Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 20,348 100.0 30,988 100.0 3,623 100.0 568
Less than 50 lbs 1,957 9.6 32 0.1 12 0.3 676
50 to 99 lbs 613 3.0 23 3 141
100 to 499 lbs 2,541 12.5 136 0.4 22 0.6 161
500 to 749 lbs 414 2.0 66 0.2 9 0.2 136
750 to 999 lbs 249 1.2 56 0.2 7 0.2 129
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,885 28.9 1,239 4.0 340 9.4 256
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,642 27.7 11,222 36.2 1,986 54.8 181
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,026 5.0 6,622 21.4 283 7.8 42
100,000 lbs or more 2,022 9.9 11,592 37.4 961 26.5 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,647 100.0 30,318 100.0 3,283 100.0 162
Less than 50 lbs 551 3.3 13 2 213
50 to 99 lbs 270 1.6 15 1 65
100 to 499 lbs 2,258 13.6 93 0.3 14 0.4 143
500 to 749 lbs 375 2.3 46 0.2 6 0.2 140
750 to 999 lbs 223 1.3 47 0.2 6 0.2 132
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,550 27.3 1,095 3.6 170 5.2 150
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,393 32.4 10,974 36.2 1,896 57.7 178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,018 6.1 6,581 21.7 281 8.6 42
100,000 lbs or more 2,009 12.1 11,455 37.8 908 27.6 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,481 100.0 21,383 100.0 2,506 100.0 105
Less than 50 lbs 418 2.9 12 1 67
50 to 99 lbs 262 1.8 15 1 60
100 to 499 lbs 2,199 15.2 92 0.4 12 0.5 126
500 to 749 lbs 367 2.5 46 0.2 6 0.2 130
750 to 999 lbs 214 1.5 46 0.2 6 0.2 130
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,535 31.3 1,094 5.1 169 6.7 149
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,375 37.1 10,959 51.2 1,889 75.4 177
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,013 7.0 6,571 30.7 280 11.2 42
100,000 lbs or more 98 0.7 2,547 11.9 142 5.6 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,641 100.0 12,562 100.0 1,813 100.0 344
Less than 50 lbs 150 1.6 1 1 408
50 to 99 lbs 133 1.4 1 1 576
100 to 499 lbs 1,790 18.6 15 0.1 10 0.5 627
500 to 749 lbs 154 1.6 7 5 0.3 721
750 to 999 lbs 106 1.1 6 4 0.2 659
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,085 32.0 284 2.3 121 6.7 460
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,542 36.7 6,415 51.1 1,385 76.4 237
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 618 6.4 4,139 32.9 180 9.9 43
100,000 lbs or more 61 0.6 1,695 13.5 107 5.9 132

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,833 100.0 8,781 100.0 691 100.0 38
Less than 50 lbs 268 5.5 11 0.1 26
50 to 99 lbs 129 2.7 14 0.2 24
100 to 499 lbs 408 8.4 78 0.9 2 0.3 30
500 to 749 lbs 213 4.4 39 0.4 1 0.2 31
750 to 999 lbs 108 2.2 40 0.5 2 0.3 50
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,450 30.0 810 9.2 48 7.0 52
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,831 37.9 4,512 51.4 503 72.8 107
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 389 8.1 2,425 27.6 99 14.3 40
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 895 100.0 614 100.0 716
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 33
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 774
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,008
100,000 lbs or more S S 889 99.3 608 99.1 722

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 59 100.0 S S 43 100.0 239
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 263
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 154

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 152
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 152

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S 5 100.0 263
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 263
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 1 8.8 8 46.0 3 51.5 328

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 228 100.0 2 100.0 S S 1,647
Less than 50 lbs 133 58.4 21.3 1 17.8 1,634
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,461
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,937
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,695
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 809
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,251
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,666 100.0 7,772 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 1,661 99.7 7,763 99.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,352 100.0 321 100.0 237 100.0 743
Less than 50 lbs 1,344 40.1 18 5.5 11 4.5 764
50 to 99 lbs 332 9.9 6 2.0 2 0.9 340
100 to 499 lbs 261 7.8 40 12.3 8 3.3 223
500 to 749 lbs 32 1.0 19 6.0 2 1.0 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 117
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,484
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 94 2.8 S S S S 2,203
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,990 100.0 91 100.0 24 100.0 740
Less than 50 lbs 1,344 67.5 18 19.2 11 44.2 764
50 to 99 lbs 332 16.7 6 7.1 2 9.3 340
100 to 499 lbs 261 13.1 40 43.4 8 32.3 223
500 to 749 lbs 32 1.6 19 21.0 2 10.2 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 117
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 730
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,499
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,483
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 94 6.9 S S S S 2,203
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 7,721
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 7,721
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 350 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs 11 3.3 1 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs 23 6.5 3 0.9 14
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 220
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 87
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 72 20.5 35 10.0 5 5.1 149
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 167
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 34
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.