Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,707 100.0 1,407 100.0 34 100.0 148
Less than 50 lbs 99 2.7 5 0.4 1 2.6 307
50 to 99 lbs 102 2.7 8 0.6 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 333 9.0 51 3.6 2 6.4 41
500 to 749 lbs 116 3.1 25 1.8 1.0 S
750 to 999 lbs 39 1.0 12 0.8 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 126 8.9 11 33.2 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 17 50.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 13

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,579 100.0 1,388 100.0 31 100.0 28
Less than 50 lbs 53 1.5 3 0.2 0.3 S
50 to 99 lbs 82 2.3 6 0.5 0.4 19
100 to 499 lbs 301 8.4 45 3.3 1 3.2 21
500 to 749 lbs 88 2.5 18 1.3 0.8 14
750 to 999 lbs 39 1.1 12 0.9 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 125 9.0 11 35.9 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 17 55.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 13

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,576 100.0 1,388 100.0 31 100.0 26
Less than 50 lbs 51 1.4 3 0.2 0.2 22
50 to 99 lbs 82 2.3 6 0.5 0.4 19
100 to 499 lbs 301 8.4 45 3.3 1 3.2 21
500 to 749 lbs 88 2.5 18 1.3 0.8 14
750 to 999 lbs 39 1.1 12 0.9 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 125 9.0 11 35.9 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 17 55.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 13

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 109 100.0 21 100.0 357
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 153
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 7 0.2 S S S S 243
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 859
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 8 39.0 631
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 79 71.9 11 54.0 145
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 13

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 837 100.0 S S 10 100.0 18
Less than 50 lbs 47 5.6 3 0.2 0.6 21
50 to 99 lbs 81 9.7 6 0.5 1.1 19
100 to 499 lbs 294 35.2 44 3.5 1 7.1 17
500 to 749 lbs 77 9.2 18 1.4 2.2 13
750 to 999 lbs 34 4.1 11 0.8 2.0 19
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 228 27.2 105 8.2 S S 21
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 75 8.9 S S 6 57.2 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 48
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 48
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,213
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,213
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 75 100.0 2 100.0 S S 859
Less than 50 lbs 39 51.5 1 44.4 S S 828
50 to 99 lbs 11 15.2 S S S S 1,222
100 to 499 lbs 17 22.2 1 37.2 S S 1,101
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,131
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 75 100.0 2 100.0 S S 859
Less than 50 lbs 39 51.5 1 44.4 S S 828
50 to 99 lbs 11 15.2 S S S S 1,222
100 to 499 lbs 17 22.2 1 37.2 S S 1,101
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,131
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 36
Less than 50 lbs 7 13.6 S S S S 71
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 5
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.