Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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SCTG –

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 3.6 12.4 7.1 9.2
Single modes 4.3 1.3 12.1 0.7 7.5 0.6 9.4
Truck 4.7 1.2 12.6 0.8 9.4 2.7 9.0
For-hire truck 5.0 1.4 10.7 2.6 12.5 3.7 8.0
Private truck 8.3 1.8 16.4 2.7 11.8 1.8 10.1
Rail 17.3 0.7 15.7 1.1 15.1 2.8 8.6
Water S S S S S S 32.1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.7
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 30.4
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.6 43.2 17.9
Pipeline 46.2 46.7 S S S
Multiple modes 13.6 1.1 27.7 0.2 16.1 0.4 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.6 1.2 11.4 11.0 7.2
Truck and rail 29.4 47.6 0.2 27.9 0.4 14.1
Truck and water 47.5 S S 48.5 18.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.5
Other and unknown modes 21.4 0.6 47.2 0.7 20.0 0.3 39.6

SCTG 1

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.8
Single modes S S S S S S 30.8
Truck S S S S S S 30.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 2

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.6 S S 49.1 36.2
Single modes 33.1 7.9 49.1 3.7 49.5 10.4 S
Truck 33.5 7.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 49.2 12.5 S S S S 26.2
Private truck 38.3 13.1 49.1 12.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.9

SCTG 4

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.1 49.4 40.5 49.2
Single modes 33.6 3.2 49.6 1.0 40.6 1.8 S
Truck 34.4 3.3 S S 35.6 6.1 S
For-hire truck 42.3 12.9 44.1 14.3 S S 18.7
Private truck 48.0 14.9 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 5

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.1 28.2 26.5 21.3
Single modes 32.7 3.0 28.5 0.9 27.3 2.5 45.0
Truck 32.7 3.0 28.6 0.9 27.3 2.4 45.1
For-hire truck 26.8 7.4 27.0 5.5 25.2 4.1 4.2
Private truck S S 46.3 6.5 42.2 4.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45.1

SCTG 6

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 S S 40.6 S
Single modes 23.0 10.4 S S 41.5 10.4 S
Truck 23.0 10.4 S S 41.5 10.4 S
For-hire truck 25.6 10.7 S S 44.0 10.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S 27.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 38.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 38.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 7

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.4 20.6 21.7 29.6
Single modes 26.1 2.0 20.8 1.3 21.7 0.6 39.2
Truck 26.9 2.5 21.9 2.6 23.6 3.1 39.1
For-hire truck 33.2 8.2 27.6 6.3 22.1 5.7 9.0
Private truck 27.6 6.8 25.4 5.8 36.7 5.5 S
Rail 48.7 2.2 39.8 2.6 43.0 3.2 27.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.9 1.1 43.3 0.1 S S 29.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.5 S S 29.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.7 28.9 23.0 S
Single modes 25.8 28.9 23.0 0.2 S
Truck 26.1 1.0 29.9 1.8 22.4 2.7 S
For-hire truck 22.4 11.4 22.2 12.6 22.8 16.0 24.7
Private truck 33.9 11.7 49.5 13.4 41.1 17.3 26.3
Rail S S S S S S 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 9

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.4 41.2 41.6 27.3
Single modes 41.4 10.5 41.2 10.5 41.6 10.5 26.0
Truck 41.4 10.5 41.2 10.5 41.6 10.5 26.0
For-hire truck 41.4 10.5 41.2 10.5 41.6 10.5 26.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.0
Single modes S S S S S S 30.0
Truck S S S S S S 30.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 11

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.7
Single modes S S S S S S 27.6
Truck S S S S S S 27.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.1

SCTG 12

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.6 25.9 35.7 31.0
Single modes 27.4 0.3 25.9 0.1 35.7 0.2 31.2
Truck 28.1 2.2 27.0 2.6 24.3 10.2 32.8
For-hire truck 30.4 10.2 29.9 10.1 31.1 6.5 32.0
Private truck 40.3 9.6 42.0 9.6 28.2 9.6 35.5
Rail 45.9 2.2 45.2 2.5 S S 19.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 13

