Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 270,703 222,255 21.8 339,846 344,696 −1.4 68,310 60,813 12.3 469 404 16.2
Single modes 241,595 192,032 25.8 330,322 336,393 −1.8 66,198 56,196 17.8 247 266 −7.3
Truck 224,029 175,970 27.3 301,838 302,865 −0.3 51,362 41,092 25 221 225 −1.6
Rail 9,527 11,649 −18.2 27,180 26,680 1.9 14,483 14,920 −2.9 647 543 19.2
Water S S S S S S 250
Air (including truck and air) S 4,327 S 76 75 1.5 108 87 24.1 1,415 1,022 38.5
Pipeline 23 86 −73.4 125 6,773 −98.2 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22,007 24,050 −8.5 1,690 3,382 −50 1,306 2,872 −54.5 742 587 26.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,186 22,465 −5.7 689 898 −23.3 400 479 −16.5 742 586 26.5
Truck and Rail 770 1,569 −51 982 2,477 −60.3 830 S S 1,317 1,057 24.6
Other multiple modes 52 S S S S S 75 S S S 2,405 S
Other and unknown modes 7,100 6,173 15 7,834 4,920 59.2 806 1,745 −53.8 111 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,214 11,532 49.3 18,744 17,712 5.8 4,553 3,128 45.6 361 55 553.5
Single modes 16,727 11,055 51.3 18,294 16,528 10.7 4,400 2,925 50.5 147 56 160.3
Truck 16,591 10,767 54.1 17,737 16,149 9.8 4,030 2,685 50.1 146 56 161.1
Rail 136 288 −52.8 S 379 S S 240 S 611 623 −2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 242 2,567 −90.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 154 25 507.9 25 S S S S S 949 507 87.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 S 13 S 12 S 949 369 156.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,808 880 219.2
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 451 S S S S S 61 S 117 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19,377 14,399 34.6 16,365 15,160 7.9 4,511 3,328 35.6 229 119 93
Single modes 19,063 14,044 35.7 16,210 14,911 8.7 4,464 3,225 38.4 67 84 −20.7
Truck 18,877 13,739 37.4 15,828 14,299 10.7 4,308 2,979 44.6 66 84 −20.9
Rail 186 305 −38.9 382 612 −37.6 155 246 −36.8 433 392 10.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 779
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 206 232 −10.9 S S S S 63 S 738 627 17.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 190 143 33 13 S S 8 S S 738 632 16.8
Truck and Rail S 89 S S S S S 47 S 2,639 291 807.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2 186 −99
Other and unknown modes S 123 S S 139 S S 40 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,978 2,550 16.8 121,077 137,648 −12 14,268 12,122 17.7 84 50 68.4
Single modes 2,937 2,428 20.9 116,890 136,333 −14.3 14,053 10,846 29.6 86 47 82.6
Truck 2,226 1,663 33.8 103,945 117,484 −11.5 7,419 3,857 92.4 76 33 128
Rail 689 670 2.9 12,835 12,070 6.3 6,633 6,888 −3.7 587 606 −3.2
Water S S S S S S 10
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,116
Pipeline 21 86 −75.1 107 6,773 −98.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 986 961 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 287
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 986 1,059 −6.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 5 S S S S S 8 S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,692 11,077 −3.5 57,358 54,791 4.7 2,179 4,935 −55.8 40 96 −58
Single modes 10,691 11,032 −3.1 57,358 54,460 5.3 2,179 4,871 −55.3 40 86 −53.1
Truck 10,512 11,005 −4.5 55,251 54,336 1.7 1,496 4,806 −68.9 40 86 −53.8
Rail S 27 S S 124 S S 65 S 372 531 −29.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 511
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 15 S S S S S S S 24 582 −95.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 5 S S 1 S S S S 24 588 −95.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 244
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 2 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 36,085 26,485 36.2 15,343 17,790 −13.8 6,310 6,322 −0.2 383 413 −7.1
Single modes 33,014 22,805 44.8 14,851 17,235 −13.8 6,048 6,040 0.1 301 322 −6.5
Truck 32,224 22,000 46.5 12,793 15,643 −18.2 5,126 5,072 1.1 299 312 −4.3
Rail 757 596 27 2,036 1,587 28.3 919 962 −4.4 848 841 0.8
Water S S S S S S 229
