Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 296,989 100.0 455,084 100.0 61,074 100.0 484
Less than 50 lbs 47,518 16.0 1,058 0.2 524 0.9 674
50 to 99 lbs 12,222 4.1 968 0.2 194 0.3 215
100 to 499 lbs 34,632 11.7 4,982 1.1 799 1.3 142
500 to 749 lbs 11,943 4.0 1,754 0.4 346 0.6 195
750 to 999 lbs 6,841 2.3 1,518 0.3 285 0.5 187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 74,626 25.1 24,900 5.5 4,534 7.4 182
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 83,087 28.0 190,650 41.9 28,929 47.4 158
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16,477 5.5 108,754 23.9 5,863 9.6 55
100,000 lbs or more 9,642 3.2 120,501 26.5 19,601 32.1 444

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 245,096 100.0 444,398 100.0 58,629 100.0 154
Less than 50 lbs 12,397 5.1 538 0.1 80 0.1 200
50 to 99 lbs 7,960 3.2 S S 64 0.1 82
100 to 499 lbs 29,003 11.8 4,613 1.0 603 1.0 112
500 to 749 lbs 11,362 4.6 1,658 0.4 299 0.5 179
750 to 999 lbs 6,499 2.7 1,454 0.3 246 0.4 168
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 71,877 29.3 24,053 5.4 4,232 7.2 176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 80,475 32.8 188,219 42.4 27,920 47.6 154
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16,189 6.6 108,033 24.3 5,791 9.9 54
100,000 lbs or more 9,334 3.8 115,028 25.9 19,393 33.1 488

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 226,639 100.0 361,197 100.0 40,866 100.0 125
Less than 50 lbs 9,274 4.1 527 0.1 62 0.2 138
50 to 99 lbs 5,335 2.4 S S 56 0.1 72
100 to 499 lbs 26,646 11.8 4,590 1.3 570 1.4 106
500 to 749 lbs 10,859 4.8 1,651 0.5 290 0.7 174
750 to 999 lbs 6,126 2.7 1,446 0.4 232 0.6 159
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 70,576 31.1 23,978 6.6 4,145 10.1 173
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 79,534 35.1 187,998 52.0 27,655 67.7 151
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 15,936 7.0 107,121 29.7 5,597 13.7 53
100,000 lbs or more 2,354 1.0 33,090 9.2 2,258 5.5 173

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 97,189 100.0 210,389 100.0 30,286 100.0 565
Less than 50 lbs 2,117 2.2 54 45 0.1 917
50 to 99 lbs 1,738 1.8 42 31 0.1 710
100 to 499 lbs 9,546 9.8 549 0.3 404 1.3 711
500 to 749 lbs 4,157 4.3 274 0.1 190 0.6 692
750 to 999 lbs 1,989 2.0 221 0.1 161 0.5 721
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 34,567 35.6 6,580 3.1 2,910 9.6 490
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 32,968 33.9 119,588 56.8 21,830 72.1 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,104 8.3 54,919 26.1 2,820 9.3 53
100,000 lbs or more 2,002 2.1 S S 1,896 6.3 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 128,728 100.0 149,286 100.0 9,967 100.0 43
Less than 50 lbs 7,154 5.6 473 0.3 16 0.2 38
50 to 99 lbs 3,597 2.8 S S 26 0.3 35
100 to 499 lbs 17,066 13.3 4,038 2.7 164 1.6 38
500 to 749 lbs 6,683 5.2 1,375 0.9 99 1.0 73
750 to 999 lbs 4,129 3.2 1,223 0.8 70 0.7 57
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 35,808 27.8 17,363 11.6 1,197 12.0 66
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 46,143 35.8 67,636 45.3 5,517 55.3 83
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,820 6.1 S S S S 53
100,000 lbs or more 328 0.3 4,733 3.2 156 1.6 41

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,701 100.0 S S 17,082 100.0 1,152
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,395
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,304
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 81 0.1 66 0.4 761
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 49 0.7 188 0.2 S S 857
100,000 lbs or more 6,392 95.4 S S 16,837 98.6 684

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 320 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 8
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 8
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 130
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 305
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,667
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 242
100,000 lbs or more 270 84.3 S S S S 474

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 440
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 130
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 273
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 380
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 522
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 522

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 190 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 8
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 8
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 800
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 6,477
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,922 100.0 238 100.0 337 100.0 1,645
Less than 50 lbs 3,078 28.2 9 3.7 15 4.4 1,668
50 to 99 lbs 2,621 24.0 5 2.1 8 2.3 1,544
100 to 499 lbs 2,341 21.4 22 9.1 32 9.6 1,541
500 to 749 lbs 501 4.6 7 2.9 9 2.6 1,278
750 to 999 lbs 372 3.4 S S 14 4.0 1,712
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,184 10.8 70 29.6 85 25.1 1,296
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 826 7.6 117 49.2 S S 1,735
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 513 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 39,863 100.0 1,724 100.0 1,252 100.0 1,060
Less than 50 lbs 30,590 76.7 450 26.1 441 35.2 1,067
50 to 99 lbs 3,750 9.4 126 7.3 128 10.3 1,034
100 to 499 lbs 4,488 11.3 222 12.9 188 15.1 800
500 to 749 lbs 370 0.9 S S S S 979
750 to 999 lbs 272 0.7 S S S S 888
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 7 0.4 S S 1,913
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 183 0.5 160 9.3 228 18.2 1,383
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 61 4.9 179
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,696

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 39,094 100.0 884 100.0 833 100.0 1,060
Less than 50 lbs 30,589 78.2 450 50.9 440 52.9 1,067
50 to 99 lbs 3,750 9.6 126 14.2 128 15.4 1,034
100 to 499 lbs 4,089 10.5 221 24.9 180 21.6 784
500 to 749 lbs 366 0.9 S S S S 973
750 to 999 lbs 271 0.7 S S S S 888
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,158
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 191 100.0 308 100.0 316 100.0 1,146
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,621
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,056
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,562
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 115 60.3 89 29.0 147 46.5 1,614
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 24 12.7 155 50.5 59 18.6 376
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,717

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S 23 100.0 5,051
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,107
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,619
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 472
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,646
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 446
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 124 100.0 S S S S 504
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 29
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,233
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 12
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,030 100.0 8,963 100.0 1,193 100.0 62
Less than 50 lbs S S 70 0.8 4 0.3 54
50 to 99 lbs 511 4.3 41 0.5 2 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,141 9.5 147 1.6 7 0.6 S
500 to 749 lbs 211 1.8 52 0.6 S S 54
750 to 999 lbs 69 0.6 21 0.2 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,681 22.3 840 9.4 285 23.9 353
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,429 20.2 2,272 25.3 780 65.4 331
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 374 4.2 10 0.9 28
100,000 lbs or more S S 5,147 57.4 101 8.5 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.