Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 270,703 100.0 339,846 100.0 68,310 100.0 469
Single modes 241,595 89.2 330,322 97.2 66,198 96.9 247
Truck3 224,029 82.8 301,838 88.8 51,362 75.2 221
For-hire Truck 145,158 53.6 152,603 44.9 40,922 59.9 466
Private Truck 78,050 28.8 147,306 43.3 9,611 14.1 89
Rail 9,527 3.5 27,180 8.0 14,483 21.2 647
Water S S S S S S 250
Shallow draft S S S S S S 323
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 241
Air (including truck and air) S S 76 108 0.2 1,415
Pipeline4 23 125 S S S
Multiple modes 22,007 8.1 1,690 0.5 1,306 1.9 742
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,186 7.8 689 0.2 400 0.6 742
Truck and rail 770 0.3 982 0.3 830 1.2 1,317
Truck and water 48 S S 75 0.1 5,035
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes 7,100 2.6 7,834 2.3 806 1.2 111

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 339
Single modes S S S S S S 313
Truck3 S S S S S S 313
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 319
Private Truck S S S S S S 284
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 369

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 147
Single modes S S S S S S 147
Truck3 S S S S S S 147
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 151
Private Truck S S S S S S 69
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,640 100.0 S S 837 100.0 410
Single modes 3,484 95.7 3,107 95.8 819 97.9 S
Truck3 3,408 93.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,594 43.8 S S S S 275
Private Truck 1,778 48.8 1,553 47.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 628
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,238
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,238
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 71

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,508 100.0 10,522 100.0 1,560 100.0 103
Single modes 2,489 99.2 10,500 99.8 1,556 99.7 S
Truck3 2,433 97.0 S S 1,237 79.3 S
For-hire Truck 757 30.2 2,546 24.2 S S 320
Private Truck 1,676 66.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 640
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 468
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 168

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,537 100.0 4,397 100.0 1,970 100.0 374
Single modes 10,411 98.8 4,357 99.1 1,930 98.0 199
Truck3 10,406 98.8 4,344 98.8 1,926 97.8 199
For-hire Truck 5,389 51.1 2,682 61.0 1,377 69.9 557
Private Truck S S 1,480 33.7 459 23.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 283
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 242
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 743
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,808
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 102

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,548 100.0 S S 1,261 100.0 S
Single modes 2,510 98.5 S S 1,229 97.5 S
Truck3 2,510 98.5 S S 1,229 97.5 S
For-hire Truck 2,196 86.2 S S 1,159 91.9 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 615
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 610
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,639
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 44

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,484 100.0 8,235 100.0 2,225 100.0 423
Single modes 7,214 96.4 8,098 98.3 2,212 99.4 107
Truck3 7,104 94.9 7,835 95.1 2,112 94.9 107
For-hire Truck 4,534 60.6 4,153 50.4 1,415 63.6 395
Private Truck 2,570 34.3 3,682 44.7 697 31.3 S
Rail 110 1.5 263 3.2 100 4.5 430
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 170 2.3 17 0.2 S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 12 0.1 S S 750
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,425 100.0 3,795 100.0 744 100.0 S
Single modes 4,423 100.0 3,793 99.9 741 99.7 S
Truck3 4,347 98.2 3,674 96.8 686 92.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,370 30.9 1,951 51.4 646 86.9 629
Private Truck 2,978 67.3 1,723 45.4 40 5.3 31
Rail S S S S S S 437
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,919 100.0 322 100.0 282 100.0 542
Single modes 4,916 99.9 322 100.0 281 100.0 382
Truck3 4,916 99.9 322 100.0 281 100.0 382
For-hire Truck 4,916 99.9 322 100.0 281 100.0 382
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,168
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,168
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 488
Single modes S S S S S S 516
Truck3 S S S S S S 516
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 736
Private Truck S S S S S S 212
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 28
Single modes S S S S S S 28
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 29
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 541 100.0 76,048 100.0 5,896 100.0 47
Single modes 538 99.4 75,866 99.8 5,873 99.6 47
Truck3 502 92.7 69,392 91.2 3,300 56.0 46
For-hire Truck 165 30.5 24,075 31.7 747 12.7 29
Private Truck 337 62.2 45,317 59.6 2,553 43.3 55
Rail 36 6.7 6,473 8.5 S S 252
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 91

