Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.5 20.0 17.9 10.5
Single modes 11.5 5.9 20.7 1.8 19.2 3.7 29.0
Truck 14.1 5.7 15.1 5.7 19.1 3.6 38.4
For-hire truck 25.0 6.5 26.9 6.5 17.0 5.4 12.2
Private truck 12.4 3.0 18.2 6.8 33.5 4.5 S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 21.5 2.4 29.8 0.2 25.1 1.4 11.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.0 5.9 21.1 0.5 S S 8.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 5.9 18.5 0.5 16.7 1.4 8.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 35.1 0.8 40.9 1.4 S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 3.6
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck 44.5 18.7 S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck 44.5 18.7 S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.7 36.3 0.7
Single modes 24.5 13.0 40.3 11.6 39.4 11.7 1.5
Truck 41.2 12.0 43.3 14.2 42.1 14.2 14.9
For-hire truck 36.2 9.3 39.8 12.3 39.7 12.4 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.1 9.6 S S S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.8 12.9 33.9 13.0 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.8 18.8 S S S S 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 18.8 S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.9 32.8 32.9 3.6
Single modes 37.0 17.1 35.9 13.1 36.0 13.0 11.1
Truck 37.0 17.1 35.9 13.1 36.0 13.0 11.1
For-hire truck 46.8 16.2 40.8 14.1 41.0 14.0 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.1 17.1 S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.1 17.1 S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.6 S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 45.5 11.0 32.9 17.0 33.4 16.9 18.6
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.5 S S 46.2 7.3
Single modes 15.5 4.0 49.8 1.2 46.1 0.6 4.7
Truck 15.5 4.0 49.8 1.2 46.1 0.6 4.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 24.6
Private truck 15.7 4.9 S S 46.3 5.8 4.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.3 1.5 34.7 0.1 20.3 14.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 1.5 34.7 0.1 20.3 14.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.7

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 37.2 35.1 5.1
Single modes 33.2 12.3 48.9 18.3 47.2 17.9 13.3
Truck S S S S 48.4 19.9 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S 48.4 19.9 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.0 9.3 46.6 9.9 48.3 10.0 11.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.3 12.3 34.3 18.3 34.2 17.9 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.3 12.3 34.3 18.3 34.2 17.9 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.9 S S S S 4.9
Single modes 33.1 13.6 S S S S 16.1
Truck 34.1 13.7 S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 34.0 12.3 S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.6 13.6 S S S S 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.6 13.6 S S S S 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.6 S S S S 1.8
Single modes S S S S S S 10.7
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.8 10.5 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 10.5 S S S S 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.9 S S S S 12.6
Single modes 49.0 13.3 S S S S 29.4
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.6 13.3 S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.6 13.3 S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 3.8
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.2 S S S S 10.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.7 10.2 40.3 18.5 41.2 18.1 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.7 10.2 40.3 18.5 41.2 18.1 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.4
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.2 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 38.8 12.7 S S S S 18.3
Truck 39.7 12.3 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 47.7 45.2 19.4
Single modes 38.7 14.0 48.1 11.8 45.7 11.7 21.8
Truck 38.5 14.3 48.1 14.8 45.7 14.8 21.3
For-hire truck 44.1 15.1 S S S S 23.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 43.3 11.7 29.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 43.3 11.7 29.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 33.3 34.1 11.6
Single modes 21.8 1.7 33.7 1.2 34.5 1.0 11.6
Truck 21.9 1.6 31.6 9.7 28.9 7.2 11.6
For-hire truck 45.1 5.8 S S 39.6 9.7 19.2
Private truck 20.1 6.9 33.2 13.6 40.0 12.8 11.9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.3 1.5 30.7 0.6 24.2 0.5 16.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 1.5 30.7 0.6 24.2 0.5 16.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 42.3 41.1 7.2
Single modes S S 46.9 18.5 47.5 17.8 17.6
Truck S S 46.9 18.5 47.5 17.8 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.8 18.5 S S 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.8 18.5 S S 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.8 S S S S 6.3
Single modes S S S S S S 4.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 15.9 S S S S 6.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 15.9 S S S S 6.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.5 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 44.6 13.1 S S S S 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 47.7 15.6 S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 40.4 41.5 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 15.1
