Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295,406 100.0 387,847 100.0 95,515 100.0 455
Single modes 257,613 87.2 378,114 97.5 92,708 97.1 218
Truck 237,550 80.4 297,640 76.7 43,967 46.0 183
For-hire truck 153,462 51.9 143,050 36.9 32,295 33.8 423
Private truck 83,603 28.3 153,677 39.6 11,461 12.0 82
Rail 14,132 4.8 78,826 20.3 48,323 50.6 807
Water 343 0.1 S S 168 0.2 2,751
Shallow draft S S S S S S 499
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3,457
Air (including truck and air) 5,494 1.9 69 68 1,400
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 30,906 10.5 1,801 0.5 1,805 1.9 761
Parcel, USPS or courier 27,831 9.4 615 0.2 430 0.5 761
Truck and Rail 3,034 1.0 1,166 0.3 1,366 1.4 1,124
Truck and water 38 19 S S 1,052
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes 6,888 2.3 7,932 2.0 1,003 1.0 224

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,777 100.0 20,142 100.0 4,642 100.0 189
Single modes 13,743 93.0 20,085 99.7 4,628 99.7 178
Truck 11,169 75.6 8,873 44.1 1,903 41.0 172
For-hire truck 6,636 44.9 5,913 29.4 1,303 28.1 221
Private truck 4,528 30.6 2,958 14.7 599 12.9 148
Rail 2,533 17.1 S S S S 249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 562
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 823 5.6 17 5 0.1 209
Parcel, USPS or courier 819 5.5 13 3 209
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 662
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 210 1.4 39 0.2 9 0.2 244

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,487
Single modes S S S S S S 4,130
Truck S S S S S S 2,121
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,121
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,992
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,992
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 818 100.0 44 100.0 86 100.0 1,919
Single modes 696 85.0 42 96.1 83 96.2 2,050
Truck S S 30 68.4 55 64.3 1,863
For-hire truck S S 29 67.0 54 63.1 1,863
Private truck S S S S S S 1,833
Rail S S S S S S 2,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.9 1 1.0 2,405
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 122 14.9 2 3.9 3 3.7 1,881
Parcel, USPS or courier 122 14.9 2 3.9 3 3.7 1,881
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,920

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,727 100.0 1,587 100.0 1,045 100.0 631
Single modes 1,623 94.0 1,539 97.0 1,013 97.0 621
Truck 1,463 84.7 1,118 70.5 695 66.5 599
For-hire truck 1,368 79.2 1,027 64.7 637 61.0 590
Private truck 95 5.5 91 5.7 58 5.5 664
Rail 158 9.1 419 26.4 315 30.1 747
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,215
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 5.2 S S 23 2.2 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 2.4 2 0.1 1 0.1 639
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 695
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 614

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,796 100.0 1,154 100.0 2,777 100.0 2,331
Single modes 5,110 65.5 1,042 90.2 2,492 89.7 2,385
Truck 3,651 46.8 945 81.9 2,232 80.4 2,284
For-hire truck 2,877 36.9 890 77.1 2,104 75.8 2,291
Private truck S S 55 4.7 128 4.6 2,256
Rail S S S S S S 2,523
Water S S S S S S 5,231
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 5,231
Air (including truck and air) 1,266 16.2 4 0.3 10 0.3 2,548
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,584 33.1 101 8.7 256 9.2 2,315
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,494 32.0 41 3.5 94 3.4 2,315
Truck and Rail 90 1.1 60 5.2 162 5.8 2,555
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,125
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 102 1.3 S S S S 2,262

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 855 100.0 S S S S 1,489
Single modes 572 66.9 S S S S 1,561
Truck 434 50.8 S S S S 1,513
For-hire truck 381 44.5 100 24.8 151 23.9 1,473
Private truck 54 6.3 S S S S 1,575
Rail S S S S S S 1,707
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,889
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 280 32.7 4 0.9 6 0.9 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier 280 32.7 4 0.9 6 0.9 1,482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,516

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,128 100.0 111 100.0 115 100.0 991
Single modes 523 46.3 101 90.5 104 90.9 1,030
Truck 496 44.0 101 90.4 104 90.8 1,010
For-hire truck 452 40.1 98 87.9 101 88.3 1,010
Private truck S S S S S S 999
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,223
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 597 53.0 10 8.8 10 8.5 987
Parcel, USPS or courier 597 53.0 10 8.8 10 8.5 987
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,005

