Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,480 100.0 23,659 100.0 S S 214
Single modes 10,786 80.0 18,971 80.2 382 8.3 69
Truck3 7,484 55.5 11,494 48.6 127 2.8 13
For-hire Truck 1,175 8.7 3,290 13.9 36 0.8 11
Private Truck 6,284 46.6 8,011 33.9 90 1.9 13
Rail
Water S S 547 2.3 108 2.3 480
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 547 2.3 108 2.3 480
Air (including truck and air) 362 2.7 13 12 0.3 1,094
Pipeline4 1,437 10.7 6,919 29.2 S S S
Multiple modes 2,124 15.8 4,259 18.0 S S 1,277
Parcel, USPS or courier 853 6.3 25 0.1 13 0.3 1,694
Truck and rail
Truck and water 946 7.0 2,783 11.8 S S 589
Rail and water
Other multiple modes 325 2.4 1,452 6.1 124 2.7 S
Other and unknown modes 569 4.2 429 1.8 18 0.4 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 6
Single modes S S S S S S 6
Truck3 S S S S S S 6
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 7
Private Truck S S S S S S 6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 18
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 11
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water S S S S S S 147
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 147
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,476
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,579
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,082
Single modes S S S S S S 14
Truck3 S S S S S S 11
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 21
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water S S S S S S 87
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 87
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,465
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,465
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 50 100.0 S S 157
Single modes 138 60.9 41 81.2 S S S
Truck3 123 54.1 31 61.6 1 0.9 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 85
Private Truck 121 53.1 31 60.7 0.9 18
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,040
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,040
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 917
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,326
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 14
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,362
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 187 100.0 S S 2 100.0 S
Single modes 141 75.5 S S 1 75.0 15
Truck3 138 73.4 S S 1 64.6 13
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 6
Private Truck 130 69.5 109 77.2 1 58.2 13
Rail
Water S S S S S S 144
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 144
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 79
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 224
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 224
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,094 100.0 1,046 100.0 581 100.0 82
Single modes 907 83.0 874 83.6 57 9.9 24
Truck3 714 65.3 669 64.0 10 1.7 13
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 611 55.8 574 54.9 10 1.6 13
Rail
Water 178 16.3 200 19.1 45 7.8 S
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 178 16.3 200 19.1 45 7.8 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 171 15.6 154 14.7 521 89.8 706
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water 160 14.6 153 14.7 521 89.7 S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 307 100.0 126 100.0 S S 54
Single modes 227 73.8 93 73.8 1 11.8 12
Truck3 227 73.8 93 73.8 1 11.8 12
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 8
Private Truck 227 73.8 93 73.8 1 11.8 12
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 64 21.0 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water 40 12.9 12 9.9 S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S 46.5 S S 12
Truck3 S S 46.5 S S 12
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 46.5 S S 12
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 191
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100.0 S S S S 17
Single modes S S S S S S 15
Truck3 S S S S S S 13
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 13
Rail
Water S S S S S S 196
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 196
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 123
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 123
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7 100.0 271 100.0 41 100.0 110
Single modes 5 74.3 191 70.5 S S 9
Truck3 5 74.3 191 70.5 S S 9
For-hire Truck 4 62.6 152 56.0 1 2.3 7
Private Truck S S 39 14.6 1.0 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 24.2 80 29.4 S S 509
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water 2 24.2 80 29.4 S S 509
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 4,061 100.0 295 100.0 S
Single modes 39 71.0 3,158 77.8 S S 9
Truck3 39 71.0 3,158 77.8 S S 9
For-hire Truck 22 39.9 1,713 42.2 17 5.7 10
Private Truck 15 26.9 1,253 30.9 13 4.4 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 11 19.2 627 15.4 S S 447
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water 11 19.2 627 15.4 S S 447
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 4 27.4 S S 6
Truck3 S S 4 27.4 S S 6
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 4 27.4 S S 6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 200
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 89
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 300
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,899 100.0 6,294 100.0 405 100.0 S
Single modes 1,741 91.7 5,686 90.3 134 33.1 S
Truck3 1,012 53.3 2,687 42.7 28 6.8 S
For-hire Truck 96 5.1 287 4.6 7 1.6 16
Private Truck 916 48.3 2,400 38.1 21 5.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 729 38.4 3,000 47.7 S S S
Multiple modes 154 8.1 600 9.5 271 66.9 1,411
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water 37 2.0 121 1.9 S S 1,441
Rail and water
Other multiple modes 117 6.1 480 7.6 73 18.0 144
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,203 100.0 5,671 100.0 172 100.0 S
Single modes 1,020 84.8 4,694 82.8 34 19.5 7
Truck3 316 26.2 789 13.9 6 3.3 7
For-hire Truck 90 7.5 338 6.0 3 1.5 7
Private Truck S S 451 7.9 3 1.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 704 58.5 3,905 68.9 S S S
Multiple modes 179 14.9 967 17.0 138 80.5 2,446