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 17.3 22.1 15.6
Single modes 28.5 0.4 17.2 0.3 21.7 0.5 15.6
Truck 42.2 7.6 32.7 8.4 39.9 8.1 18.9
For-hire truck 44.4 7.4 36.3 8.9 42.7 8.4 18.7
Private truck 37.1 1.0 44.8 0.6 45.6 0.5 25.2
Rail 13.9 7.8 14.6 8.4 14.9 8.4 7.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 45.5 0.5 42.5 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 14

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 44.3 45.8 26.2
Single modes 44.3 44.3 45.8 26.2
Truck 44.3 44.3 45.8 26.2
For-hire truck 44.3 44.3 45.8 26.2
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 21.0 24.4 27.5
Single modes 21.0 21.0 24.4 27.5
Truck 21.0 21.0 24.4 27.5
For-hire truck 36.5 11.3 34.9 11.4 37.2 11.2 36.5
Private truck 35.8 11.3 37.2 11.4 35.6 11.2 22.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 25.9 25.8 S
Single modes 27.4 25.9 25.8 S
Truck 27.4 25.9 25.8 S
For-hire truck 48.1 10.6 44.8 10.5 40.0 11.8 47.7
Private truck 40.0 10.6 39.3 10.5 38.8 11.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 32.7
Single modes S S S S S S 32.7
Truck S S S S S S 31.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.3
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

SCTG 20

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.8 41.6 27.0 23.1
Single modes 25.1 1.0 42.0 0.7 27.7 1.4 27.6
Truck 26.6 4.5 30.7 6.6 25.8 5.0 28.3
For-hire truck 29.2 8.7 38.4 8.6 28.2 6.0 21.9
Private truck S S S S 44.8 4.8 40.1
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 46.5 26.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.0

SCTG 21

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 22.5 20.7 S
Single modes 39.3 9.8 24.3 10.5 24.3 9.8 24.8
Truck 39.3 9.8 24.3 10.5 24.3 9.8 24.8
For-hire truck 47.1 11.7 31.4 10.2 25.5 9.3 S
Private truck 29.5 10.7 31.1 11.0 33.9 7.5 20.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.7 2.8 39.5 2.9 14.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.7 2.8 39.5 2.9 14.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.8

SCTG 22

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 38.3 41.1 23.2
Single modes 41.2 4.8 38.5 5.4 41.2 6.2 24.7
Truck 34.3 10.9 33.1 10.1 33.9 13.3 27.2
For-hire truck S S 42.1 10.9 41.9 13.8 20.3
Private truck 38.6 11.2 47.0 10.0 S S 33.9
Rail S S 49.0 6.8 49.3 9.7 22.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 23

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 33.0 39.8 17.6
Single modes 28.4 5.1 33.7 2.1 40.7 1.6 20.4
Truck 28.6 5.1 35.0 2.5 48.4 7.8 20.7
For-hire truck 31.2 7.3 41.3 7.6 S S 12.5
Private truck 34.8 5.0 32.7 7.2 34.8 6.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 34.5 0.8 23.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

SCTG 24

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.6 32.8 30.2 18.3
Single modes 27.4 4.1 33.5 1.5 30.9 1.6 23.0
Truck 28.0 3.8 34.9 2.3 32.4 2.8 22.9
For-hire truck 31.5 6.7 37.1 6.6 33.7 5.2 11.6
Private truck 32.4 5.9 40.0 5.8 43.6 3.0 36.5
Rail S S 43.0 2.0 S S 28.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 3.8 21.0 1.4 30.0 1.6 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.6 3.7 26.2 1.5 18.3 1.7 13.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 43.4 0.2 S S 23.4

SCTG 25

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 39.3 S S 36.5
Single modes S S 39.2 6.0 S S 37.1
Truck 31.0 14.7 37.7 9.1 36.1 19.1 31.3
For-hire truck 39.7 16.5 38.9 13.0 36.2 18.7 18.7
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.6 6.6 47.0 6.2 46.9 4.4 23.4

