Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.7 15.0 18.0 5.7
Single modes 10.2 1.9 14.6 1.1 15.9 2.5 19.7
Truck 8.7 2.2 19.0 4.6 26.3 4.2 20.8
For-hire truck 14.2 3.0 17.4 3.2 34.3 3.8 7.4
Private truck 7.9 2.7 26.1 5.1 33.3 3.4 16.1
Rail 19.5 0.6 15.3 4.3 16.7 3.6 8.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.9 2.1 38.9 S S 2.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11.3 1.9 33.6 0.9 38.0 2.6 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 11.6 1.9 19.4 16.1 0.2 3.3
Truck and rail 37.1 S S 44.5 0.5 21.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.8
Rail and water 44.8 44.8 0.9 45.0 2.7 25.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 16.3 0.7 40.2 0.4 38.5 0.2 34.4

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 38.1 38.7 2.2
Single modes 17.8 11.8 38.2 0.3 38.7 0.3 2.8
Truck 36.4 12.2 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck 32.6 10.9 S S S S 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 36.7 11.8 S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.9 0.4 S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.6 0.2 47.4 0.2 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.6 0.2 47.4 0.2 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 19.6
Single modes S S S S S S 34.8
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 37.1 34.3 1.8
Single modes 30.0 6.8 37.3 4.9 34.5 4.8 3.3
Truck 38.0 9.1 28.4 5.0 28.1 3.8 1.9
For-hire truck 35.7 8.9 26.0 3.7 26.2 2.5 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 15.5
Rail 30.4 5.9 38.8 8.9 35.9 7.9 6.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.2 0.3 S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.9 7.0 S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.6 7.1 31.8 31.3 2.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 29.6 11.7 S S S S 7.5
Truck 33.0 11.6 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 42.3 10.2 S S S S 10.8
Private truck 46.3 8.1 43.9 8.5 44.8 8.7 21.2
Rail 48.3 4.1 29.7 14.5 30.8 14.5 21.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.6 9.3 S S S S 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 9.7 33.9 10.6 33.5 10.6 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.8 31.4 31.0 4.3
Single modes 44.1 7.5 32.9 3.2 32.4 3.0 8.3
Truck 20.8 6.8 37.1 9.7 37.3 10.0 0.8
For-hire truck 21.7 6.6 37.9 9.4 38.2 9.6 0.7
Private truck 28.1 0.9 31.7 0.8 31.6 0.8 2.7
Rail S S 37.3 8.8 37.4 9.1 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 8.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.0 7.3 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.8 7.2 15.8 0.7 16.0 0.7 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.2 2.0 S S S S 7.0

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.3 14.8 9.7 8.2
Single modes 10.1 1.5 14.7 0.7 9.7 1.1 11.0
Truck 10.6 1.5 17.5 4.2 16.6 7.6 10.9
For-hire truck 24.1 3.9 14.9 3.7 18.0 2.9 8.1
Private truck 8.4 3.5 23.5 5.4 21.2 6.3 12.6
Rail 18.8 0.4 27.3 3.9 25.1 8.3 19.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17.5 1.3 S S S S 6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.5 1.3 34.0 S S 7.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 20.0 0.9 42.3 0.7 S S 13.2

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 49.9 49.8 1.6
Single modes 34.2 11.6 S S S S 15.1
Truck 43.5 6.3 S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck 47.0 4.6 S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.4 8.4 40.9 6.7 42.8 6.9 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.7 15.3 31.5 14.9 31.2 14.8 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.7 15.3 31.5 14.9 31.2 14.8 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.9 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.8 18.8 S S S S 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 18.8 S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.7 25.0 24.9 1.4
Single modes 24.5 5.8 26.2 2.8 26.1 3.0 2.0
Truck 22.1 4.3 28.1 8.4 28.5 8.1 1.4
For-hire truck 23.6 4.3 33.6 8.2 34.0 7.9 1.4
Private truck 49.2 1.8 42.6 6.7 42.2 6.6 18.3
