Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296,989 100.0 455,084 100.0 61,074 100.0 484
Single modes 245,096 82.5 444,398 97.7 58,629 96.0 154
Truck3 226,639 76.3 361,197 79.4 40,866 66.9 125
For-hire Truck 97,189 32.7 210,389 46.2 30,286 49.6 565
Private Truck 128,728 43.3 149,286 32.8 9,967 16.3 43
Rail 6,701 2.3 S S 17,082 28.0 1,152
Water 320 0.1 S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 440
Great Lakes
Deep draft 190 S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 10,922 3.7 238 337 0.6 1,645
Pipeline4 513 0.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes 39,863 13.4 1,724 0.4 1,252 2.0 1,060
Parcel, USPS or courier 39,094 13.2 884 0.2 833 1.4 1,060
Truck and rail 191 308 316 0.5 1,146
Truck and water S S S S 23 5,051
Rail and water
Other multiple modes 124 S S S S 504
Other and unknown modes 12,030 4.1 8,963 2.0 1,193 2.0 62

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 S S 222 100.0 S
Single modes 195 85.3 S S 221 99.6 S
Truck3 195 85.3 S S 221 99.6 S
For-hire Truck 179 78.4 S S 221 99.6 359
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,927 100.0 4,932 100.0 2,936 100.0 771
Single modes 4,726 95.9 4,761 96.5 S S 574
Truck3 4,191 85.1 4,754 96.4 S S 536
For-hire Truck 2,648 53.8 S S S S 1,208
Private Truck 1,543 31.3 1,796 36.4 221 7.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,058
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 232

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 342 100.0 2,159 100.0 S S 312
Single modes 340 99.4 2,151 99.6 S S 309
Truck3 245 71.7 1,626 75.3 393 35.6 257
For-hire Truck 179 52.3 1,513 70.1 369 33.4 354
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,160
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 856
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,047

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,586 100.0 1,971 100.0 687 100.0 154
Single modes 5,553 99.4 1,968 99.9 687 99.9 154
Truck3 5,550 99.4 1,968 99.8 686 99.8 152
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 532
Private Truck 2,545 45.6 901 45.7 127 18.4 80
Rail
Water S S S S S S 6,974
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 6,974
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,002
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 817
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,002
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 125

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,973 100.0 2,382 100.0 S S S
Single modes 3,824 96.3 2,215 93.0 S S S
Truck3 3,824 96.3 2,215 93.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 484
Private Truck 2,280 57.4 1,181 49.6 69 7.5 55
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 922
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 922
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,842 100.0 20,497 100.0 9,100 100.0 S
Single modes 15,888 94.3 19,491 95.1 8,709 95.7 S
Truck3 14,325 85.1 17,734 86.5 6,637 72.9 S
For-hire Truck 6,477 38.5 7,685 37.5 5,689 62.5 814
Private Truck 7,602 45.1 9,628 47.0 721 7.9 29
Rail S S S S S S 1,144
Water S S S S S S 6,931
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 6,931
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,368
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 276 1.6 55 0.3 S S 1,460
Parcel, USPS or courier 209 1.2 S S S S 1,460
Truck and rail 56 0.3 40 0.2 S S 2,029
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,994 100.0 4,491 100.0 580 100.0 49
Single modes 6,864 98.1 4,482 99.8 579 99.8 45
Truck3 6,864 98.1 4,482 99.8 579 99.8 45
For-hire Truck 1,193 17.1 1,517 33.8 484 83.5 321
Private Truck 5,670 81.1 2,965 66.0 95 16.3 42
Rail S S S S S S 41
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 137
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 137
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 38 100.0 1,205
Single modes S S S S S S 641
Truck3 S S S S S S 343
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 852
Private Truck S S S S S S 150
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,553
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,329
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 111
Single modes S S S S S S 96
Truck3 S S S S S S 96
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 213
Private Truck S S 15 66.1 S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 600
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 600
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 36,552 100.0 2,761 100.0 S
Single modes 286 99.1 36,542 100.0 2,733 99.0 S
Truck3 234 81.0 36,400 99.6 2,576 93.3 S
For-hire Truck 161 56.0 S S 2,259 81.8 S
Private Truck 72 25.0 6,633 18.1 317 11.5 S
Rail 52 18.1 142 0.4 157 5.7 1,089
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,786
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,786
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 81,901 100.0 2,098 100.0 22
Single modes 498 96.2 78,990 96.4 2,054 97.9 22
Truck3 481 93.0 77,465 94.6 1,743 83.1 21
For-hire Truck 411 79.6 64,029 78.2 1,400 66.7 20
Private Truck 67 12.9 12,761 15.6 284 13.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 3.8 2,910 3.6 S S 15

