Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,154 100.0 6,432 100.0 749 100.0 454
Single modes 10,194 72.0 6,306 98.0 662 88.3 235
Truck 9,073 64.1 5,424 84.3 621 82.9 128
For-hire truck 5,006 35.4 2,060 32.0 407 54.3 480
Private truck 4,064 28.7 3,363 52.3 214 28.5 S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 23
Shallow draft S S S S S S 23
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,115 7.9 18 0.3 19 2.5 1,200
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3,586 25.3 72 1.1 S S 706
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,568 25.2 56 0.9 34 4.5 704
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,641
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 375 2.6 54 0.8 S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 781
Single modes S S S S S S 738
Truck 4 10.9 S S S S 737
For-hire truck 4 10.9 S S S S 737
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 743
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 782
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 782
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,717
Single modes S S S S S S 3,717
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,717
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,049
Single modes S S S S S S 1,990
Truck S S S S S S 2,287
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,287
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,146
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,125
Single modes S S S S S S 1,126
Truck S S S S S S 1,126
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,126
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,125
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,125
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 55 100.0 151 100.0 2,633
Single modes 296 22.2 35 64.2 95 62.8 2,554
Truck 136 10.2 33 61.0 90 60.0 2,665
For-hire truck 69 5.2 18 32.3 49 32.7 2,691
Private truck S S S S S S 2,652
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 160 12.0 S S S S 2,442
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,671
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 5.1 7 4.9 2,666
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,918
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,669

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,743
Single modes S S S S S S 1,906
Truck S S S S S S 1,675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,675
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,005
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 27.2 S S S S 1,731
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 27.2 S S S S 1,731
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 4 100.0 1 100.0 343
Single modes 13 25.1 2 64.0 1 64.2 347
Truck 13 25.1 2 64.0 1 64.2 347
For-hire truck 10 20.0 2 57.6 1 57.8 347
Private truck S S S S S S 345
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 74.9 S S S S 343
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 74.9 S S S S 343
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 107
Single modes S S S S S S 112
Truck S S S S S S 112
For-hire truck 3 18.8 3 6.7 6.7 121
Private truck S S S S S S 109
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 106
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 106
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 588 100.0 S S 4 100.0 4
Single modes 534 90.8 1,049 98.7 4 99.3 5
Truck 534 90.8 1,049 98.7 4 99.3 5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 5
Private truck 506 86.0 S S 4 98.4 5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 1.4 4
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 1.4 4
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 83 100.0 5 100.0 4 100.0 956
Single modes 23 27.3 4 78.0 3 76.9 1,131
Truck S S S S 3 73.4 911
For-hire truck S S S S 3 73.4 911
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 19.9 2.3 3.5 1,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 72.7 1 22.0 1 23.1 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 72.7 1 22.0 1 23.1 921
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 79 100.0 S S S S 679
Single modes 38 47.9 S S S S 670
Truck 37 47.2 S S S S 628
For-hire truck 34 42.5 S S S S 629
Private truck S S S S S S 626
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 919
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 52.1 S S S S 680
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 52.1 S S S S 680
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,801