SCTG 26

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.5 21.8 28.2 22.5
Single modes 14.7 1.2 21.5 1.1 27.8 2.0 19.1
Truck 15.6 2.4 22.4 1.9 31.0 4.2 19.5
For-hire truck 31.8 6.8 26.7 9.0 34.4 6.6 22.1
Private truck 16.1 6.5 35.9 7.8 32.5 3.5 20.3
Rail 31.1 2.5 24.2 2.0 25.5 5.0 42.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 26.8 0.5 43.7 0.9 S S 26.6

SCTG 27

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.2 27.6 15.5 18.0
Single modes 32.7 0.8 28.0 0.9 15.2 0.7 20.8
Truck 38.8 6.5 35.4 6.7 14.6 5.6 21.0
For-hire truck 45.8 7.1 41.1 6.5 13.8 4.6 13.9
Private truck S S S S S S 20.8
Rail 16.9 6.5 19.2 6.9 24.5 5.8 5.1
Water S S S S S S 30.3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 30.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.9 0.3 49.2 S S 26.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 33.2
Truck and rail 48.4 0.2 S S S S 26.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31.9 0.8 34.8 0.9 47.8 0.3 29.7

SCTG 28

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.0 15.6 17.5 19.7
Single modes 14.4 1.3 15.7 0.6 17.5 0.3 39.8
Truck 14.3 1.5 15.5 3.2 16.4 4.0 40.0
For-hire truck 17.5 9.0 17.4 9.2 19.4 9.9 12.9
Private truck 28.1 6.3 35.4 4.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 35.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 1.4 42.1 0.6 S S 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.5 1.3 48.9 0.6 32.4 0.1 20.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.3 13.5 23.3 14.6
Single modes 30.3 8.4 16.1 3.7 26.7 6.7 25.7
Truck 25.1 9.0 16.6 5.1 28.7 7.5 44.6
For-hire truck 24.1 5.2 21.5 5.6 32.1 6.9 S
Private truck 32.9 6.7 24.3 6.7 29.1 3.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 25.6 7.6 25.2 3.5 28.3 4.2 14.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.6 7.6 25.2 3.5 28.3 4.2 14.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.0 2.3 38.7 1.5 44.6 5.1 S

SCTG 30

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.5 29.7 27.7 6.7
Single modes 13.3 3.2 22.5 4.6 28.8 2.2 6.9
Truck 13.3 3.3 22.5 4.6 28.2 2.1 6.6
For-hire truck 16.8 5.4 30.9 6.8 30.6 3.0 5.2
Private truck 19.7 5.6 25.6 7.0 18.0 2.7 18.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 2.6 33.4 0.7 48.6 1.7 8.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.1 2.7 26.4 0.7 28.3 1.8 8.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 27.5 47.6 23.9
Single modes 29.3 1.1 27.6 0.5 48.2 0.9 19.7
Truck 30.9 4.5 28.4 2.4 S S 15.4
For-hire truck 38.7 8.3 S S S S 5.7
Private truck 24.0 7.5 24.3 10.6 30.1 3.6 23.1
Rail S S S S 49.5 7.9 28.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.2 0.9 S S S S 18.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.9 0.8 45.0 42.5 0.2 13.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.2 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG 32

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.3 30.5 26.9 33.4
Single modes 25.6 4.7 30.9 0.5 27.1 0.6 S
Truck 23.9 5.4 31.0 4.4 30.0 6.0 S
For-hire truck 35.4 8.5 43.8 8.4 33.2 7.2 7.9
Private truck 38.0 7.8 31.6 8.4 37.6 6.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 34.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 32.7 42.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 32.7 42.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.2 0.4 46.5 0.4 S S S

SCTG 33

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 20.4 30.0 14.2
Single modes 22.1 4.5 20.6 0.9 30.5 1.2 18.2
Truck 22.5 5.0 21.0 1.7 31.4 3.1 17.9
For-hire truck 27.5 8.0 28.7 9.4 39.7 9.8 14.2
Private truck 24.4 5.8 30.7 8.7 29.6 8.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.7 0.2 29.2 0.2 41.9 0.2 S