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 325 100.0 7,804 100.0 S S 257
Single modes 324 99.6 7,684 98.5 S S 266
Truck3 S S 1,425 18.3 S S 268
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 591
Private Truck 66 20.3 572 7.3 S S 91
Rail 141 43.5 6,259 80.2 375 30.7 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 785
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 785
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 145 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 145 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 879
Private Truck S S S S S S 104
Rail 22 22.6 145 48.5 120 82.8 829
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 86
Single modes S S S S S S 86
Truck3 S S S S S S 86
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 86
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,421 100.0 35,872 100.0 1,174 100.0 30
Single modes 10,308 98.9 35,519 99.0 1,168 99.4 30
Truck3 9,811 94.1 33,296 92.8 1,146 97.6 30
For-hire Truck 6,431 61.7 20,602 57.4 706 60.1 37
Private Truck 3,380 32.4 12,694 35.4 440 37.4 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 909
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 12
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,377 100.0 10,383 100.0 363 100.0 24
Single modes 2,370 99.7 10,372 99.9 362 99.7 23
Truck3 2,362 99.4 10,339 99.6 361 99.5 23
For-hire Truck 904 38.0 3,714 35.8 157 43.2 40
Private Truck 1,459 61.4 6,625 63.8 204 56.3 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 29
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 366

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 38
Single modes S S S S S S 37
Truck3 S S S S S S 37
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 126
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 360
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 360
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 76

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,383 100.0 2,240 100.0 800 100.0 412
Single modes 1,353 97.8 2,223 99.3 775 96.9 200
Truck3 937 67.8 1,719 76.7 S S 174
For-hire Truck 673 48.7 1,084 48.4 160 20.0 250
Private Truck S S S S 32 4.0 73
Rail 382 27.6 495 22.1 347 43.3 680
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,138
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 20 1.5 S S S S 1,712
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 0.4 1,711
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,819
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,777 100.0 1,686 100.0 365 100.0 1,026
Single modes 6,389 34.0 1,620 96.1 322 88.4 577
Truck3 6,099 32.5 1,615 95.7 313 85.7 501
For-hire Truck 4,573 24.4 1,546 91.7 306 84.1 805
Private Truck 1,525 8.1 69 4.1 S S 104
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,695
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9,047 48.2 49 2.9 38 10.4 1,137
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,047 48.2 49 2.9 38 10.4 1,137
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 17 1.0 4 1.2 S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,381 100.0 S S 10,072 100.0 190
Single modes 4,344 99.1 S S 10,071 100.0 198
Truck3 1,284 29.3 S S 805 8.0 115
For-hire Truck 916 20.9 S S 674 6.7 181
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail 2,903 66.3 S S 9,031 89.7 634
Water S S S S S S 200
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 200
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,978 100.0 2,815 100.0 1,056 100.0 396
Single modes 6,723 84.3 2,702 96.0 952 90.2 244
Truck3 6,575 82.4 2,620 93.1 821 77.7 S
For-hire Truck 3,223 40.4 1,008 35.8 628 59.5 908
Private Truck 3,348 42.0 1,612 57.3 S S 44
Rail 9 0.1 20 0.7 16 1.5 921
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,598
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 874 10.9 50 1.8 50 4.7 865
Parcel, USPS or courier 848 10.6 45 1.6 39 3.7 863
Truck and rail S S S S S S 318
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,256
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,126 100.0 2,585 100.0 1,045 100.0 270
Single modes 8,893 87.8 2,484 96.1 993 95.0 S
Truck3 8,863 87.5 2,477 95.8 986 94.4 S
For-hire Truck 3,501 34.6 1,056 40.9 773 74.0 674
Private Truck 5,361 52.9 1,421 55.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,295
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 55 2.1 44 4.2 645
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 55 2.1 44 4.2 645
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 243 2.4 46 1.8 8 0.8 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 552
Private Truck S S S S S S 68
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 726
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 726
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,941 100.0 16,598 100.0 2,991 100.0 131
Single modes 5,656 95.2 14,457 87.1 2,921 97.7 125
Truck3 5,580 93.9 14,269 86.0 2,777 92.8 124
For-hire Truck 2,230 37.5 S S 1,697 56.8 283
Private Truck 3,332 56.1 4,467 26.9 1,063 35.5 86
Rail 69 1.2 176 1.1 144 4.8 906
Water S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,119
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 703
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 700
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,061
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2,102 12.7 21 0.7 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,996 100.0 5,336 100.0 2,993 100.0 209
Single modes 3,749 93.8 4,954 92.8 2,736 91.4 S
Truck3 3,057 76.5 3,498 65.5 1,483 49.6 S
For-hire Truck 1,323 33.1 2,287 42.9 1,410 47.1 S
Private Truck S S S S 73 2.4 39
Rail 692 17.3 1,457 27.3 1,253 41.9 960
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,285
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,021
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,230
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 180 4.5 333 6.2 210 7.0 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,771 100.0 2,677 100.0 689 100.0 229
Single modes 3,565 94.5 2,635 98.5 665 96.5 86
Truck3 3,550 94.1 2,616 97.7 658 95.6 82
For-hire Truck 1,689 44.8 1,696 63.4 570 82.7 389
Private Truck 1,860 49.3 920 34.4 89 12.9 51
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 380
Shallow draft S S S S S S 380
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,481
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 178 4.7 25 0.9 S S 866
Parcel, USPS or courier 165 4.4 S S S S 866
Truck and rail S S S S S S 614
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 28 0.7 16 0.6 4 0.6 S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,886 100.0 618 100.0 373 100.0 611
Single modes 1,376 73.0 508 82.2 276 74.0 257
Truck3 1,373 72.8 507 82.1 275 73.6 237
For-hire Truck 584 31.0 400 64.7 271 72.7 965
Private Truck 788 41.8 107 17.4 3 0.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.3 1,629
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 429 22.8 S S S S 844
Parcel, USPS or courier 429 22.8 S S S S 844
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 80 4.3 30 4.8 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,893 100.0 S S S S 1,235
Single modes 5,780 58.4 S S S S 1,060
Truck3 5,460 55.2 S S S S 942
For-hire Truck 2,968 30.0 S S S S 1,585
Private Truck 2,492 25.2 374 26.8 64 4.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,405
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,555
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,727 37.7 S S S S 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,726 37.7 S S S S 1,270
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,431
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 659

