Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,963 100.0 24,995 100.0 8,710 100.0 1,449
Single modes 12,807 61.1 19,116 76.5 838 9.6 1,060
Truck 7,484 35.7 11,494 46.0 127 1.5 13
For-hire truck 1,175 5.6 3,290 13.2 36 0.4 11
Private truck 6,284 30.0 8,011 32.1 90 1.0 13
Rail
Water 1,651 7.9 661 2.6 426 4.9 601
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 1,651 7.9 661 2.6 426 4.9 601
Air (including truck and air) 2,244 10.7 69 0.3 216 2.5 3,416
Pipeline3 1,429 6.8 6,892 27.6 S S S
Multiple modes 7,343 35.0 5,353 21.4 7,498 86.1 3,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,760 13.2 66 0.3 179 2.1 3,490
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 4,707
Truck and water 3,685 17.6 3,776 15.1 6,912 79.4 1,780
Rail and water 171 0.8 21 92 1.1 4,393
Other multiple modes 333 1.6 1,457 5.8 161 1.8 S
Other and unknown modes 812 3.9 526 2.1 375 4.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 4,687
Single modes S S S S S S 4,866
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,866
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,662
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,663
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,621
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,682
Single modes S S S S S S 4,909
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,909
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,335
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,335
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 45 100.0 S S S S 3,122
Single modes S S S S S S 4,747
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,747
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 83.5 7 53.2 20 52.5 3,102
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 25.4 1.9 1 2.0 3,082
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 26 58.2 6 51.2 19 50.5 3,163
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,095

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,197
Single modes S S S S S S 4,439
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,439
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,191
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,188
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 4,368
Truck and water S S 9.9 S S 5,089
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,285

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,264 100.0 S S S S 2,959
Single modes 876 26.8 133 10.4 347 10.4 3,181
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water 142 4.4 99 7.7 254 7.6 2,586
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 142 4.4 99 7.7 254 7.6 2,586
Air (including truck and air) 733 22.5 S S S S 3,187
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,323 71.2 S S S S 2,709
Parcel, USPS or courier 654 20.0 13 1.0 36 1.1 2,724
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 1,669 51.1 S S S S 2,636
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 66 2.0 S S S S 2,680

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 S S S S 3,794
Single modes S S S S S S 4,498
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,498
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 96.1 S S S S 3,784
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 46.0 S S S S 3,809
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,619
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20 100.0 1 100.0 3 100.0 5,459
Single modes S S S S S S 5,381
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,381
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 58.6 53.1 1 53.1 5,489
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 58.6 52.7 1 52.8 5,489
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,452
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,476

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,298
Single modes S S S S S S 5,074
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,074
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,403
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,357
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,721
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,265
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,265
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,265
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 S S S S 5,214
Single modes 28 17.4 S S S S 5,434
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 6,954
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 6,954
Air (including truck and air) 21 13.3 S S S S 5,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 46.0 S S S S 5,203
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 35.7 S S S S 5,178
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 17 10.3 S S S S 5,730
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,177

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 14 100.0 84 100.0 4,910
Single modes S S S S S S 4,848
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 13 89.0 76 90.8 4,983
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,951
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 42 7.2 13 87.2 75 89.2 5,125
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,830

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,798 100.0 22,440 100.0 957 100.0 32
Single modes 10,611 82.9 18,930 84.4 271 28.3 24
Truck 7,484 58.5 11,494 51.2 127 13.3 13
For-hire truck 1,175 9.2 3,290 14.7 36 3.7 11
Private truck 6,284 49.1 8,011 35.7 90 9.4 13
Rail
Water S S 534 2.4 72 7.5 187
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 534 2.4 72 7.5 187
Air (including truck and air) 227 1.8 10 3 0.3 232
Pipeline3 1,429 11.2 6,892 30.7 S S S
Multiple modes 1,644 12.8 3,085 13.7 678 70.8 166
Parcel, USPS or courier 686 5.4 21 2 0.2 97
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 633 4.9 1,612 7.2 552 57.7 243
Rail and water
Other multiple modes 325 2.5 1,452 6.5 124 13.0 S
Other and unknown modes 543 4.2 426 1.9 9 0.9 9

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,984
Single modes S S S S S S 4,536
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,536
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 49.2 S S S S 3,339
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 31.3 31.9 3,340
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,278
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 180 100.0 17 100.0 S S 4,836
Single modes 15 8.2 S S S S 4,952
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 8.2 S S S S 4,952
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 134 74.4 11 63.2 S S 4,831
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 19.7 1 4.1 3 2.9 4,597
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 4,729
Truck and water 57 31.8 S S S S 5,383
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,781
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,571

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 2 100.0 9 100.0 4,657
Single modes 3 10.6 S S S S 4,761
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 10.6 S S S S 4,761
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 89.4 2 82.7 7 80.4 4,639
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,629
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,710
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,448
Single modes S S S S S S 4,523
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,424
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,371
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,953
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 4,527
Single modes S S S S S S 5,022
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,022
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 34.9 1 34.1 4 40.3 4,468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,426
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,049

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 S S S S 4,908
Single modes S S S S S S 4,953
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 18.5 S S S S 4,867
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,661
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,397
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,507

