Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30,719 100.0 47,312 100.0 9,944 100.0 361
Single modes 27,955 91.0 46,873 99.1 9,850 99.1 264
Truck 24,209 78.8 26,529 56.1 2,770 27.9 199
For-hire truck 14,710 47.9 17,023 36.0 2,221 22.3 491
Private truck 9,436 30.7 9,437 19.9 542 5.4 81
Rail 1,047 3.4 S S S S 979
Water S S S S S S 263
Shallow draft S S S S S S 203
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 289
Air (including truck and air) 393 1.3 3 4 1,870
Pipeline3 2,238 7.3 10,074 21.3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,279 7.4 216 0.5 76 0.8 477
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,183 7.1 76 0.2 35 0.4 477
Truck and Rail S S 20 S S 881
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 462
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 485 1.6 S S 17 0.2 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 12 100.0 11 100.0 850
Single modes 24 51.1 S S S S 844
Truck 24 51.1 S S S S 844
For-hire truck 24 50.8 S S S S 845
Private truck S S S S S S 789
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 853
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 853
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 891

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,386
Single modes S S S S S S 2,406
Truck S S S S S S 2,413
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,413
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,323
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,343
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,343
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,335

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 S S S S 1,125
Single modes 30 94.3 S S S S 1,156
Truck 29 91.9 S S S S 1,220
For-hire truck 29 91.9 S S S S 1,220
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,111
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 661 100.0 S S S S 2,734
Single modes 567 85.9 S S S S 2,678
Truck 439 66.5 S S S S 2,736
For-hire truck 439 66.5 S S S S 2,735
Private truck S S S S S S 2,875
Rail S S S S S S 3,096
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,509
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 13.6 S S S S 2,761
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 12.9 2 2.1 4 2.0 2,760
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,065
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,863

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 1,731
Single modes S S S S S S 1,720
Truck S S S S S S 1,720
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,720
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,732
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 3 100.0 261
Single modes 48 19.7 11 89.0 3 90.0 306
Truck 43 17.7 11 87.5 3 88.2 238
For-hire truck 42 17.3 11 86.6 3 87.3 224
Private truck S S S S S S 259
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 360
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 248
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,758 100.0 17,502 100.0 192 100.0 18
Single modes 4,576 96.2 17,227 98.4 191 99.5 17
Truck 2,977 62.6 9,900 56.6 160 83.3 17
For-hire truck 929 19.5 6,227 35.6 102 53.0 18
Private truck 2,048 43.0 3,673 21.0 58 30.3 17
Rail 7 0.1 47 0.3 2 1.1 47
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 53 1.1 S S S S 39
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 1.0 3 39
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 130 2.7 S S 1 0.4 7

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 S S S S 101
Single modes S S S S S S 98
Truck S S S S S S 98
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 98
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 105
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 195 100.0 168 100.0 1,022
Single modes 198 83.5 194 99.4 167 99.3 1,098
Truck S S S S S S 969
For-hire truck S S S S S S 968
Private truck S S S S S S 1,045
Rail S S S S S S 919
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,247
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 16.1 1 0.6 1 0.7 974
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 16.1 1 0.6 1 0.7 974
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 804

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 148 100.0 116 100.0 769
Single modes S S 147 99.7 115 99.7 826
Truck S S 111 75.0 81 69.8 751
For-hire truck S S S S S S 732
Private truck S S S S S S 767
Rail 18 3.8 36 24.7 S S 948
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 5.1 0.3 0.3 737
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 5.1 0.3 0.3 737
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 769

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,300
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,300
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,300
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,260
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,215
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,215
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,521

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 471 100.0 240 100.0 217 100.0 802
Single modes 400 84.9 234 97.5 212 97.6 780
Truck 234 49.6 S S S S 778
For-hire truck 227 48.3 S S S S 778
Private truck S S S S S S 767
Rail S S S S S S 957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 906
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 14.4 S S S S 814
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 13.5 2 0.8 2 0.7 814
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 909
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 823

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 190 100.0 140 100.0 683
Single modes S S 189 99.4 140 99.4 680
Truck S S 114 59.8 75 53.1 656
For-hire truck S S 108 56.7 71 50.3 656
Private truck S S S S S S 673
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,000
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 684
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 684
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 11 100.0 11 100.0 1,071
Single modes 44 76.8 10 89.3 10 89.4 1,042
Truck 39 68.8 10 88.8 10 88.9 1,037
For-hire truck 39 68.8 10 88.8 10 88.9 1,037
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,084
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,690
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,002