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34.2 3.6 S S S S 1.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.4 5.7 42.9 2.9 44.2 3.1 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.4 5.7 42.9 2.9 44.2 3.1 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.9 S S S S 1.9
Single modes 30.1 9.5 S S S S 1.4
Truck 33.9 9.5 S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 36.6 8.9 35.4 14.6 37.2 14.7 1.0
Private truck 37.9 2.2 S S S S 10.7
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.6 9.5 30.5 2.0 29.8 2.0 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.6 9.5 30.5 2.0 29.8 2.0 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.7 S S S S 2.5
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.0 10.5 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.9 15.1 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.8 31.1 29.4 2.0
Single modes 43.4 8.3 32.1 4.9 30.3 4.6 4.4
Truck 45.1 8.5 34.5 7.3 33.0 7.6 4.6
For-hire truck S S 38.4 7.0 36.6 7.4 5.2
Private truck S S S S 48.7 5.6 16.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 35.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.5 34.9 36.4 3.3
Single modes 22.6 6.3 34.4 13.9 40.2 15.3 3.1
Truck 26.2 6.8 22.5 14.4 22.5 14.7 1.9
For-hire truck 29.2 7.6 25.9 11.3 25.9 11.6 1.9
Private truck 39.1 2.7 31.4 4.6 31.1 4.4 10.9
Rail 34.6 3.1 40.9 9.8 46.3 10.3 19.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.6 4.9 38.6 0.2 38.5 0.3 2.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.5 6.2 44.0 14.3 44.2 15.7 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.5 6.1 38.6 2.3 36.9 2.3 3.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water 44.3 0.7 44.3 15.9 44.4 17.4 25.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36.9 0.3 S S S S 21.4

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 26.5 26.3 4.0
Single modes 40.8 10.0 28.6 7.6 28.5 7.3 16.0
Truck 44.7 10.9 26.9 8.4 26.6 8.5 2.9
For-hire truck 45.6 10.8 28.3 9.2 28.3 9.3 2.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S 48.2 6.7 47.4 7.2 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.2 4.5 49.4 0.4 45.9 1.1 18.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.0 10.0 47.9 7.6 49.9 7.3 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.4 9.9 34.9 3.1 34.6 2.8 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.3 46.3 49.3 3.0
Single modes 34.4 10.6 48.1 7.8 S S 7.4
Truck 37.1 10.1 42.9 7.0 45.0 7.6 3.3
For-hire truck 40.6 10.0 41.6 8.2 42.6 8.4 2.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 10.3 S S S S 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 10.6 21.4 5.5 22.1 5.8 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.0 34.7 24.0 5.7
Single modes 21.7 6.4 34.7 0.2 24.0 0.3 7.9
Truck 22.3 6.6 41.9 9.4 30.9 10.6 7.4
For-hire truck 30.2 10.8 46.5 12.0 34.6 11.7 8.7
Private truck 33.1 8.9 45.7 5.8 48.2 4.0 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 27.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 6.3 44.6 0.2 40.0 0.2 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 6.3 44.6 0.2 40.0 0.2 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.7

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.8 43.0 43.1 2.6
Single modes 28.6 8.0 S S S S 2.1
Truck 36.6 8.5 23.9 17.8 24.0 18.0 1.9
For-hire truck 41.1 8.6 32.2 13.0 32.4 13.2 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.1 3.1 S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.4 7.5 45.7 11.3 45.7 11.5 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.3 7.9 S S S S 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 45.8 2.2 45.8 12.2 45.8 12.4 25.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 S S S S 5.1
Single modes 50.0 12.0 S S S S 15.8
Truck S S S S S S 15.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.5 12.0 S S S S 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 12.0 S S S S 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.2 S S S S 1.6
Single modes S S S S S S 11.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 9.8 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 9.8 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.8 23.9 24.0 0.5