Truck S S S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.1 13.1 S S 50.0 13.1 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.1 13.1 S S 50.0 13.1 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 37.6 37.2 6.2
Single modes 48.1 6.4 46.8 18.6 46.4 18.6 24.3
Truck S S 46.9 19.5 46.5 19.5 25.8
For-hire truck S S 46.9 19.5 46.5 19.5 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 10.5 42.3 17.1 41.0 17.0 6.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.7 10.5 42.3 17.1 41.0 17.0 6.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.7 S S 48.3 12.0
Single modes S S S S 49.4 8.8 45.0
Truck S S S S S S 7.8
For-hire truck S S 46.3 15.0 47.1 16.4 6.0
Private truck S S S S S S 19.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.0 7.6 33.8 8.8 28.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.0 7.6 33.8 8.8 28.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.9 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 15.2
Truck 36.8 12.2 S S S S 13.2
For-hire truck 38.0 11.7 S S S S 12.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 36.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.7 11.2 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.7 11.2 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.5 34.9 37.2 9.2
Single modes 42.5 9.0 35.4 9.6 37.8 9.5 11.3
Truck 42.5 9.0 35.4 9.6 37.7 9.4 10.9
For-hire truck 41.4 9.4 38.7 11.0 40.4 10.4 3.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.0 9.0 31.7 9.6 31.1 9.5 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.0 9.0 31.7 9.6 31.1 9.5 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.7 29.0 26.4 5.3
Single modes 33.8 12.4 43.0 13.0 40.3 12.7 5.0
Truck S S S S 49.2 14.8 15.8
For-hire truck 37.2 2.4 42.9 8.9 43.3 9.1 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 24.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.6 9.2 30.6 6.5 30.4 7.0 10.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.9 12.4 30.9 13.0 32.3 12.7 8.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.9 12.4 30.9 13.0 32.3 12.7 8.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.4 S S S S 8.4
Single modes 33.0 11.9 S S S S 10.4
Truck 33.0 11.8 S S S S 8.0
For-hire truck 46.7 12.4 30.4 17.3 33.6 16.1 4.1
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.9 11.2 43.1 6.9 49.4 7.7 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 11.2 43.1 6.9 49.4 7.7 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.8 S S 49.9 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 11.5 26.3 17.2 26.3 17.1 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.4 11.5 26.3 17.2 26.3 17.1 10.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.2 47.5 42.1 2.7
Single modes 37.9 9.6 47.8 9.6 42.4 9.5 3.0
Truck 38.1 9.5 48.4 9.9 43.3 10.1 2.7
For-hire truck 40.3 10.9 S S S S 3.1
Private truck 42.8 5.9 S S 49.8 8.3 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.9 2.9 S S S S 21.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.9 2.9 S S S S 21.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 S S S S 4.1
Single modes 33.6 13.6 S S S S 16.0
Truck 40.7 8.7 S S S S 21.4
For-hire truck 40.7 8.7 S S S S 21.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.0 13.6 S S S S 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.0 13.6 S S S S 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.3 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 44.2 9.8 S S S S 11.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.5
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37.1 8.4 42.9 10.2 42.6 10.3 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 9.8 42.3 14.5 42.8 14.8 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 9.8 42.3 14.5 42.8 14.8 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.8 S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.1 12.0 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.1 12.0 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 S S S S 13.1
Single modes 45.2 10.6 S S S S 24.3
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 10.6 S S S S 13.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.2 10.6 S S S S 13.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.4 22.5 19.7 29.3
Single modes 18.2 6.9 22.8 1.4 20.6 3.2 29.7
Truck 19.3 8.3 22.8 1.6 20.7 3.4 12.8
For-hire truck 42.3 7.6 28.9 7.0 23.3 6.9 24.9
Private truck 16.9 8.3 23.0 6.8 25.4 7.4 21.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 6.1 28.7 0.2 25.7 0.3 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.6 7.3 36.4 0.4 42.9 1.0 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.2 7.3 38.3 0.4 S S 18.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47.5 1.3 S S S

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 35.8 30.7 25.1
Single modes 37.5 15.0 35.8 15.8 30.7 15.7 35.3
Truck 37.5 15.0 35.8 15.8 30.7 15.7 35.3
For-hire truck 34.3 12.1 45.4 14.1 40.0 14.7 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.6 S S S S 2.8
Single modes 36.3 6.5 S S S S 2.0
Truck S S S S S S 1.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.4 9.5 49.3 9.6 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.0 7.0 28.5 6.0 28.4 6.6 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.0 7.0 28.5 6.0 28.4 6.6 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.