Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75,329 100.0 59,164 100.0 11,267 100.0 512
Single modes 58,870 78.1 57,530 97.2 10,371 92.0 213
Truck 56,030 74.4 53,392 90.2 7,734 68.6 154
For-hire truck 28,296 37.6 15,244 25.8 6,066 53.8 535
Private truck 27,218 36.1 37,757 63.8 1,620 14.4 60
Rail 937 1.2 1,140 1.9 2,114 18.8 1,477
Water 393 0.5 2,616 4.4 362 3.2 4,648
Shallow draft 343 0.5 2,280 3.9 247 2.2 86
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 5,700
Air (including truck and air) 1,459 1.9 S S S S 1,889
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13,956 18.5 924 1.6 690 6.1 830
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,651 18.1 331 0.6 219 1.9 830
Truck and Rail S S S S 139 1.2 813
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,661
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,311
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,036
Other and unknown modes 2,503 3.3 710 1.2 206 1.8 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 S S 270 100.0 1,087
Single modes 258 91.0 S S 270 99.9 1,160
Truck 224 78.8 S S S S 1,104
For-hire truck 204 71.8 S S S S 1,105
Private truck S S S S S S 1,085
Rail 29 10.1 56 24.2 82 30.5 1,477
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 1,064
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,050

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,231
Single modes S S S S S S 4,495
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,495
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,960
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,960
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 414 100.0 S S S S 2,531
Single modes 204 49.2 S S S S 2,565
Truck 35 8.6 S S S S 2,512
For-hire truck 34 8.2 S S S S 2,512
Private truck S S S S S S 2,500
Rail S S S S S S 2,614
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,601
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 11.0 5 10.7 2,519
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 11.0 5 10.7 2,519
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,597

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 415 100.0 229 100.0 320 100.0 1,363
Single modes 346 83.4 222 97.1 311 96.9 1,375
Truck 313 75.5 162 70.7 220 68.8 1,385
For-hire truck 273 65.8 S S S S 1,383
Private truck S S S S S S 1,426
Rail S S S S S S 1,494
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,272
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 12.8 S S S S 1,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 10.6 S S S S 1,360
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,373

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,060 100.0 282 100.0 833 100.0 2,923
Single modes 1,331 43.5 239 84.8 705 84.6 2,916
Truck 816 26.7 222 78.8 650 78.0 2,926
For-hire truck 773 25.3 219 77.5 640 76.8 2,931
Private truck S S S S S S 2,914
Rail 14 0.5 16 5.8 53 6.4 3,260
Water S S S S S S 5,881
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 5,881
Air (including truck and air) 501 16.4 1 0.2 1 0.2 2,744
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,692 55.3 29 10.4 88 10.6 2,925
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,683 55.0 21 7.5 62 7.4 2,925
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,302
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,915

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 21 100.0 39 100.0 1,898
Single modes 66 15.4 S S S S 2,038
Truck 34 8.1 S S S S 1,876
For-hire truck 29 6.9 S S S S 1,876
Private truck S S S S S S 1,889
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 31 7.4 1.2 1 1.4 2,175
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 26.0 1 5.6 2 5.8 1,889
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 26.0 1 5.6 2 5.8 1,889
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,883

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,388 100.0 35,927 100.0 626 100.0 24
Single modes 18,424 90.4 35,417 98.6 612 97.7 24
Truck 18,420 90.3 35,417 98.6 612 97.7 23
For-hire truck 2,715 13.3 4,603 12.8 103 16.4 20
Private truck 15,503 76.0 30,626 85.2 498 79.5 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,044
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,380 6.8 S S S S 35
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,358 6.7 31 1 0.2 35
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 52
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 583 2.9 271 0.8 S S 13

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 372 100.0 S S S S 194
Single modes 331 88.9 S S S S 343
Truck S S 147 29.3 35 34.7 249
For-hire truck S S 112 22.2 26 26.2 253
Private truck 27 7.3 36 7.1 9 8.5 236
Rail
Water 1 0.4 8 1.6 3 2.6 328
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 1 0.4 8 1.6 3 2.6 328
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 613
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 41 11.0 1 0.2 0.2 189
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 11.0 1 0.2 0.2 189
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 227

