Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82,477 100.0 48,894 100.0 5,255 100.0 1,072
Single modes 63,563 77.1 47,791 97.7 4,731 90.0 207
Truck 61,768 74.9 47,291 96.7 4,348 82.7 121
For-hire truck 35,084 42.5 11,462 23.4 3,046 58.0 555
Private truck 26,478 32.1 35,640 72.9 1,290 24.6 41
Rail 121 0.1 489 1.0 368 7.0 1,080
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,673 2.0 10 15 0.3 1,855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 17,104 20.7 651 1.3 396 7.5 1,276
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,068 20.7 434 0.9 375 7.1 1,276
Truck and rail S S S S 21 0.4 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,811 2.2 453 0.9 128 2.4 121

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 358 100.0 43 100.0 49 100.0 1,147
Single modes 112 31.4 36 82.7 41 83.6 1,175
Truck 108 30.2 36 82.7 41 83.5 1,122
For-hire truck 90 25.2 31 72.0 35 71.8 1,104
Private truck S S S S S S 1,272
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,411
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 241 67.3 4 10.4 5 10.3 1,147
Parcel, USPS or courier 241 67.3 4 10.4 5 10.3 1,147
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,030

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 2,728
Single modes S S S S S S 4,362
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,362
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,580
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,580
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 533 100.0 28 100.0 72 100.0 2,538
Single modes 298 56.0 20 71.6 51 71.4 2,501
Truck 268 50.3 20 70.9 51 70.7 2,536
For-hire truck 264 49.6 20 69.9 50 69.7 2,536
Private truck S S S S S S 2,535
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,493
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 233 43.7 6 20.0 14 19.9 2,546
Parcel, USPS or courier 233 43.7 6 20.0 14 19.9 2,546
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 S S S S 2,566

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 19 100.0 25 100.0 1,381
Single modes 303 60.8 13 67.8 18 70.0 1,403
Truck S S 13 67.5 18 69.7 1,402
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,407
Private truck S S S S S S 1,365
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,488
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 6.1 1 4.1 1 4.2 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 6.1 1 4.1 1 4.2 1,380
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,305

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,583 100.0 143 100.0 421 100.0 2,871
Single modes 1,406 54.4 108 75.5 317 75.3 2,760
Truck 1,190 46.0 100 69.8 292 69.3 2,933
For-hire truck 1,141 44.2 98 68.2 285 67.7 2,933
Private truck S S S S S S 2,926
Rail S S S S S S 3,205
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 208 8.1 2 1.3 5 1.2 2,688
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,164 45.1 32 22.3 95 22.5 2,875
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,158 44.8 28 19.8 83 19.7 2,875
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,253
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 14 0.5 S S S S 2,900

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 24 100.0 44 100.0 1,830
Single modes 315 52.8 13 56.9 26 57.7 1,957
Truck 206 34.6 13 55.9 25 56.5 1,919
For-hire truck 194 32.5 13 53.9 24 54.5 1,919
Private truck S S S S S S 1,924
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 281 47.0 10 42.4 18 41.7 1,829
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 47.0 10 42.4 18 41.7 1,829
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,939

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,388 100.0 35,927 100.0 626 100.0 24
Single modes 18,424 90.4 35,417 98.6 612 97.7 24
Truck 18,420 90.3 35,417 98.6 612 97.7 23
For-hire truck 2,715 13.3 4,603 12.8 103 16.4 20
Private truck 15,503 76.0 30,626 85.2 498 79.5 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,044
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,380 6.8 S S S S 35
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,358 6.7 31 1 0.2 35
Truck and rail S S S S S S 52
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 583 2.9 271 0.8 S S 13

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 3 100.0 261
Single modes 48 19.7 11 89.0 3 90.0 306
Truck 43 17.7 11 87.5 3 88.2 238
For-hire truck 42 17.3 11 86.6 3 87.3 224
Private truck S S S S S S 259
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 360
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 248
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 4 100.0 1 100.0 343
Single modes 13 25.1 2 64.0 1 64.2 347
Truck 13 25.1 2 64.0 1 64.2 347
For-hire truck 10 20.0 2 57.6 1 57.8 347
Private truck S S S S S S 345
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 74.9 S S S S 343
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 74.9 S S S S 343
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,473 100.0 177 100.0 230 100.0 1,189
Single modes 759 51.5 151 85.3 196 85.4 1,330
Truck 665 45.2 150 85.1 196 85.3 1,309
For-hire truck 600 40.7 87 49.4 111 48.4 1,308
Private truck S S S S S S 1,338
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 S S 1,494
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 644 43.7 22 12.6 29 12.6 1,187
Parcel, USPS or courier 644 43.7 22 12.6 29 12.6 1,187
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,238