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,801 100.0 47,883 100.0 3,961 100.0 230
Single modes 5,493 94.7 46,901 97.9 3,872 97.8 S
Truck3 5,444 93.8 45,979 96.0 3,417 86.3 S
For-hire Truck 3,336 57.5 24,621 51.4 2,619 66.1 S
Private Truck 2,108 36.3 21,359 44.6 798 20.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 480
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,535
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 181 3.1 S S 65 1.6 1,331
Parcel, USPS or courier 165 2.8 12 S S 1,333
Truck and rail 16 0.3 S S S S 376
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,101
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 127 2.2 S S 24 0.6 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,775 100.0 4,803 100.0 1,386 100.0 S
Single modes 3,393 89.9 4,679 97.4 1,363 98.3 107
Truck3 3,327 88.1 4,422 92.1 1,225 88.4 106
For-hire Truck 1,325 35.1 1,765 36.7 670 48.3 531
Private Truck 2,002 53.0 2,657 55.3 S S 64
Rail 64 1.7 257 5.3 137 9.9 538
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,598
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 166 4.4 4 3 0.2 914
Parcel, USPS or courier 166 4.4 4 3 0.2 914
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,344 100.0 2,488 100.0 692 100.0 333
Single modes 5,510 86.9 2,397 96.3 673 97.2 101
Truck3 5,359 84.5 2,261 90.9 582 84.1 95
For-hire Truck 2,403 37.9 1,139 45.8 425 61.4 416
Private Truck 2,942 46.4 1,122 45.1 157 22.7 49
Rail S S S S S S 642
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 370
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,623
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 591 9.3 14 0.6 15 2.2 995
Parcel, USPS or courier 590 9.3 14 0.6 13 1.8 991
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,181
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,707 100.0 568 100.0 148 100.0 258
Single modes 5,949 77.2 519 91.3 128 86.7 119
Truck3 5,292 68.7 516 90.7 123 83.5 87
For-hire Truck 2,915 37.8 198 34.9 106 71.4 279
Private Truck 2,377 30.8 318 55.9 18 12.1 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 657 8.5 3 0.5 5 3.1 1,594
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,374 17.8 25 4.5 15 10.3 519
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,374 17.8 25 4.5 15 10.3 519
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 144
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 383 5.0 24 4.3 4 3.0 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43,679 100.0 2,988 100.0 1,502 100.0 579
Single modes 28,604 65.5 2,616 87.5 1,149 76.5 213
Truck3 21,356 48.9 2,506 83.9 1,025 68.2 S
For-hire Truck 9,870 22.6 1,138 38.1 972 64.7 912
Private Truck 11,485 26.3 S S 53 3.5 29
Rail S S S S S S 1,276
Water S S S S S S 8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air) 7,210 16.5 S S 124 8.2 1,671
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 12,647 29.0 155 5.2 173 11.5 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,238 28.0 153 5.1 168 11.2 1,060
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,893
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2,429 5.6 218 7.3 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32,268 100.0 3,040 100.0 1,122 100.0 300
Single modes 30,006 93.0 2,877 94.6 1,069 95.3 154
Truck3 29,858 92.5 2,868 94.3 1,065 95.0 148
For-hire Truck S S S S 856 76.3 425
Private Truck 11,755 36.4 1,159 38.1 209 18.7 69
Rail S S S S S S 315
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 88 0.3 2 2 0.1 1,015
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,101 3.4 46 1.5 31 2.8 741
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,080 3.3 44 1.5 26 2.3 735
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,056
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,239
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,161 3.6 117 3.9 21 1.9 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,383 100.0 54 100.0 57 100.0 1,153
Single modes 2,477 73.2 46 84.6 51 89.7 1,368
Truck3 1,854 54.8 38 70.0 40 69.8 540
For-hire Truck 1,056 31.2 20 36.1 25 43.7 943
Private Truck 798 23.6 18 33.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,636
Water S S S S S S 239
Shallow draft S S S S S S 194
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 800
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,743
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 781 23.1 4 6.6 3 5.5 995
Parcel, USPS or courier 771 22.8 3 5.4 3 4.8 995
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 556
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 126 3.7 5 8.8 S S 834