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 9 100.0 10 100.0 1,214
Single modes 25 69.7 8 95.7 10 95.7 1,203
Truck 22 60.9 8 94.3 10 94.2 1,199
For-hire truck 17 48.1 6 73.3 8 73.1 1,175
Private truck S S S S S S 1,305
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,217
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 30.3 4.3 4.3 1,215
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 30.3 4.3 4.3 1,215
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 25 100.0 16 100.0 621
Single modes 64 75.8 24 98.0 16 98.0 614
Truck 64 75.5 24 97.9 16 98.0 613
For-hire truck 46 53.8 20 81.6 13 79.3 667
Private truck S S S S S S 608
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 24.2 1 2.0 2.0 631
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 24.2 1 2.0 2.0 631
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 93 100.0 132 100.0 1,256
Single modes 40 98.9 93 99.8 131 99.9 1,273
Truck S S S S S S 1,258
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,258
Private truck
Rail 31 77.5 92 98.7 130 98.9 1,413
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,202
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,202
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 512
Single modes 14 97.8 S S S S 540
Truck 14 97.8 S S S S 540
For-hire truck 14 97.8 S S S S 540
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 461
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 461
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,120 100.0 5,210 100.0 211 100.0 74
Single modes 1,934 91.2 5,182 99.5 208 98.8 63
Truck 1,934 91.2 5,147 98.8 202 96.1 63
For-hire truck S S 3,055 58.6 110 52.4 50
Private truck 996 47.0 2,092 40.2 92 43.7 67
Rail
Water S S S S S S 167
Shallow draft S S S S S S 167
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 168 7.9 S S S S 92
Parcel, USPS or courier 168 7.9 S S S S 92
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 347 100.0 51 100.0 18 100.0 352
Single modes 203 58.4 S S S S 364
Truck 195 56.3 S S S S 363
For-hire truck S S S S S S 364
Private truck S S 4 8.7 2 8.4 350
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 501
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 6.0 1 6.1 350
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 6.0 1 6.1 350
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 297

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 621 100.0 296 100.0 201 100.0 665
Single modes 545 87.7 292 98.4 198 98.3 658
Truck 416 67.0 S S S S 651
For-hire truck 408 65.8 S S S S 652
Private truck S S S S S S 612
Rail 128 20.6 S S S S 717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 900
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 2.0 0.2 0.2 667
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 715
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185 100.0 56 100.0 80 100.0 1,225
Single modes 139 75.1 53 94.6 76 95.3 1,191
Truck S S 21 37.3 25 30.6 1,179
For-hire truck S S 21 37.2 25 30.6 1,179
Private truck S S S S S S 1,136
Rail S S S S S S 1,608
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,188
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,227
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,227
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,174

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 56 100.0 57 100.0 975
Single modes S S 56 100.0 57 100.0 971
Truck S S 39 70.2 38 66.6 970
For-hire truck S S S S S S 970
Private truck S S S S S S 978
Rail S S S S S S 1,152
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,090
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 993
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 993
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 34 100.0 35 100.0 954
Single modes S S 33 98.1 35 98.1 952
Truck S S S S S S 949
For-hire truck S S S S S S 945
Private truck S S S S S S 1,042
Rail S S S S S S 1,289
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 937
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 11.0 1.3 1.2 954
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 11.0 1.3 1.2 954
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,283
Single modes S S S S S S 2,309
Truck S S S S S S 2,309
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,309
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,282
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,282
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 43 100.0 57 100.0 1,302
Single modes 106 96.2 42 97.9 56 97.9 1,293
Truck 106 96.2 42 97.9 56 97.9 1,293
For-hire truck 93 84.9 40 93.5 53 93.7 1,324
Private truck S S S S S S 1,289
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.3 S S S S 1,317
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.3 S S S S 1,317
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,338

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,593
Single modes S S S S S S 2,699
Truck S S S S S S 2,693
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,693
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,800
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,617
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,505
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102 100.0 70 100.0 29 100.0 415
Single modes 93 91.1 69 99.5 29 99.5 417
Truck 93 91.1 69 99.5 29 99.5 417
For-hire truck 92 90.8 69 99.4 29 99.4 417
Private truck S S S S S S 371
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 8.9 0.5 0.5 414
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 8.9 0.5 0.5 414
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,918 100.0 3,186 100.0 365 100.0 95
Single modes 1,801 93.9 3,171 99.5 363 99.7 86
Truck 1,745 91.0 2,890 90.7 290 79.6 86
For-hire truck 949 49.5 1,775 55.7 S S 112
Private truck S S 1,060 33.3 71 19.6 66
Rail S S S S S S 118
Water S S S S S S 265
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 265
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 5.5 S S S S 109
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 4.8 3 108
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 143
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 86

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,960
Single modes S S S S S S 1,954
Truck S S S S S S 1,954
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,954
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,960
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,960
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 152 100.0 41 100.0 218
Single modes S S 144 94.7 40 96.4 250
Truck S S 140 92.1 39 93.5 250
For-hire truck S S 88 58.2 26 62.7 232
Private truck S S 49 32.4 12 29.1 252
Rail
Water S S S S S S 292
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 292
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 360
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 160 9.9 S S S S 201
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 9.8 4 2.7 1 2.0 201
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 174
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 401 100.0 232 100.0 96 100.0 406
Single modes 375 93.4 231 99.6 96 99.6 377
Truck 340 84.9 201 86.5 85 88.8 375
For-hire truck 252 62.8 150 64.5 65 67.6 437
Private truck 88 22.0 51 21.9 20 21.1 327
Rail S S S S S S 341
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 679
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 6.5 S S 0.3 419
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 6.5 S S 0.3 419
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 281