Single modes 35.4 8.3 22.6 8.2 22.8 8.2 2.0
Truck 41.5 8.2 22.7 8.2 22.9 8.2 0.7
For-hire truck 43.8 7.3 22.8 8.9 23.0 8.9 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.9 4.8 S S S S 15.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.2 9.4 42.9 8.1 42.8 8.2 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 9.4 42.9 8.1 42.8 8.2 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.8 33.0 32.9 0.4
Single modes 30.8 4.9 35.0 9.2 34.8 9.1 2.0
Truck 32.4 9.0 35.7 11.5 35.6 11.5 0.7
For-hire truck 38.0 9.9 35.8 12.9 35.8 12.8 0.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.7 4.9 28.6 9.2 28.3 9.1 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.7 4.9 28.6 9.2 28.3 9.1 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.2 30.6 32.7 1.1
Single modes 33.0 9.6 32.4 3.5 34.6 3.4 1.9
Truck 34.2 9.6 39.1 12.3 38.2 13.2 1.5
For-hire truck 39.3 11.0 42.4 12.0 41.5 12.7 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.4 0.8 49.7 0.5 48.7 0.6 10.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.1 9.5 47.4 2.8 S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.1 9.5 22.4 2.4 22.1 2.4 1.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 29.9 29.0 1.9
Single modes 27.5 10.4 30.7 2.2 29.9 2.1 7.8
Truck 28.4 9.8 30.8 2.2 29.9 2.1 1.0
For-hire truck 32.4 9.1 32.2 3.7 32.0 4.3 0.9
Private truck 43.8 5.2 S S S S 21.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 10.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.8 10.8 31.6 2.2 30.5 2.1 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.8 10.8 31.6 2.2 30.5 2.1 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.9 41.7 42.1 6.3
Single modes 17.6 7.0 42.9 4.4 43.3 4.2 5.0
Truck 26.3 9.1 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 30.2 7.4 S S S S 15.1
Private truck 48.7 6.3 49.7 12.3 49.8 12.4 25.8
Rail 38.0 8.9 43.4 14.1 43.6 14.0 15.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 6.8 S S S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.1 0.5 42.9 0.5 11.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 S S 49.5 3.4
Single modes 21.6 7.3 S S 49.8 2.4 8.2
Truck 20.6 6.9 S S S S 5.8
For-hire truck 21.4 7.8 46.0 8.8 49.0 8.2 4.8
Private truck 33.4 7.5 S S S S 17.8
Rail S S S S S S 30.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 7.3 38.5 2.3 40.2 2.4 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 7.2 44.6 2.3 47.2 2.4 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 S S 47.5 5.5
Single modes 25.4 6.5 S S 48.4 2.7 7.2
Truck 23.9 8.1 S S S S 2.6
For-hire truck 25.7 9.0 S S S S 2.6
Private truck 41.7 8.6 37.8 11.7 34.9 11.6 16.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.1 6.6 39.3 2.8 38.7 2.7 5.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.1 6.6 39.3 2.8 38.7 2.7 5.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.1 38.7 26.4 13.2
Single modes 17.2 2.7 38.9 0.5 26.5 0.5 18.6
Truck 17.6 2.5 40.6 2.8 28.6 4.5 5.2
For-hire truck 25.8 6.0 47.2 7.7 33.8 8.0 8.1
Private truck 22.7 4.9 49.7 7.6 S S 6.4
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.5 0.8 39.7 38.0 15.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.8 2.7 19.9 0.5 21.4 0.5 8.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.8 2.7 19.9 0.5 21.4 0.5 8.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 41.4 39.5 5.2
Single modes 35.6 7.8 41.5 2.1 39.5 1.9 6.2
Truck 39.6 12.5 44.2 17.8 42.7 17.9 2.5
For-hire truck 42.5 14.3 48.2 15.1 47.7 15.4 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 28.1
Rail 46.1 10.8 43.5 19.3 41.3 19.4 24.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.1 7.2 23.0 2.1 23.6 1.8 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.1 7.2 23.0 2.1 23.6 1.8 5.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.2 39.3 40.3 1.0
Single modes 45.6 13.8 42.7 14.6 42.5 14.6 15.0
Truck 45.8 8.6 42.8 14.5 42.5 14.5 14.9
For-hire truck S S 44.3 15.4 43.9 15.4 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 13.8 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 13.8 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.0 S S S S 0.8