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 355 100.0 169 100.0 128 100.0 707
Single modes 269 75.7 159 93.9 119 93.2 758
Truck 255 71.7 106 62.8 77 60.1 728
For-hire truck 250 70.4 103 60.6 74 58.0 728
Private truck 5 1.3 S S S S 735
Rail S S S S S S 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.5 0.2 0.2 697
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 912
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 739

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 659
Single modes S S S S S S 639
Truck S S S S S S 639
For-hire truck S S S S S S 640
Private truck S S S S S S 623
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 714
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 714
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,934 100.0 8,922 100.0 2,324 100.0 401
Single modes 10,418 87.3 8,803 98.7 2,280 98.1 304
Truck 9,369 78.5 8,240 92.4 2,060 88.7 282
For-hire truck 5,810 48.7 6,298 70.6 1,642 70.7 409
Private truck 3,503 29.4 1,795 20.1 394 17.0 190
Rail S S S S 156 6.7 715
Water S S S S S S 522
Shallow draft S S S S S S 522
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 828 6.9 3 2 670
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,273 10.7 55 0.6 28 1.2 464
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,248 10.5 40 0.4 18 0.8 464
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 691
Truck and water S S S S S S 481
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 16 0.7 389

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98,418 100.0 240,414 100.0 10,627 100.0 43
Single modes 90,714 92.2 233,611 97.2 10,442 98.3 40
Truck 89,104 90.5 224,798 93.5 9,391 88.4 39
For-hire truck 35,547 36.1 90,848 37.8 4,275 40.2 53
Private truck 53,402 54.3 133,398 55.5 5,042 47.4 37
Rail 1,357 1.4 7,764 3.2 1,006 9.5 120
Water S S S S S S 149
Shallow draft S S S S S S 10
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 158
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 893
Pipeline3 22 125 S S S
Multiple modes 4,075 4.1 157 13 0.1 69
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,066 4.1 150 12 0.1 69
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 283
Truck and water S S S S S S 2
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes 3,629 3.7 S S S S 18

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,864
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,864
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,841
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,082
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 304 100.0 433 100.0 936 100.0 2,202
Single modes 290 95.5 432 99.6 932 99.6 2,173
Truck 232 76.1 312 72.1 639 68.3 2,089
For-hire truck 196 64.4 243 56.1 495 52.9 2,086
Private truck S S S S S S 2,100
Rail 57 18.8 119 27.6 293 31.3 2,438
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 4.2 1 2,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 4.2 1 2,219
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,390

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,474 100.0 4,021 100.0 2,933 100.0 774
Single modes 6,905 72.9 3,658 91.0 2,639 90.0 772
Truck 6,170 65.1 2,634 65.5 1,834 62.5 765
For-hire truck 5,533 58.4 2,338 58.1 1,648 56.2 770
Private truck 637 6.7 296 7.4 186 6.4 681
Rail 686 7.2 1,023 25.5 804 27.4 796
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 978
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,331 24.6 S S S S 774
Parcel, USPS or courier 925 9.8 30 0.8 23 0.8 774
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 812
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 781

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,002 100.0 S S S S 623
Single modes 5,246 87.4 S S S S 627
Truck 4,338 72.3 1,174 12.2 710 10.4 617
For-hire truck 3,834 63.9 1,073 11.2 651 9.5 621
Private truck S S 100 1.0 58 0.9 563
Rail S S S S S S 720
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 700
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 635 10.6 31 0.3 20 0.3 623
Parcel, USPS or courier 525 8.7 14 0.2 9 0.1 623
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 794
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 121 2.0 S S S S 583

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,787 100.0 1,050 100.0 1,045 100.0 984
Single modes 1,679 94.0 985 93.9 972 93.1 984
Truck 1,591 89.0 745 71.0 722 69.1 975
For-hire truck 1,403 78.5 534 50.9 488 46.7 950
Private truck S S S S S S 1,068
Rail 79 4.4 240 22.9 250 23.9 1,042
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.5 5 0.5 5 0.4 982
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 4.5 5 0.5 5 0.4 982
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,141

