Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 270,703 100.0 339,846 100.0 68,310 100.0 469
Less than 50 lbs 20,931 7.7 464 0.1 236 0.3 616
50 to 99 lbs 6,419 2.4 374 0.1 136 0.2 367
100 to 499 lbs 22,305 8.2 2,764 0.8 688 1.0 263
500 to 749 lbs 7,980 2.9 1,276 0.4 321 0.5 247
750 to 999 lbs 7,293 2.7 1,148 0.3 347 0.5 302
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 59,743 22.1 17,941 5.3 5,557 8.1 306
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 129,280 47.8 215,588 63.4 38,692 56.6 190
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,495 3.9 64,039 18.8 4,987 7.3 75
100,000 lbs or more 6,257 2.3 36,253 10.7 17,347 25.4 474

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 241,595 100.0 330,322 100.0 66,198 100.0 247
Less than 50 lbs 7,170 3.0 159 44 269
50 to 99 lbs 3,153 1.3 239 58 240
100 to 499 lbs 17,936 7.4 2,515 0.8 582 0.9 237
500 to 749 lbs 7,581 3.1 1,208 0.4 301 0.5 245
750 to 999 lbs 6,784 2.8 1,092 0.3 306 0.5 281
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 57,543 23.8 17,424 5.3 5,351 8.1 303
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 125,015 51.7 210,127 63.6 37,585 56.8 190
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,422 4.3 62,229 18.8 4,904 7.4 76
100,000 lbs or more 5,991 2.5 35,328 10.7 17,068 25.8 479

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 224,029 100.0 301,838 100.0 51,362 100.0 221
Less than 50 lbs 5,297 2.4 152 34 200
50 to 99 lbs 2,594 1.2 236 52 0.1 220
100 to 499 lbs 16,576 7.4 2,502 0.8 570 1.1 231
500 to 749 lbs 7,552 3.4 1,206 0.4 297 0.6 242
750 to 999 lbs 6,697 3.0 1,087 0.4 302 0.6 278
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 56,480 25.2 17,368 5.8 5,275 10.3 297
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 117,267 52.3 209,119 69.3 36,521 71.1 186
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,219 4.6 61,254 20.3 4,289 8.4 69
100,000 lbs or more 1,347 0.6 8,914 3.0 S S 118

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 145,158 100.0 152,603 100.0 40,922 100.0 466
Less than 50 lbs 1,734 1.2 47 25 557
50 to 99 lbs 1,278 0.9 79 40 0.1 511
100 to 499 lbs 9,096 6.3 816 0.5 433 1.1 531
500 to 749 lbs 4,742 3.3 466 0.3 225 0.5 485
750 to 999 lbs 4,807 3.3 435 0.3 234 0.6 536
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 35,198 24.2 7,748 5.1 4,106 10.0 544
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 81,129 55.9 106,991 70.1 28,985 70.8 293
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,248 4.3 30,165 19.8 3,161 7.7 102
100,000 lbs or more 926 0.6 S S S S 232

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 78,050 100.0 147,306 100.0 9,611 100.0 89
Less than 50 lbs 3,563 4.6 106 9 94
50 to 99 lbs 1,316 1.7 157 0.1 13 0.1 79
100 to 499 lbs 7,479 9.6 1,686 1.1 137 1.4 85
500 to 749 lbs 2,810 3.6 740 0.5 72 0.8 93
750 to 999 lbs 1,884 2.4 652 0.4 68 0.7 103
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21,152 27.1 9,560 6.5 1,125 11.7 113
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,470 45.4 100,544 68.3 6,798 70.7 72
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,956 5.1 30,805 20.9 1,082 11.3 36
100,000 lbs or more 421 0.5 3,057 2.1 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,527 100.0 27,180 100.0 14,483 100.0 647
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 276
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 333
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,507
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 774
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 770
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,908 51.5 995 3.7 1,056 7.3 1,024
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 195 2.1 959 3.5 611 4.2 615
100,000 lbs or more 4,366 45.8 25,213 92.8 12,806 88.4 574

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 250
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 610
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 128
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 205
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 280

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 323
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 610
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 189
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 241
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 128
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 212
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 280

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 76 100.0 108 100.0 1,415
Less than 50 lbs S S 7 9.2 9 8.6 1,403
50 to 99 lbs S S 3 4.1 S S 1,813
100 to 499 lbs S S 10 12.6 11 10.0 1,307
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 3.3 S S 1,433
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 959
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,395
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,108
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 23 100.0 125 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 123 98.1 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 22,007 100.0 1,690 100.0 1,306 100.0 742
Less than 50 lbs 13,366 60.7 295 17.5 192 14.7 757
50 to 99 lbs 3,062 13.9 123 7.3 76 5.8 619
100 to 499 lbs 4,006 18.2 198 11.7 100 7.6 524
500 to 749 lbs 343 1.6 44 2.6 17 1.3 391
750 to 999 lbs S S 32 1.9 S S 1,139
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39 0.2 15 0.9 34 2.6 2,263
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 656 3.0 366 21.7 578 44.2 1,697
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 389
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 490

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 21,186 100.0 689 100.0 400 100.0 742
Less than 50 lbs 13,361 63.1 295 42.9 192 47.9 757
50 to 99 lbs 3,062 14.5 123 17.9 76 19.0 618
100 to 499 lbs 4,005 18.9 198 28.7 99 24.8 523
500 to 749 lbs 342 1.6 44 6.3 17 4.2 386
750 to 999 lbs S S 27 4.0 16 3.9 591
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 298
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 770 100.0 982 100.0 830 100.0 1,317
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17 2.1 10 1.0 11 1.3 989
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 635 82.5 356 36.2 547 65.9 1,550
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 389
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 490

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 48 100.0 S S 75 100.0 5,035
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,481
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,818
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,126
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,794
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,785
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14 28.0 S S S S 5,893
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,850
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 11
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 11
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,100 100.0 7,834 100.0 806 100.0 111
Less than 50 lbs 394 5.5 10 0.1 1 S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S 2 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 363 5.1 S S 6 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs 56 0.8 S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 92 1.3 S S 3 0.4 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,162 30.4 502 6.4 173 21.5 337
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,609 50.8 5,094 65.0 528 65.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 57 0.8 S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 330 4.2 S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.