Single modes 24.4 8.6 S S S S 3.4
Truck 25.5 7.4 43.6 13.6 44.0 13.8 1.4
For-hire truck 33.4 8.5 46.9 13.1 47.4 13.3 1.9
Private truck S S 46.8 1.9 46.7 1.9 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 8.9 S S S S 12.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.4 6.9 23.7 10.0 23.9 10.0 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.4 6.9 23.7 10.0 23.9 10.0 0.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.6 25.3 27.9 3.8
Single modes 20.4 7.2 24.8 4.3 27.1 4.4 5.7
Truck 22.4 6.7 27.4 7.0 31.0 7.4 4.0
For-hire truck 24.6 6.6 29.3 9.0 33.1 8.7 3.1
Private truck 25.4 4.2 31.0 3.2 31.7 3.0 8.5
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 6.3 39.8 0.3 S S 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 6.3 38.7 0.1 38.4 0.3 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 24.4 24.0 1.1
Single modes S S 28.9 6.1 28.5 6.1 4.2
Truck 31.6 7.2 35.4 9.1 35.7 9.3 0.5
For-hire truck 33.0 6.2 38.9 9.1 39.0 9.1 0.7
Private truck 47.6 3.2 S S S S 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.7 0.9 S S 4.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.3 10.4 18.3 2.5 18.1 2.6 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.3 10.4 18.3 2.5 18.1 2.6 0.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.1 22.6 22.6 1.9
Single modes 27.0 10.4 24.3 9.6 24.4 9.6 2.1
Truck 29.2 10.4 34.9 13.4 35.1 13.5 0.9
For-hire truck 34.3 9.4 38.2 12.9 38.2 12.8 0.9
Private truck S S 45.6 9.2 44.7 9.3 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.9 10.0 26.4 1.1 25.6 1.0 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.9 10.0 26.4 1.1 25.6 1.0 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 S S S S 6.9
Single modes 37.2 16.9 S S S S 25.6
Truck 37.2 17.0 S S S S 21.5
For-hire truck 37.2 17.0 S S S S 21.5
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 8.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 8.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.4 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 23.4 8.4 S S S S 4.6
Truck 23.7 8.4 S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck 24.3 8.6 23.0 19.2 23.0 19.2 1.5
Private truck 46.7 1.4 S S S S 18.3
Rail S S S S S S 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.4 1.5 37.1 0.2 38.0 0.3 16.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.4 8.5 31.4 10.3 31.1 10.3 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 8.0 27.5 3.1 27.1 3.3 1.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.2 S S S S 12.1
Single modes 20.2 9.9 S S S S 17.5
Truck 21.8 10.7 S S S S 13.5
For-hire truck 24.0 10.6 S S S S 13.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.9 9.5 46.6 0.1 46.2 0.3 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.5 10.0 38.5 10.5 37.5 10.5 8.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.5 10.0 38.5 10.5 37.5 10.5 8.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 S S S S 0.7
Single modes 24.6 6.2 S S S S 4.2
Truck 26.4 6.8 S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck 27.5 7.8 S S S S 1.7
Private truck 32.2 1.3 38.0 3.7 36.5 3.4 15.5
Rail 46.5 5.6 46.6 10.1 46.8 10.4 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.9 0.4 S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.5 6.1 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.8 6.4 28.4 0.7 28.4 0.7 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.2 22.9 22.4 0.9
Single modes 29.6 7.2 23.4 7.8 24.2 7.6 2.1
Truck 34.2 7.5 30.6 10.5 30.5 10.6 1.1
For-hire truck 35.7 7.7 35.6 11.3 35.8 11.4 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34.3 2.8 S S S S 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.4 7.3 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.3 7.6 46.0 3.5 44.7 3.2 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.1 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 5.3 S S S S 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 5.3 S S S S 10.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.7 46.7 47.2 0.9