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,893 100.0 59 100.0 41 100.0 1,070
Single modes 5,068 64.2 46 77.1 24 59.6 829
Truck3 4,452 56.4 44 74.9 22 54.6 674
For-hire Truck 1,904 24.1 24 39.8 21 51.0 1,400
Private Truck S S 21 35.1 1 3.6 98
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 616 7.8 1 2.2 2 5.0 1,524
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,784 35.3 14 22.8 17 40.4 1,200
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,784 35.3 14 22.8 17 40.4 1,200
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,764 100.0 1,231 100.0 251 100.0 421
Single modes 6,868 88.5 1,162 94.4 197 78.2 S
Truck3 6,838 88.1 1,160 94.3 196 78.1 S
For-hire Truck 2,631 33.9 586 47.6 160 63.6 373
Private Truck 4,205 54.2 574 46.7 37 14.6 57
Rail S S S S S S 18
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 965
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 853
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 853
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 164 2.1 21 1.7 13 5.0 S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,807 100.0 2,158 100.0 644 100.0 797
Single modes 5,270 67.5 2,079 96.3 569 88.3 380
Truck3 5,037 64.5 2,067 95.8 551 85.5 261
For-hire Truck 3,126 40.0 1,060 49.1 364 56.5 617
Private Truck 1,911 24.5 1,007 46.7 S S 59
Rail S S S S S S 2,894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 232 3.0 S S S S 1,751
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,266 29.0 62 2.9 65 10.1 986
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,251 28.8 58 2.7 55 8.5 986
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,698
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,122
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 272 3.5 18 0.8 S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck 82 10.8 S S 238 9.6 314
Private Truck S S S S S S 145
Rail S S S S S S 833
Water S S S S S S 496
Shallow draft S S S S S S 522
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,263
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,384
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,108
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,284
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,069

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,673 100.0 13,802 100.0 1,460 100.0 136
Single modes 40,882 95.8 13,509 97.9 1,423 97.5 70
Truck3 40,704 95.4 13,509 97.9 1,423 97.5 70
For-hire Truck 5,064 11.9 1,484 10.8 378 25.9 346
Private Truck 35,640 83.5 12,025 87.1 1,044 71.5 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,024
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 913 2.1 39 0.3 17 1.2 465
Parcel, USPS or courier 913 2.1 39 0.3 17 1.2 465
Truck and rail S S S S S S 487
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 398 100.0 1,186 100.0 84 100.0 S
Single modes 354 88.8 1,182 99.6 84 99.4 S
Truck3 329 82.5 S S 59 70.4 S
For-hire Truck 52 13.1 S S S S 667
Private Truck 262 65.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 49
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,030
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 752
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 752
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.