Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82,477 100.0 48,894 100.0 5,255 100.0 1,072
Single modes 63,563 77.1 47,791 97.7 4,731 90.0 207
Truck3 61,768 74.9 47,291 96.7 4,348 82.7 121
For-hire Truck 35,084 42.5 11,462 23.4 3,046 58.0 555
Private Truck 26,478 32.1 35,640 72.9 1,290 24.6 41
Rail 121 0.1 489 1.0 368 7.0 1,080
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,673 2.0 10 15 0.3 1,855
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 17,104 20.7 651 1.3 396 7.5 1,276
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,068 20.7 434 0.9 375 7.1 1,276
Truck and rail S S S S 21 0.4 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,811 2.2 453 0.9 128 2.4 121

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 552
Single modes S S S S S S 88
Truck3 S S S S S S 84
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 84
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 750
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 816
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 816
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 98
Single modes S S S S S S 82
Truck3 S S S S S S 82
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 91
Private Truck S S S S S S 80
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 112
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 112
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 312
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 38

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 318 100.0 63 100.0 3 100.0 S
Single modes 318 100.0 63 100.0 3 100.0 S
Truck3 318 99.8 63 99.9 2 92.5 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 0.8 S
Private Truck 314 98.7 62 98.4 2 91.7 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,146
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,316 100.0 434 100.0 S S 48
Single modes 1,315 99.9 434 100.0 S S 48
Truck3 1,315 99.9 434 100.0 S S 48
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 65
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 181
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 181
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,152 100.0 1,928 100.0 331 100.0 S
Single modes 2,135 99.2 1,926 99.9 328 99.2 S
Truck3 2,135 99.2 1,926 99.9 328 99.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,030 47.9 695 36.0 249 75.1 856
Private Truck 1,105 51.3 1,231 63.9 80 24.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 S S 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 S S 1,017
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,212 100.0 600 100.0 17 100.0 30
Single modes 1,212 100.0 600 100.0 17 100.0 30
Truck3 1,212 100.0 600 100.0 17 100.0 30
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 41
Private Truck 1,211 99.9 600 100.0 17 100.0 30
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 29
Single modes S S S S S S 29
Truck3 S S S S S S 29
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 16 100.0 1 100.0 53
Single modes 1 97.4 16 98.1 1 98.4 53
Truck3 1 97.4 16 98.1 1 98.4 53
For-hire Truck 1 41.2 6 39.0 40.0 52
Private Truck 1 56.2 9 59.2 58.4 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 3,048 100.0 51 100.0 18
Single modes 24 99.1 3,034 99.5 51 99.8 17
Truck3 24 99.1 3,034 99.5 51 99.8 17
For-hire Truck 7 28.6 718 23.6 14 28.0 23
Private Truck 17 70.5 2,316 76.0 37 71.8 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 103
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 103
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 93 100.0 9,310 100.0 157 100.0 15
Single modes 93 99.2 9,216 99.0 151 96.1 15
Truck3 93 99.2 9,216 99.0 151 96.1 15
For-hire Truck 18 19.6 1,932 20.8 35 22.2 18
Private Truck 74 79.7 7,284 78.2 116 73.8 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,150 100.0 283 100.0 113
Single modes S S 1,106 96.2 283 99.9 132
Truck3 S S 860 74.8 145 51.1 113
For-hire Truck 23 31.8 604 52.5 136 48.1 215
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 9 12.7 247 21.4 138 48.8 559
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 39
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 39
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 998 100.0 2,996 100.0 77 100.0 35
Single modes 998 100.0 2,996 100.0 77 100.0 35
Truck3 998 100.0 2,996 100.0 77 100.0 35
For-hire Truck 391 39.2 1,187 39.6 31 40.1 26
Private Truck 607 60.8 1,808 60.4 46 59.9 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 28 100.0 16
Single modes S S S S 28 98.4 17
Truck3 S S S S 28 98.4 17
For-hire Truck 54 12.1 205 11.3 5 18.7 32
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,195 100.0 S S 143
Single modes S S 1,193 99.9 S S 146
Truck3 S S 1,193 99.9 S S 146
For-hire Truck S S 144 12.0 S S 435
Private Truck S S 1,050 87.8 22 32.2 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 127
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 127
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 51

