689 1,874 43.5 42 71 −40.8 22 50 −56.9 754 874 −13.7
Truck and Rail S S 25 S S 821
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 237 196 20.8 S 56 S S 19 S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,440 6,972 6.7 S 3,383 S S 690 S 829 954 −13.2
Single modes 4,843 5,088 −4.8 S 3,231 S S 612 S 139 246 −43.4
Truck 4,815 4,970 −3.1 S 3,208 S S 577 S 130 192 −32.6
Rail S S S S 20 S S 30 S 2 1,505 −99.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) 4 S S S S S S 1,653 1,358 21.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,671 1,649 1.3 60 80 −24.8 54 71 −23.9 1,130 1,155 −2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,668 1,649 1.2 58 80 −27.6 54 71 −23.6 1,141 1,155 −1.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,574
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 927 234 295.3 172 72 140.4 9 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,519 11,009 13.7 28,859 19,887 45.1 3,524 3,239 8.8 532 304 74.9
Single modes 9,602 9,524 0.8 28,226 19,116 47.7 3,376 2,943 14.7 181 111 62.3
Truck 9,110 8,866 2.8 27,134 17,701 53.3 2,508 1,664 50.7 131 92 41.7
Rail S 451 S 1,072 1,365 −21.5 811 1,193 −32 831 945 −12.1
Water
Air (including truck and air) 221 207 6.8 S S S S S S 1,459 1,419 2.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,897 948 100.0.1 60 422 −85.8 55 168 −67.2 1,044 782 33.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,888 810 133 51 28 84 42 20 106.6 1,044 783 33.4
Truck and Rail S 83 S 9 388 −97.6 13 123 −89.5 1,236 558 121.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,715
Other and unknown modes 1,020 537 90.1 S 349 S 93 128 −27.5 66 56 18.3

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,937 16,841 24.3 S 663 S S 339 S 691 902 −23.4
Single modes 13,684 10,420 31.3 S 536 S S 261 S 582 252 130.8
Truck 8,337 7,681 8.5 S 514 S S 235 S 364 133 173.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 247 1,402 −82.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 2,716 S 11 13 −13.9 20 17 15.6 1,741 1,371 27.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,517 5,351 21.8 50 65 −23.7 45 61 −25.8 836 1,117 −25.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,516 5,344 21.9 50 63 −21.1 44 58 −23.9 825 1,117 −26.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,243
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,616
Other and unknown modes 736 1,069 −31.2 33 63 −47.6 29 17 69.1 317 412 −23

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 22,818 12,294 85.6 6,146 4,404 39.6 1,911 1,464 30.6 900 820 9.9
Single modes 19,936 9,353 113.2 5,889 4,215 39.7 1,668 1,246 33.8 218 197 10.6
Truck 18,710 9,154 104.4 5,779 3,735 54.7 1,614 984 64 184 182 1.3
Rail S S S S S S S 260 S 663 507 30.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S 2 1 49.6 3 2 53.4 1,829 1,465 24.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,535 2,746 −7.7 S 169 S S 204 S 1,144 1,156 −1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,458 2,685 −8.4 88 S S 98 S S 1,144 1,156 −1.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,393 1,197 16.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,348
Other and unknown modes 347 195 78.5 S 20 S 14 14 4.8 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 235 426 −45 398 76 425.4 S S S 362 543 −33.4
Single modes 160 S S S 74 S S S S S 369 S
Truck 139 S S S 74 S S S S S 364 S
Rail S S S S S S 742
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,581 1,556 1.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 496 841 −41
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 S S S S S S S S 600 841 −28.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 874
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S 3 S S S S S S S 120 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.