Single modes S S S S S S 5,801
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,801
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,221
Single modes S S S S S S 2,121
Truck S S S S S S 2,408
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,408
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,373
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,373
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 117 100.0 S S S S 783
Single modes S S S S S S 754
Truck S S S S S S 728
For-hire truck S S S S S S 728
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 781
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 75 64.3 S S S S 790
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 64.3 S S S S 790
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 86 100.0 S S S S 658
Single modes 43 50.0 S S S S 1,029
Truck S S S S S S 608
For-hire truck S S S S S S 581
Private truck S S S S S S 692
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,353
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 50.0 S S S S 654
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 50.0 S S S S 654
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,013
Single modes S S S S S S 1,038
Truck S S S S S S 1,034
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,039
Private truck S S S S S S 1,016
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,063
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 976
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 976
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 S S S S 1,182
Single modes S S S S S S 1,157
Truck S S S S S S 1,157
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,157
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 95.7 36.3 37.9 1,182
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 95.7 36.3 37.9 1,182
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 615
Single modes S S S S S S 602
Truck S S S S S S 680
For-hire truck S S S S S S 680
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 522
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 617
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 617
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,150
Single modes 10 79.1 S S S S 1,164
Truck 10 76.8 S S S S 1,146
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,073
Private truck S S S S S S 1,149
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,247
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,111
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20 100.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 553
Single modes 16 80.7 2 99.3 1 99.2 571
Truck 16 79.4 2 99.3 1 99.0 556
For-hire truck 14 71.6 S S S S 575
Private truck S S S S S S 500
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,182
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 0.8 543
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.8 543
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,317 100.0 3,351 100.0 100 100.0 29
Single modes 3,021 91.1 3,325 99.2 99 99.0 28
Truck 3,013 90.9 2,461 73.5 79 79.3 28
For-hire truck 709 21.4 S S 41 41.3 39
Private truck 2,305 69.5 1,285 38.3 38 38.0 27
Rail
Water S S S S S S 23
Shallow draft S S S S S S 23
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 272 8.2 9 0.3 0.3 32
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 8.2 9 0.3 0.3 32
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 22 100.0 10 100.0 496
Single modes S S 20 91.3 9 88.5 459
Truck S S 20 91.2 9 88.4 447
For-hire truck S S S S S S 448
Private truck S S S S S S 440
Rail S S S S S S 481
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 864
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 8.7 S S 508
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 8.7 S S 508
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 462 100.0 S S S S 806
Single modes S S S S S S 741
Truck S S S S S S 665
For-hire truck S S S S S S 665
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 854
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 13.6 S S S S 811
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 13.6 S S S S 811
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 S S S S 1,133
Single modes 55 56.5 S S S S 1,133
Truck S S S S S S 1,111
For-hire truck 17 16.9 S S S S 1,112
Private truck S S S S S S 1,092
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,145
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,133
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,125