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,350 100.0 560 100.0 560 100.0 970
Single modes 1,150 85.1 546 97.6 545 97.4 1,058
Truck 858 63.5 411 73.4 400 71.5 909
For-hire truck 831 61.6 404 72.2 394 70.4 904
Private truck 26 2.0 7 1.2 6 1.1 944
Rail 203 15.0 131 23.5 140 25.1 1,016
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 89 6.6 S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 14.5 11 1.9 12 2.1 953
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 13.4 4 0.7 4 0.7 953
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,119
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 867

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,865 100.0 22,578 100.0 9,037 100.0 445
Single modes 6,324 92.1 22,548 99.9 9,022 99.8 441
Truck 5,420 79.0 2,768 12.3 1,139 12.6 433
For-hire truck 4,674 68.1 2,199 9.7 S S 436
Private truck S S S S S S 411
Rail 802 11.7 19,779 87.6 7,882 87.2 458
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 529 7.7 S S S S 447
Parcel, USPS or courier 519 7.6 7 3 447
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 569
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 473

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,259 100.0 2,894 100.0 1,875 100.0 600
Single modes 2,022 89.5 2,880 99.5 1,867 99.6 686
Truck 1,268 56.1 842 29.1 484 25.8 597
For-hire truck 1,237 54.8 805 27.8 463 24.7 597
Private truck S S 37 1.3 21 1.1 579
Rail 697 30.8 1,777 61.4 1,236 65.9 711
Water S S S S S S 609
Shallow draft S S S S S S 609
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 S S S S 1,368
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 226 10.0 10 0.4 6 0.3 566
Parcel, USPS or courier 219 9.7 9 0.3 4 0.2 566
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 840
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 541

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 145 100.0 201 100.0 1,216
Single modes 176 83.4 141 97.7 196 97.9 1,278
Truck 127 60.4 70 48.3 93 46.5 1,266
For-hire truck 125 59.2 67 46.4 89 44.5 1,264
Private truck S S S S S S 1,282
Rail 47 22.2 71 49.4 103 51.4 1,439
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,308
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 11.1 1 0.8 1 0.7 1,209
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 11.1 1 0.8 1 0.7 1,209
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,308

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,113 100.0 S S S S 671
Single modes 862 77.4 S S S S 678
Truck 669 60.1 318 27.5 219 25.5 660
For-hire truck 558 50.2 293 25.4 202 23.5 669
Private truck S S S S S S 649
Rail S S S S S S 770
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,019
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.2 2 0.2 667
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 750
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 735

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 294 100.0 318 100.0 1,119
Single modes 1,265 34.5 238 81.1 259 81.6 1,113
Truck 1,150 31.4 230 78.1 250 78.5 1,111
For-hire truck 977 26.7 208 70.6 225 70.8 1,110
Private truck S S S S S S 1,115
Rail S S S S S S 1,133
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 13 4.4 15 4.7 1,122
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 13 4.4 15 4.7 1,122
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,024

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,394 100.0 1,628 100.0 1,332 100.0 795
Single modes 5,434 85.0 1,572 96.5 1,283 96.3 820
Truck 4,314 67.5 1,176 72.2 927 69.6 793
For-hire truck 4,112 64.3 1,012 62.2 800 60.1 792
Private truck 182 2.9 92 5.7 S S 797
Rail 951 14.9 387 23.8 348 26.1 851
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,069
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 850 13.3 38 2.3 33 2.5 779
Parcel, USPS or courier 472 7.4 10 0.6 8 0.6 778
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 869
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 110 1.7 18 1.1 15 1.2 880

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,027 100.0 811 100.0 1,041 100.0 1,186
Single modes 1,534 75.7 794 97.9 1,021 98.0 1,222
Truck 1,323 65.3 484 59.6 598 57.4 1,163
For-hire truck 1,223 60.3 464 57.2 574 55.1 1,165
Private truck 100 4.9 S S 24 2.3 1,157
Rail 113 5.6 309 38.1 422 40.5 1,348
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 1 0.1 1,406
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 444 21.9 13 1.6 15 1.5 1,175
Parcel, USPS or courier 444 21.9 13 1.6 15 1.5 1,175
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,098