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,129 100.0 14,198 100.0 7,348 100.0 469
Single modes 2,115 99.4 14,118 99.4 7,273 99.0 465
Truck3 1,440 67.7 7,647 53.9 3,212 43.7 422
For-hire Truck 1,360 63.9 7,027 49.5 3,034 41.3 430
Private Truck 58 2.7 165 1.2 92 1.2 529
Rail 653 30.7 6,361 44.8 4,060 55.2 697
Water S S S S S S 10
Shallow draft S S S S S S 10
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 21 1.0 107 0.8 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 986
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 986
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 139

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 9 100.0 2 100.0 282
Single modes 12 100.0 9 100.0 2 100.0 282
Truck3 12 100.0 9 100.0 2 100.0 282
For-hire Truck 12 100.0 9 100.0 2 100.0 282
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,349 100.0 32,127 100.0 810 100.0 27
Single modes 8,349 100.0 32,127 100.0 810 100.0 27
Truck3 8,349 100.0 32,127 100.0 810 100.0 27
For-hire Truck 4,133 49.5 14,725 45.8 481 59.4 36
Private Truck 4,214 50.5 17,392 54.1 329 40.6 18
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,220 100.0 5,299 100.0 96 100.0 S
Single modes 1,220 100.0 5,299 100.0 96 100.0 S
Truck3 1,220 100.0 5,299 100.0 96 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 519 42.5 2,264 42.7 50 51.7 23
Private Truck 701 57.5 3,035 57.3 46 48.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 69
Single modes S S S S S S 70
Truck3 S S S S S S 68
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 189
Private Truck S S S S S S 17
Rail S S S S S S 372
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,137 100.0 3,704 100.0 694 100.0 273
Single modes 3,037 96.8 3,677 99.3 677 97.6 231
Truck3 2,679 85.4 2,564 69.2 559 80.6 232
For-hire Truck 1,820 58.0 1,941 52.4 513 74.0 421
Private Truck S S S S 46 6.6 115
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 0.1 631
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,766
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 124

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,843 100.0 121 100.0 41 100.0 S
Single modes 9,766 90.1 107 88.3 34 82.4 140
Truck3 9,766 90.1 107 88.3 34 82.4 140
For-hire Truck 7,628 70.3 43 35.2 22 53.8 S
Private Truck 2,138 19.7 64 53.1 12 28.6 124
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.2 2 5.5 782
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.2 2 5.5 782
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 571

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 269 100.0 1,866 100.0 638 100.0 206
Single modes 237 87.9 1,608 86.2 529 82.9 190
Truck3 132 49.2 978 52.4 238 37.2 154
For-hire Truck S S 604 32.4 137 21.5 239
Private Truck 57 21.1 271 14.5 S S 112
Rail S S 629 33.7 292 45.7 507
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 458
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 458
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 382

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,130 100.0 5,125 100.0 2,644 100.0 481
Single modes 9,294 91.7 5,034 98.2 2,600 98.3 439
Truck3 9,155 90.4 4,858 94.8 2,210 83.6 431
For-hire Truck 7,718 76.2 4,039 78.8 S S 650
Private Truck 1,436 14.2 818 16.0 144 5.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,257
Water S S S S S S 229
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 229
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 521
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 12 0.5 521
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,567
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,061
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 176

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,707 100.0 4,526 100.0 2,293 100.0 429
Single modes 10,680 91.2 4,425 97.8 2,208 96.3 361
Truck3 10,492 89.6 4,286 94.7 2,085 91.0 360
For-hire Truck 7,914 67.6 3,243 71.7 1,981 86.4 655
Private Truck 2,497 21.3 1,004 22.2 72 3.1 86
Rail S S 139 3.1 S S 1,647
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 837
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 936 8.0 84 1.9 75 3.3 504
Parcel, USPS or courier 844 7.2 61 1.3 30 1.3 492
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,163
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,786
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 17 0.4 S S 315

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 450 100.0 S S 230
Single modes S S 418 93.0 S S 229
Truck3 62 41.6 317 70.5 51 24.5 86
For-hire Truck 41 27.2 307 68.4 51 24.4 165
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,309
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 184
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,912
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 7 4.8 25 5.6 4 1.8 103