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,604
Rail and water
Other multiple modes 170 14.1 931 16.4 S S 37
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 382 100.0 19 100.0 S
Single modes 86 83.3 S S 3 16.2 S
Truck3 S S 123 32.2 1 6.4 8
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 8
Private Truck 35 33.7 88 23.0 1 3.9 8
Rail
Water S S S S S S 280
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 280
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17 16.5 56 14.7 16 83.8 1,981
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,002
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 227
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 26 100.0 100.0 32
Single modes S S 26 97.5 90.6 9
Truck3 S S 26 97.5 90.5 8
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 26 97.5 90.5 8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 135
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 189
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 189
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 763 100.0 S S 100.0 102
Single modes S S 2 15.7 16.7 44
Truck3 199 26.0 1 12.5 2.9 11
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck S S 1 10.5 2.0 11
Rail
Water S S S S S S 151
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 151
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 12.4 179
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 36.5 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 139
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S 3.7 770
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 56 100.0 S S 90
Single modes 26 75.3 45 80.5 1 15.9 12
Truck3 26 75.3 45 80.5 1 15.9 12
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 73
Private Truck 23 66.9 44 77.7 1 13.4 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 362
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 362
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 316 100.0 57 100.0 S S 569
Single modes 218 69.0 48 84.0 1 14.2 485
Truck3 214 67.7 47 82.6 1 6.1 9
For-hire Truck 33 10.3 6 10.1 0.7 16
Private Truck 181 57.3 41 72.5 1 5.4 9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 160
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 160
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,324
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 74 23.4 6 11.1 2 18.0 1,235
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,598
Truck and rail
Truck and water 17 5.5 5 8.0 1 11.2 219
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 76 100.0 4 100.0 87
Single modes 233 79.0 55 72.3 2 45.0 61
Truck3 215 72.9 50 66.1 1 18.3 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 13
Private Truck 188 63.8 43 55.8 1 15.6 19
Rail
Water 13 4.4 4 5.8 1 24.9 937
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 13 4.4 4 5.8 1 24.9 937
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 317
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 23 7.9 3 3.6 S S 514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 S S 812
Truck and rail
Truck and water 15 5.1 2 2.9 S S 270
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 7
Single modes S S S S S S 7
Truck3 S S S S S S 7
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 159 100.0 109 100.0 5 100.0 S
Single modes 146 91.5 92 84.3 2 31.2 18
Truck3 142 89.1 91 83.4 1 25.5 14
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 6
Private Truck 135 84.6 87 80.0 1 25.0 14
Rail
Water S S S S S S 186
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 186
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 12 7.6 S S 4 67.9 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,115
Truck and rail
Truck and water 12 7.4 S S 4 67.7 412
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 S S 1 100.0 39
Single modes 93 94.4 S S 1 58.4 9
Truck3 92 93.7 S S 1 57.3 9
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 7
Private Truck 92 93.0 S S 1 57.3 9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 111
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 111
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 2.1 1 1.1 S S 583
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 127
Truck and rail
Truck and water 2 2.0 1 1.1 S S 654
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 84 100.0 44 100.0 3 100.0 40
Single modes 70 83.5 35 79.9 1 32.5 19
Truck3 67 80.2 33 76.5 15.9 11
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 10
Private Truck 63 75.0 31 70.5 15.2 11
Rail
Water S S S S S S 304
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 304
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 15.1 9 19.7 2 67.4 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water 10 12.0 8 17.8 2 63.2 228
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 1.3 0.4 S S 26

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 201 100.0 42 100.0 S S 536
Single modes 131 65.0 30 71.1 5.4 7
Truck3 128 63.7 29 68.9 2.7 5
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 10
Private Truck 127 63.3 29 68.6 2.7 5
Rail
Water 2 1.2 S S 2.2 129
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 2 1.2 S S 2.2 129
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 186
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 37 18.2 6 15.0 3 62.4 1,531
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,622
Truck and rail
Truck and water 10 5.0 1 3.2 S S 1,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34 16.8 6 13.9 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 752 100.0 27 100.0 S S 1,900
Single modes 514 68.3 19 71.8 S S 279
Truck3 440 58.6 16 57.6 1.2 11
For-hire Truck 78 10.4 4 14.2 S S 14
Private Truck 360 47.8 12 42.8 0.6 8
Rail
Water S S 3 11.1 S S 1,100
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 3 11.1 S S 1,100
Air (including truck and air) 37 5.0 1 3.1 2 14.9 2,287
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 183 24.3 6 20.5 S S 2,829
Parcel, USPS or courier 154 20.5 4 13.9 S S 2,936
Truck and rail
Truck and water 29 3.8 2 6.7 1 5.4 851
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 55 7.4 2 7.6 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 224 100.0 2,535 100.0 107 100.0 S
Single modes 202 89.8 2,261 89.2 27 24.9 12