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 869 100.0 513 100.0 111 100.0 213
Single modes 820 94.4 510 99.4 109 97.8 242
Truck3 817 94.1 510 99.4 109 97.7 199
For-hire Truck 778 89.6 213 41.5 79 71.1 243
Private Truck 37 4.2 S S S S 90
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,740
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.3 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,207
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 812
Single modes S S S S S S 811
Truck3 S S S S S S 687
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 725
Private Truck S S S S S S 141
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,784
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,302 15.2 S S S S 817
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,302 15.2 S S S S 817
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 136

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 594
Single modes S S S S S S 594
Truck3 S S S S S S 594
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 594
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,609 100.0 1,354 100.0 205 100.0 666
Single modes 3,281 90.9 1,336 98.7 192 93.5 217
Truck3 3,278 90.8 1,336 98.6 191 93.3 187
For-hire Truck 2,884 79.9 S S 178 86.9 400
Private Truck 395 10.9 99 7.3 S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,656
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 282 7.8 15 1.1 13 6.3 889
Parcel, USPS or courier 282 7.8 15 1.1 13 6.3 889
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 110

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,994 100.0 1,230 100.0 296 100.0 S
Single modes 3,146 78.8 1,185 96.4 269 91.0 S
Truck3 3,056 76.5 1,104 89.8 211 71.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,307 32.7 292 23.7 175 59.3 956
Private Truck 1,553 38.9 S S 25 8.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 731
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,401
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 19 1.6 S S 873
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 0.9 12 4.0 871
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,901
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 17 100.0 2 100.0 105
Single modes 28 100.0 17 100.0 2 100.0 105
Truck3 28 100.0 17 100.0 2 100.0 105
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 70
Private Truck 28 100.0 17 100.0 2 100.0 105
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 825 100.0 688 100.0 69 100.0 176
Single modes 800 96.9 663 96.4 57 81.9 81
Truck3 795 96.3 659 95.7 42 60.3 77
For-hire Truck 45 5.4 S S S S 529
Private Truck 750 90.9 596 86.6 31 45.0 62
Rail S S S S S S 3,358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 0.6 S S 1,106
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 0.6 S S 1,106
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 354

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,253 100.0 1,329 100.0 520 100.0 523
Single modes 1,188 94.8 1,307 98.3 509 97.8 462
Truck3 1,187 94.7 1,303 98.0 500 96.1 462
For-hire Truck 751 59.9 869 65.4 465 89.5 1,068
Private Truck 436 34.8 434 32.6 34 6.6 53
Rail S S S S S S 2,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 215
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 665
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 665
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 586

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,467 100.0 558 100.0 158 100.0 437
Single modes 1,348 91.9 545 97.7 153 97.2 S
Truck3 1,348 91.9 545 97.7 153 97.2 S
For-hire Truck 842 57.4 332 59.6 138 87.6 443
Private Truck 506 34.5 213 38.1 15 9.5 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,280
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 49 3.3 2 0.4 S S 1,347
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 3.3 2 0.4 S S 1,346
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,452
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 11 1.9 S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,106 100.0 238 100.0 94 100.0 656
Single modes 715 23.0 154 64.6 44 47.2 S
Truck3 711 22.9 153 64.5 44 47.0 304
For-hire Truck 490 15.8 S S 43 45.4 658
Private Truck 215 6.9 26 10.9 1 1.5 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 939
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,123 68.4 73 30.5 42 45.1 688
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,123 68.4 73 30.5 42 45.1 688
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,573 100.0 338 100.0 195 100.0 1,017
Single modes 2,626 73.5 281 83.1 S S 519
Truck3 2,613 73.1 281 83.0 S S 401
For-hire Truck 2,293 64.2 192 56.8 S S 453
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,270
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 767 21.5 33 9.8 27 14.1 1,103
Parcel, USPS or courier 767 21.5 33 9.8 27 14.1 1,103
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 807 100.0 S S 185 100.0 490
Single modes 649 80.4 S S 155 84.0 S
Truck3 646 80.0 S S 155 84.0 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 979
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,727
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 151 18.8 S S 11 6.1 881
Parcel, USPS or courier 130 16.0 7 6 3.2 884
Truck and rail S S S S S S 52
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 7 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,509 100.0 S S 619 100.0 258
Single modes 2,445 97.5 S S 609 98.4 213
Truck3 2,416 96.3 S S 476 76.9 199
For-hire Truck 1,209 48.2 675 19.3 288 46.6 453
Private Truck 1,207 48.1 S S 188 30.4 114
Rail S S S S S S 880
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,027
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 56 2.2 3 2 0.3 520
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 2.2 3 2 0.3 520
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.3 8 0.2 8 1.3 508

