Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 296,989 209,428 41.8 455,084 366,398 24.2 61,074 54,877 11.3 484 515 −5.9
Single modes 245,096 163,437 50 444,398 358,915 23.8 58,629 50,062 17.1 154 141 8.7
Truck 226,639 150,107 51 361,197 276,953 30.4 40,866 28,049 45.7 125 123 1.9
Rail 6,701 5,678 18 S 77,311 S 17,082 19,822 −13.8 1,152 468 146
Water 320 1,001 −68 S S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 10,922 6,465 68.9 238 S S 337 S S 1,645 958 71.8
Pipeline 513 S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 39,863 36,009 10.7 1,724 4,754 −63.7 1,252 3,958 −68.4 1,060 1,000 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 39,094 34,749 12.5 884 693 27.5 833 567 47 1,060 999 6
Truck and Rail 191 415 −53.9 308 1,278 −75.9 316 754 −58.1 1,146 746 53.8
Other multiple modes S 845 S S 2,783 S S 2,637 S 2,939 3,954 −25.7
Other and unknown modes 12,030 9,982 20.5 8,963 2,730 228.4 1,193 857 39.2 62 128 −51.5

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,083 10,560 5 9,894 14,515 −31.8 4,949 6,679 −25.9 621 471 31.8
Single modes 10,814 10,147 6.6 9,625 14,217 −32.3 4,856 6,558 −26 435 192 126.4
Truck 10,182 9,290 9.6 9,093 11,055 −17.7 4,134 3,102 33.3 406 183 122.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,160 1,195 −2.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 6,974 675 932.9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,831 1,875 −2.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 187 S S S S S 85 S S 1,170 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 160 S S 39 S S 45 S 1,058 1,172 −9.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 856 308 178.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,422
Other and unknown modes S 226 S S 130 S S 37 S S 189 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 30,810 22,510 36.9 27,514 25,984 5.9 10,640 7,179 48.2 S 151 S
Single modes 29,299 21,141 38.6 26,327 23,725 11 10,236 5,484 86.6 S 53 S
Truck 27,712 20,557 34.8 24,570 22,407 9.7 8,163 4,437 84 S 52 S
Rail S 582 S S 1,318 S S 1,047 S 1,143 688 66.2
Water S S S S S S 6,931
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,553 1,140 36.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 663 1,059 −37.4 68 1,933 −96.5 105 1,643 −93.6 1,334 1,299 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 595 245 142.6 19 10 91.6 15 14 13.7 1,334 1,302 2.4
Truck and Rail 56 S S 40 S S S S S 2,029 685 196
Other multiple modes S 778 S S 1,900 S S 1,613 S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 53 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,274 1,590 −19.9 126,579 108,639 16.5 6,226 9,215 −32.4 46 59 −22.1
Single modes 1,250 1,534 −18.5 123,538 107,633 14.8 6,150 8,204 −25 46 57 −18.5
Truck 1,019 1,099 −7.3 115,466 81,734 41.3 5,187 3,765 37.8 45 47 −4.4
Rail 232 419 −44.7 8,072 25,780 −68.7 963 4,261 −77.4 290 202 43.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,237
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,503 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 668 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,786 84 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,214
Other and unknown modes 21 S S 3,030 S S S S S 19 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 14,882 11,653 27.7 52,065 49,953 4.2 1,669 2,399 −30.4 30 49 −39.4
Single modes 14,761 11,621 27 51,696 49,893 3.6 1,661 2,397 −30.7 29 46 −36.2
Truck 14,255 11,603 22.9 49,439 49,795 −0.7 1,638 2,397 −31.7 29 46 −36.1
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 506 S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 5 S S S S S S S S 555 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 4 S S 1 S S S S 366 556 −34.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 200
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 13
Other and unknown modes S 27 S S S S S S S 154 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 42,645 28,690 48.6 S 65,789 S 13,336 12,591 5.9 681 770 −11.5
Single modes 27,702 19,412 42.7 S 65,170 S 13,114 12,321 6.4 250 163 53.3
Truck 23,759 15,686 51.5 S 17,930 S 3,342 2,382 40.3 233 155 50.2
Rail 3,296 3,084 6.9 S 45,168 S 9,394 9,913 −5.2 638 739 −13.7
Water S S S S S S S S S 200 11 S
Air (including truck and air) S 222 S S 4 S S 4 S 1,633 S S