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 1,460
Single modes S S S S S S 1,617
Truck S S S S S S 1,613
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,514
Private truck S S S S S S 1,631
Rail S S S S S S 1,644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,439
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,439
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,511 100.0 S S S S 522
Single modes S S S S S S 540
Truck 846 56.0 S S 147 2.8 470
For-hire truck 744 49.3 S S S S 467
Private truck S S 30 0.4 16 0.3 494
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 795
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 4.2 S S S S 514
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 4.2 S S S S 514
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 508

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,393
Single modes 6 19.7 S S S S 1,303
Truck S S S S S S 1,303
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,303
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,285
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,407
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,407
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,243

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 S S S S 2,784
Single modes S S S S S S 2,766
Truck S S S S S S 3,000
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,000
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 8.2 S S S S 2,882
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 8.2 S S S S 2,882
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,916 100.0 S S 462 100.0 81
Single modes 8,338 93.5 S S 450 97.5 65
Truck 7,690 86.3 5,593 65.7 356 77.2 65
For-hire truck 3,594 40.3 S S S S 73
Private truck 4,089 45.9 2,009 23.6 124 26.7 61
Rail 2 71 0.8 32 7.0 452
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 393 4.4 S S S S 92
Parcel, USPS or courier 392 4.4 21 0.2 2 0.5 92
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 462
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 56

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S 316
Single modes S S S S S S 339
Truck S S S S S S 321
For-hire truck S S S S S S 321
Private truck S S S S S S 311
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 592
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 315
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 315
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 145 100.0 77 100.0 576
Single modes 534 96.1 145 99.5 76 99.5 595
Truck 534 96.1 145 99.5 76 99.5 586
For-hire truck 534 96.0 144 99.2 76 99.2 586
Private truck S S S S S S 583
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,077
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 3.9 1 0.5 0.5 551
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 3.9 1 0.5 0.5 551
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 5 100.0 7 100.0 1,389
Single modes 4 91.9 5 99.8 7 99.8 1,405
Truck 4 91.9 5 99.8 7 99.8 1,405
For-hire truck 3 82.4 4 96.6 7 97.0 1,409
Private truck S S S S S S 1,366
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8.1 S S S S 1,370
Parcel, USPS or courier 8.1 S S S S 1,370
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 778 100.0 236 100.0 157 100.0 847
Single modes 705 90.6 234 99.0 155 98.7 784
Truck 693 89.1 225 95.2 147 93.9 660
For-hire truck 665 85.4 197 83.2 124 78.7 645
Private truck S S S S S S 802
Rail S S S S S S 817
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 1.4 1 0.4 1 0.6 990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 9.4 S S S S 878
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 9.4 S S S S 878
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 949

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 310 100.0 174 100.0 279 100.0 1,564
Single modes 178 57.4 171 98.3 274 98.4 1,737
Truck 111 36.0 S S S S 1,740
For-hire truck 106 34.3 S S S S 1,749
Private truck S S S S S S 1,528
Rail 66 21.4 96 55.0 160 57.4 1,655
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,510
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,510
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 2,200
Single modes S S S S S S 2,244
Truck S S S S S S 2,141
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,141
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,245
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,129
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,129
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 385
Single modes S S S S S S 460
Truck S S S S S S 436
For-hire truck S S S S S S 436
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,157
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 381
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 381
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,484 100.0 967 100.0 249 100.0 210
Single modes 1,377 92.8 961 99.4 248 99.6 199
Truck 1,349 90.9 757 78.3 155 62.1 197
For-hire truck 448 30.2 360 37.2 69 27.6 207
Private truck 902 60.7 398 41.1 S S 195
Rail S S S S S S 547
Water S S S S S S 214
Shallow draft S S S S S S 214
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 853
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 101 6.8 1 0.1 0.1 246
Parcel, USPS or courier 101 6.8 1 0.1 0.1 246
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 200

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 S S S S 2,812
Single modes S S S S S S 2,865
Truck S S S S S S 2,865
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,865
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,964
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,644
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,773
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,773
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,052
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 329
Single modes S S S S S S 425
Truck S S S S S S 408
For-hire truck S S S S S S 424
Private truck 15 5.7 3 0.2 1 0.1 343
Rail S S S S S S 486
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 275
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 275
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 126 100.0 20 100.0 21 100.0 949
Single modes 87 69.4 19 92.5 19 93.1 904
Truck 87 69.4 19 92.5 19 93.1 903
For-hire truck 65 51.3 S S S S 934
Private truck S S S S S S 886
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,007
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 7.5 1 6.9 953
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 7.5 1 6.9 953
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 894

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,147
Single modes S S S S S S 2,139
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,149
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,149
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.