Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 13,480 100.0 23,659 100.0 S S 214
Less than 50 lbs 1,477 11.0 44 0.2 7 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 519 3.9 36 0.2 4 110
100 to 499 lbs 1,715 12.7 261 1.1 20 0.4 75
500 to 749 lbs 520 3.9 124 0.5 13 0.3 108
750 to 999 lbs 360 2.7 112 0.5 12 0.3 110
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,209 23.8 1,629 6.9 162 3.5 84
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,497 25.9 8,178 34.6 S S 341
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 347 2.6 3,005 12.7 200 4.3 69
100,000 lbs or more 1,834 13.6 10,270 43.4 628 13.6 184

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,786 100.0 18,971 100.0 382 100.0 69
Less than 50 lbs 932 8.6 28 0.2 2 0.5 102
50 to 99 lbs 365 3.4 28 0.1 2 0.4 57
100 to 499 lbs 1,248 11.6 211 1.1 6 1.6 30
500 to 749 lbs 366 3.4 103 0.5 6 1.7 67
750 to 999 lbs 246 2.3 91 0.5 S S 81
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,839 26.3 1,452 7.7 65 17.1 34
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,966 27.5 6,708 35.4 115 30.2 17
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 325 3.0 2,777 14.6 34 9.0 13
100,000 lbs or more 1,500 13.9 7,573 39.9 143 37.4 22

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,484 100.0 11,494 100.0 127 100.0 13
Less than 50 lbs 788 10.5 27 0.2 0.3 12
50 to 99 lbs 298 4.0 27 0.2 0.3 15
100 to 499 lbs 1,137 15.2 204 1.8 3 2.3 14
500 to 749 lbs 331 4.4 98 0.8 2 1.5 19
750 to 999 lbs 210 2.8 86 0.7 2 1.3 19
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,182 29.2 1,361 11.8 19 14.6 15
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,188 29.2 6,447 56.1 60 47.0 9
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 325 4.3 2,773 24.1 34 26.9 13
100,000 lbs or more 25 0.3 472 4.1 7 5.9 13

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,175 100.0 3,290 100.0 36 100.0 11
Less than 50 lbs 8 0.7 9
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 7
100 to 499 lbs 83 7.1 11 0.3 0.4 13
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 9
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 12
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 336 28.6 188 5.7 S S 11
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,424 43.3 15 40.7 10
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 122 10.4 1,548 47.1 18 50.3 12
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,284 100.0 8,011 100.0 90 100.0 13
Less than 50 lbs 757 12.1 26 0.3 0.3 12
50 to 99 lbs 290 4.6 26 0.3 0.4 15
100 to 499 lbs 1,054 16.8 193 2.4 3 3.1 14
500 to 749 lbs 302 4.8 91 1.1 2 2.0 19
750 to 999 lbs 192 3.1 77 1.0 2 1.8 20
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,846 29.4 1,173 14.6 17 18.5 16
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,624 25.8 4,973 62.1 45 49.9 9
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 201 3.2 1,084 13.5 15 16.7 14
100,000 lbs or more 18 0.3 368 4.6 S S 15

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 547 100.0 108 100.0 480
Less than 50 lbs 5 0.3 S S 785
50 to 99 lbs 4 0.3 163
100 to 499 lbs S S 4 0.6 1 0.6 186
500 to 749 lbs 15 1.0 4 0.8 S S 957
750 to 999 lbs S S 5 0.9 S S 938
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 584 38.8 86 15.8 S S 353
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 261 47.7 55 51.1 200
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 4

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 547 100.0 108 100.0 480
Less than 50 lbs 5 0.3 S S 785
50 to 99 lbs 4 0.3 163
100 to 499 lbs S S 4 0.6 1 0.6 186
500 to 749 lbs 15 1.0 4 0.8 S S 957
750 to 999 lbs S S 5 0.9 S S 938
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 584 38.8 86 15.8 S S 353
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 261 47.7 55 51.1 200
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 4

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 362 100.0 13 100.0 12 100.0 1,094
Less than 50 lbs 140 38.7 2 13.0 2 12.5 1,151
50 to 99 lbs 63 17.4 1 9.2 1 9.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 63 17.4 4 28.8 3 22.2 675
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 6.8 1 6.1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,401
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,564
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,437 100.0 6,919 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 1,436 99.9 6,915 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,124 100.0 4,259 100.0 S S 1,277
Less than 50 lbs 355 16.7 7 0.2 5 0.1 1,523
50 to 99 lbs 108 5.1 4 0.1 2 551
100 to 499 lbs 395 18.6 30 0.7 12 0.3 388
500 to 749 lbs 148 7.0 17 0.4 6 0.1 395
750 to 999 lbs 108 5.1 18 0.4 5 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 259 12.2 142 3.3 85 2.0 460
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 401 18.9 S S S S 2,249
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 20 0.9 194 4.6 166 3.9 924
100,000 lbs or more 330 15.5 2,443 57.4 485 11.5 335

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 853 100.0 25 100.0 13 100.0 1,694
Less than 50 lbs 296 34.7 5 18.5 4 28.5 1,851
50 to 99 lbs 88 10.4 2 8.2 1 11.5 726
100 to 499 lbs 298 34.9 10 42.5 4 32.5 355
500 to 749 lbs 103 12.1 5 20.2 S S 753
750 to 999 lbs S S 3 10.6 S S 45
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 946 100.0 2,783 100.0 S S 589
Less than 50 lbs 60 6.3 2 1 428
50 to 99 lbs 19 2.1 2 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 97 10.2 20 0.7 8 0.2 408
500 to 749 lbs 41 4.3 11 0.4 3 252
750 to 999 lbs 39 4.1 S S 4 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 255 27.0 140 5.0 85 2.1 465
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 381 40.3 S S S S 2,278
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 20 2.1 194 7.0 166 4.1 924
100,000 lbs or more 34 3.6 1,004 36.1 360 8.8 354

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 325 100.0 1,452 100.0 124 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 296 91.0 1,439 99.1 124 100.0 99

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 569 100.0 429 100.0 18 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 189 33.3 8 1.9 0.8 S
50 to 99 lbs 46 8.2 3 0.7 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 73 12.8 20 4.7 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 6 1.1 5 1.1 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 5 0.9 3 0.6 S S 36
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 111 19.6 36 8.3 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 131 22.9 65 15.3 S S 65
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 34 8.0 S S 7
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.