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,128 100.0 111 100.0 115 100.0 991
Single modes 523 46.3 101 90.5 104 90.9 1,030
Truck 496 44.0 101 90.4 104 90.8 1,010
For-hire truck 452 40.1 98 87.9 101 88.3 1,010
Private truck S S S S S S 999
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,223
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 597 53.0 10 8.8 10 8.5 987
Parcel, USPS or courier 597 53.0 10 8.8 10 8.5 987
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,005

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20 100.0 1 100.0 3 100.0 5,459
Single modes S S S S S S 5,381
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,381
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 58.6 53.1 1 53.1 5,489
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 58.6 52.7 1 52.8 5,489
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,452
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,476

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,310
Single modes S S S S S S 2,468
Truck S S S S S S 2,462
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,466
Private truck S S S S S S 2,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,943
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 64.5 S S S S 2,310
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 64.5 S S S S 2,310
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,837 100.0 249 100.0 230 100.0 863
Single modes 1,032 56.2 206 82.7 192 83.3 987
Truck 992 54.0 206 82.6 192 83.2 944
For-hire truck 880 47.9 186 74.9 173 75.0 954
Private truck S S 19 7.7 19 8.2 912
Rail S S S S S S 1,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35 1.9 S S S S 1,015
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 569 31.0 19 7.6 18 7.7 859
Parcel, USPS or courier 569 31.0 19 7.6 18 7.7 859
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 873

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 851 100.0 162 100.0 131 100.0 758
Single modes 566 66.5 144 89.3 116 88.9 894
Truck 558 65.6 144 89.2 116 88.8 831
For-hire truck 488 57.3 139 86.2 112 85.8 832
Private truck S S S S S S 821
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.9 0.1 1,526
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 32.6 8 4.7 6 4.7 756
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 32.6 8 4.7 6 4.7 756
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 839

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 461 100.0 S S S S 1,149
Single modes 359 78.0 S S S S 1,138
Truck 358 77.7 S S S S 1,137
For-hire truck 352 76.4 S S S S 1,142
Private truck S S S S S S 1,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,211
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 18.3 4 3.6 5 3.7 1,151
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 18.3 4 3.6 5 3.7 1,151
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,124

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 S S S S 1,427
Single modes 65 50.3 S S 9 39.3 1,453
Truck 64 49.7 S S 9 39.1 1,429
For-hire truck 64 49.2 S S 9 38.1 1,489
Private truck S S S S S S 1,369
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,535
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 29.2 2 9.4 2 9.6 1,424
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 29.2 2 9.4 2 9.6 1,424
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,302

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 432 100.0 58 100.0 50 100.0 851
Single modes 250 57.8 56 96.4 48 96.6 902
Truck 213 49.4 53 91.0 45 90.0 863
For-hire truck 176 40.7 52 89.4 44 88.5 865
Private truck S S S S S S 820
Rail S S S S S S 1,043
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,059
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 181 42.0 2 3.6 2 3.4 844
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 42.0 2 3.6 2 3.4 844
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 832

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0 1,474
Single modes 37 30.5 8 72.7 11 71.6 1,474
Truck 34 27.8 7 71.5 11 70.4 1,444
For-hire truck 29 23.9 7 64.3 10 63.5 1,444
Private truck S S S S S S 1,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,579
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 69.5 3 27.3 4 28.4 1,474
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 69.5 3 27.3 4 28.4 1,474
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,461

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 770 100.0 197 100.0 53 100.0 243
Single modes 626 81.4 183 93.0 49 92.3 269
Truck 611 79.4 170 86.3 44 83.6 249
For-hire truck 412 53.5 90 45.5 26 49.1 264
Private truck S S S S S S 234
Rail S S S S S S 353
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 141 18.3 9 4.8 2 4.0 238
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 18.3 9 4.8 2 4.0 238
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 447