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 327
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 327
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,204 100.0 434 100.0 569 100.0 1,326
Single modes 965 43.8 394 90.8 515 90.6 1,521
Truck 779 35.3 301 69.5 391 68.6 1,301
For-hire truck 758 34.4 273 63.0 352 61.9 1,303
Private truck S S S S S S 1,213
Rail S S S S S S 1,620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 145 6.6 S S S S 1,722
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 2.2 12 2.2 1,266
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 2.2 12 2.2 1,266
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,300

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 491 100.0 243 100.0 260 100.0 988
Single modes 369 75.1 231 95.0 247 95.3 988
Truck 317 64.6 164 67.4 163 62.9 975
For-hire truck 233 47.4 108 44.5 107 41.2 971
Private truck 84 17.1 S S S S 998
Rail 19 3.8 67 27.5 84 32.4 1,258
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,126
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 91 18.6 3 1.4 3 1.3 989
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 18.6 3 1.4 3 1.3 989
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 934

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,404
Single modes S S S S S S 5,516
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,516
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,304
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,242
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,382
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,381

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 16 100.0 42 100.0 2,519
Single modes S S 15 97.6 41 97.7 2,550
Truck S S S S S S 2,618
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,618
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,549
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 22.1 1.2 1.1 2,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 22.1 1.2 1.1 2,486
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,605

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,509 100.0 239 100.0 234 100.0 929
Single modes 1,162 77.0 217 90.8 213 91.1 940
Truck S S 189 79.1 182 77.6 935
For-hire truck S S 177 74.2 169 72.3 934
Private truck S S S S S S 1,067
Rail S S S S S S 1,128
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.4 1,157
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 347 23.0 22 9.2 21 8.9 928
Parcel, USPS or courier 327 21.6 14 5.7 13 5.4 928
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 989
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 934

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,329 100.0 270 100.0 215 100.0 852
Single modes 1,004 75.6 252 93.3 198 92.4 868
Truck 985 74.2 252 93.2 198 92.3 802
For-hire truck 880 66.3 233 86.4 183 85.1 801
Private truck 105 7.9 18 6.8 15 7.2 826
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,432
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 324 24.4 S S S S 851
Parcel, USPS or courier 193 14.6 5 2.0 4 2.0 851
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 932
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 715 100.0 283 100.0 388 100.0 1,171
Single modes 679 95.1 204 72.3 236 60.9 1,154
Truck 382 53.4 139 49.3 162 41.8 1,150
For-hire truck 370 51.8 129 45.7 148 38.3 1,157
Private truck S S S S S S 1,145
Rail S S S S S S 1,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,283
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 4.0 S S S S 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 3.3 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,177
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,968
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 224 100.0 44 100.0 64 100.0 1,394
Single modes 80 35.8 38 85.0 54 84.5 1,495
Truck 76 33.9 38 84.8 54 84.3 1,394
For-hire truck 76 33.8 38 84.7 54 84.3 1,394
Private truck S S S S S S 1,518
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.3 1,602
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 50.4 2 4.4 3 4.3 1,386
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 50.4 2 4.4 3 4.3 1,386
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 642 100.0 S S S S 828
Single modes 390 60.8 S S S S 835
Truck 389 60.7 S S S S 831
For-hire truck 383 59.6 S S S S 881
Private truck S S S S S S 803
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1.2 2 1.0 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1.2 2 1.0 826
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 784

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 89 100.0 141 100.0 1,410
Single modes 81 90.2 89 99.8 140 99.8 1,503
Truck 69 77.0 S S S S 1,491
For-hire truck 61 67.6 S S S S 1,495
Private truck S S S S S S 1,394
Rail 12 13.1 S S S S 1,783
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,602
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,388
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,388
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,446

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,068 100.0 504 100.0 136 100.0 239
Single modes 917 85.8 446 88.4 123 90.1 261
Truck 912 85.4 431 85.5 114 84.0 246
For-hire truck 784 73.4 342 67.8 94 69.0 236
Private truck S S S S S S 262
Rail S S S S S S 570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,566
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 115 10.8 2 0.5 1 0.4 236
Parcel, USPS or courier 115 10.8 2 0.5 1 0.4 236
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36 3.4 S S 13 9.5 222