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10,967 8,571 28 S 425 S 157 232 −32.5 1,049 1,135 −7.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,891 8,474 28.5 149 114 30.8 121 104 15.9 1,048 1,135 −7.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,393 1,073 29.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,201
Other and unknown modes S 707 S 128 194 −33.9 S 38 S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,047 20,039 30 S 20,940 S 10,432 6,021 73.2 907 603 50.5
Single modes 20,686 15,849 30.5 S 19,707 S 9,630 5,355 79.8 353 210 68
Truck 19,579 14,957 30.9 S 18,102 S 8,212 4,115 99.6 282 178 57.9
Rail 797 696 14.4 1,651 1,585 4.2 1,402 1,206 16.2 1,383 705 96.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S 1 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S 10 S S 16 S S 1,580 1,500 5.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,452 3,488 27.7 346 832 −58.4 379 586 −35.3 1,221 817 49.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,406 3,380 30.3 266 172 54.7 283 133 112.6 1,221 817 49.5
Truck and Rail 45 107 −58.2 79 S S S 453 S 935 860 8.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,431 6,982 −36.5
Other and unknown modes 909 702 29.4 2,589 402 544.1 422 80 428.9 S 81 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 23,627 24,359 −3 55,742 59,455 −6.2 6,187 6,205 −0.3 255 206 23.6
Single modes 20,345 20,160 0.9 54,495 58,257 −6.5 6,037 5,599 7.8 85 88 −3
Truck 19,422 19,507 −0.4 53,178 57,148 −6.9 5,348 4,420 21 78 77 1
Rail 225 220 2.4 S 900 S 683 1,065 −35.9 510 650 −21.6
Water S S S S 189 S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 697 335 108 3 S S 5 S S 1,607 1,240 29.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,313 2,701 −14.4 191 201 −5.1 98 112 −11.9 867 624 39
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,296 2,661 −13.7 55 84 −34.9 45 59 −23.5 866 624 38.7
Truck and Rail 16 S S S 75 S S 37 S 376 533 −29.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 6,381 S S
Other and unknown modes 969 1,498 −35.3 1,057 998 5.9 52 494 −89.4 S 92 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 87,223 50,546 72.6 6,142 2,178 182 2,722 764 256.2 553 545 1.4
Single modes 66,154 30,334 118.1 5,584 1,795 211.2 2,294 578 296.7 228 142 60.9
Truck 57,520 25,008 130 5,456 1,756 210.7 2,153 534 303.1 148 92 60.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S 1,453 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 8,438 5,039 67.4 118 25 371.5 136 34 295.9 1,640 766 114.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17,313 15,353 12.8 217 172 26.5 223 130 72 1,031 986 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,873 15,333 10 213 171 24.8 213 124 72.2 1,029 984 4.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,056 3,066 −0.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,851 7,847 −38.2
Other and unknown modes 3,756 4,859 −22.7 340 211 60.8 205 56 266.2 S 96 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 59,000 38,546 53.1 22,031 17,972 22.6 4,828 3,652 32.2 359 695 −48.4
Single modes 53,731 32,426 65.7 21,515 17,561 22.5 4,569 3,401 34.4 122 291 −57.9
Truck 52,863 31,595 67.3 18,941 16,116 17.5 2,630 2,782 −5.5 105 267 −60.8
Rail S 222 S S 1,178 S S S S 629 491 28.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 496 53 837.9
Air (including truck and air) 416 575 −27.8 S S S S S S 1,728 1,500 15.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,954 4,572 −13.5 222 209 5.8 214 188 14.2 811 1,124 −27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,896 4,453 −12.5 145 101 43 S 87 S 810 1,124 −27.9
Truck and Rail S 111 S 17 75 −77.3 23 80 −71.5 1,544 862 79.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,582 5,819 −72.8
Other and unknown modes 1,315 1,549 −15.1 S 202 S 45 S S S 322 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 398 935 −57.4 1,186 972 22.1 84 170 −50.6 S 299 S
Single modes 354 814 −56.5 1,182 958 23.3 84 165 −49.3 S 301 S
Truck 329 805 −59.2 S 911 S 59 116 −48.9 S 271 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 49 1,033 −95.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,030 1,118 81.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 37 S 1 1 −3.8 80.4 752 343 119.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 37 S 1 1 −3.8 80.4 752 343 119.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 13 S S S S S 161 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.