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,007 100.0 2,748 100.0 1,178 100.0 412
Single modes 2,725 90.6 2,673 97.3 1,138 96.6 413
Truck 2,539 84.5 2,165 78.8 877 74.5 400
For-hire truck 2,162 71.9 1,314 47.8 526 44.6 392
Private truck 377 12.5 S S S S 442
Rail 163 5.4 403 14.7 225 19.1 560
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 920
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 221 7.4 S S S S 406
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 2.7 3 0.1 1 0.1 404
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 617
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 415

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,206 100.0 2,739 100.0 1,973 100.0 705
Single modes 2,926 91.3 2,707 98.8 1,950 98.8 700
Truck 2,806 87.5 2,063 75.3 1,310 66.4 693
For-hire truck 1,899 59.2 1,786 65.2 1,138 57.6 685
Private truck S S 277 10.1 172 8.7 739
Rail S S 643 23.5 639 32.4 890
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 978
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 274 8.5 14 0.5 11 0.5 707
Parcel, USPS or courier 271 8.4 12 0.4 9 0.4 707
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,086
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 6 0.2 S S S S 725

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29 100.0 S S S S 2,106
Single modes 23 77.5 S S S S 2,231
Truck S S S S S S 2,188
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,197
Private truck S S S S S S 2,100
Rail S S S S S S 2,355
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,408
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 21.2 S S S S 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 14.0 2,078
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,734
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,850

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 722 100.0 S S S S 1,054
Single modes 678 93.9 S S S S 1,114
Truck 582 80.7 444 56.4 477 51.6 1,097
For-hire truck 572 79.3 S S S S 1,098
Private truck S S S S S S 1,058
Rail S S S S S S 1,304
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,244
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,020
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,067

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 289 100.0 69 100.0 148 100.0 2,233
Single modes 231 80.0 67 96.2 142 95.9 2,336
Truck 228 79.1 65 93.5 138 92.7 2,299
For-hire truck 226 78.3 64 92.7 136 91.9 2,299
Private truck S S S S S S 1,970
Rail S S S S S S 2,747
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,631
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 19.6 2 3.6 6 3.9 2,212
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 19.3 S S S S 2,212
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,662
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,106

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 518 100.0 67 100.0 76 100.0 1,173
Single modes 329 63.5 57 84.4 64 84.4 1,177
Truck 274 52.9 56 84.1 64 84.0 1,160
For-hire truck 264 50.9 39 58.2 45 58.6 1,161
Private truck 10 2.0 S S S S 1,149
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 186 35.9 2 3.7 3 3.8 1,173
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 35.9 2 3.7 3 3.8 1,173
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,140

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,232 100.0 1,045 100.0 879
Single modes S S 1,184 96.1 1,005 96.2 886
Truck S S 951 77.2 805 77.0 854
For-hire truck S S 837 68.0 708 67.7 851
Private truck 265 1.2 114 9.2 97 9.2 862
Rail S S S S S S 866
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 S S 962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 23 1.9 20 1.9 878
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23 1.9 20 1.9 878
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 S S S S 817

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 116 100.0 162 100.0 1,710
Single modes 58 83.8 115 99.6 161 99.6 1,976
Truck 53 76.2 96 83.3 129 79.5 1,402
For-hire truck 53 75.9 87 75.3 117 72.3 1,407
Private truck S S S S S S 1,262
Rail S S S S S S 1,723
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,465
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,502
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,502
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,480

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,025 100.0 825 100.0 769 100.0 948
Single modes 2,869 71.3 784 95.1 730 94.9 952
Truck 2,780 69.1 781 94.7 726 94.4 931
For-hire truck 2,581 64.1 672 81.5 626 81.3 932
Private truck 197 4.9 105 12.7 97 12.6 928
Rail S S S S S S 1,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 88 2.2 2 0.3 3 0.3 1,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 869 21.6 33 4.1 33 4.3 950
Parcel, USPS or courier 866 21.5 23 2.8 21 2.8 950
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,085
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,147
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 873

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,452 100.0 6,597 100.0 2,001 100.0 315
Single modes 14,793 95.7 6,456 97.9 1,945 97.2 305
Truck 14,323 92.7 6,156 93.3 1,846 92.2 299
For-hire truck 8,949 57.9 3,153 47.8 1,068 53.4 310
Private truck 5,333 34.5 2,934 44.5 755 37.8 286
Rail S S 288 4.4 96 4.8 341
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 4 0.2 459
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 501 3.2 S S S S 321
Parcel, USPS or courier 495 3.2 22 0.3 7 0.4 321
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 561
Truck and water S S S S S S 417
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 350