SCTG 34

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 25.6 18.6 41.0
Single modes 29.6 6.8 27.5 2.5 19.5 2.6 S
Truck 29.5 6.7 27.5 2.5 19.6 2.5 S
For-hire truck 27.9 7.0 27.9 10.3 22.2 7.2 21.8
Private truck 41.1 4.5 39.6 10.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.3 0.1 S S 19.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.9 6.5 46.7 2.0 S S 31.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.7 6.5 S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 16.5 20.5 19.8
Single modes 15.0 7.1 19.1 4.3 22.6 4.6 S
Truck 15.0 6.9 19.2 4.4 22.7 4.6 S
For-hire truck 17.0 6.7 24.5 8.3 24.0 6.4 13.7
Private truck 26.3 4.4 27.7 7.2 42.9 4.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.6 1.2 41.1 0.1 32.4 0.2 12.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 31.5 5.6 39.9 3.2 38.5 2.9 15.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.0 5.7 44.9 3.3 39.9 3.0 15.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.0 2.0 41.4 1.5 S S S

SCTG 36

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 22.3 24.5 15.7
Single modes 17.0 2.3 23.3 1.9 25.1 2.5 24.8
Truck 24.0 8.3 25.8 5.3 26.1 4.5 28.4
For-hire truck 29.1 10.2 31.1 10.1 30.3 6.3 15.1
Private truck 27.6 5.3 32.9 6.9 36.5 3.1 S
Rail 39.7 7.3 38.8 4.7 42.1 4.2 25.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25.7 0.3 26.9 37.6 0.5 16.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.6 0.9 26.8 0.9 29.1 2.3 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.8 0.8 28.2 0.5 32.0 0.9 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42.7 2.4 33.3 1.8 44.3 2.3 30.5

SCTG 37

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.7
Truck S S S S S S 31.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.4
Private truck S S S S S S 28.5
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 0.6 S S 48.8 0.9 17.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.5 0.6 S S 48.8 0.9 17.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 38

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.3 32.6 27.0 14.6
Single modes 41.8 9.7 42.0 11.4 39.9 9.9 35.2
Truck 42.2 9.7 42.0 11.3 39.9 9.9 39.4
For-hire truck 41.4 6.5 37.4 8.3 44.2 9.3 39.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.4 43.6 29.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.4 9.5 46.4 10.0 32.0 9.5 15.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.4 9.5 46.4 10.0 32.0 9.5 15.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32.7

SCTG 39

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 30.7 26.3 6.4
Single modes 22.6 1.4 31.7 2.3 27.8 3.7 8.1
Truck 22.7 1.4 31.7 2.3 27.9 3.7 6.0
For-hire truck 34.0 7.2 41.3 7.4 30.6 5.0 8.0
Private truck 21.1 6.6 18.3 6.7 35.2 3.1 28.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 0.9 34.5 0.6 35.8 1.5 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 0.9 34.5 0.6 35.8 1.5 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.6

SCTG 40

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.2 19.2 21.3 14.1
Single modes 30.5 5.4 20.5 2.5 19.4 2.7 29.6
Truck 31.2 5.7 20.5 2.5 19.3 2.7 28.8
For-hire truck 24.8 9.3 23.4 9.6 23.8 7.2 13.8
Private truck S S 42.2 10.1 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.0 5.3 35.5 1.3 47.1 2.0 10.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.5 5.4 29.4 1.2 37.8 1.7 10.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.1 S S 37.6 S
Single modes 38.8 10.2 S S 37.6 10.5 S
Truck 34.6 9.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 35.0 10.5 S S S S S
Private truck S S 36.2 9.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 26.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 43

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.3 12.0 16.1 12.5
Single modes 9.6 2.1 12.1 0.4 16.3 0.5 15.2
Truck 9.5 2.3 12.3 1.7 10.4 4.5 14.6
For-hire truck 18.9 5.5 19.5 5.9 21.1 6.0 28.5
Private truck 12.5 5.5 22.2 7.0 15.0 7.8 14.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 49.4 26.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.4 1.9 36.0 0.2 37.1 0.5 12.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.4 1.9 36.0 0.2 37.1 0.5 12.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG –

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.1 S S S S 18.9
Single modes 43.6 2.7 S S S S 29.0
Truck 30.8 6.7 S S S S 29.2
For-hire truck 29.9 11.3 S S S S 24.2
Private truck 49.3 11.8 S S 32.9 16.9 28.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 42.3 0.3 27.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.