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,052 100.0 250 100.0 76 100.0 299
Single modes 873 83.0 243 97.4 74 97.4 309
Truck 871 82.8 243 97.4 74 97.4 300
For-hire truck 386 36.7 207 82.9 62 82.4 302
Private truck S S 36 14.5 11 15.0 299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 669
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 179 17.0 6 2.6 S S 296
Parcel, USPS or courier 179 17.0 6 2.6 S S 296
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 250

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,365 100.0 3,520 100.0 251 100.0 105
Single modes 7,132 76.2 3,369 95.7 237 94.6 94
Truck 7,125 76.1 3,369 95.7 237 94.6 93
For-hire truck 2,385 25.5 1,061 30.1 80 31.9 119
Private truck 4,715 50.4 2,305 65.5 157 62.5 78
Rail S S S S S S 50
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,618
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,144 22.9 65 1.8 7 2.8 115
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,144 22.9 65 1.8 7 2.8 115
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 86 2.4 S S 123

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,012 100.0 223 100.0 189 100.0 799
Single modes 828 81.8 217 97.3 184 96.9 825
Truck 602 59.5 170 76.5 133 70.3 781
For-hire truck 589 58.2 149 66.9 116 61.4 780
Private truck S S S S S S 847
Rail S S 46 20.8 S S 625
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 911
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 182 18.0 3 1.2 2 1.1 786
Parcel, USPS or courier 179 17.7 3 1.1 2 1.0 786
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 629
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 993

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 758 100.0 84 100.0 113 100.0 1,324
Single modes 577 76.2 80 94.5 107 94.6 1,324
Truck 461 60.8 79 94.2 106 94.3 1,319
For-hire truck 408 53.9 70 82.9 92 81.3 1,310
Private truck 52 6.9 10 11.4 15 13.0 1,329
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 0.3 1,352
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 177 23.3 4 5.2 6 5.1 1,324
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 23.3 4 5.2 6 5.1 1,324
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,350

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 234 100.0 67 100.0 82 100.0 1,244
Single modes 223 95.0 67 99.8 82 99.8 1,255
Truck 221 94.4 67 99.8 82 99.8 1,235
For-hire truck 211 90.3 64 94.8 77 94.7 1,235
Private truck S S S S S S 1,234
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,223
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,223
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,196

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 56 100.0 70 100.0 1,187
Single modes 300 54.4 45 79.1 56 80.3 1,186
Truck 263 47.6 45 79.0 56 80.1 1,201
For-hire truck 251 45.5 44 77.9 55 79.0 1,201
Private truck S S S S S S 1,264
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.1 1,175
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 18.1 12 17.1 1,191
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 18.1 12 17.1 1,191
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,155

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 14 100.0 36 100.0 2,319
Single modes S S S S S S 2,567
Truck S S S S S S 2,572
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,572
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,311
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,311
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 133 100.0 28 100.0 39 100.0 1,413
Single modes 103 77.3 27 97.4 38 97.4 1,409
Truck 103 77.3 27 97.4 38 97.4 1,409
For-hire truck 102 76.7 27 96.8 38 96.9 1,416
Private truck S S S S S S 1,295
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,414
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 54 100.0 1 100.0 4 100.0 2,764
Single modes 23 41.6 1 76.0 3 76.8 2,763
Truck 21 38.0 1 52.1 2 51.6 2,791
For-hire truck 19 35.5 30.2 1 29.9 2,792
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,964
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,729
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 58.3 S S S S 2,764
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 58.3 S S S S 2,764
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,670

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 953 100.0 538 100.0 93 100.0 181
Single modes 687 72.2 525 97.6 91 97.8 172
Truck 677 71.1 525 97.6 91 97.7 155
For-hire truck 383 40.2 354 65.7 61 65.7 151
Private truck 294 30.9 171 31.9 30 32.0 159
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 244 25.6 5 0.9 1 0.9 184
Parcel, USPS or courier 244 25.6 5 0.9 1 0.9 184
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 300
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 148

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,468 100.0 5,025 100.0 707 100.0 139
Single modes 3,570 79.9 4,991 99.3 702 99.4 166
Truck 3,147 70.4 2,354 46.8 330 46.7 129
For-hire truck 1,959 43.8 1,340 26.7 156 22.1 125
Private truck 1,092 24.4 919 18.3 S S 141
Rail S S S S S S 413
Water 388 8.7 2,606 51.9 359 50.8 95
Shallow draft 343 7.7 2,280 45.4 247 34.9 86
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 345
Air (including truck and air) 21 0.5 S S S S 1,011
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 828 18.5 19 0.4 2 0.3 128
Parcel, USPS or courier 828 18.5 19 0.4 2 0.3 128
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 70 1.6 16 0.3 S S 126