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,736 100.0 299 100.0 85 100.0 256
Single modes 1,340 77.2 285 95.3 81 94.9 310
Truck 1,332 76.7 277 92.6 75 88.1 301
For-hire truck 1,086 62.5 232 77.6 63 74.3 297
Private truck 246 14.2 45 15.0 12 13.8 307
Rail S S S S S S 715
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 382 22.0 12 4.1 4 4.3 255
Parcel, USPS or courier 382 22.0 12 4.1 4 4.3 255
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,323 100.0 3,007 100.0 262 100.0 89
Single modes 6,370 87.0 2,963 98.5 258 98.4 77
Truck 6,366 86.9 2,963 98.5 258 98.4 75
For-hire truck 2,403 32.8 957 31.8 71 27.1 92
Private truck 3,963 54.1 2,006 66.7 187 71.2 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,278
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 931 12.7 26 0.9 3 1.0 106
Parcel, USPS or courier 931 12.7 26 0.9 3 1.0 106
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 0.3 S S S S 98

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,060 100.0 116 100.0 93 100.0 798
Single modes 614 58.0 100 86.6 81 86.7 803
Truck 608 57.3 100 86.4 81 86.6 784
For-hire truck 542 51.2 95 81.8 76 81.8 787
Private truck S S 5 4.6 4 4.8 748
Rail S S S S S S 586
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.6 S S S S 1,041
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 429 40.5 14 11.8 11 11.5 797
Parcel, USPS or courier 429 40.5 14 11.8 11 11.5 797
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 820

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,270 100.0 71 100.0 99 100.0 1,326
Single modes S S 64 89.2 89 89.6 1,454
Truck S S 63 88.9 88 89.3 1,349
For-hire truck S S 62 87.5 87 87.8 1,348
Private truck S S S S S S 1,427
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,513
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 561 44.2 7 10.2 10 9.7 1,323
Parcel, USPS or courier 561 44.2 7 10.2 10 9.7 1,323
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,362

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 155 100.0 35 100.0 50 100.0 1,303
Single modes 118 76.3 33 95.6 48 96.0 1,281
Truck 102 65.9 17 48.9 22 43.7 1,280
For-hire truck 93 60.3 14 39.4 18 35.2 1,280
Private truck S S S S S S 1,282
Rail S S S S S S 1,615
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,294
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 23.7 2 4.4 2 4.0 1,312
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 23.7 2 4.4 2 4.0 1,312
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 591 100.0 110 100.0 132 100.0 1,243
Single modes 369 62.4 101 91.5 121 91.4 1,216
Truck 275 46.4 101 91.4 120 91.3 1,182
For-hire truck 234 39.6 82 74.8 96 73.1 1,185
Private truck S S S S S S 1,168
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 S S 1,396
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 218 36.8 7 6.1 8 6.3 1,244
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 36.8 7 6.1 8 6.3 1,244
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,122

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,321
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,292
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,291
Private truck S S S S S S 2,313
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,325
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,325
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,192

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 3 100.0 5 100.0 1,393
Single modes S S 3 82.4 4 83.0 1,384
Truck S S 3 81.6 4 82.2 1,381
For-hire truck S S 3 81.6 4 82.2 1,381
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 47.7 1 17.4 1 16.9 1,395
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 47.7 1 17.4 1 16.9 1,395
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,383

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 12 100.0 33 100.0 2,583
Single modes 55 60.7 8 67.2 23 68.5 2,695
Truck 53 58.8 8 66.0 23 67.2 2,698
For-hire truck 16 17.5 S S S S 2,699
Private truck 37 41.3 5 38.2 13 38.8 2,698
Rail S S S S S S 2,944
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,624
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 39.3 S S S S 2,583
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 39.3 S S S S 2,583
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 926 100.0 267 100.0 41 100.0 144
Single modes 746 80.5 257 96.3 39 96.6 155
Truck 746 80.5 257 96.3 39 96.6 152
For-hire truck 358 38.6 83 31.0 13 31.3 164
Private truck 388 41.9 174 65.3 26 65.3 147
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 18.0 6 2.1 1 1.9 139
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 18.0 6 2.1 1 1.9 139
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 162

