Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 20,348 100.0 30,988 100.0 3,623 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,745 33.1 22,598 72.9 363 10.0
50 to 99 miles 1,996 9.8 2,731 8.8 241 6.7
100 to 249 miles 3,877 19.1 3,091 10.0 585 16.1
250 to 499 miles 3,472 17.1 1,052 3.4 467 12.9
500 to 749 miles 1,391 6.8 723 2.3 602 16.6
750 to 999 miles 929 4.6 294 1.0 309 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 569 2.8 217 0.7 304 8.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 101 0.5 62 0.2 127 3.5
2,000 miles or more 1,268 6.2 220 0.7 626 17.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,647 100.0 30,318 100.0 3,283 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,406 38.5 22,287 73.5 360 11.0
50 to 99 miles 1,730 10.4 2,651 8.7 233 7.1
100 to 249 miles 3,376 20.3 3,012 9.9 572 17.4
250 to 499 miles 2,999 18.0 1,030 3.4 454 13.8
500 to 749 miles 781 4.7 655 2.2 542 16.5
750 to 999 miles 572 3.4 268 0.9 278 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 288 1.7 189 0.6 261 8.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 77 0.5 60 0.2 122 3.7
2,000 miles or more 418 2.5 164 0.5 461 14.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,481 100.0 21,383 100.0 2,506 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,784 33.0 14,809 69.3 324 12.9
50 to 99 miles 1,725 11.9 2,641 12.4 232 9.3
100 to 249 miles 3,225 22.3 2,147 10.0 406 16.2
250 to 499 miles 2,947 20.3 870 4.1 368 14.7
500 to 749 miles 671 4.6 348 1.6 257 10.3
750 to 999 miles 545 3.8 215 1.0 214 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 211 1.5 161 0.8 221 8.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 65 0.5 59 0.3 120 4.8
2,000 miles or more 308 2.1 133 0.6 364 14.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,641 100.0 12,562 100.0 1,813 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,000 20.7 8,089 64.4 158 8.7
50 to 99 miles 877 9.1 1,888 15.0 164 9.1
100 to 249 miles 2,272 23.6 1,137 9.0 226 12.5
250 to 499 miles 2,768 28.7 653 5.2 282 15.5
500 to 749 miles 657 6.8 311 2.5 230 12.7
750 to 999 miles 534 5.5 202 1.6 200 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 205 2.1 145 1.2 202 11.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 51 0.5 39 0.3 79 4.3
2,000 miles or more 277 2.9 99 0.8 273 15.0

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,833 100.0 8,781 100.0 691 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,781 57.6 6,689 76.2 165 23.9
50 to 99 miles 842 17.4 745 8.5 67 9.6
100 to 249 miles 953 19.7 1,011 11.5 180 26.0
250 to 499 miles 179 3.7 218 2.5 87 12.5
500 to 749 miles 14 0.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 11 0.2 13 0.2 13 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 14 0.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 31 0.6 34 0.4 92 13.3

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 895 100.0 614 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 10 4.5 141 15.7 36 5.8
250 to 499 miles S S 160 17.9 85 13.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 53 5.9 64 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 22 10.3 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 59 100.0 S S 43 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 53 91.3 S S 42 98.6
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S 5 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S 5 100.0
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 228 100.0 2 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 17 7.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 5.1 3.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 88 38.6 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,666 100.0 7,772 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,352 100.0 321 100.0 237 100.0
Less than 50 miles 187 5.6 S S 0.2
50 to 99 miles 220 6.5 22 6.9 2 0.9
100 to 249 miles 434 13.0 47 14.7 7 3.1
250 to 499 miles 458 13.7 17 5.4 11 4.8
500 to 749 miles 567 16.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 354 10.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 267 8.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 23 0.7 1 0.2 S S
2,000 miles or more 843 25.1 35 11.0 109 46.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,990 100.0 91 100.0 24 100.0
Less than 50 miles 182 9.1 10 10.9 1.4
50 to 99 miles 220 11.0 22 24.4 2 8.7
100 to 249 miles 434 21.8 47 51.7 7 30.9
250 to 499 miles 292 14.7 4 4.0 1 6.2
500 to 749 miles 113 5.7 2 2.4 2 7.0
750 to 999 miles 89 4.5 2 2.0 2 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 85 4.3 1 1.5 2 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 23 1.1 1 0.7 S S
2,000 miles or more S S 2 2.3 6 24.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S 33 25.0 103 48.5

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 350 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 151 43.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 47 13.4 58 16.5 S S
100 to 249 miles 67 19.2 31 9.0 5 4.9
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.