Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 82,477 81,879 0.7 48,894 46,760 4.6 5,255 11,681 −55 1,072 489 119.3
Single modes 63,563 63,145 0.7 47,791 44,788 6.7 4,731 9,973 −52.6 207 180 15.4
Truck 61,768 54,279 13.8 47,291 42,699 10.8 4,348 8,657 −49.8 121 147 −17.8
Rail 121 1,165 −89.6 489 1,092 −55.2 368 1,038 −64.5 1,080 1,300 −16.9
Water 2,904 S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 1,673 4,797 −65.1 10 43 −76.5 15 44 −65.6 1,855 1,248 48.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17,104 16,093 6.3 651 509 27.9 396 S S 1,276 829 53.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,068 16,037 6.4 434 309 40.4 375 242 54.8 1,276 828 54
Truck and Rail S 18 S S S S 21 S S S 2,164 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 6,838 S
Other and unknown modes 1,811 2,640 −31.4 453 1,464 −69.1 128 894 −85.7 121 191 −36.3

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,045 897 16.5 1,057 S S 87 S S 305 S S
Single modes 892 849 5.1 1,038 S S 85 S S 50 S S
Truck 891 849 5 1,038 S S 84 S S 48 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S 194 S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 704 164 329.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 704 164 329.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 312
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 35 5 592.2

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,094 5,817 −12.4 2,973 3,288 −9.6 424 670 −36.6 S 226 S
Single modes 5,076 5,268 −3.6 2,971 3,152 −5.7 422 585 −27.8 S 79 S
Truck 5,076 5,265 −3.6 2,971 3,152 −5.7 422 584 −27.8 S 78 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,635
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 S S 1 S S S S S 974 1,216 −20
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 S S 1 S S S S S 974 1,194 −18.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,892
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 192 245 −21.9 13,524 13,282 1.8 493 621 −20.7 26 S S
Single modes 184 237 −22.4 13,372 13,191 1.4 486 619 −21.5 26 S S
Truck 175 224 −22.2 13,125 12,257 7.1 348 486 −28.5 24 S S
Rail 9 6 44.9 247 225 9.8 138 85 63.2 559 458 22.1
Water S S S S S S 62
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 82 505 −83.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 82 505 −83.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 21 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,811 1,517 19.4 5,999 9,142 −34.4 172 158 8.8 88 20 330.2
Single modes 1,794 1,509 18.9 5,931 9,141 −35.1 172 158 8.6 87 19 348.6
Truck 1,794 1,509 18.9 5,931 9,141 −35.1 172 158 8.6 87 19 348.6
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 127 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 127 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 22 4 444.5

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,024 11,119 53.1 3,237 1,786 81.3 670 1,306 −48.7 388 446 −12.9
Single modes 14,483 8,729 65.9 3,144 1,731 81.7 608 1,274 −52.3 S 254 S
Truck 14,111 7,309 93.1 3,062 1,563 96 548 1,015 −46 S 201 S
Rail S 345 S S 165 S S 254 S 731 1,903 −61.6
Water S S S S S S 67
Air (including truck and air) S S S 1 S S 2 S S 1,653 1,402 17.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,295 2,159 6.3 57 34 66.1 59 26 126.2 815 676 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,285 2,152 6.2 49 33 47.3 43 21 102.1 814 676 20.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,033 1,933 56.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 231 S S S S 2 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,253 7,704 33.1 3,168 2,413 31.3 1,038 735 41.2 751 456 64.8
Single modes 6,705 5,813 15.4 2,967 2,270 30.7 914 680 34.3 341 S S
Truck 6,682 5,771 15.8 2,958 2,253 31.3 889 662 34.3 303 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,235 1,033 213.3
Water S S S S S S 108
Air (including truck and air) 17 34 −50.3 1 1 −41.2 S S S 2,011 1,544 30.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,988 1,569 90.4 117 77 51 78 48 63.4 868 784 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,988 1,569 90.4 117 77 51 78 48 63.4 868 784 10.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,194
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,452
Other and unknown modes 560 323 73.7 85 66 28 46 7 560.1 267 169 57.9

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,781 17,294 −20.3 13,842 7,381 87.5 1,354 3,435 −60.6 389 466 −16.5
Single modes 11,204 13,719 −18.3 13,501 6,455 109.2 1,253 2,654 −52.8 202 236 −14.5
Truck 10,952 11,986 −8.6 13,350 6,112 118.4 1,117 2,194 −49.1 186 198 −5.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,009 1,539 −34.5
Water S S S S S S 106
Air (including truck and air) 229 1,110 −79.3 2 25 −90.2 4 24 −83.6 1,290 1,103 17
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,298 2,778 −17.3 S 60 S 58 50 16.2 689 724 −4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,276 2,774 −18 59 58 1.9 53 44 21.1 690 724 −4.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 52 3,196 −98.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 279 798 −65 74 866 −91.5 43 S S 222 167 32.7

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,200 25,249 −35.8 439 763 −42.4 288 346 −16.7 861 612 40.6
Single modes 7,561 17,517 −56.8 355 626 −43.3 203 288 −29.5 705 276 155.6
Truck 6,486 13,168 −50.7 350 586 −40.3 196 276 −29.1 S 192 S
Rail S S S S S S 422
Water 2,857 30 25
Air (including truck and air) 1,075 1,491 −27.9 S 8 S S 11 S 1,890 1,227 54
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,120 6,827 18.9 68 63 7.7 66 51 29.9 993 892 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,120 6,827 18.9 68 63 7.7 66 51 29.9 993 892 11.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 519 905 −42.7 16 74 −78.3 20 8 160.1 S 282 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,989 11,348 49.7 4,583 7,587 −39.6 707 4,173 −83.1 1,257 714 76.1
Single modes 15,599 9,048 72.4 4,441 7,110 −37.5 568 3,483 −83.7 98 338 −71.1
Truck 15,549 7,758 100.0.4 4,441 6,534 −32 567 3,062 −81.5 92 311 −70.3
Rail S S 357 S S 616
Water S S S S S S 868
Air (including truck and air) S 1,081 S S S 1 2 −56.5 1,778 1,293 37.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,211 2,026 −40.2 127 S S 132 S S 1,343 927 45
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,211 1,989 −39.1 127 43 192.2 132 37 253.6 1,343 926 45.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,080
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,776
Other and unknown modes 179 275 −34.9 15 S S S S S 117 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 88 688 −87.2 71 136 −47.9 S 55 S 426 586 −27.3
Single modes 64 459 −86 70 132 −46.6 S 52 S S 278 S
Truck 53 440 −88 S 122 S 5 39 −86.3 S 267 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,174 1,272 149.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 905 754 20
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 1,202 983 22.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 1,202 983 22.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.