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,533 100.0 2,046 100.0 239 100.0 151
Single modes 6,443 85.5 1,998 97.6 232 97.0 131
Truck 6,371 84.6 1,905 93.1 199 83.1 123
For-hire truck 5,787 76.8 1,679 82.1 173 72.2 117
Private truck 584 7.8 226 11.1 26 10.9 133
Rail S S S S S S 358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 54 0.7 S S 446
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 870 11.5 24 1.2 4 1.6 158
Parcel, USPS or courier 870 11.5 24 1.2 4 1.6 158
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 220 2.9 25 1.2 4 1.5 119

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7 100.0 15 100.0 2,101
Single modes S S 6 86.5 13 86.6 2,136
Truck S S 6 85.7 13 85.7 2,145
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,147
Private truck S S S S S S 2,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 19.0 1 13.5 2 13.4 2,095
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 19.0 1 13.5 2 13.4 2,095
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,653 100.0 2,670 100.0 361 100.0 104
Single modes 10,357 81.9 2,602 97.5 350 97.1 134
Truck 9,811 77.5 2,600 97.4 350 96.9 128
For-hire truck 6,876 54.3 1,079 40.4 177 49.0 186
Private truck 2,933 23.2 1,520 56.9 173 47.9 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 546 4.3 2 1 0.2 367
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,091 16.5 44 1.6 7 1.9 95
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,091 16.5 44 1.6 7 1.9 95
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 205 1.6 24 0.9 4 1.1 138

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,573 100.0 266 100.0 200 100.0 787
Single modes 1,190 75.6 253 95.1 190 95.2 689
Truck 1,176 74.8 174 65.2 124 62.0 686
For-hire truck 1,080 68.7 136 51.1 97 48.4 692
Private truck S S 38 14.1 27 13.6 636
Rail S S S S S S 835
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 963
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 377 24.0 10 3.9 8 3.8 788
Parcel, USPS or courier 377 24.0 10 3.9 8 3.8 788
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 794

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 3 100.0 6 100.0 1,766
Single modes 30 61.9 S S S S 1,990
Truck 30 61.8 S S S S 1,871
For-hire truck 29 59.8 S S S S 1,871
Private truck S S S S S S 1,884
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,634 100.0 429 100.0 278 100.0 522
Single modes 891 54.5 407 94.8 265 95.3 812
Truck 870 53.3 225 52.4 146 52.5 636
For-hire truck 841 51.5 220 51.4 144 51.6 640
Private truck 29 1.8 S S S S 604
Rail 8 0.5 181 42.3 119 42.6 654
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,027
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 718 43.9 20 4.7 12 4.2 513
Parcel, USPS or courier 718 43.9 20 4.7 12 4.2 513
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25 1.5 S S S S 507

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 220 100.0 17 100.0 26 100.0 1,515
Single modes 147 66.7 12 72.2 19 72.4 1,538
Truck 142 64.4 12 72.1 19 72.3 1,553
For-hire truck S S 11 64.7 17 65.3 1,556
Private truck S S S S S S 1,517
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,457
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 72 32.8 4 26.4 7 26.1 1,515
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 32.8 4 26.4 7 26.1 1,515
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,698

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 258 100.0 15 100.0 48 100.0 3,018
Single modes 90 34.9 11 75.0 36 76.0 3,021
Truck 81 31.2 8 54.1 25 52.2 3,015
For-hire truck 80 31.1 7 45.6 21 44.0 3,014
Private truck S S S S S S 3,030
Rail S S S S S S 3,570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,018
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,017
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,017
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,003

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,068 100.0 650 100.0 183 100.0 235
Single modes 1,986 64.7 604 93.0 169 92.6 481
Truck 1,957 63.8 601 92.5 166 91.0 275
For-hire truck 1,524 49.7 490 75.4 138 75.7 274
Private truck 434 14.1 111 17.1 28 15.3 276
Rail S S S S S S 753
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,084
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,054 34.4 31 4.8 10 5.3 222
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,051 34.3 31 4.7 10 5.2 222
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 312
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 14 2.2 4 2.1 181

