Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,480 10,962 23 23,659 21,948 7.8 S 1,322 S 214 166 28.5
Single modes 10,786 8,435 27.9 18,971 19,886 −4.6 382 468 −18.5 69 110 −37.4
Truck 7,484 6,427 16.5 11,494 11,916 −3.5 127 152 −16.6 13 10 31.7
Rail
Water S 349 S 547 S S 108 S S 480 239 100.0.9
Air (including truck and air) 362 354 2.1 13 41 −69.5 12 40 −69.5 1,094 2,240 −51.2
Pipeline 1,437 1,305 10.1 6,919 7,162 −3.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,124 1,838 15.6 4,259 1,506 182.8 S 771 S 1,277 632 102.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 853 568 50.3 25 12 100.0.5 13 5 138.6 1,694 746 127
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 1,271 1,270 0.1 4,235 1,494 183.4 S 765 S 585 265 120.6
Other and unknown modes 569 689 −17.4 429 556 −22.9 18 84 −78 S 57 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,023 1,319 −22.4 S 464 S S S S 176 S S
Single modes 773 1,174 −34.2 473 415 13.9 S 31 S S S S
Truck 687 1,014 −32.2 449 374 19.8 7 6 17.2 18 11 54.3
Rail
Water S S S S S S S S S S 197 S
Air (including truck and air) S 135 S S 22 S S 22 S 1,277 3,006 −57.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 237 99 138.6 S S S S S S 1,142 347 229.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,264 373 239
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 231 98 136.1 S S S S S S 1,139 S S
Other and unknown modes S 45 S S 13 S S 1 S S 58 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,636 1,935 −15.4 1,314 1,649 −20.3 594 648 −8.4 S 45 S
Single modes 1,322 1,404 −5.8 1,100 1,156 −4.8 60 S S 20 17 19
Truck 1,125 1,229 −8.4 895 939 −4.7 12 10 28.9 13 11 13.8
Rail
Water 182 S S 201 S S 45 S S S 139 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 10 S S S S S S S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 247 467 −47.1 183 457 −59.9 531 529 0.5 S 644 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 2,514 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 235 463 −49.2 182 456 −60 531 529 0.5 S 400 S
Other and unknown modes 67 64 5.4 S 36 S S 62 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 66 62 6.8 4,345 4,510 −3.7 340 62 450.7 S 14 S
Single modes 47 57 −16.7 3,353 4,349 −22.9 S 57 S 9 13 −32.5
Truck 47 57 −16.7 3,353 4,349 −22.9 S 57 S 9 13 −32.5
Rail
Water S S S S S S 196
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 S S 716 S S S S S 416 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 89
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 13 S S 716 S S S S S 449 S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 4 20 −79.5

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,204 3,176 0.9 12,347 12,498 −1.2 596 388 53.8 S 77 S
Single modes 2,847 2,895 −1.7 10,707 11,370 −5.8 171 284 −39.9 9 16 −42.2
Truck 1,369 1,501 −8.8 3,599 3,695 −2.6 34 50 −30.6 8 15 −46.4
Rail
Water S S S S S S S S S 280 211 32.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 248
Pipeline 1,437 1,304 10.2 6,919 7,152 −3.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 350 S S 1,623 S S 425 S S 1,793 194 824.5
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 350 S S 1,623 S S 425 S S 1,793 194 824.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,468 968 51.7 227 176 29 19 17 8.7 252 S S
Single modes 807 454 77.6 175 120 46.5 4 3 43.7 166 S S
Truck 705 422 67.1 170 104 62.9 2 1 74.8 15 9 68.4
Rail
Water 16 11 42 5 3 57.4 1 S S 899 209 329.6
Air (including truck and air) 86 20 334.2 1 S S S S S 2,278 2,517 −9.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 501 448 11.8 25 51 −51.3 8 14 −44.2 831 196 324.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 443 134 229.9 6 3 126.4 1 247.4 1,157 158 629.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 59 314 −81.3 18 48 −62 6 13 −52.8 275 241 14.2
Other and unknown modes S 65 S 27 6 380.1 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,295 1,167 11 286 382 −25.1 26 14 90.8 1,128 150 649.4
Single modes 953 898 6.2 238 309 −22.9 9 4 108.9 95 S S
Truck 870 837 3.9 231 307 −24.9 3 3 −23.4 9 11 −17.3
Rail
Water S 3 S 6 1 717.9 S S 691 180 284.6
Air (including truck and air) 38 58 −35.2 1 1 −13.7 2 S S 2,196 3,026 −27.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 246 196 25.9 38 27 41.8 15 8 100 2,499 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 184 117 56.6 10 4 119.4 S 2 S 2,689 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 63 78 −20 28 22 26.7 8 6 36.4 833 212 293.9
Other and unknown modes 95 73 30.3 10 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 691 580 19.2 2,665 2,035 30.9 130 35 271.6 137 38 258.4
Single modes 563 475 18.7 2,329 1,987 17.3 31 24 29.1 65 17 283.1
Truck 492 458 7.5 2,325 1,983 17.3 27 23 17.1 11 8 37.3
Rail
Water 10 12 −19.7 2 3 −29.7 S 1 S 848 150 466.3
Air (including truck and air) S 4 S S 1 S S S S 426 S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 75 42 79.5 S 18 S S 3 S 795 496 60.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 12 −5.1 −0.4 S S 1,098 604 81.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 63 29 115.6 S 17 S S 3 S 284 198 43.7
Other and unknown modes 54 64 −16 39 S S S S S S 24 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,771 1,002 76.8 139 68 103.8 S 7 S 186 302 −38.5
Single modes 1,517 610 148.7 S 46 S S 3 S 60 139 −57.1
Truck 633 467 35.7 37 34 9.9 28.6 14 9 60.6
Rail
Water S 58 S S S S S 1 S 453 614 −26.2
Air (including truck and air) S 85 S 2 2 −9.1 S 1 S 364 1,425 −74.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 172 172 0.1 9 2 259.9 3 2 99.3 670 991 −32.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 166 −40.7 S 2 S S 2 S S 995 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 74 6 S 5 S 2 S S 253 S
Other and unknown modes 82 220 −62.6 S 20 S S S S 19 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,308 737 213.3 847 148 471.7 S S S 144 169 −15
Single modes 1,941 461 320.7 477 120 297.6 S 2 S S S S
Truck 1,538 436 252.6 433 117 268.3 8 1 543.3 15 8 81.7
Rail
Water S 10 S S 2 S S S 179 171 4.5
Air (including truck and air) S 15 S S S S S S S 2,591 619 318.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 282 181 55.5 S S S S S S 480 787 −39
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 133 −26.3 4 2 93.5 S S S S 804 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 184 S S S S S S S S 313 S S
Other and unknown modes 85 94 −9.7 11 3 343.5 S S S 28 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 19 S S S S S S S 921 S
Single modes S 7 S S S S S S S S S
Truck S 6 S S S S S S S 6 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 116 2,113 −94.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,026 575 252.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 2,034 2,576 −21
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 125 175 −28.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 11 2,125 −99.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.