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,699 100.0 24,795 100.0 4,438 100.0 359
Single modes 5,485 96.2 23,906 96.4 4,136 93.2 318
Truck3 5,132 90.1 22,833 92.1 3,603 81.2 318
For-hire Truck 2,631 46.2 16,815 67.8 2,909 65.5 523
Private Truck 2,501 43.9 6,017 24.3 694 15.6 78
Rail 352 6.2 1,073 4.3 533 12.0 326
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 712
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,060
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,028
Truck and rail S S S S S S 499
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,900
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 94 1.6 396 1.6 S S 135

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,499 100.0 13,894 100.0 5,807 100.0 369
Single modes 8,330 98.0 13,628 98.1 5,691 98.0 354
Truck3 6,377 75.0 8,925 64.2 2,331 40.1 284
For-hire Truck 5,122 60.3 7,088 51.0 2,016 34.7 389
Private Truck S S S S S S 124
Rail 1,799 21.2 4,316 31.1 3,117 53.7 724
Water S S S S S S 272
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 272
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,456
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 65 0.8 34 0.2 S S 669
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 582
Truck and rail 36 0.4 S S S S 1,873
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 105 1.2 231 1.7 36 0.6 215

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,711 100.0 5,360 100.0 3,002 100.0 693
Single modes 5,518 96.6 5,314 99.1 2,976 99.1 162
Truck3 5,462 95.6 4,888 91.2 2,633 87.7 158
For-hire Truck 4,234 74.1 3,353 62.6 1,988 66.2 525
Private Truck 1,001 17.5 544 10.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 825
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,256
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 180 3.2 40 0.8 S S 1,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 2.9 27 0.5 8 0.3 1,082
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,089
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,583 100.0 719 100.0 505 100.0 738
Single modes 3,396 74.1 622 86.6 453 89.6 374
Truck3 2,258 49.3 580 80.7 400 79.2 185
For-hire Truck 940 20.5 366 51.0 319 63.1 S
Private Truck 1,318 28.8 214 29.7 82 16.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 910
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,219
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,025 22.4 63 8.8 37 7.4 837
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,025 22.4 63 8.8 37 7.4 837
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 162 3.5 33 4.6 15 3.1 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,383 100.0 9,686 100.0 4,057 100.0 757
Single modes 25,078 85.3 8,157 84.2 3,776 93.1 721
Truck3 24,983 85.0 8,137 84.0 3,732 92.0 709
For-hire Truck 14,244 48.5 4,082 42.1 3,296 81.2 837
Private Truck 10,738 36.5 4,055 41.9 436 10.7 258
Rail S S S S S S 2,144
Water S S S S S S 610
Shallow draft S S S S S S 610
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,241
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,070 7.0 152 1.6 165 4.1 777
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,852 6.3 72 0.7 55 1.3 776
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,343
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,854
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,423 100.0 22,223 100.0 5,623 100.0 343
Single modes 5,335 98.4 22,161 99.7 5,551 98.7 265
Truck3 5,131 94.6 20,889 94.0 S S 256
For-hire Truck 4,188 77.2 S S S S 414
Private Truck 925 17.1 10,358 46.6 315 5.6 174
Rail S S S S 694 12.3 415
Water S S S S S S 498
Shallow draft S S S S S S 498
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,396
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 74 1.4 S S S S 788
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 1.1 4 2 781
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,399
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,673
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 14 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,595 100.0 4,162 100.0 1,810 100.0 200
Single modes 5,244 93.7 4,114 98.8 1,781 98.4 S
Truck3 4,992 89.2 3,786 91.0 1,670 92.3 S
For-hire Truck 3,289 58.8 2,639 63.4 1,329 73.5 560
Private Truck 1,600 28.6 1,105 26.5 321 17.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 339
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,886
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 0.1 357
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3 0.1 357
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39 0.7 36 0.9 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,989 100.0 3,484 100.0 1,361 100.0 438
Single modes 5,792 82.9 3,399 97.6 1,323 97.2 211
Truck3 5,732 82.0 3,373 96.8 1,298 95.3 191
For-hire Truck 4,413 63.1 2,484 71.3 1,067 78.4 339
Private Truck 1,319 18.9 889 25.5 230 16.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,703
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,125
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 681
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 681
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 55 0.8 19 0.5 4 0.3 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,116 100.0 1,568 100.0 579 100.0 273
Single modes 10,101 83.4 1,475 94.0 531 91.7 S
Truck3 10,012 82.6 1,472 93.9 528 91.2 S
For-hire Truck 7,607 62.8 825 52.6 460 79.4 484
Private Truck 2,405 19.9 647 41.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 0.2 S S 917
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,686 13.9 58 3.7 S S 397
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,616 13.3 S S S S 400
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,012
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,244 100.0 947 100.0 723 100.0 503
Single modes 7,508 66.8 838 88.5 607 83.9 S
Truck3 7,092 63.1 835 88.2 604 83.5 S
For-hire Truck 5,130 45.6 588 62.1 539 74.5 671
Private Truck 1,960 17.4 247 26.1 65 9.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 416 3.7 3 0.3 3 0.4 1,771
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,038 27.0 79 8.4 85 11.7 657
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,010 26.8 73 7.7 41 5.6 654
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,881
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,695
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 698 6.2 29 3.1 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,667 100.0 4,447 100.0 1,593 100.0 597
Single modes 23,672 92.2 4,257 95.7 1,455 91.3 390
Truck3 19,433 75.7 3,997 89.9 1,222 76.7 355
For-hire Truck 16,561 64.5 3,439 77.3 1,052 66.1 503
Private Truck 2,873 11.2 558 12.6 170 10.7 S
Rail 4,172 16.3 257 5.8 228 14.3 935
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 66 0.3 3 4 0.3 1,070
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 478 1.9 26 0.6 27 1.7 1,021
Parcel, USPS or courier 476 1.9 25 0.6 24 1.5 1,021
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,136
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,518 5.9 164 3.7 111 7.0 371