Truck3 200 89.3 2,260 89.2 27 24.7 11
For-hire Truck 45 20.0 314 12.4 3 3.0 S
Private Truck 156 69.3 1,947 76.8 23 21.7 13
Rail
Water S S S S S S 142
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 142
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 113
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 20 9.0 S S S S 1,545
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,497
Truck and rail
Truck and water 19 8.3 S S S S 207
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 1.2 S S S S 124

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 27 100.0 2 100.0 50
Single modes 78 81.7 22 81.1 17.9 20
Truck3 75 78.2 22 79.5 10.8 11
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 5
Private Truck 69 72.2 18 67.6 9.9 12
Rail
Water S S 1.3 S S 282
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 1.3 S S 282
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 607
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10 10.1 3 11.2 1 62.7 408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3,215
Truck and rail
Truck and water 9 9.7 3 11.1 1 61.2 235
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 140 100.0 42 100.0 2 100.0 34
Single modes 116 82.9 36 84.8 1 26.2 16
Truck3 113 80.9 35 83.6 20.3 13
For-hire Truck 14 9.7 5 12.8 3.9 16
Private Truck 100 71.1 30 70.8 16.4 12
Rail
Water 2 1.2 S S S S 225
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 2 1.2 S S S S 225
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 129
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9 6.3 2 3.6 1 25.9 273
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.0 0.2 S S 244
Truck and rail
Truck and water 8 5.4 1 3.4 S S 292
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 15 10.7 S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 231 100.0 60 100.0 S S 182
Single modes 167 72.4 10 17.3 S S 157
Truck3 104 44.9 8 12.6 0.3 7
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 15
Private Truck 95 41.3 7 11.2 0.3 7
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,447
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,447
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 3.7 0.5 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 28 12.1 S S S S 9

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 692 100.0 40 100.0 6 100.0 365
Single modes 522 75.4 30 75.6 S S S
Truck3 425 61.5 23 59.0 3.4 9
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 14
Private Truck 407 58.8 22 55.1 3.0 9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 991
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 991
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 869
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 122 17.6 S S 3 42.5 1,154
Parcel, USPS or courier 87 12.5 S S S S 1,136
Truck and rail
Truck and water 35 5.1 2 5.5 1 19.8 1,303
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 120
Single modes S S S S S S 116
Truck3 33 3.8 3 3.3 0.3 14
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 33 3.8 3 3.3 0.3 14
Rail
Water S S S S S S 218
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 218
Air (including truck and air) 17 1.9 1 1.4 S S 297
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 1.5 S S S S 174
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 163
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 227
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 56
Single modes S S S S S S 4
Truck3 S S S S S S 4
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 235

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 216 100.0 S S S S 62
Single modes 175 81.1 S S S S 16
Truck3 175 81.0 S S S S 16
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 3
Private Truck 125 58.1 S S S S 11
Rail
Water S S S S S S 26
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 26
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 218
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 237
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 193
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 267
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 5 100.0 S S S
Single modes 24 79.5 3 75.2 7.5 7
Truck3 24 78.6 3 74.3 6.6 7
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 23
Private Truck 24 78.6 3 74.3 6.6 7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 145
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 10.7 1 14.5 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water 2 7.7 9.0 S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 430 100.0 S S S S 445
Single modes 276 64.3 14 21.4 1 3.2 341
Truck3 210 48.9 13 20.0 S S 10
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck 195 45.3 12 18.5 0.6 10
Rail
Water 5 1.3 1 0.9 0.4 214
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 5 1.3 1 0.9 0.4 214
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.5 S S 3,115
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 22.3 S S S S 846
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 17.5 1 1.7 S S 918
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 226
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3
Single modes S S S S S S 3
Truck3 S S S S S S 3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,847 100.0 S S S S 55
Single modes 1,640 88.8 460 59.2 S S 27
Truck3 1,304 70.6 416 53.6 8 8.2 16
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck 1,067 57.8 325 41.9 S S 16
Rail
Water S S S S S S 169
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 169
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,152
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 183 9.9 S S S S 218
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 1.2 2 0.3 0.1 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water 161 8.7 S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24 1.3 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 90.4 S
Truck3 S S S S 89.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 5
Private Truck S S S S 89.7 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 116
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,026
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,034
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 125
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.