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,498 100.0 1,055 100.0 383 100.0 S
Single modes 2,442 69.8 999 94.7 341 88.9 S
Truck3 2,435 69.6 999 94.7 340 88.7 S
For-hire Truck 1,505 43.0 477 45.2 292 76.1 1,004
Private Truck 929 26.6 S S 48 12.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,944
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.2 1,355
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 944 27.0 28 2.7 S S 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 944 27.0 28 2.7 S S 671
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 27 2.6 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,966 100.0 215 100.0 167 100.0 561
Single modes 5,667 81.3 187 87.2 148 88.4 435
Truck3 5,456 78.3 186 86.5 146 87.3 384
For-hire Truck 4,713 67.7 170 79.3 137 82.1 770
Private Truck 743 10.7 16 7.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 985
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 206 3.0 1 0.7 S S 1,182
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,147 16.5 21 9.9 18 10.6 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,147 16.5 21 9.9 18 10.6 643
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 383

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,953 100.0 200 100.0 186 100.0 1,043
Single modes 3,450 49.6 142 71.1 131 70.5 1,171
Truck3 3,003 43.2 138 68.7 125 67.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,647 38.1 106 53.0 123 66.4 583
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 447 6.4 S S S S 1,887
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,187 45.8 45 22.6 38 20.5 980
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,187 45.8 45 22.6 38 20.5 980
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 13 6.3 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,620 100.0 165 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,481 91.4 160 96.8 S S S
Truck3 1,477 91.2 160 96.8 S S S
For-hire Truck 699 43.1 68 41.3 S S 450
Private Truck 779 48.1 92 55.5 3 12.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,344
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 603
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 603
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,920 100.0 6 100.0 S S 1,197
Single modes 1,035 53.9 S S S S 484
Truck3 693 36.1 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 294 15.3 S S S S S
Private Truck 399 20.8 1 14.8 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6.5 1 7.3 1,762
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 782 40.7 S S S S 1,582
Parcel, USPS or courier 782 40.7 S S S S 1,582
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,305

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,706 100.0 68 100.0 67 100.0 806
Single modes 1,595 27.9 50 73.2 45 67.0 S
Truck3 1,313 23.0 50 73.1 45 66.8 S
For-hire Truck 886 15.5 33 48.1 34 50.2 602
Private Truck 425 7.4 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 S S 1,694
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,013 70.3 16 23.3 S S 1,007
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,013 70.3 16 23.3 S S 1,007
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 505

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,928 100.0 241 100.0 S S 359
Single modes 1,847 95.8 232 96.4 46 84.7 146
Truck3 1,846 95.8 232 96.4 46 84.7 146
For-hire Truck 369 19.2 S S S S 686
Private Truck 1,477 76.6 S S S S 59
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,223
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,154
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,154
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,612 100.0 S S 309 100.0 1,342
Single modes 3,556 77.1 S S 184 59.6 335
Truck3 3,508 76.1 S S 183 59.3 300
For-hire Truck 2,227 48.3 136 15.2 119 38.7 673
Private Truck 1,281 27.8 S S 63 20.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.3 1,841
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 920 19.9 100 11.2 S S 1,352
Parcel, USPS or courier 920 19.9 100 11.2 S S 1,352
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 357
Single modes S S S S S S 362
Truck3 S S S S S S 362
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 407
Private Truck S S 12 8.4 S S 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 131

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,288 100.0 S S 281 100.0 S
Single modes 10,040 97.6 S S 275 98.0 54
Truck3 10,038 97.6 S S 275 98.0 54
For-hire Truck 1,581 15.4 195 5.9 35 12.5 S
Private Truck 8,457 82.2 S S S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,251
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 215 2.1 19 0.6 5 1.9 356
Parcel, USPS or courier 215 2.1 19 0.6 5 1.9 356
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 88 100.0 71 100.0 S S 426
Single modes 64 73.2 70 99.7 S S S
Truck3 53 60.2 S S 5 24.3 S
For-hire Truck 42 47.4 S S 5 23.3 S
Private Truck S S S S 0.9 32
Rail S S S S S S 3,174
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 905
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 S S 1,202
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 S S 1,202
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.