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,264
Single modes S S S S S S 7,068
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 7,068
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,068
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,220
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,597
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,943
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,921
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,749
Single modes S S S S S S 5,487
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,761
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,763
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,683
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,265
Single modes S S S S S S 4,953
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 24.6 S S S S 5,321
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,319
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,318
Rail and water S S S S S S 7,742
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,484
Single modes S S S S S S 5,270
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,270
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,567
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,556
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,197
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 7 100.0 53 100.0 4,799
Single modes S S S S S S 4,715
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,715
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 93.8 7 96.0 52 97.6 4,800
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 33.0 S S S S 4,746
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,633
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,993
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,617
Single modes 37 11.1 S S S S 5,008
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37 11.1 S S S S 5,008
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,610
Parcel, USPS or courier 52 15.9 1 1.9 4 1.7 4,526
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,046
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,693
Single modes S S S S S S 4,469
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,469
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,556
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,779
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,562
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 388 100.0 41 100.0 196 100.0 4,399
Single modes S S S S S S 4,509
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,509
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 386 99.4 41 99.7 195 99.7 4,398
Parcel, USPS or courier 99 25.5 S S S S 4,393
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 4,770
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,332
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,333
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,376

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,706
Single modes S S S S S S 4,177
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,177
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,635
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,641
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,322
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2 100.0 100.0 1 100.0 4,130
Single modes S S S S S S 4,401
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,401
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 91.6 98.6 1 98.5 4,118
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,119
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 187 100.0 15 100.0 43 100.0 3,139
Single modes S S 3 22.7 11 26.9 3,273
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 22.7 11 26.9 3,273
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,743
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,744
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,723
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,597
Single modes S S S S S S 5,383
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,383
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,601
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,602
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,554
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,285
Single modes S S S S S S 5,070
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,070
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 41.8 S S S S 5,299
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 22.8 S S S S 5,297
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,384
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,448
Single modes S S S S S S 3,379
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,379
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,453
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,453
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2 100.0 9 100.0 5,292
Single modes S S S S S S 5,061
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 94.5 8 94.7 5,330
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 27.2 2 26.6 5,310
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,422
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 1 100.0 7 100.0 5,171
Single modes S S S S S S 4,886
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,886
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 51.2 1 65.4 5 67.3 5,181
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 42.5 S S S S 5,180
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,321
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,321
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,322
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,282
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115 100.0 S S S S 4,852
Single modes 70 60.7 S S S S 4,835
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 70 60.7 S S S S 4,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 37.7 2 12.2 10 12.6 4,856
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 31.9 1 8.8 6 8.3 4,850
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S 3 4.3 5,429
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,896

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,455
Single modes S S S S S S 4,441
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,463
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,181
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,688
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 365 100.0 S S S S 3,981
Single modes S S 3 0.7 12 0.9 4,404
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,695
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,695
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.3 6 0.4 4,404
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 259 71.0 S S S S 2,802
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 8.6 S S S S 2,804
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 226 61.9 S S S S 2,770
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,780
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,753
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,713

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4 100.0 21 100.0 5,238
Single modes S S S S S S 5,044
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,044
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 93.0 19 93.4 5,250
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 29.4 6 27.9 5,215
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 25 16.9 2 63.6 14 65.5 5,390
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,354

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,416
Single modes S S S S S S 5,259
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 7,833
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,833
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,206
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,513
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,582
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5,513

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,177
Single modes S S S S S S 4,799
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,799
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,204
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 10.1 S S S S 5,057
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,702
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,516
Single modes S S S S S S 4,520
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,520
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,299
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,299
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,286
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,523
Single modes S S S S S S 4,612
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,612
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,522
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,517
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,632
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 232 100.0 S S S S 4,353
Single modes 19 8.1 0.6 2 0.6 4,690
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 8.1 0.6 2 0.6 4,690
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 150 64.6 23 42.0 115 47.0 4,215
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,158
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 56 24.1 22 40.6 112 45.8 4,699
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,118

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 10 100.0 31 100.0 3,353
Single modes S S S S S S 3,891
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,891
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 78.9 10 98.6 31 98.2 3,300
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 20.8 2.1 1 2.1 3,305
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 28 58.2 9 96.5 30 96.1 3,190
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,546
Single modes S S S S S S 5,252
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 17.6 S S S S 5,559
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,559
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,454
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,195
Single modes S S S S S S 5,125
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,125
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,202
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,660
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 310 100.0 411 100.0 1,196 100.0 3,251
Single modes 40 13.0 S S S S 4,342
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water 26 8.3 S S S S 2,940
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 26 8.3 S S S S 2,940
Air (including truck and air) 15 4.7 S S S S 4,484
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 257 83.0 380 92.5 1,102 92.2 3,106
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 9.6 1 0.1 1 0.1 3,158
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 227 73.4 380 92.3 1,101 92.1 2,948
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,959

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,258
Single modes S S S S S S 4,769
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,769
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,314
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,314
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,880
Single modes S S S S S S 4,731
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,731
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,883
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,848
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 4,700
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,954
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,733
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,744

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,315
Single modes S S S S S S 4,429
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,429
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,097
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,097
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.