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,178
Single modes S S S S S S 2,246
Truck S S S S S S 2,184
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,184
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,262
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,152
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,152
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,108

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,867 100.0 3,217 100.0 501 100.0 112
Single modes 3,972 67.7 3,088 96.0 490 97.8 119
Truck 3,940 67.1 3,086 95.9 489 97.8 117
For-hire truck 1,895 32.3 1,194 37.1 211 42.2 151
Private truck 1,923 32.8 1,813 56.4 270 53.9 104
Rail
Water S S S S S S 69
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 69
Air (including truck and air) 30 0.5 830
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,519 25.9 37 1.2 5 0.9 147
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,508 25.7 25 0.8 3 0.6 147
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 155
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 92 2.9 6 1.2 74

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,532 100.0 336 100.0 229 100.0 696
Single modes 1,314 85.8 319 95.0 217 94.8 705
Truck 1,309 85.5 311 92.6 210 91.8 697
For-hire truck 1,106 72.2 296 88.2 200 87.2 685
Private truck S S 15 4.4 10 4.6 751
Rail S S S S S S 955
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,027
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 170 11.1 6 1.7 4 1.8 692
Parcel, USPS or courier 170 11.1 6 1.7 4 1.8 692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 690

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 6 100.0 10 100.0 1,551
Single modes 41 95.6 6 98.8 10 98.9 1,654
Truck 41 95.6 6 98.8 10 98.9 1,654
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,649
Private truck 37 86.4 6 95.9 9 95.8 1,657
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 4.4 1.1 1.1 1,537
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 4.4 1.1 1.1 1,537
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,649

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,604 100.0 582 100.0 365 100.0 635
Single modes 1,875 72.0 499 85.7 314 86.0 632
Truck 1,827 70.2 460 79.1 283 77.7 610
For-hire truck 1,423 54.6 374 64.3 232 63.5 625
Private truck 350 13.4 72 12.4 44 11.9 582
Rail S S S S S S 793
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32 1.2 831
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 691 26.5 26 4.5 19 5.3 634
Parcel, USPS or courier 671 25.8 15 2.6 10 2.8 634
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 814
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 696

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 12 100.0 18 100.0 1,537
Single modes S S 12 94.3 17 94.0 1,491
Truck S S 11 93.2 17 93.0 1,463
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,459
Private truck S S S S S S 1,473
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,522
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 14.3 1 4.4 1 4.6 1,549
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 14.3 1 4.4 1 4.6 1,549
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,573

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 311 100.0 232 100.0 788 100.0 3,024
Single modes 199 63.8 229 98.9 780 99.0 2,987
Truck S S 7 3.2 22 2.8 3,016
For-hire truck S S 7 3.2 22 2.8 3,016
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,422
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,979
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 35.9 3 1.1 8 1.0 3,041
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 35.9 3 1.1 8 1.0 3,041
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,878

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,674 100.0 1,607 100.0 438 100.0 230
Single modes 2,959 80.5 1,566 97.4 428 97.8 250
Truck 2,959 80.5 1,566 97.4 428 97.8 250
For-hire truck 2,203 60.0 1,365 84.9 380 86.8 251
Private truck 755 20.5 200 12.4 48 10.9 246
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 934
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 668 18.2 28 1.8 6 1.4 225
Parcel, USPS or courier 668 18.2 28 1.8 6 1.4 225
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 235

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 900 100.0 1,465 100.0 92 100.0 88
Single modes 704 78.2 1,453 99.1 91 98.7 74
Truck 704 78.2 1,453 99.1 91 98.7 74
For-hire truck 247 27.4 334 22.8 33 35.7 93
Private truck 457 50.7 S S S S 71
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 728
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 186 20.7 12 0.8 S S 100
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 20.7 12 0.8 S S 100
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 79

