Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,707 1,341 176.5 1,407 1,747 −19.5 34 21 56.9 148 S S
Single modes 3,579 1,078 232 1,388 1,732 −19.9 31 17 79.8 28 S S
Truck 3,576 1,057 238.5 1,388 1,732 −19.9 31 16 100.0.3 26 20 31.5
Rail S S S S S S 48
Water S S S S S S 2,947
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,213
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 75 S S 2 S S S S S 859 600 43.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 S S 2 S S S S S 859 600 43.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 36 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 240 S S S S S S S S 24 30 −21.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S 27 30 −11.5
Truck S S S S S S S S S 27 30 −11.5
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,666
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,666
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 433 457 −5.2 82 S S 1 −51 26 8 237.3
Single modes 428 457 −6.3 81 S S 1 −52.2 8 8 −3.1
Truck 428 457 −6.3 81 S S 1 −52.2 8 8 −3.1
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 135 5 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S S S S 24 4 543.3
Single modes S S S S S S 24
Truck S S S S S S 24
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S 1
Single modes S S S S S S 1
Truck S S S S S S 1
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S 1 S S S S S 384 29 S
Single modes S S S 1 S S S S S 27 61 −55
Truck S S S 1 S S S S S 27 61 −55
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,169
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,169
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 2 9 −79.2

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 458 S 91 122 −25.2 14 S S 394 516 −23.5
Single modes S S S 89 112 −21.2 13 S S 44 47 −7
Truck S S S 89 112 −21.2 13 S S 44 47 −7.7
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,819
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 27 S S S S S S S S 897 624 43.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 S S S S S S S S 897 624 43.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 3 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 62 140 −56.1 S 1,412 S S 9 S S S S
Single modes 51 107 −52.3 S 1,407 S S S S S S S
Truck 51 107 −52.3 S 1,407 S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8 S S S S S S 74 121 −39.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 S S S S S S 74 121 −39.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S 2 S S S S S S 45 S
Single modes S S S 1 S S S S S S 45 S
Truck S S S 1 S S S S S S 45 S
Rail S S S S S S 48
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,209
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S 923 45 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 923 45 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 94 26 260.5 56 S S 7 S S 354 314 13
Single modes 81 S S 55 S S 6 S S S S S
Truck 80 S S 55 S S 6 S S 35 S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,906
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,225
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 S S S S S S S S 992 729 36
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 S S S S S S S S 992 729 36
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S 4 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S S S S S 2,887 S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S 30 2,959 −99
Truck S S S S S S 30
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,959
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 112
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 112
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.