Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,348 100.0 30,988 100.0 3,623 100.0 568
Single modes 16,647 81.8 30,318 97.8 3,283 90.6 162
Truck3 14,481 71.2 21,383 69.0 2,506 69.2 105
For-hire Truck 9,641 47.4 12,562 40.5 1,813 50.1 344
Private Truck 4,833 23.7 8,781 28.3 691 19.1 38
Rail S S 895 2.9 614 16.9 716
Water 59 0.3 S S 43 1.2 239
Shallow draft S S S S S S 152
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S 5 0.1 263
Air (including truck and air) 228 1.1 2 S S 1,647
Pipeline4 1,666 8.2 7,772 25.1 S S S
Multiple modes 3,352 16.5 321 1.0 237 6.5 743
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,990 9.8 91 0.3 24 0.7 740
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,499
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,721
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 350 1.7 S S S S S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 27
Single modes S S S S S S 27
Truck3 S S S S S S 27
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 539 100.0 18 100.0 S
Single modes 47 99.7 538 99.7 18 99.8 S
Truck3 44 92.9 509 94.4 12 65.1 30
For-hire Truck 40 85.0 469 86.9 10 58.2 29
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail S S S S S S 211
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 370 100.0 44 100.0 58
Single modes 63 99.5 369 99.6 44 99.9 58
Truck3 20 32.1 120 32.4 6 14.4 55
For-hire Truck 18 28.9 107 28.8 6 13.3 58
Private Truck S S S S S S 40
Rail
Water S S S S S S 152
Shallow draft S S S S S S 152
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 46

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 124
Single modes S S S S S S 124
Truck3 S S S S S S 124
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 137
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,238 100.0 1,037 100.0 389 100.0 233
Single modes 1,219 98.5 1,023 98.6 385 99.0 193
Truck3 1,219 98.5 1,023 98.6 385 99.0 193
For-hire Truck 392 31.6 347 33.5 104 26.8 264
Private Truck 822 66.4 668 64.4 280 72.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 760
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 760
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 49
Single modes S S S S S S 25
Truck3 S S S S S S 25
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 11.4 S S 6.0 74
Parcel, USPS or courier 11.4 S S 6.0 74
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 421 100.0 717 100.0 398 100.0 376
Single modes 419 99.4 716 99.9 397 99.9 254
Truck3 407 96.6 691 96.4 320 80.4 245
For-hire Truck 277 65.8 359 50.1 309 77.7 828
Private Truck S S S S S S 24
Rail S S S S S S 3,105
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 605
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 605
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 343

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 388 100.0 238 100.0 6 100.0 25
Single modes 382 98.3 236 99.0 6 99.2 25
Truck3 382 98.3 236 99.0 6 99.2 25
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 522
Private Truck 379 97.7 235 98.5 5 90.1 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 17
Single modes S S S S S S 17
Truck3 S S S S S S 17
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 1,644 100.0 70 100.0 39
Single modes 12 99.6 1,639 99.7 70 99.9 39
Truck3 12 99.6 1,639 99.7 70 99.9 39
For-hire Truck 8 63.2 1,368 83.2 65 92.5 47
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S 27 100.0 15
Single modes 13 100.0 S S 27 100.0 15
Truck3 13 100.0 S S 27 100.0 15
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck 7 54.8 765 51.0 17 64.7 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 19
Single modes S S S S S S 19
Truck3 S S S S S S 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck S S S S S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,980 100.0 9,467 100.0 230 100.0 36
Single modes 1,976 99.8 9,442 99.7 229 99.5 36
Truck3 787 39.8 4,400 46.5 172 74.9 36
For-hire Truck 510 25.7 2,828 29.9 107 46.6 39
Private Truck 278 14.0 1,572 16.6 65 28.3 33
Rail
Water 1 8 3 1.1 328
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 1 8 3 1.1 328
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,187 60.0 5,034 53.2 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 615 100.0 3,592 100.0 106 100.0 29
Single modes 614 99.9 3,589 99.9 106 99.8 28
Truck3 S S 918 25.6 42 39.8 28
For-hire Truck 81 13.2 566 15.8 31 29.2 61
Private Truck 65 10.6 352 9.8 11 10.6 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 78