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 660 100.0 162 100.0 142 100.0 811
Single modes 619 93.9 161 99.4 141 99.4 824
Truck 596 90.3 112 68.8 90 63.1 819
For-hire truck 314 47.6 107 65.7 86 60.2 818
Private truck S S 5 3.1 4 3.0 827
Rail 23 3.5 50 30.6 52 36.3 1,039
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 994
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 6.1 1 0.6 1 0.6 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 6.1 1 0.6 1 0.6 806
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,478
Single modes S S S S S S 1,515
Truck S S S S S S 1,515
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,515
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 3.0 2 2.9 1,477
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 3.0 2 2.9 1,477
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,503

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,238 100.0 114 100.0 123 100.0 1,086
Single modes S S 108 95.3 117 95.2 1,086
Truck S S 106 93.0 113 92.3 1,080
For-hire truck S S 103 90.6 110 89.7 1,078
Private truck S S S S S S 1,180
Rail S S S S S S 1,361
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 63 2.0 S S S S 1,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 187 5.8 5 4.7 6 4.7 1,086
Parcel, USPS or courier 187 5.8 5 4.7 6 4.7 1,086
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 904

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,057 100.0 S S S S 1,724
Single modes 874 82.7 S S S S 1,779
Truck 769 72.8 S S S S 1,770
For-hire truck 735 69.5 S S S S 1,763
Private truck 35 3.3 1,840
Rail 79 7.5 93 13.2 202 15.5 2,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25 2.4 1,785
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 180 17.1 S S S S 1,692
Parcel, USPS or courier 165 15.6 4 0.6 8 0.6 1,692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,096
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,681

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 215 100.0 18 100.0 41 100.0 2,284
Single modes S S 15 82.5 34 82.4 2,317
Truck S S 15 81.9 34 81.7 2,282
For-hire truck S S 15 81.9 34 81.7 2,282
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,360
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37 17.2 1 4.9 2 4.9 2,272
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 17.2 1 4.9 2 4.9 2,272
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,296

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 426 100.0 426 100.0 S S 212
Single modes 334 78.3 265 62.2 62 59.7 259
Truck 331 77.6 265 62.2 62 59.5 222
For-hire truck 146 34.2 194 45.4 49 47.0 244
Private truck 185 43.5 71 16.7 13 12.5 201
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,108
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 11.3 S S S S 203
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 10.8 2 0.4 0.4 203
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 283
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 152

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 703 100.0 404 100.0 208 100.0 508
Single modes 541 77.0 397 98.4 205 98.7 486
Truck 482 68.6 290 71.8 130 62.4 467
For-hire truck 452 64.3 259 64.2 116 55.6 469
Private truck 30 4.3 31 7.6 S S 441
Rail S S S S S S 702
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 159 22.6 4 0.9 2 0.9 512
Parcel, USPS or courier 159 22.6 4 0.9 2 0.9 512
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 425

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 213 100.0 104 100.0 S S 2,970
Single modes 70 33.0 S S S S 2,969
Truck 14 6.4 S S S S 2,909
For-hire truck 14 6.4 S S S S 2,909
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,178
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,978
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 140 65.5 3 2.6 8 2.4 2,971
Parcel, USPS or courier 140 65.5 3 2.6 8 2.4 2,971
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,950

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 171 100.0 179 100.0 S S 542
Single modes 166 97.5 128 71.2 69 50.6 583
Truck 160 93.5 122 68.1 65 47.3 514
For-hire truck 136 79.4 94 52.5 50 36.8 527
Private truck 24 14.1 28 15.6 14 10.5 484
Rail S S S S S S 810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 2.4 S S S S 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.5 S S S S 509
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,311
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 525

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,142 100.0 193 100.0 214 100.0 1,063
Single modes 865 75.8 154 79.8 168 78.7 1,065
Truck 859 75.3 150 77.9 163 76.4 1,063
For-hire truck 688 60.3 124 64.5 135 63.3 1,060
Private truck 171 15.0 26 13.4 28 13.1 1,075
Rail S S S S S S 1,344
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 271 23.7 38 19.8 45 20.9 1,063
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 18.8 8 4.3 9 4.0 1,062
Truck and Rail 57 4.9 30 15.5 36 16.9 1,192
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 985

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,862
Single modes 1 41.8 S S S S 2,425
Truck S S S S S S 2,118
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,118
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,262
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,506
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,839
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,839
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.