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,450
Single modes S S S S S S 1,458
Truck3 S S S S S S 825
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,024
Private Truck S S S S S S 712
Rail S S S S S S 2,174
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,479
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 45 0.6 S S 0.3 1,363
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 0.6 S S 0.3 1,363
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 683

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,307 100.0 50 100.0 25 100.0 834
Single modes 1,109 20.9 27 53.4 11 42.9 537
Truck3 1,100 20.7 27 53.3 11 42.8 531
For-hire Truck 708 13.3 19 39.0 10 37.4 539
Private Truck S S S S S S 527
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 698
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,136 77.9 23 46.0 15 57.0 847
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,136 77.9 23 46.0 15 57.0 847
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 380

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,495 100.0 1,530 100.0 637 100.0 577
Single modes 6,230 95.9 1,488 97.3 609 95.6 444
Truck3 6,223 95.8 1,487 97.2 608 95.4 428
For-hire Truck 4,548 70.0 1,200 78.4 545 85.4 512
Private Truck 1,670 25.7 286 18.7 63 9.9 176
Rail S S S S S S 792
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,470
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 202 3.1 16 1.1 15 2.3 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 202 3.1 16 1.1 15 2.3 880
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 768

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,424 100.0 2,583 100.0 1,016 100.0 683
Single modes 16,671 81.6 2,428 94.0 888 87.4 405
Truck3 16,417 80.4 2,427 94.0 886 87.2 361
For-hire Truck 7,870 38.5 1,634 63.3 770 75.9 821
Private Truck S S 793 30.7 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,651
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,505 17.2 94 3.7 95 9.4 886
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,421 16.8 73 2.8 60 5.9 886
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,627
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 205 100.0 S S 451 100.0 S
Single modes 196 95.8 S S 448 99.2 S
Truck3 129 63.1 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 121 59.0 S S S S S
Private Truck S S 32 0.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 258
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 42
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 42
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,847 100.0 6,477 100.0 1,324 100.0 240
Single modes 21,413 93.7 6,412 99.0 1,304 98.5 117
Truck3 21,100 92.4 6,295 97.2 1,177 89.0 115
For-hire Truck 9,310 40.7 1,834 28.3 592 44.7 197
Private Truck 11,790 51.6 4,460 68.9 585 44.2 105
Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,429
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,116 4.9 43 0.7 18 1.4 508
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,116 4.9 43 0.7 18 1.4 508
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 544 100.0 S S S S 399
Single modes 523 96.2 S S S S 329
Truck3 399 73.4 S S S S 328
For-hire Truck 194 35.6 S S S S 1,131
Private Truck 205 37.8 S S 11 0.3 43
Rail S S S S S S 455
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 533
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 533
Truck and rail S S S S S S 181
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.