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 165 100.0 3,541 100.0 229 100.0 38
Single modes 161 97.4 3,540 100.0 229 100.0 S
Truck3 147 89.1 3,414 96.4 162 70.6 S
For-hire Truck 96 58.2 3,014 85.1 122 53.2 S
Private Truck 51 30.8 400 11.3 S S 23
Rail S S S S 67 29.4 731
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 548
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 100
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 100
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 2,214 100.0 S S S
Single modes 535 96.3 2,113 95.4 S S S
Truck3 348 62.7 1,474 66.6 190 37.7 S
For-hire Truck 236 42.5 592 26.8 126 25.0 220
Private Truck 112 20.2 882 39.8 S S S
Rail S S 562 25.4 S S 588
Water S S S S S S 263
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 263
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,785
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20 3.6 S S S S 245
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 212

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,908 100.0 14 100.0 5 100.0 900
Single modes 3,280 83.9 14 98.0 5 97.0 1,121
Truck3 3,211 82.2 13 92.4 4 71.3 396
For-hire Truck 3,211 82.2 13 92.4 4 71.3 396
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 69 1.8 S S S S 1,576
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.5 2.7 457
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.5 2.7 457
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 227

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 50 100.0 4 100.0 45
Single modes S S 50 99.9 4 99.9 59
Truck3 S S 50 99.9 4 99.9 59
For-hire Truck S S 39 77.7 3 80.3 58
Private Truck S S S S S S 66
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 169

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 269 100.0 S S S S 411
Single modes 145 53.9 28 24.5 S S S
Truck3 144 53.7 28 24.4 S S S
For-hire Truck 112 41.5 20 17.3 16 13.0 S
Private Truck 33 12.2 8 7.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,875
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 476
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,086
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 296

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,506 100.0 576 100.0 382 100.0 466
Single modes 1,310 87.0 567 98.5 380 99.5 424
Truck3 1,288 85.5 566 98.3 378 99.0 383
For-hire Truck 1,170 77.7 548 95.2 376 98.5 774
Private Truck 118 7.8 18 3.2 2 0.6 50
Rail S S S S S S 3,075
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 21 1.4 1,053
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 182 12.1 2 0.4 1 0.1 537
Parcel, USPS or courier 182 12.1 2 0.4 1 0.1 537
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 100

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 42
Single modes S S S S S S 42
Truck3 S S S S S S 42
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 30
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 145 100.0 212 100.0 S S S
Single modes 145 99.7 211 99.9 S S S
Truck3 144 99.4 211 99.9 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 5 2.5 S S 580
Private Truck 136 93.7 206 97.4 11 77.6 40
Rail S S S S S S 33
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 442
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 442
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 7 100.0 6 100.0 S
Single modes 38 99.6 7 98.4 6 99.8 S
Truck3 37 98.0 7 92.9 5 87.8 S
For-hire Truck 28 73.4 5 74.5 5 79.4 849
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,008
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 267
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 582 100.0 307 100.0 S S S
Single modes 577 99.1 306 99.8 S S S
Truck3 577 99.1 306 99.8 S S S
For-hire Truck 369 63.4 189 61.5 S S 383
Private Truck S S 117 38.3 4 3.4 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 S S S S 9

