Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 296,989 100.0 455,084 100.0 61,074 100.0
Less than 50 miles 114,305 38.5 318,619 70.0 6,554 10.7
50 to 99 miles 28,805 9.7 51,882 11.4 4,594 7.5
100 to 249 miles 45,999 15.5 42,721 9.4 7,980 13.1
250 to 499 miles 27,758 9.3 12,974 2.9 5,545 9.1
500 to 749 miles 12,687 4.3 7,640 1.7 5,639 9.2
750 to 999 miles 24,386 8.2 9,199 2.0 10,146 16.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 27,011 9.1 9,092 2.0 12,951 21.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,136 1.1 805 0.2 1,706 2.8
2,000 miles or more 12,901 4.3 2,152 0.5 5,958 9.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 245,096 100.0 444,398 100.0 58,629 100.0
Less than 50 miles 103,745 42.3 311,529 70.1 6,494 11.1
50 to 99 miles 25,828 10.5 50,771 11.4 4,514 7.7
100 to 249 miles 38,435 15.7 41,973 9.4 7,825 13.3
250 to 499 miles 24,439 10.0 12,612 2.8 5,381 9.2
500 to 749 miles 9,739 4.0 7,445 1.7 5,489 9.4
750 to 999 miles 16,516 6.7 8,789 2.0 9,699 16.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 16,519 6.7 8,558 1.9 12,192 20.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,668 0.7 719 0.2 1,527 2.6
2,000 miles or more 8,207 3.3 2,000 0.5 5,507 9.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 226,639 100.0 361,197 100.0 40,866 100.0
Less than 50 miles 100,845 44.5 244,716 67.8 4,365 10.7
50 to 99 miles 25,679 11.3 49,815 13.8 4,298 10.5
100 to 249 miles 36,501 16.1 39,982 11.1 7,380 18.1
250 to 499 miles 22,865 10.1 9,808 2.7 4,058 9.9
500 to 749 miles 8,529 3.8 4,793 1.3 3,461 8.5
750 to 999 miles 11,988 5.3 5,574 1.5 5,907 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,350 5.4 4,394 1.2 5,845 14.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,009 0.4 329 680 1.7
2,000 miles or more 6,872 3.0 1,784 0.5 4,873 11.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 97,189 100.0 210,389 100.0 30,286 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,978 24.7 138,786 66.0 2,215 7.3
50 to 99 miles 5,425 5.6 26,389 12.5 2,324 7.7
100 to 249 miles 16,612 17.1 22,980 10.9 4,268 14.1
250 to 499 miles S S 7,589 3.6 3,089 10.2
500 to 749 miles 7,317 7.5 4,058 1.9 2,944 9.7
750 to 999 miles 10,795 11.1 4,694 2.2 4,952 16.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,074 11.4 3,875 1.8 5,161 17.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 933 1.0 267 0.1 551 1.8
2,000 miles or more 6,791 7.0 1,750 0.8 4,783 15.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 128,728 100.0 149,286 100.0 9,967 100.0
Less than 50 miles 76,820 59.7 105,151 70.4 2,086 20.9
50 to 99 miles 20,206 15.7 23,306 15.6 1,963 19.7
100 to 249 miles 19,815 15.4 16,824 11.3 3,080 30.9
250 to 499 miles 8,556 6.6 2,184 1.5 955 9.6
500 to 749 miles 1,173 0.9 706 0.5 497 5.0
750 to 999 miles 922 0.7 584 0.4 632 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,139 0.9 462 0.3 611 6.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 57 57 118 1.2
2,000 miles or more 40 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,701 100.0 S S 17,082 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,275 34.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 366 5.5 1,912 2.4 427 2.5
250 to 499 miles 599 8.9 2,253 2.8 1,022 6.0
500 to 749 miles 528 7.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,161 17.3 3,157 4.0 3,708 21.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 4,092 5.2 6,237 36.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 92 1.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 177 0.2 503 2.9

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 320 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 190 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,922 100.0 238 100.0 337 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 20 0.2 0.1
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 790 7.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 681 6.2 6 2.3 7 2.1
750 to 999 miles 3,366 30.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,758 25.3 72 30.4 109 32.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 568 5.2 2 0.9 5 1.6
2,000 miles or more 1,186 10.9 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 513 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 39,863 100.0 1,724 100.0 1,252 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,388 11.0 S S 5 0.4
50 to 99 miles 2,464 6.2 44 2.6 4 0.4
100 to 249 miles 4,837 12.1 145 8.4 34 2.7
250 to 499 miles 3,066 7.7 257 14.9 109 8.7
500 to 749 miles 2,680 6.7 73 4.2 56 4.5
750 to 999 miles 7,470 18.7 233 13.5 256 20.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,155 23.0 255 14.8 360 28.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,293 3.2 36 2.1 75 6.0
2,000 miles or more 4,510 11.3 118 6.8 352 28.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 39,094 100.0 884 100.0 833 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,267 10.9 102 11.5 2 0.3
50 to 99 miles 2,463 6.3 39 4.4 4 0.4
100 to 249 miles 4,821 12.3 129 14.6 26 3.2
250 to 499 miles 3,013 7.7 97 11.0 46 5.5
500 to 749 miles 2,661 6.8 61 6.9 45 5.4
750 to 999 miles 7,431 19.0 181 20.4 194 23.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,107 23.3 164 18.5 227 27.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,283 3.3 31 3.5 61 7.4
2,000 miles or more 4,047 10.4 81 9.1 227 27.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 191 100.0 308 100.0 316 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 41 21.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 39 20.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 57 29.8 34 11.0 107 33.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S 23 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 124 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,030 100.0 8,963 100.0 1,193 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,172 51.3 6,527 72.8 55 4.6
50 to 99 miles 513 4.3 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 603 6.7 121 10.1
250 to 499 miles 253 2.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 269 2.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 400 3.3 177 2.0 191 16.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,337 11.1 278 3.1 400 33.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 184 1.5 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.