Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 82,477 100.0 48,894 100.0 5,255 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,006 26.7 36,758 75.2 641 12.2
50 to 99 miles 16,773 20.3 5,495 11.2 486 9.2
100 to 249 miles 15,045 18.2 3,206 6.6 615 11.7
250 to 499 miles 5,422 6.6 982 2.0 490 9.3
500 to 749 miles 5,764 7.0 883 1.8 681 13.0
750 to 999 miles 5,318 6.4 695 1.4 711 13.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,455 6.6 509 1.0 700 13.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,601 3.2 142 0.3 290 5.5
2,000 miles or more 4,095 5.0 225 0.5 642 12.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 63,563 100.0 47,791 100.0 4,731 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,900 31.3 36,332 76.0 633 13.4
50 to 99 miles 13,892 21.9 5,316 11.1 470 9.9
100 to 249 miles 12,548 19.7 3,080 6.4 591 12.5
250 to 499 miles 3,611 5.7 918 1.9 461 9.7
500 to 749 miles 3,745 5.9 806 1.7 620 13.1
750 to 999 miles 2,815 4.4 616 1.3 633 13.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,086 4.9 438 0.9 604 12.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,954 3.1 117 0.2 240 5.1
2,000 miles or more 2,013 3.2 168 0.4 479 10.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 61,768 100.0 47,291 100.0 4,348 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,897 32.2 36,332 76.8 633 14.6
50 to 99 miles 13,493 21.8 5,315 11.2 470 10.8
100 to 249 miles 12,303 19.9 2,985 6.3 557 12.8
250 to 499 miles 3,517 5.7 626 1.3 260 6.0
500 to 749 miles 3,688 6.0 729 1.5 551 12.7
750 to 999 miles 2,688 4.4 615 1.3 633 14.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,817 4.6 421 0.9 576 13.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,671 2.7 116 0.2 238 5.5
2,000 miles or more 1,694 2.7 151 0.3 429 9.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 35,084 100.0 11,462 100.0 3,046 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,768 10.7 5,220 45.5 124 4.1
50 to 99 miles 7,824 22.3 2,139 18.7 183 6.0
100 to 249 miles 8,911 25.4 1,735 15.1 342 11.2
250 to 499 miles 3,077 8.8 546 4.8 229 7.5
500 to 749 miles 3,355 9.6 670 5.8 506 16.6
750 to 999 miles 2,431 6.9 588 5.1 605 19.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,545 7.3 318 2.8 438 14.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,573 4.5 105 0.9 215 7.1
2,000 miles or more 1,601 4.6 142 1.2 404 13.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 26,478 100.0 35,640 100.0 1,290 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,026 60.5 31,017 87.0 506 39.2
50 to 99 miles 5,569 21.0 3,082 8.6 279 21.6
100 to 249 miles 3,392 12.8 1,251 3.5 215 16.7
250 to 499 miles 440 1.7 80 0.2 31 2.4
500 to 749 miles 334 1.3 60 0.2 45 3.5
750 to 999 miles 257 1.0 28 28 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 272 1.0 103 0.3 138 10.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 96 0.4 11 23 1.8
2,000 miles or more 93 0.4 9 26 2.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 121 100.0 489 100.0 368 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 60 49.8 292 59.7 200 54.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,673 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 1 7.1 1.5
100 to 249 miles 227 13.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 33 2.0 3.4 S S
500 to 749 miles 49 2.9 1 10.0 1 6.4
750 to 999 miles 121 7.3 1 7.4 1 5.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 253 15.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 5.9 1 8.0
2,000 miles or more 305 18.2 3 29.5 9 56.2

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 17,104 100.0 651 100.0 396 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,490 8.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,652 15.5 74 11.3 7 1.8
100 to 249 miles 2,265 13.2 78 12.0 16 4.0
250 to 499 miles 1,770 10.4 49 7.4 22 5.5
500 to 749 miles 1,802 10.5 52 8.0 40 10.2
750 to 999 miles 2,383 13.9 51 7.8 51 13.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,102 12.3 51 7.8 70 17.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 624 3.7 20 3.1 40 10.1
2,000 miles or more 2,014 11.8 50 7.8 145 36.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 17,068 100.0 434 100.0 375 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,470 8.6 36 8.3 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 2,650 15.5 55 12.8 6 1.5
100 to 249 miles 2,263 13.3 78 18.0 16 4.1
250 to 499 miles 1,770 10.4 49 11.2 22 5.8
500 to 749 miles 1,798 10.5 47 10.8 36 9.6
750 to 999 miles 2,383 14.0 51 11.8 51 13.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,102 12.3 51 11.7 70 18.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 624 3.7 20 4.7 40 10.7
2,000 miles or more 2,008 11.8 47 10.8 133 35.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S 21 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,811 100.0 453 100.0 128 100.0
Less than 50 miles 615 34.0 200 44.2 2 1.9
50 to 99 miles 230 12.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 232 12.8 47 10.5 8 6.5
250 to 499 miles 41 2.2 16 3.5 7 5.7
500 to 749 miles S S 25 5.6 20 15.9
750 to 999 miles 120 6.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 20 4.4 26 20.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 5 1.1 11 8.4
2,000 miles or more 68 3.8 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.