Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 270,703 100.0 339,846 100.0 68,310 100.0
Less than 50 miles 69,067 25.5 199,748 58.8 3,887 5.7
50 to 99 miles 15,767 5.8 16,904 5.0 1,630 2.4
100 to 249 miles 51,939 19.2 54,796 16.1 11,334 16.6
250 to 499 miles 53,596 19.8 32,992 9.7 14,913 21.8
500 to 749 miles 46,391 17.1 18,734 5.5 14,332 21.0
750 to 999 miles 14,916 5.5 11,484 3.4 11,911 17.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,637 1.3 2,119 0.6 3,014 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,242 3.4 1,775 0.5 3,819 5.6
2,000 miles or more 6,146 2.3 1,295 0.4 3,469 5.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 241,595 100.0 330,322 100.0 66,198 100.0
Less than 50 miles 63,764 26.4 193,304 58.5 3,752 5.7
50 to 99 miles 14,247 5.9 16,745 5.1 1,615 2.4
100 to 249 miles 47,840 19.8 53,867 16.3 11,140 16.8
250 to 499 miles 47,653 19.7 32,067 9.7 14,528 21.9
500 to 749 miles 39,979 16.5 18,181 5.5 13,881 21.0
750 to 999 miles 11,870 4.9 11,250 3.4 11,670 17.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,038 1.3 2,060 0.6 2,937 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,044 3.3 1,657 0.5 3,539 5.3
2,000 miles or more 5,160 2.1 1,191 0.4 3,137 4.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 224,029 100.0 301,838 100.0 51,362 100.0
Less than 50 miles 62,840 28.0 189,703 62.8 3,674 7.2
50 to 99 miles 14,094 6.3 16,118 5.3 1,517 3.0
100 to 249 miles 46,595 20.8 44,500 14.7 8,949 17.4
250 to 499 miles 45,156 20.2 24,064 8.0 10,279 20.0
500 to 749 miles 34,454 15.4 14,837 4.9 10,889 21.2
750 to 999 miles 10,416 4.6 9,120 3.0 9,052 17.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,823 1.3 1,067 0.4 1,451 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,798 1.7 1,531 0.5 3,246 6.3
2,000 miles or more 3,852 1.7 899 0.3 2,305 4.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 145,158 100.0 152,603 100.0 40,922 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,199 15.3 72,467 47.5 1,478 3.6
50 to 99 miles 6,450 4.4 9,842 6.4 916 2.2
100 to 249 miles 30,059 20.7 25,162 16.5 5,138 12.6
250 to 499 miles 36,157 24.9 20,264 13.3 8,672 21.2
500 to 749 miles 31,091 21.4 13,085 8.6 9,609 23.5
750 to 999 miles 9,387 6.5 8,449 5.5 8,370 20.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,295 1.6 939 0.6 1,276 3.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,760 2.6 1,516 1.0 3,212 7.8
2,000 miles or more 3,761 2.6 878 0.6 2,252 5.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 78,050 100.0 147,306 100.0 9,611 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,598 52.0 116,936 79.4 2,177 22.6
50 to 99 miles 7,639 9.8 6,238 4.2 597 6.2
100 to 249 miles 16,350 20.9 18,833 12.8 3,690 38.4
250 to 499 miles 8,783 11.3 3,175 2.2 1,316 13.7
500 to 749 miles 3,103 4.0 1,458 1.0 1,068 11.1
750 to 999 miles 928 1.2 514 0.3 522 5.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 525 0.7 127 175 1.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 34 6 13 0.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,527 100.0 27,180 100.0 14,483 100.0
Less than 50 miles 773 8.1 2,737 10.1 70 0.5
50 to 99 miles 63 0.7 418 1.5 57 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,008 10.6 9,360 34.4 2,185 15.1
250 to 499 miles 1,826 19.2 7,833 28.8 4,044 27.9
500 to 749 miles 4,314 45.3 3,322 12.2 2,968 20.5
750 to 999 miles 594 6.2 2,124 7.8 2,612 18.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 188 2.0 993 3.7 1,485 10.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 386 4.1 111 0.4 260 1.8
2,000 miles or more S S 281 1.0 801 5.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 76 100.0 108 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 617 8.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,211 15.6 23 30.2 23 21.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 23 100.0 125 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 22 96.7 125 100.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 22,007 100.0 1,690 100.0 1,306 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,995 9.1 73 4.3 2 0.1
50 to 99 miles 1,329 6.0 64 3.8 S S
100 to 249 miles 3,487 15.8 184 10.9 40 3.0
250 to 499 miles 5,269 23.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 5,439 24.7 323 19.1 288 22.0
750 to 999 miles 2,166 9.8 114 6.7 117 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 544 2.5 17 1.0 24 1.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 977 4.4 93 5.5 226 17.3
2,000 miles or more 802 3.6 91 5.4 298 22.8

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 21,186 100.0 689 100.0 400 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,987 9.4 68 9.9 2 0.4
50 to 99 miles 1,328 6.3 63 9.2 S S
100 to 249 miles 3,481 16.4 140 20.2 29 7.1
250 to 499 miles 5,109 24.1 141 20.5 61 15.3
500 to 749 miles 5,156 24.3 149 21.7 113 28.3
750 to 999 miles 2,152 10.2 72 10.4 75 18.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 541 2.6 17 2.4 24 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 812 3.8 25 3.6 53 13.1
2,000 miles or more 621 2.9 15 2.1 38 9.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 770 100.0 982 100.0 830 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 284 36.8 174 17.7 174 21.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 165 21.4 68 6.9 173 20.9
2,000 miles or more 138 18.0 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 48 100.0 S S 75 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 42 87.3 13 67.6 75 99.3

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,100 100.0 7,834 100.0 806 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,308 46.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 190 2.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 613 8.6 744 9.5 155 19.2
250 to 499 miles 674 9.5 195 2.5 79 9.8
500 to 749 miles 973 13.7 229 2.9 164 20.4
750 to 999 miles S S 120 1.5 123 15.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 55 0.8 42 0.5 53 6.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 221 3.1 25 0.3 54 6.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.