Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 82,477 100.0 48,894 100.0 5,255 100.0 1,072
Less than 50 lbs 14,540 17.6 300 0.6 212 4.0 1,178
50 to 99 lbs 4,873 5.9 172 0.4 68 1.3 398
100 to 499 lbs 13,747 16.7 1,384 2.8 295 5.6 224
500 to 749 lbs 3,668 4.4 412 0.8 106 2.0 258
750 to 999 lbs 3,272 4.0 359 0.7 105 2.0 292
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21,242 25.8 5,045 10.3 1,106 21.0 233
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,320 23.4 32,993 67.5 2,711 51.6 95
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,366 1.7 4,372 8.9 209 4.0 49
100,000 lbs or more 450 0.5 3,857 7.9 444 8.5 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 63,563 100.0 47,791 100.0 4,731 100.0 207
Less than 50 lbs 4,375 6.9 108 0.2 18 0.4 254
50 to 99 lbs 1,819 2.9 95 0.2 12 0.2 119
100 to 499 lbs 10,156 16.0 1,211 2.5 191 4.0 151
500 to 749 lbs 3,236 5.1 389 0.8 91 1.9 234
750 to 999 lbs 2,813 4.4 346 0.7 93 2.0 269
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,348 32.0 4,922 10.3 1,051 22.2 224
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,027 29.9 32,724 68.5 2,634 55.7 92
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,363 2.1 4,333 9.1 207 4.4 49
100,000 lbs or more 425 0.7 S S 436 9.2 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 61,768 100.0 47,291 100.0 4,348 100.0 121
Less than 50 lbs 3,665 5.9 104 0.2 10 0.2 80
50 to 99 lbs 1,525 2.5 94 0.2 10 0.2 108
100 to 499 lbs 9,532 15.4 1,208 2.6 186 4.3 146
500 to 749 lbs 3,215 5.2 388 0.8 90 2.1 234
750 to 999 lbs 2,806 4.5 345 0.7 93 2.1 269
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,324 32.9 4,920 10.4 1,045 24.0 223
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,016 30.8 32,716 69.2 2,606 59.9 91
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,363 2.2 4,333 9.2 207 4.8 49
100,000 lbs or more 323 0.5 S S 100 2.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 35,084 100.0 11,462 100.0 3,046 100.0 555
Less than 50 lbs 1,098 3.1 13 0.1 6 0.2 408
50 to 99 lbs 504 1.4 10 6 0.2 625
100 to 499 lbs 5,613 16.0 202 1.8 147 4.8 732
500 to 749 lbs 2,320 6.6 116 1.0 73 2.4 632
750 to 999 lbs 2,130 6.1 94 0.8 79 2.6 850
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,226 37.7 1,330 11.6 772 25.3 628
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 9,545 27.2 7,569 66.0 1,784 58.6 298
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 562 1.6 1,831 16.0 113 3.7 65
100,000 lbs or more 87 0.2 299 2.6 65 2.1 315

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 26,478 100.0 35,640 100.0 1,290 100.0 41
Less than 50 lbs 2,566 9.7 91 0.3 4 0.3 37
50 to 99 lbs 1,021 3.9 84 0.2 4 0.3 48
100 to 499 lbs 3,720 14.1 820 2.3 27 2.1 34
500 to 749 lbs 894 3.4 272 0.8 18 1.4 63
750 to 999 lbs 675 2.6 252 0.7 14 1.1 54
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,093 26.8 3,588 10.1 273 21.2 66
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 9,471 35.8 25,146 70.6 822 63.7 36
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 801 3.0 2,503 7.0 94 7.3 37
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 35 2.7 18

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 121 100.0 489 100.0 368 100.0 1,080
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 985
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,140
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,158
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 102 84.7 479 98.0 336 91.3 716

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,673 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0 1,855
Less than 50 lbs 705 42.2 S S S S 1,871
50 to 99 lbs 294 17.6 1 7.6 1 7.1 1,361
100 to 499 lbs 625 37.3 4 39.1 6 38.1 1,433
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 674
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21 1.3 4.8 1 6.2 1,986
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 17,104 100.0 651 100.0 396 100.0 1,276
Less than 50 lbs 9,937 58.1 186 28.5 194 48.9 1,289
50 to 99 lbs 2,971 17.4 76 11.7 57 14.3 744
100 to 499 lbs 3,334 19.5 145 22.3 100 25.1 664
500 to 749 lbs 370 2.2 15 2.3 13 3.3 872
750 to 999 lbs S S 11 1.7 S S 1,009
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 S S S S 1,079
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 17,068 100.0 434 100.0 375 100.0 1,276
Less than 50 lbs 9,937 58.2 186 42.8 194 51.7 1,289
50 to 99 lbs 2,971 17.4 76 17.5 57 15.1 744
100 to 499 lbs 3,334 19.5 145 33.5 100 26.6 664
500 to 749 lbs 370 2.2 15 3.4 13 3.5 871
750 to 999 lbs S S 11 2.6 S S 997
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S 21 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,267
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 5,452
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 312
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,811 100.0 453 100.0 128 100.0 121
Less than 50 lbs 228 12.6 6 1.3 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 83 4.6 1 0.3 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 256 14.1 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs 62 3.4 S S S S 242
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 886 48.9 122 26.9 53 41.8 505
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 248 54.8 66 51.8 360
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 51
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.