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 15 100.0 S S 795
Single modes S S 6 36.5 S S S
Truck3 S S 6 36.5 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 123
Private Truck S S 5 33.2 1.7 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 961
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 808
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 808
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 186 100.0 7 100.0 5 100.0 717
Single modes 89 47.9 4 55.0 3 57.6 735
Truck3 89 47.9 4 55.0 3 57.5 732
For-hire Truck 86 46.1 3 52.5 3 57.5 849
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,594
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 93 49.7 3 42.0 2 42.4 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 49.7 3 42.0 2 42.4 763
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 209 100.0 S S 63 100.0 240
Single modes 168 80.1 S S 58 92.6 S
Truck3 166 79.3 S S 58 92.5 S
For-hire Truck 91 43.3 S S 30 47.5 269
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,455
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 14 6.8 S S 218
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 6.8 S S 218
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 52

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 367 100.0 731 100.0 321 100.0 187
Single modes 363 98.9 727 99.6 321 99.8 141
Truck3 344 93.9 576 78.9 173 53.7 135
For-hire Truck 177 48.3 366 50.2 119 37.2 390
Private Truck 167 45.6 210 28.7 53 16.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 956
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 928
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 800
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 800
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 250 100.0 S S S S 258
Single modes 197 78.9 S S S S S
Truck3 196 78.7 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 83 33.1 S S S S 603
Private Truck 114 45.6 S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,590
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 42 16.9 1 1.2 1 2.5 657
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 16.9 1 1.2 1 2.5 657
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 315 100.0 35 100.0 S S 102
Single modes 272 86.3 33 94.3 S S S
Truck3 270 85.9 33 94.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 172 54.7 20 57.4 S S 210
Private Truck 98 31.2 13 36.9 1 5.3 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 998
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.6 1.1 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.6 1.1 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29 9.1 2 5.0 S S 29

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 984 100.0 167 100.0 38 100.0 717
Single modes 610 62.0 160 96.2 35 91.3 S
Truck3 566 57.6 160 96.2 35 91.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 0.7 S
Private Truck 537 54.6 159 95.7 34 90.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,362
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 316 32.1 4 2.4 S S 814
Parcel, USPS or courier 316 32.1 4 2.4 S S 814
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,469 100.0 264 100.0 197 100.0 304
Single modes 1,197 48.5 155 58.7 S S 92
Truck3 1,196 48.4 155 58.7 S S 88
For-hire Truck 1,061 43.0 129 48.8 34 17.5 316
Private Truck 135 5.5 26 9.9 1 0.7 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 962
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 914
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 0.4 0.1 0.1 379
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,474
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,721
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 0.1 S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 969
Single modes S S S S S S 1,071
Truck3 S S S S S S 438
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 697
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,400
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 797
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 797
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 508 100.0 2 100.0 S S 684
Single modes 417 81.9 1 80.6 S S 843
Truck3 336 66.1 1 55.4 12.2 S
For-hire Truck 313 61.6 1 42.7 11.2 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,722
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 90 17.7 19.1 10.7 454
Parcel, USPS or courier 90 17.7 19.1 10.7 454
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,545

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 274 100.0 S S 1 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 158 57.6 S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 408
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 738 100.0 82 100.0 45 100.0 522
Single modes 493 66.8 77 94.3 S S 293
Truck3 487 66.0 77 94.3 S S 179
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 565
Private Truck 74 10.1 20 24.1 2 3.6 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,412
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 5.6 3 6.9 728
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 5.6 3 6.9 728
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 71
Single modes S S S S S S 60
Truck3 S S S S S S 60
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 114
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 128

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,555 100.0 502 100.0 159 100.0 120
Single modes 1,281 82.4 407 81.2 113 71.0 69
Truck3 1,277 82.2 407 81.1 111 70.1 69
For-hire Truck 394 25.4 111 22.1 85 53.4 791
Private Truck 883 56.8 296 58.9 26 16.6 50
Rail S S S S S S 2,008
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,725
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 265 17.1 85 17.0 45 28.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 11.6 66 13.1 8 5.3 S
Truck and rail 85 5.4 20 3.9 S S 1,907
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 127

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 5 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 5 96.9 S S S
Truck3 S S 5 96.9 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 809
Private Truck 8 38.4 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,161
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 562
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 562
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.