Single modes S S 48.0 5.6 48.5 5.6 1.8
Truck S S 48.0 6.1 48.5 6.2 0.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 4.9 47.8 0.7 48.1 0.8 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 11.6 30.5 5.5 29.9 5.5 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 11.6 30.5 5.5 29.9 5.5 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 S S S S 11.1
Single modes 25.5 2.8 S S S S 6.8
Truck 25.5 2.8 S S S S 6.7
For-hire truck 28.0 9.4 S S S S 7.2
Private truck 39.2 9.6 46.2 13.4 45.0 13.8 18.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.9 2.8 40.4 1.6 35.9 1.4 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.9 2.8 40.4 1.6 35.9 1.4 21.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 30.5 11.4 S S S S 4.8
Truck 34.3 9.5 S S S S 1.7
For-hire truck 40.0 8.7 S S S S 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 8.5 36.0 2.6 37.0 2.8 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.3 8.4 35.4 1.1 34.4 1.0 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.6 19.8 23.5 3.8
Single modes 9.4 3.1 19.9 0.3 23.6 0.3 6.3
Truck 10.2 4.4 32.5 9.4 30.6 8.8 6.3
For-hire truck 11.5 4.9 45.5 9.7 39.5 9.0 5.8
Private truck 30.3 1.7 S S S S 11.3
Rail S S 28.7 9.4 35.5 8.9 12.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.7 2.2 S S S S 2.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 10.5 3.1 S S S S 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 10.4 3.1 24.6 0.1 22.6 0.2 4.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.5 19.8 27.0 4.5
Single modes 17.5 4.2 24.2 9.8 19.3 13.0 5.2
Truck 17.9 4.4 24.1 12.3 23.8 12.5 5.2
For-hire truck 31.8 8.7 27.1 7.8 26.0 9.0 1.1
Private truck 31.4 10.1 29.9 7.9 31.2 7.9 7.1
Rail 33.5 0.8 S S 47.7 9.5 24.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.9 2.9 S S S S 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.1 1.6 36.9 0.2 37.4 0.2 4.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.4
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 40.6 S S S

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 21.0 22.5 1.2
Single modes 25.8 10.0 21.6 6.8 23.1 6.6 2.2
Truck 31.5 12.6 35.3 15.7 35.1 16.2 1.1
For-hire truck 31.8 11.8 36.4 14.0 36.2 14.3 1.1
Private truck 48.9 1.7 S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 10.0 29.3 6.7 29.6 6.6 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 10.0 29.3 6.7 29.6 6.6 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.6 20.5 21.9 4.5
Single modes 26.1 6.8 22.6 5.3 24.7 5.8 6.3
Truck 28.5 7.6 18.6 6.5 19.4 7.3 1.9
For-hire truck 26.8 7.3 19.2 6.8 19.9 7.5 2.0
Private truck S S 40.8 1.4 40.6 1.4 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39.6 2.4 43.8 42.4 6.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.6 6.8 39.2 5.3 39.8 5.8 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.8 5.8 41.5 2.8 42.5 3.2 3.9
Truck and rail 45.1 4.0 42.5 5.5 42.6 6.0 21.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 S S S S 4.5
Single modes 28.6 11.5 S S S S 11.6
Truck 28.7 12.6 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck 28.9 12.2 S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.3 11.5 46.8 19.3 46.3 19.2 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 11.5 46.8 19.3 46.3 19.2 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.1 23.6 23.4 4.1
Single modes S S 23.7 1.8 23.4 1.7 6.5
Truck S S 22.7 3.7 21.5 4.2 1.9
For-hire truck 22.3 10.1 22.3 4.5 21.3 5.0 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.0 8.1 42.1 1.8 41.7 1.7 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.0 8.1 42.1 1.8 41.7 1.7 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.4 S S S S 8.5
Single modes 12.4 4.8 S S S S 10.4
Truck 13.4 4.8 S S S S 8.1
For-hire truck 27.8 6.7 25.1 13.0 30.2 12.5 9.8
Private truck 19.6 7.2 S S S S 9.9
Rail 44.5 1.8 40.3 7.4 47.7 6.7 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 38.6 5.0 24.7 0.2 24.7 0.3 14.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.6 5.0 24.7 0.2 24.7 0.3 14.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.