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 86 100.0 130 100.0 1,440
Single modes 171 90.5 86 99.2 129 99.2 1,424
Truck 77 40.7 41 47.5 57 44.1 1,382
For-hire truck 25 12.9 S S S S 1,384
Private truck 52 27.7 14 16.6 20 15.4 1,380
Rail 94 49.8 45 51.7 72 55.1 1,668
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,573
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,441
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,441
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,460

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,307 100.0 5,833 100.0 3,684 100.0 642
Single modes 6,924 83.4 5,443 93.3 3,463 94.0 665
Truck 5,194 62.5 2,839 48.7 1,786 48.5 657
For-hire truck 4,723 56.8 2,611 44.8 1,640 44.5 659
Private truck 459 5.5 225 3.9 145 3.9 639
Rail 1,670 20.1 2,603 44.6 1,675 45.5 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 60 0.7 2 1 705
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,119 13.5 37 0.6 25 0.7 641
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,111 13.4 36 0.6 24 0.6 641
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 926
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 264 3.2 S S S S 560

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,263 100.0 1,039 100.0 951 100.0 937
Single modes 1,152 91.2 875 84.3 816 85.8 897
Truck 899 71.2 595 57.3 518 54.5 875
For-hire truck 837 66.3 576 55.5 501 52.7 864
Private truck 62 4.9 19 1.8 S S 919
Rail S S S S S S 987
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.8 S S S S 1,307
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 5.9 S S S S 960
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 5.9 S S S S 960
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 754

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 773 100.0 343 100.0 998 100.0 2,677
Single modes 440 56.9 284 82.8 828 82.9 2,637
Truck 277 35.9 123 36.0 328 32.9 2,660
For-hire truck 272 35.2 116 33.9 308 30.8 2,659
Private truck S S S S S S 2,848
Rail 116 15.1 159 46.5 497 49.8 3,045
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,532
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 43.1 S S S S 2,696
Parcel, USPS or courier 269 34.8 3 0.8 8 0.8 2,694
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,898
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,815

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,200 100.0 2,457 100.0 1,862 100.0 768
Single modes 9,101 74.6 2,421 98.5 1,833 98.5 785
Truck 9,077 74.4 2,387 97.1 1,798 96.5 772
For-hire truck 8,640 70.8 2,040 83.0 1,528 82.1 777
Private truck 437 3.6 347 14.1 269 14.5 742
Rail S S 26 1.1 28 1.5 1,051
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.1 S S S S 1,172
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 17 0.7 12 0.7 761
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 17 0.7 12 0.7 761
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 780

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,069
Single modes S S S S S S 1,090
Truck S S S S S S 1,090
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,091
Private truck S S S S S S 1,060
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,105
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.8 2 0.8 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.8 2 0.8 1,066
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,050

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,860 100.0 8,795 100.0 1,955 100.0 176
Single modes 12,335 95.9 8,716 99.1 1,941 99.3 167
Truck 11,978 93.1 7,783 88.5 1,600 81.8 164
For-hire truck 5,832 45.3 4,714 53.6 1,044 53.4 219
Private truck 6,040 47.0 3,034 34.5 550 28.1 142
Rail 304 2.4 923 10.5 S S 364
Water S S S S S S 201
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 201
Air (including truck and air) 49 0.4 1 1 382
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 430 3.3 8 2 201
Parcel, USPS or courier 424 3.3 8 2 201
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 673
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 96 0.7 71 0.8 13 0.6 120

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 312 100.0 S S S S 1,290
Single modes 187 60.0 S S S S 1,431
Truck 76 24.4 S S S S 1,337
For-hire truck 60 19.1 S S S S 1,303
Private truck S S S S S S 1,446
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.6 1,337
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,283
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,283
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,235

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,382 100.0 10,693 100.0 2,223 100.0 280
Single modes 13,438 93.4 10,596 99.1 2,175 97.8 231
Truck 12,875 89.5 9,932 92.9 1,931 86.9 201
For-hire truck 9,595 66.7 4,936 46.2 1,112 50.0 237
Private truck 3,234 22.5 S S S S 163
Rail 132 0.9 658 6.2 240 10.8 384
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 432 3.0 S S S S 893
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 826 5.7 57 0.5 34 1.5 336
Parcel, USPS or courier 762 5.3 23 0.2 8 0.3 335
Truck and Rail 64 0.4 35 0.3 27 1.2 750
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 220