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 887
Single modes S S S S S S 886
Truck S S S S S S 885
For-hire truck S S S S S S 885
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 991
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 900
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 8 100.0 8 100.0 969
Single modes S S S S S S 1,059
Truck S S S S S S 1,059
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,059
Private truck S S S S S S 1,063
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 54.7 S S 2 27.1 951
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 54.7 S S 2 27.1 951
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,112
Single modes S S S S S S 2,480
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,480
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,110
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,110
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,169
Single modes S S S S S S 1,194
Truck S S S S S S 1,194
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,194
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,167
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,606
Single modes S S S S S S 2,611
Truck S S S S S S 2,611
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,611
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,589
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 547
Single modes 5 11.0 1 74.5 1 74.7 712
Truck S S 1 74.4 1 74.5 505
For-hire truck S S 1 74.4 1 74.5 505
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 871
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 87.2 24.9 24.8 542
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 87.2 24.9 24.8 542
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 478

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 277 100.0 S S 9 100.0 304
Single modes S S S S 8 97.9 386
Truck S S S S S S 226
For-hire truck S S 8 28.0 2 21.2 193
Private truck S S S S S S 238
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,518
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.6 1.9 226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.6 1.9 226
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,041

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,072
Single modes S S S S S S 2,106
Truck S S S S S S 1,986
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,986
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,862
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 352 100.0 S S S S 270
Single modes S S S S S S 313
Truck 59 16.6 S S S S 274
For-hire truck 53 15.0 S S S S 264
Private truck S S S S S S 387
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 446
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 37.8 S S S S 259
Parcel, USPS or courier 133 37.8 S S S S 259
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 330 100.0 40 100.0 13 100.0 291
Single modes 320 96.9 39 98.9 13 98.8 258
Truck 320 96.8 39 98.8 13 98.6 258
For-hire truck 297 90.1 37 92.4 12 93.6 337
Private truck S S S S S S 242
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 803
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 3.1 1.1 1.2 369
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 3.1 1.1 1.2 369
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,668
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,668
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 7 100.0 3 100.0 445
Single modes 105 50.1 5 73.3 2 72.6 470
Truck S S S S 2 59.9 368
For-hire truck 13 6.4 2 32.1 1 34.6 442
Private truck S S S S S S 360
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 64 30.6 1 10.8 12.7 538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 104 49.9 2 26.7 1 27.4 436
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 49.9 2 26.7 1 27.4 436
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,297
Single modes S S S S S S 1,200
Truck S S S S S S 1,221
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,286
Private truck S S S S S S 1,203
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,307
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,307
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,701
Single modes S S S S S S 2,666
Truck S S S S S S 2,852
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,852
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,645
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,829
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,829
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 667 100.0 S S S S 170
Single modes 455 68.2 S S S S 144
Truck 453 67.9 S S S S 136
For-hire truck 269 40.3 46 12.4 7 14.2 176
Private truck S S S S S S 123
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 172 25.8 10 2.8 2 3.8 178
Parcel, USPS or courier 172 25.8 10 2.8 2 3.8 178
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 129

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S 100.0 411
Single modes S S S S S S 405
Truck S S S S S S 405
For-hire truck S S S S S S 408
Private truck S S S S S S 410
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 79.6 30.4 30.7 414
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 79.6 30.4 30.7 414
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 423

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 157 100.0 45 100.0 21 100.0 491
Single modes 147 93.9 44 99.0 20 98.9 485
Truck 146 93.3 44 98.2 20 97.5 473
For-hire truck 141 89.8 S S S S 469
Private truck 5 3.4 S S 2 11.4 487
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 800
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.1 S S S S 494
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.1 S S S S 494
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 489

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,291
Single modes S S S S S S 1,300
Truck S S S S S S 1,300
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,300
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,290
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,290
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 801
Single modes 10 33.3 S S S S 849
Truck 6 18.9 S S S S 733
For-hire truck 6 18.9 S S S S 733
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 916
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 66.7 S S S S 798
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 66.7 S S S S 798
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 176 100.0 S S S S 1,356
Single modes 82 46.9 S S S S 1,266
Truck S S S S S S 1,549
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,549
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 11.3 0.4 0.3 1,238
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 53.1 2 4.5 3 4.0 1,383
Parcel, USPS or courier 94 53.1 2 4.5 3 4.0 1,383
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,095
Single modes S S S S S S 2,011
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,011
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 94.1 S S S S 2,097
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 94.1 S S S S 2,097
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6 100.0 S S S S 660
Single modes 1 23.7 S S S S 802
Truck S S S S S S 481
For-hire truck S S S S S S 516
Private truck S S S S S S 463
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 988
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 76.3 S S S S 636
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 76.3 S S S S 636
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,173 100.0 927 100.0 38 100.0 38
Single modes 1,629 75.0 916 98.9 37 96.8 29
Truck 1,321 60.8 915 98.8 37 96.4 25
For-hire truck 575 26.5 376 40.6 12 30.0 31
Private truck 744 34.2 538 58.1 26 66.4 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 309 14.2 1 0.1 0.4 188
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 15.3 6 0.6 1.2 81
Parcel, USPS or courier 329 15.2 4 0.4 S S 81
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 47
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.5 S S S

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,776
Single modes S S S S S S 2,765
Truck S S S S S S 2,765
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,765
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,776
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,776
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 110 100.0 10 100.0 141
Single modes 21 88.6 110 100.0 10 99.9 91
Truck 21 88.6 110 100.0 10 99.9 91
For-hire truck 11 45.7 67 60.7 7 65.8 133
Private truck S S S S S S 80
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 309
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 309
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 S S S S 881
Single modes 136 89.3 S S S S 843
Truck S S S S S S 843
For-hire truck S S S S S S 839
Private truck S S S S S S 919
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 12.0 1 12.2 843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 7.5 2.4 2.5 970
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 7.5 2.4 2.5 970
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 898

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,646
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.