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,774 100.0 765 100.0 64 100.0 74
Single modes 1,692 95.4 760 99.3 64 99.4 72
Truck 1,692 95.4 760 99.3 64 99.4 69
For-hire truck 656 37.0 183 23.9 16 24.3 83
Private truck 1,036 58.4 578 75.5 48 75.1 67
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,324
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 78 4.4 4 0.5 0.5 80
Parcel, USPS or courier 78 4.4 4 0.5 0.5 80
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 695 100.0 130 100.0 114 100.0 850
Single modes 536 77.1 126 96.5 S S 868
Truck S S 72 55.2 57 50.1 818
For-hire truck S S 66 50.9 53 46.2 819
Private truck S S S S S S 803
Rail S S S S S S 983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 147 21.2 3 2.0 2 2.0 848
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 21.2 3 2.0 2 2.0 848
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 826

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 4 100.0 6 100.0 1,594
Single modes S S S S S S 1,535
Truck S S S S S S 1,510
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,510
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,719
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 67.5 S S S S 1,598
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 67.5 S S S S 1,598
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,008 100.0 120 100.0 125 100.0 1,021
Single modes 422 41.8 113 93.8 118 94.5 1,014
Truck 416 41.3 113 93.8 118 94.5 1,013
For-hire truck 302 30.0 103 85.6 108 86.3 1,013
Private truck S S S S S S 1,001
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 581 57.6 6 5.3 6 4.9 1,023
Parcel, USPS or courier 581 57.6 6 5.3 6 4.9 1,023
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,286 100.0 158 100.0 300 100.0 1,796
Single modes 1,749 76.5 144 91.3 275 91.7 1,802
Truck 1,523 66.6 139 88.4 264 88.2 1,867
For-hire truck 1,424 62.3 129 82.1 244 81.4 1,868
Private truck S S 10 6.3 20 6.7 1,810
Rail S S S S S S 2,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,702
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 512 22.4 9 6.0 17 5.7 1,795
Parcel, USPS or courier 512 22.4 9 6.0 17 5.7 1,795
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 2.7 8 2.7 1,853

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 S S S S 2,269
Single modes 88 29.9 S S S S 2,276
Truck 55 18.6 S S S S 2,270
For-hire truck 55 18.5 S S S S 2,269
Private truck S S S S S S 2,299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,359
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 207 70.1 3 21.7 6 21.8 2,268
Parcel, USPS or courier 207 70.1 3 21.7 6 21.8 2,268
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 553 100.0 133 100.0 27 100.0 195
Single modes 422 76.4 124 93.8 25 94.7 213
Truck 412 74.5 116 87.5 23 84.9 209
For-hire truck 343 62.1 72 54.3 16 60.6 234
Private truck 69 12.4 44 33.2 6 24.2 178
Rail S S S S S S 311
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 22.4 6 4.3 1 3.5 189
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 22.4 6 4.3 1 3.5 189
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 203

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 886 100.0 149 100.0 75 100.0 507
Single modes 582 65.7 132 89.1 65 86.8 701
Truck 559 63.1 115 77.3 53 70.1 451
For-hire truck 517 58.4 99 66.9 46 61.1 455
Private truck 42 4.7 S S S S 413
Rail S S S S S S 722
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 293 33.1 14 9.6 9 11.5 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 32.6 9 6.1 4 5.6 448
Truck and rail S S S S S S 858
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 628

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 276 100.0 11 100.0 32 100.0 2,918
Single modes 71 25.6 8 72.1 23 72.1 2,780
Truck 49 17.7 7 66.1 21 66.5 2,958
For-hire truck 47 17.1 7 66.0 21 66.4 2,964
Private truck S S S S S S 2,723
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 7.9 S S S S 2,744
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 180 65.2 2 22.0 7 21.8 2,948
Parcel, USPS or courier 180 65.2 2 22.0 7 21.8 2,948
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,028

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 8 100.0 567
Single modes S S S S S S 610
Truck S S S S S S 572
For-hire truck S S S S S S 569
Private truck S S S S S S 606
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 5.7 2 19.2 1 17.6 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 5.7 2 19.2 1 17.6 559
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 798 100.0 64 100.0 66 100.0 1,080
Single modes 359 44.9 57 89.2 59 89.1 1,034
Truck 336 42.0 57 88.6 58 88.5 1,028
For-hire truck 297 37.2 53 82.4 54 82.2 1,027
Private truck 39 4.8 S S S S 1,055
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 440 55.1 7 10.8 7 10.9 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier 440 55.1 7 10.8 7 10.9 1,085
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 S S S S 2,151
Single modes S S S S S S 2,293
Truck S S S S S S 2,293
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,293
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,146
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.