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,201 100.0 2,933 100.0 2,766 100.0 939
Single modes 3,995 76.8 2,873 98.0 2,718 98.3 967
Truck 2,737 52.6 1,704 58.1 1,512 54.7 878
For-hire truck 2,349 45.2 1,383 47.1 1,249 45.2 898
Private truck 364 7.0 300 10.2 246 8.9 837
Rail 949 18.2 1,129 38.5 1,145 41.4 1,011
Water S S S S S S 1,551
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,551
Air (including truck and air) 297 5.7 2 2 1,355
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,121 21.6 21 0.7 19 0.7 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,112 21.4 18 0.6 17 0.6 921
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 970
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,085

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 538 100.0 149 100.0 303 100.0 1,944
Single modes 340 63.3 146 97.8 297 97.9 2,082
Truck 137 25.4 87 58.1 172 56.6 1,942
For-hire truck 137 25.4 87 58.1 172 56.6 1,942
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,118
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 1 0.3 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 36.4 3 2.2 6 2.1 1,931
Parcel, USPS or courier 196 36.4 3 2.2 6 2.1 1,931
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,917

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164 100.0 S S S S 1,129
Single modes 138 84.6 S S S S 1,174
Truck 109 66.8 S S S S 1,161
For-hire truck 108 65.8 S S S S 1,147
Private truck 2 1.0 S S S S 1,234
Rail S S S S S S 1,253
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 14.5 S S S S 1,124
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 14.5 S S S S 1,124
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,195

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,210 100.0 9,204 100.0 4,187 100.0 512
Single modes 3,708 88.1 9,176 99.7 4,175 99.7 560
Truck 3,278 77.9 1,589 17.3 807 19.3 479
For-hire truck 2,985 70.9 1,355 14.7 694 16.6 479
Private truck 291 6.9 233 2.5 113 2.7 478
Rail 281 6.7 7,585 82.4 3,366 80.4 569
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 149 3.5 S S S S 1,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 486 11.5 11 0.1 6 0.1 498
Parcel, USPS or courier 480 11.4 11 0.1 5 0.1 498
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 967
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 503

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 745 100.0 309 100.0 859 100.0 2,721
Single modes 442 59.3 243 78.7 659 76.7 2,712
Truck 305 41.0 92 29.7 240 27.9 2,671
For-hire truck 304 40.8 91 29.4 237 27.6 2,671
Private truck S S S S S S 2,664
Rail 97 13.0 151 49.0 419 48.8 2,877
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,760
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 251 33.7 65 21.2 199 23.1 2,719
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 1.6 13 1.6 2,719
Truck and Rail 32 4.4 60 19.6 185 21.6 3,010
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,744

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 553 100.0 S S S S 653
Single modes 511 92.3 S S S S 612
Truck 350 63.4 S S S S 603
For-hire truck 320 57.8 238 12.6 145 12.3 605
Private truck 31 5.6 18 0.9 11 0.9 578
Rail 160 28.9 S S S S 623
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 997
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 7.3 S S S S 662
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 6.7 1 1 662
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 650
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 523

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,159 100.0 3,151 100.0 3,327 100.0 933
Single modes 2,931 70.5 2,785 88.4 3,004 90.3 966
Truck 2,759 66.3 1,363 43.3 1,231 37.0 946
For-hire truck 2,385 57.3 1,161 36.9 1,049 31.5 908
Private truck 367 8.8 S S S S 1,029
Rail 120 2.9 1,420 45.1 1,771 53.2 1,219
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 53 1.3 1 1 1,027
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,176 28.3 233 7.4 208 6.3 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 625 15.0 21 0.7 20 0.6 927
Truck and Rail S S 212 6.7 189 5.7 895
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 972

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 6,073 100.0 10,665 100.0 1,819
Single modes 83 97.9 6,068 99.9 10,655 99.9 1,760
Truck 15 17.1 S S S S 1,717
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,718
Private truck S S S S S S 1,515
Rail 68 80.3 6,027 99.2 10,584 99.2 1,868
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,408
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,915
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.0 1,897
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,349
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,614

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.