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 6 S S 5 S 858 1,109 −22.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,408 2,882 −16.4 S 191 S 199 244 −18.4 523 617 −15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,237 2,696 −17 111 98 13.6 46 53 −14.7 516 616 −16.3
Truck and Rail S 180 S S 90 S S 190 S 844 2,017 −58.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,790 2,127 125.2
Other and unknown modes S 798 S S 363 S 62 37 67.3 227 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 54,024 46,600 15.9 54,902 42,973 27.8 18,015 15,633 15.2 706 593 19.1
Single modes 47,942 42,509 12.8 52,046 42,031 23.8 17,217 14,950 15.2 443 516 −14.1
Truck 44,274 39,833 11.1 45,679 34,637 31.9 12,750 10,415 22.4 409 500 −18.1
Rail 2,348 2,534 −7.3 5,937 7,382 −19.6 4,173 4,524 −7.8 680 644 5.7
Water S S S S S S 287
Air (including truck and air) S 142 S S 11 S S 11 S 1,280 1,246 2.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,467 3,094 12.1 S 378 S 547 S S 834 703 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,084 2,552 20.8 164 154 6.3 101 119 −15.4 834 703 18.6
Truck and Rail 378 S S S S S 436 S S 1,293 1,463 −11.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,886 1,865 162
Other and unknown modes S 996 S S 564 S 251 181 38.5 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 30,123 27,061 11.3 31,437 35,825 −12.2 9,373 6,722 39.4 329 350 −6.2
Single modes 26,471 22,046 20.1 31,148 34,088 −8.6 9,186 5,485 67.5 201 201
Truck 25,867 21,245 21.8 29,519 32,320 −8.7 8,351 4,894 70.6 188 176 6.6
Rail S 470 S S S S 827 576 43.6 416 365 13.9
Water S S S S S S 498
Air (including truck and air) 187 S S 7 S S 7 S S 1,061 1,005 5.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,214 4,266 −24.7 167 645 −74.1 S 257 S 530 474 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,129 3,960 −21 133 158 −15.8 62 68 −8.3 532 474 12.3
Truck and Rail S 299 S S S S S 184 S 2,282 852 168
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 7,561 S
Other and unknown modes S 748 S 122 S S 41 S S S 107 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 49,696 55,904 −11.1 5,594 5,399 3.6 2,484 3,222 −22.9 651 498 30.6
Single modes 39,716 42,575 −6.7 5,271 4,815 9.5 2,214 2,930 −24.4 435 399 9.1
Truck 29,190 32,450 −10 4,886 3,900 25.3 1,851 2,176 −15 305 237 29
Rail 4,426 6,584 −32.8 362 881 −58.9 318 709 −55.1 973 904 7.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 3,540 S S 33 S S 45 S 1,407 1,001 40.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,698 10,747 −28.4 129 272 −52.5 127 167 −23.7 812 598 35.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,667 10,601 −27.7 121 244 −50.4 79 136 −41.7 811 598 35.6
Truck and Rail S 146 S S 27 S S 31 S 3,032 1,145 164.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,695
Other and unknown modes 2,282 2,582 −11.6 194 312 −37.9 143 125 14.5 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 49,971 25,897 93 14,659 16,695 −12.2 3,428 5,294 −35.2 471 396 19
Single modes 44,510 22,899 94.4 13,887 15,584 −10.9 3,249 4,856 −33.1 249 264 −5.4
Truck 43,869 22,630 93.9 12,633 13,687 −7.7 2,886 4,140 −30.3 231 257 −10.2
Rail S 174 S S 1,891 S S 710 S 800 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 95 S S 6 S 2 5 −64 2,563 1,213 111.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,829 2,582 87 154 S S 128 164 −21.9 762 499 52.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,745 2,425 95.6 133 S S 92 S S 762 499 52.7
Truck and Rail S 156 S S 73 S S 80 S 1,627 1,205 35
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes 632 416 51.8 S 826 S 51 274 −81.3 S 66 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 544 751 −27.6 S 702 S S 109 S 399 294 35.4
Single modes 523 638 −18 S 409 S S 68 S 329 238 38.4
Truck 399 637 −37.4 S 409 S S 68 S 328 229 43.5
Rail S S S S S S 455
Water S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,834
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 90 S S S S S 5 S 533 475 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 533 476 12.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 181 202 −10.5
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.