Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,348 16,949 20.1 30,988 24,149 28.3 3,623 3,654 −0.8 568 238 138.5
Single modes 16,647 14,599 14 30,318 23,872 27 3,283 3,476 −5.6 162 134 21.1
Truck 14,481 12,416 16.6 21,383 15,603 37 2,506 2,825 −11.3 105 112 −6.5
Rail S 481 S 895 1,012 −11.6 614 645 −4.9 716 653 9.6
Water 59 S S S S S 43 S S 239 4 S
Air (including truck and air) 228 182 25.5 2 2 22.1 S S S 1,647 1,328 24
Pipeline 1,666 S S 7,772 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,352 1,716 95.3 321 141 128.5 237 153 54.7 743 600 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,990 702 183.3 91 14 569.4 24 8 208.6 740 588 25.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,499 1,029 45.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 350 634 −44.9 S 136 S S S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,536 1,408 9.1 2,989 3,481 −14.1 518 391 32.3 182 78 133.3
Single modes 1,517 1,379 10 2,973 3,450 −13.8 514 390 31.7 151 78 93
Truck 1,471 1,355 8.6 2,695 3,279 −17.8 470 351 33.9 151 78 94.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 211 233 −9.4
Water S S S S S S S S S 152 4 S
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 760
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 760
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 31 S S 1 S 229 66 248.3

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 858 827 3.7 958 667 43.6 404 180 124.2 128 S S
Single modes 848 807 5.1 954 660 44.5 403 161 151.3 74 S S
Truck 836 807 3.6 929 660 40.7 326 161 102.9 72 S S
Rail S S S S S S 3,105
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 530 688 −22.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 530 685 −22.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,120
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26 S S 3,166 2,026 56.3 98 151 −35.4 26 S S
Single modes 26 S S 3,161 2,026 56 98 151 −35.5 26 S S
Truck 26 S S 3,161 2,026 56 98 151 −35.5 26 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,760 S S 16,600 S S 565 S S 35 206 −82.8
Single modes 2,751 S S 16,571 S S 564 S S 32 99 −67.2
Truck 1,081 714 51.3 8,733 2,938 197.2 376 148 154 30 90 −67.2
Rail S S S S S S 67 S S 731 562 30.2
Water 1 8 3 328
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 548
Pipeline 1,655 S S 7,705 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 100 761 −86.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 100 761 −86.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,252 4,819 29.7 2,969 3,539 −16.1 1,017 1,172 −13.2 404 502 −19.5
Single modes 5,283 4,392 20.3 2,771 3,448 −19.6 911 1,118 −18.5 364 357 2
Truck 5,004 S S 2,131 2,846 −25.1 594 663 −10.3 248 313 −20.6
Rail S 424 S 562 601 −6.5 S 454 S 599 798 −25
Water S S S S S S 263
Air (including truck and air) 92 S S S S S S S S 1,492 1,295 15.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 831 243 242.3 S S S S S S 489 537 −8.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 812 191 325.9 4 4 −5.9 1 1 −29.1 485 536 −9.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,086 1,046 194.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 3 S 188 925 −79.7

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,188 1,759 −32.4 576 787 −26.9 S 569 S 748 411 81.8
Single modes 907 1,665 −45.6 562 785 −28.4 S 567 S 163 201 −18.7
Truck 905 1,664 −45.6 562 785 −28.4 S 567 S 162 198 −18.3
Rail S S S S S S S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,163 1,440 −19.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 255 S S 9 S S 6 S S 803 866 −7.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 S S 9 S S 6 S S 803 866 −7.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 S S S 1 S S S S 9 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,140 1,114 2.3 S S S 424 302 40.5 199 226 −11.9
Single modes 999 1,076 −7.2 S S S 417 298 40.1 129 S S
Truck 977 1,076 −9.2 S S S 269 298 −9.7 82 S S
Rail S S S S S S 956
Water
Air (including truck and air) 4 S S S S S S 1,941 1,188 63.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 73 S S 2 S S 1 S S 494 628 −21.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 S S 2 S S 1 S S 494 628 −21.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 68 S S S S S S S S 29 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,995 3,279 21.8 433 330 31.2 236 S S 687 S S
Single modes 2,257 1,663 35.7 317 200 58.3 72 42 71.7 S S S
Truck 2,131 1,503 41.9 316 199 59 71 39 81.3 53 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 126 160 −21.7 S S S S S S 1,836 1,784 2.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,674 S S 113 S S S S S 810 514 57.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 416 341 22.1 5 3 41.3 4 1 146.8 802 454 76.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,474 1,018 44.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,721
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,572 1,190 116.2 681 740 −8 208 317 −34.2 245 390 −37.3
Single modes 2,042 1,135 80 574 738 −22.2 158 316 −49.9 152 313 −51.4
Truck 2,032 1,127 80.3 574 738 −22.2 157 315 −50.3 105 261 −59.7
Rail S S S S S S 2,008
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S 1,413 972 45.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 506 45 S 90 1 S 48 1 S 303 545 −44.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 421 45 837.9 71 1 S 12 1 874.1 302 545 −44.7
Truck and Rail 85 20 S S 1,907
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24 S S S S S S S S S 253 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 22 S S 5 S S S S S S 389 S
Single modes S S S 5 S S S S S S 1,265 S
Truck S S S 5 S S S S S S 1,265 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,161
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 562 867 −35.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 562 867 −35.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 5 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.